Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic paper
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Taxonomic paper

Millipedes and centipedes in German greenhouses (Myriapoda: Diplopoda, Chilopoda)

expand article infoPeter Decker, Hans Simon Reip, Karin Voigtländer
† Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz, Görlitz, Germany
Open Access

Abstract

A review is given of all the literature records of millipedes and centipedes that have been found in German greenhouses together with additional records for 29 such sites. Species lists are given for 46 greenhouses investigated throughout Germany. Thirty-five diplopod and 18 chilopod species were found to occur in greenhouses, of which 15 (3 Chilopoda, 12 Diplopoda) are restricted to this type of habitat. First records for Germany include Anadenobolus monilicornis (Porat, 1876), Epinannolene cf. trinidadensis Chamberlin, 1918, Epinannolene sp., Mesoiulus gridellii Strasser, 1934, Leptogoniulus sorornus (Butler, 1876), Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894), Cryptops doriae Pocock, 1891, Lamyctes coeculus (Brölemann, 1889) and Tygarrup javanicus (Attems, 1907). The millipedes Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847) and Amphitomeus attemsi (Schubart, 1934) and the centipedes Lithobius forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810) are the species most frequently found in greenhouses.

Keywords

Millipedes, centipedes, hothouse, Germany, first records, review

Introduction

Greenhouses provide different environmental conditions for animal colonization and survival compared with natural or synanthropic habitats outside. Greenhouses are characterized by a lack of frost and higher, usually constant temperatures, high humidity, permanent, regular watering, the presence of plants from mostly tropical countries and lack of or only low amounts of leaf litter and dead wood provide a more or less unique ecosystem inside such artificial buildings.

Examples of possible pathways of introduction of myriapods in the greenhouses can be found in Attems (1901) and Kraepelin (1901). Myriapods from all developmental stages (eggs, juveniles, adults) can be introduced easily within soil and other substrates associated with plants during shipment.

The apparent  first record of a myriapod species from greenhouses in Germany is that by Schnur (1857), who recorded "Scolopendra germanica C. L. Koch, 1837". This species should be referred to either Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810) or C. parisi Brölemann, 1920 (Attems 1930: 211). Which of these two species in fact was found by Schnur (1857) cannot be certain now today because the specimens have been lost. Another species recorded by Schnur (1857) is Mecistocephalus maxillaris (as Geophilus maxillaris). The identity of this species is doubtful and its specific status requires verification (Bonato and Minelli 2004). The same is true for the records by Latzel (1895) (Mecistocephalus guildingii Newport, 1844, later repeated as M. maxillaris by Jeekel (1964a)) and Eichler (1952).

Latzel (1895) recorded Oxidus gracilis (as Paradesmus gracilis), M. maxillaris, Lithobius forficatus and Paraspirobolus lucifugus (as Spirobolus dictyonotus Latzel, 1885) (Fig. 1) from a hothouse in a nursery in Hamburg and Poratia digitata (as Scytonotus digitatus Porat, 1899) from a tannery near Hamburg. The record of P. lucifugus was wrongly referred to the tannery in Bergedorf near Hamburg by Schubart (1934).

Figure 1.

Living individual of Paraspirobolus lucifugus in the Hamburg Botanical Garden.

Silvestri (1907) later described Pectiniunguis pauperatus Silvestri, 1907 from plant soil in the Hamburg Botanical Garden, but this species has never been found subsequently.

Reports of other species were published by Boettger (1929), Hahmann (1929a), Hahmann (1929b), Schubart (1925), Schubart (1929b), Schubart (1929a), Verhoeff (1891), Verhoeff (1907), Verhoeff (1934) and other authors. Most of these are summarized by Eichler (1952) together with his own observations in the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden. In total this author listed 20 diplopod and nine chilopod species for Germany. In the following decades sparse records by Adis et al. (2000), Decker and Hannig (2011), Golovatch et al. (2001), Jeekel (1964a), Läffert (1984), Richter (1967), Schubart (1957), Thiele (1968), Wilck (2000) increased the number of species known from German greenhouses to a total of 23 diplopod and 12 chilopod species.

With regard to the other two myriapod groups, no Pauropoda are so far known from German greenhouses and for Symphyla the three species Hanseniella oligomacrochaeta Scheller, 2002, Symphylella vulgaris (Hansen, 1903) and Hanseniella orientalis (Hansen, 1903) were recorded from the greenhouses in the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden (Scheller 2008). We did not carry out further investigationa for these two groups.

Records of millipedes and centipedes in greenhouses for most of other European countries are mostly scattered in the literature, e.g.: Austria (Golovatch and Sierwald 2001, Golovatch et al. 2001a, Golovatch et al. 2001, Gruber and Christian 2002, Gruber 2002), Belgium (Kime 2004), Denmark (Andersson et al. 2005, Blower and Rundle 1986, Enghoff 1975, Enghoff 1987), Czech Republic (Kocourek 2013), France (Brölemann 1896, Geoffroy and Iorio 2009, Gervais 1836, Golovatch and Sierwald 2001, Golovatch et al. 2001), Netherlands (Berg et al. 2008, Jeekel 1953), Poland (Jedryczkowski 1982, Jedryczkowski 1996), Slovakia (Mock 2001), Sweden (Andersson et al. 2005, Blower and Rundle 1986, Lohmander 1925, Porat 1889) and Switzerland (Bigler 1913, Holzapfel 1932, Pedroli-Christen 1993). Only the greenhouse fauna of Great Britain is quite well studied (e.g. Barber 1992, Barber 2005, Barber 2009, Blower 1985, Blower and Rundle 1980, Blower and Rundle 1986, Lee 2005a, Lee 2005b, Lee 2006, Lewis 2007, Pocock 1906, Read 2008) but lacks a comprehensive overview. A general overview of alien myriapods in Europe is provided by Stoev et al. (2010).

Currently, the increasing number of new constructions of tropical houses in Germany (Fig. 2) as pleasure grounds, butterfly houses or similar institutions has increased the number of exotic plants, mostly imported directly from tropical countries. The exchange of common plant stocks among botanical gardens has also supported the dispersal of alien myriapods.

Figure 2.

View from the top-of-the-tree-path in the greenhouse 'Gondwanaland', Zoological Garden Leipzig. Photograph: N. Lindner.

Materials and methods

In total, data for 46 greenhouses has been compiled (Table 1). Records from botanical gardens were not included if they had been made outside the greenhouses. Altogether we provide data for 53 species (35 Diplopoda and 18 Chilopoda) found in German greenhouses.

List of all investigated greenhouses in Germany.

City Name of locality Literature (Re-)Investigated in this study
Bayreuth Bayreuth Ecological Botanical Garden ×
Berlin Berlin Old Botanical Garden Eichler 1952
Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden Boettger 1929, Eichler 1952, Golovatch et al. 2001, Schubart 1934, Schubart 1929b ×
Berlin Zoological Garden ×
(Cemetary) nurseries, without exact locality Schubart 1929b, Schubart 1957
Horticulture company in Berlin-Zehlendorf Boettger 1929
Bochum Bochum Botanical Garden ×
Bonn Bonn Botanical Garden Decker and Hannig 2011 ×
Hothouse of Mr. Biesing Verhoeff 1891
Darmstadt Darmstadt Botanical Garden ×
Dresden Dresden Botanical Garden Richter 1967 ×
Düsseldorf Aquazoo-Löbbecke Museum Adis et al. 2000
Duisburg Hothouse, without exact locality ×
Frankfurt am Main Palm Garden Heußler 2009 ×
Gießen Gießen Botanical Garden Läffert 1984
Halle Halle Botanical Garden Schubart 1934 ×
Hamburg Hamburg Botanical Garden Jeekel 1964a, Silvestri 1907 ×
Hothouses in Hamburg-Wandsbeck Hahmann 1929a, Hahmann 1929b
Nursery, without exact locality Latzel 1895
Tannery, without exact locality Latzel 1895
Greenhouse, without exact locality Latzel 1895
Hannover Hothouse, without exact locality Schubart 1934
Jena Jena Botanical Garden ×
Kamen Hothouse, without exact locality Verhoeff 1934
Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Botanical Garden ×
Kiel Kiel Botanical Garden Adis et al. 2000, Wilck 2000
Greenhouse, without exact locality ×
Köln/Cologne Cologne Botanical Garden Decker and Hannig 2011 ×
Zoological Institut at Weyertal Thiele 1968
Konstanz Mainau, Butterfly house ×
Leipzig Leipzig Botanical Garden ×
Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland ×
Nursery garden and horticulture ×
Lübeck Palm house Schubart 1925
Mainz Mainz Botanical Garden ×
City Park ×
Magdeburg Gruson-Greenhouses ×
Marburg Marburg Botanical Garden ×
Marlow Ornithological Park Marlow ×
München/Munich München-Nymphenburg Botanical Garden Boettger 1929 ×
Oldenburg Oldenburg Botanical Garden ×
Potsdam Potsdam Botanical Garden ×
Terrace nursery Park Sanssouce Schubart 1929b ×
Biosphere Potsdam ×
Horticulture company in Potsdam-Neubabelsberg Schubart 1957
Rostock Rostock Botanical Garden Schubart 1929a
Tharandt Tharandt Botanical Forest Garden ×
Trier Greenhouse, without exact locality Schnur 1857

The present investigation is based on a comprehensive review of the literature and an analysis of the collections of the Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz (SMNG), the Museum of Natural History Berlin (ZMB), as well as of the data available in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org, Edwards et al. 2000) and in the database on soil zoology, Edaphobase (http://www.edaphobase.org, Burkhardt et al. 2014).

In addition the myriapod faunas of 29 German greenhouses were investigated or reinvestigated by us (Table 1). For this part of our study Norman Lindner (Leipzig) provided highly valuable material from greenhouses in Berlin, Dresden, Konstanz, Leipzig and Potsdam. Altogether we collected more than 1800 specimens belonging to 41 species (29 Diplopoda, 12 Chilopoda). The sampling was done mainly by hand searching under stones or rotten plants and logs. Pitfall traps were used only in the Palm Garden in Frankfurt in 2008 by Heußler (2009), whose diploma thesis results are also included in the present study.

Material from these new samples has been mainly deposited in the Myriapoda collections of the Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz (SMNG). Record data is available online via the data portals of GBIF and Edaphobase. The full data sets with detailed information on site parameters, microhabitats and collection methods are available as Suppl. material 1. An overview of species and the cities is given in Suppl. material 2.

The natural distribution area is given for each species.

Nomenclature and classification follows Voigtländer et al. (2011).

Checklist of centipedes and millipedes in German greenhouses

Class Chilopoda Latreille, 1817

Order Lithobiomorpha Pocock, 1895

Family Henicopidae Pocock, 1901

Lamyctes coeculus (Brölemann, 1889)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: March - April 2013; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Southern hemisphere

Family Lithobiidae Newport, 1844

Lithobius aeruginosus L. Koch, 1862

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Kamen; verbatimLocality: hothouse near Kamen; decimalLatitude: 51.5900; decimalLongitude: 7.6600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5800; eventDate: 15 April 1905; individualCount: 1; source: Verhoeff 1934
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius crassipes L. Koch, 1862

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Darmstadt; verbatimLocality: Darmstadt Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.8700; decimalLongitude: 8.6798; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 20 January 2007; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Bayreuth; verbatimLocality: Bayreuth Ecological Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9810; decimalLongitude: 13.5730; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; eventDate: January - February 2012; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: J. Neubauer & K. Lebermann; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Boettger 1929
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: greenhouses of horticulture company Bermann Rothe; decimalLatitude: 52.4320; decimalLongitude: 13.2580; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; source: Boettger 1929
  4. country: Germany; locality: Darmstadt; verbatimLocality: Darmstadt Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.8700; decimalLongitude: 8.6798; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 20 January 2007; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 53.5500; decimalLongitude: 9.9900; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 10000; source: Latzel 1895
  7. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: nursery garden and horticulture Felgenträger; decimalLatitude: 51.3690; decimalLongitude: 12.4400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 November 2008; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius lapidicola Meinert, 1872

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Old Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4565; decimalLongitude: 13.3074; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius melanops Newport, 1845

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Kamen; verbatimLocality: hothouse near Kamen; decimalLatitude: 51.5900; decimalLongitude: 7.6600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5800; eventDate: 15 April 1905; individualCount: 1; source: Verhoeff 1934
  3. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: December 1998; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: nursery garden and horticulture Felgenträger; decimalLatitude: 51.3690; decimalLongitude: 12.4400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 November 2008; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius microps Meinert, 1868

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: greenhouses of horticulture company Bermann Rothe; decimalLatitude: 52.4320; decimalLongitude: 13.2580; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; eventDate: 15 June 1949; individualCount: 1; source: Boettger 1929
Distribution: 
Europe

Lithobius mutabilis L. Koch, 1862

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Order Scolopendromorpha Pocock, 1895

Family Cryptoptidae Kohlrausch, 1881

Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Konstanz; verbatimLocality: Mainau, butterfly house; decimalLatitude: 47.7068; decimalLongitude: 9.1951; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 21 April 2012; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Cryptops doriae Pocock, 1891

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Biosphere Potsdam; decimalLatitude: 52.4185; decimalLongitude: 13.0486; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 August 2013; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Asia

Order Geophilomorpha Pocock, 1895

Family Dignathodontidae Cook, 1896

Henia vesuviana (Newport, 1845)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: December 1996; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Geophilidae Leach, 1815

Geophilus flavus (De Geer, 1778)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 June 1949; individualCount: 1; source: Jeekel 1964
  2. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: December 1999; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Geophilus electricus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Pachymerium ferrugineum (C.L.Koch, 1835)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Himantariidae Bollman, 1893

Haplophilus subterraneus (Shaw, 1794)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 December 1950; individualCount: 1; source: Jeekel 1964
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Mecistocephalidae Bollman, 1893

Mecistocephalus maxillaris (Gervais, 1837)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Trier; verbatimLocality: surroundings of Trier; decimalLatitude: 49.7530; decimalLongitude: 6.6400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5000; source: Schnur 1857
Distribution: 
Asia

Tygarrup javanicus (Attems, 1907)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: December 1995; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: March - April 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Biosphere Potsdam; decimalLatitude: 52.4185; decimalLongitude: 13.0486; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 August 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Asia

Family Schendylidae Cook, 1896

Pectiniunguis pauperatus Silvestri, 1907

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 1; source: Silvestri 1907
Distribution: 
Asia

Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844

Order Julida Brandt, 1833

Family Blaniulidae C. L. Koch, 1847

Archiboreoiulus pallidus (Brade-Birks, 1920)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Blaniulus guttulatus (Bosc, 1792)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Eichler 1952
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14-28 August 2008; individualCount: 131; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 March 2004, 11 April 2008; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Zoological Institut at Weyertal; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Thiele 1968
  10. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  11. country: Germany; locality: Rostock; verbatimLocality: Rostock Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.0915; decimalLongitude: 12.0949; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 March 1926; individualCount: 1; source: Schubart 1929b
Distribution: 
Europe

Boreoiulus tenuis (Bigler, 1913)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 11 April 2008; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Choneiulus palmatus (Nĕmec, 1895)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Eichler 1952
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 March 2004, 29 April 2005; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 9; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 9; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Bochum; verbatimLocality: Bochum Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.4433; decimalLongitude: 7.2669; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: November 2005; recordedBy: C. Schmidt
  6. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 17 November 1964; source: Richter 1967
  7. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: March-July 2008; individualCount: 19; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 40; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  11. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 March 2004, 19 March 2004; individualCount: 23; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  12. country: Germany; locality: Karlsruhe; verbatimLocality: Karlsruhe Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.0136; decimalLongitude: 8.4011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 April 2010; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  13. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  14. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Zoological Institut at Weyertal; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Thiele 1968
  15. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: December 1999; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  16. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 12 December 1995; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  17. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 33; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  18. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  19. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 25; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  20. country: Germany; locality: Rostock; verbatimLocality: Rostock Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.0915; decimalLongitude: 12.0949; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 March 1926; individualCount: 1; source: Schubart 1929b
Distribution: 
Europe

Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais, 1847)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 14; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Kamen; verbatimLocality: hothouse near Kamen; decimalLatitude: 51.5900; decimalLongitude: 7.6600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5800; eventDate: 15 April 1905; source: Verhoeff 1934
  8. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch; source: Wilck 2000
  9. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 26; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: terrace nursery Park Sanssouci; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a
Distribution: 
Europe

Proteroiulus fuscus (Am Stein, 1857)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929
  2. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Julidae Leach, 1814

Brachyiulus pusillus (Bosc, 1792)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 March 2008-11 April 2008; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Cylindroiulus britannicus (Verhoeff, 1891)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: horticulture company Bermann Rothe (Beyroth) in Berlin-Zehlendorf; decimalLatitude: 52.4320; decimalLongitude: 13.2580; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929
  6. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: Bonn Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.7243; decimalLongitude: 7.0913; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 7; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 17 November 1964; source: Richter 1967
  8. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Kamen; verbatimLocality: hothouse near Kamen; decimalLatitude: 51.5900; decimalLongitude: 7.6600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5800; eventDate: 15 April 1905; individualCount: 45; source: Verhoeff 1934
  11. country: Germany; locality: Lübeck; verbatimLocality: palm house; decimalLatitude: 53.8670; decimalLongitude: 10.6870; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5000; source: Schubart 1925
  12. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: terrace nursery Park Sanssouci; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Schubart 1929a
Distribution: 
Europe

Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus (Wood, 1864)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 April 2005; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929, Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: horticulture company Bermann Rothe (Beyroth) in Berlin-Zehlendorf; decimalLatitude: 52.4320; decimalLongitude: 13.2580; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929, Eichler 1952
  4. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 11 April 2008-25 April 2008; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 08 November 2008; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Cylindroiulus latestriatus (Curtis, 1845)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Eichler 1952
  2. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: March 2008-May 2008; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: hothouse; decimalLatitude: 54.3200; decimalLongitude: 10.1400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 10000; eventDate: 08 November 2008; individualCount: 2
  4. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 26; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Oldenburg; verbatimLocality: Oldenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.1486; decimalLongitude: 8.1942; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 November 2013; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Cylindroiulus punctatus (Leach, 1815)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Old Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4565; decimalLongitude: 13.3074; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Cylindroiulus truncorum (Silvestri, 1896)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 March 2004, 29 April 2005; individualCount: 39; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: >3; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Boettger 1929, Eichler 1952
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 10; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 March 2008-17 July 2008; individualCount: 17; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 08 November 2008, 28 November 2011; individualCount: 23; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 11 April 2008; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Kamen; verbatimLocality: hothouse near Kamen; decimalLatitude: 51.5900; decimalLongitude: 7.6600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5800; eventDate: 15 April 1905; individualCount: 4; source: Verhoeff 1934
  11. country: Germany; locality: Karlsruhe; verbatimLocality: Karlsruhe Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.0136; decimalLongitude: 8.4011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 April 2010; individualCount: 57; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  12. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch
  13. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  14. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 13; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  15. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: nursery garden and horticulture Felgenträger; decimalLatitude: 51.3690; decimalLongitude: 12.4400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 November 2008; individualCount: 13; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  16. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  17. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 30; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  18. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  19. country: Germany; locality: München [Munich]; verbatimLocality: München-Nymphenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 48.1606; decimalLongitude: 11.5021; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 May 2009; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  20. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 40; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
North Africa

Cylindroiulus vulnerarius (Berlese, 1888)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Kryphioiulus occultus (C. L. Koch, 1847)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Eichler 1952
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Mesoiulus gridellii Strasser, 1934

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 11 April 2008-25 April 2008; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Ommatoiulus sabulosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Unciger foetidus (C. L. Koch, 1838)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Order Spirobolida Cook, 1895

Family Rhinocricidae Brölemann, 1913

Anadenobolus monilicornis (Porat, 1876)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013, 28 July 2013; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Central America, South America

Family Spirobolellidae Bollman, 1893

Paraspirobolus lucifugus (Gervais, 1836)

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 1; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Schubart 1934
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 21; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: Bonn Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.7243; decimalLongitude: 7.0913; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  5. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: tannery; decimalLatitude: 53.4870; decimalLongitude: 10.2150; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 4000; source: Latzel 1895
  8. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Family Trigoniulidae Attems, 1909

Leptogoniulus sorornus (Butler, 1876)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013, 28 July 2013; individualCount: 33; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Southeast Asia

Order Spirostreptida Brandt, 1833

Family Epinannolenidae Silvestri, 1895

Epinannolene cf. trinidadensis Chamberlin, 1918

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013; individualCount: 16; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Genus Epinannolene sp.

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 March 2008-24 October 2008; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 08 November 2008, 28 November 2011; individualCount: 23; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Order Polyzoniida Cook, 1895

Family Siphonotidae Cook, 1895

Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 March 2008-20 August 2008; individualCount: 35; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Order Polydesmida Pocock, 1887

Family Haplodesmidae Cook, 1895

Cylindrodesmus hirsutus Pocock, 1889

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 April 2005; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: May 2000, August 2000; recordedBy: M. Zerm
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 34; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  6. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 16; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 03 April 2013; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  11. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013; individualCount: 31; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  12. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 10; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  13. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Biosphere Potsdam; decimalLatitude: 52.4185; decimalLongitude: 13.0486; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 September 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  14. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 24; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  15. country: Germany; locality: Oldenburg; verbatimLocality: Oldenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.1486; decimalLongitude: 8.1942; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 November 2013; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Asia

Prosopodesmus jacobsoni Silvestri, 1910

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: Bonn Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.7243; decimalLongitude: 7.0913; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  2. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 March 2008-24 October 2008; individualCount: 51; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  3. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 November 2011; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  4. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  5. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
Distribution: 
Indo-Australian region?

Family Oniscodesmidae DeSaussure, 1860

Amphitomeus attemsi (Schubart, 1934)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 April 2005; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Eichler 1952, Schubart 1934
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Bochum; verbatimLocality: Bochum Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.4433; decimalLongitude: 7.2669; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 25 June 1905; individualCount: 4
  5. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: Bonn Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.7243; decimalLongitude: 7.0913; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  6. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 03 July 2008-17 July 2008; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Halle (Saale); verbatimLocality: Halle Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.4894; decimalLongitude: 11.9591; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 May 2011; individualCount: 15; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  8. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 March 2004, 11 April 2008; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Karlsruhe; verbatimLocality: Karlsruhe Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.0136; decimalLongitude: 8.4011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 April 2010; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  11. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch; source: Wilck 2000
  12. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 4; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG; source: Decker & Hannig 2011
  13. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 10; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  14. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 31 December 1995, 03 April 2013; individualCount: 23; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  15. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 29; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  16. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  17. country: Germany; locality: München [Munich]; verbatimLocality: München-Nymphenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 48.1606; decimalLongitude: 11.5021; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 May 2009; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  18. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Biosphere Potsdam; decimalLatitude: 52.4185; decimalLongitude: 13.0486; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 September 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  19. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 33; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Family Paradoxosomatidae Daday, 1889

Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Bayreuth; verbatimLocality: Bayreuth Ecological Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9810; decimalLongitude: 13.5730; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; eventDate: 23 January 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: A. Berthold
  2. country: Germany; locality: Bayreuth; verbatimLocality: Bayreuth Ecological Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9810; decimalLongitude: 13.5730; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; eventDate: 16 February 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Hennig; disposition: SMNG
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Zoological Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.5102; decimalLongitude: 13.3366; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 28 September 2013; individualCount: 7; recordedBy: P. Decker & M. Köhler; disposition: SMNG
  4. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 April 2005; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  5. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 1927-1928; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929
  6. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Schubart 1934
  7. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Dahl; source: Verhoeff 1907
  8. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; source: Eichler 1952
  9. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 28; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  10. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: cemetary nursery in Eythstraße; decimalLatitude: 52.4590; decimalLongitude: 13.3640; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 250; source: Schubart 1957
  11. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: horticulture company Bermann Rothe (Beyroth) in Berlin-Zehlendorf; decimalLatitude: 52.4320; decimalLongitude: 13.2580; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; recordedBy: Boettger; source: Boettger 1929
  12. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: nursery; decimalLatitude: 52.5200; decimalLongitude: 13.3900; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 20000; source: Schubart 1929a
  13. country: Germany; locality: Bochum; verbatimLocality: Bochum Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.4433; decimalLongitude: 7.2669; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: November 2005; recordedBy: C. Schmidt
  14. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: Bonn Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.7243; decimalLongitude: 7.0913; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 14 August 2007; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: P. Decker & N. Laufer; disposition: SMNG
  15. country: Germany; locality: Bonn; verbatimLocality: hothouse of Mr. Biesing; decimalLatitude: 50.7315; decimalLongitude: 7.0977; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3240; eventDate: 08 August 1890; recordedBy: K. W. Verhoeff; disposition: ZMB; source: Verhoeff 1891
  16. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
  17. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 November 1964, 17 November 1964, 21 November 1964; individualCount: 35; recordedBy: H. Richter; disposition: SMNG; source: Richter 1967
  18. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 March 2013; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  19. country: Germany; locality: Duisburg; verbatimLocality: greenhouse; decimalLatitude: 51.4300; decimalLongitude: 6.7600; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 10000; eventDate: 20 November 1987; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: Beckers
  20. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 06 June 2008-17 July 2008; individualCount: 34; recordedBy: E. Heußler; disposition: SMNG
  21. country: Germany; locality: Frankfurt am Main; verbatimLocality: Palm Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.1233; decimalLongitude: 8.6559; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 08 November 2008, 28 November 2011; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  22. country: Germany; locality: Gießen; verbatimLocality: Gießen Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.5864; decimalLongitude: 8.6789; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 1973-1974; individualCount: 9; source: Läffert 1984
  23. country: Germany; locality: Halle (Saale); verbatimLocality: Halle Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.4894; decimalLongitude: 11.9591; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 May 2011; individualCount: 14; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  24. country: Germany; locality: Halle (Saale; verbatimLocality: hothouse; decimalLatitude: 51.4790; decimalLongitude: 11.9640; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 6000; source: Schubart 1934
  25. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: hothouses of the nursery Richers; decimalLatitude: 53.5500; decimalLongitude: 9.9900; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 10000; individualCount: 1; source: Latzel 1895
  26. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  27. country: Germany; locality: Hannover; verbatimLocality: hothouse; decimalLatitude: 52.3700; decimalLongitude: 9.7400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 10000; source: Schubart 1934
  28. country: Germany; locality: Jena; verbatimLocality: Jena Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9308; decimalLongitude: 11.5858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 March 2004, 19 March 2004, 11 April 2008; individualCount: 15; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  29. country: Germany; locality: Karlsruhe; verbatimLocality: Karlsruhe Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.0136; decimalLongitude: 8.4011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 April 2010; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  30. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch; source: Wilck 2000
  31. country: Germany; locality: Köln [Cologne]; verbatimLocality: Cologne Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9607; decimalLongitude: 6.9692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 June 2010; individualCount: 8; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  32. country: Germany; locality: Konstanz; verbatimLocality: Mainau, butterfly house; decimalLatitude: 47.7068; decimalLongitude: 9.1951; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 21 April 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  33. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 30 November 1995; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  34. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: nursery garden and horticulture Felgenträger; decimalLatitude: 51.3690; decimalLongitude: 12.4400; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 09 November 2008; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  35. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  36. country: Germany; locality: Magdeburg; verbatimLocality: Gruson-Greenhouses; decimalLatitude: 52.1139; decimalLongitude: 11.6315; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 June 2012; individualCount: 23; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  37. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Mainz Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.9925; decimalLongitude: 8.2454; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 04 November 2006; individualCount: 28; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  38. country: Germany; locality: Mainz; verbatimLocality: Palm house at city park; decimalLatitude: 49.9897; decimalLongitude: 8.2893; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 1998-2009; recordedBy: P. Decker; disposition: SMNG
  39. country: Germany; locality: Marburg; verbatimLocality: Marburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.8024; decimalLongitude: 8.8078; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 February 2012; individualCount: 34; recordedBy: M. Reich & S. Schaub-Grüssing; disposition: SMNG
  40. country: Germany; locality: Marlow; verbatimLocality: Ornithological Park Marlow; decimalLatitude: 54.1449; decimalLongitude: 12.5692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 31 July 2006; individualCount: 3; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  41. country: Germany; locality: München [Munich]; verbatimLocality: München-Nymphenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 48.1606; decimalLongitude: 11.5021; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Boettger 1929
  42. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Biosphere Potsdam; decimalLatitude: 52.4185; decimalLongitude: 13.0486; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 20 June 1905; recordedBy: H. Hauser; disposition: SMNG
  43. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 25; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  44. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: horticulture company Bermann Rothe (Beyroth) in Potsdam-Neubabelsberg; decimalLatitude: 52.3990; decimalLongitude: 13.1040; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3000; source: Schubart 1957
  45. country: Germany; locality: Tharandt; verbatimLocality: Tharandt Forest Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 50.9810; decimalLongitude: 13.5730; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; eventDate: 23 July 1966; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Richter; disposition: SMNG
  46. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 18 March 2013; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: D. Matzke
  47. country: Germany; locality: Oldenburg; verbatimLocality: Oldenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.1486; decimalLongitude: 8.1942; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 November 2013; individualCount: 11; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
East Asia

Strongylosoma stigmatosum (Eichwald, 1830)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Polydesmidae Leach, 1815

Brachydesmus superus Latzel, 1884

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 19 March 2004; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; recordedBy: Eichler; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a, Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Polydesmus angustus Latzel, 1884

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 January 2012; individualCount: 1; recordedBy: P. Decker & S. Worch; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Polydesmus complanatus (Linnaeus, 1761)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg-Wandsbeck; decimalLatitude: 53.5830; decimalLongitude: 10.0850; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1000; source: Hahmann 1929a,Hahmann 1929b
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin Old Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4565; decimalLongitude: 13.3074; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Polydesmus inconstans Latzel, 1884

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 15 May 2013; individualCount: 5; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
Europe

Family Pyrgodesmidae Silvestri, 1896

Poratia digitata (Porat, 1889)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 April 2005; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  2. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
  3. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; individualCount: 1; disposition: ZMB; source: Schubart 1929a
  4. country: Germany; locality: Dresden; verbatimLocality: Dresden Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.0435; decimalLongitude: 13.7582; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 17 November 1964; source: Richter 1967
  5. country: Germany; locality: Düsseldorf; verbatimLocality: Aquazoo-Löbbecke Museum; decimalLatitude: 51.2564; decimalLongitude: 6.7497; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Adis et al. 2000
  6. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: Hamburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.5603; decimalLongitude: 9.9858; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 10 November 2007; individualCount: 7; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  7. country: Germany; locality: Hamburg; verbatimLocality: tannery; decimalLatitude: 53.4870; decimalLongitude: 10.2150; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 4000; individualCount: 3; source: Latzel 1895
  8. country: Germany; locality: Karlsruhe; verbatimLocality: Karlsruhe Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 49.0136; decimalLongitude: 8.4011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 13 April 2010; individualCount: 7; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  9. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; individualCount: 2; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch; source: Wilck 2000, Adis et al. 2000
  10. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Leipzig Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 51.3283; decimalLongitude: 12.3912; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 08 December 1995, 31 December 1995; individualCount: 12; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  11. country: Germany; locality: Leipzig; verbatimLocality: Zoological Garden Leipzig, Gondwanaland; decimalLatitude: 51.3505; decimalLongitude: 12.3716; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 26 March 2013, 05 April 2013; individualCount: 6; recordedBy: E. N. Lindner; disposition: SMNG
  12. country: Germany; locality: Potsdam; verbatimLocality: Potsdam Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4040; decimalLongitude: 13.0250; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 2009; individualCount: 53; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
  13. country: Germany; locality: Oldenburg; verbatimLocality: Oldenburg Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 53.1486; decimalLongitude: 8.1942; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 29 November 2013; individualCount: 27; recordedBy: H. Reip; disposition: SMNG
Distribution: 
South America

Poratia obliterata (Kraus, 1960)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Kiel; verbatimLocality: Kiel Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 54.3470; decimalLongitude: 10.1158; geodeticDatum: WGS84; eventDate: 07 November 1998–11 September 1999; individualCount: 20; recordedBy: Wilck, Adis & Golovatch; source: Wilck 2000, Adis et al. 2000
Distribution: 
South America

Order Chordeumatida Pocock 1894

Family Chordeumatidae C. L. Koch, 1847

Melogona voigtii (Verhoeff, 1899)

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  1. country: Germany; locality: Berlin; verbatimLocality: Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden; decimalLatitude: 52.4548; decimalLongitude: 13.3085; geodeticDatum: WGS84; source: Eichler 1952
Distribution: 
Europe

Discussion

The present study is the second comprehensive survey of German greenhouse myriapods since Eichler (1952) and is derived from both the existing literature and our own extensive sampling.Eichler (1952) We collected more than 1800 specimens belonging to 41 species (29 Diplopoda, 12 Chilopoda), which makes a total of 53 species (35 Diplopoda and 18 Chilopoda) (Suppl. material 2).

Six centipedes and 12 millipedes are herewith recorded for the first time from German greenhouses: Cryptops doriae, Henia vesuviana, Lamyctes coeculus, Lithobius mutabilis, Pachymerium ferrugineum, Tygarrup javanicus, Anadenobolus monilicornis (Fig. 3), Archiboreoiulus pallidus, Boreoiulus tenuis, Brachyiulus pusillus, Cylindroiulus vulnerarius, Epinannolene cf. trinidadensis, Epinannolene spec., Leptogonoiulus sorornus, Mesoiulus gridellii, Polydesmus angustus, Prosopodesmus jacobsoni and Rhinotus purpureus.

Figure 3.

The colourful Caribbean species Anadenobolus monilicornis was only recorded in Gondwanaland, Zoological Garden Leipzig.

Leptogonoiulus sorornus (Fig. 4) and the two species of genus Epinannolene are recorded for the first time in Europe. While the first species of Epinannolene fits quite well the original description of E. trinidanensis by Chamberlin (1918), the second one is probably an undescribed species, closely related to Epinannolene alticola (Silvestri, 1898) and E. exilio (Brölemann, 1904).

Figure 4.

The tropical tramp species Leptogoniulus sorornus is here recorded for the first time in Europe from the Zoological Garden Leipzig and the Zoological Garden Berlin.

A total of 34% (i.e. 18 species) are species introduced from other continents (Suppl. material 2): 15 % of those recorded have their origin in Southern and Central America, 13% in Asia, 4 % in Australia, and only 2 % in Africa.

The total number of non-European species introduced to Germany is higher and includes, for instance, Chondrodesmus cf. riparius Carl, 1914 in houseplants (Decker and Hannig 2011) and other occasionally introduced species (Attems 1901, Dunger 1965, Jeekel 1964b, Kraepelin 1901, Schubart 1934 pp. 304-306). Stoev et al. (2010) list for Europe 20 alien species of millipedes and 16 of centipedes.

Most of the alien species in German greenhouses are also known from other such places in Europe. There are a few species recorded from other European greenhouses which we have not found in Germany yet. These could also be expected to possibly be introduced to or occur in German greenhouses – species such as Mecistocephalus guildingii (Barber 2009), Prosopodesmus panporus Blower & Rundle, 1980 (Blower and Rundle 1980), and Haplopodoiulus spathifer (Brölemann, 1897) (Read 2008) recorded in Great Britain, Tuoba poseidonis (Verhoeff, 1901) recorded in Finland (Andersson et al. 2005) and Aulonopygus aculeatus Attems, 1914 recorded from the Netherlands (Soesbergen and Jeekel 2007).

Sixty-six per cent of all recorded species (35 in total) are of European origin. Two examples of the successful establishment of indigenous species in greenhouses are Lithobius forficatus and Blaniulus guttulatus. L. forficatus, followed by Cryptops hortensis, is the most frequently found centipede in German greenhouses. The former normally inhabits natural habitats and areas of human settlement and is frequently found in houses and cellars. Likewise, among indigenous millipedes B. guttulatus is the most commonly found. In Germany it prefers synanthropic habitats and occurs on arable and waste land, while, especially in the west and southwest of Germany, it is also known from human settlements (Schubart 1934).

About 25% of the recorded species are found exclusively in greenhouses, especially in heated ones, and are thus unlikely to establish outside. These are: Cryptops doriae, Lamyctes coeculus, Tygarrup javanicus, Amphitomeus attemsi, Anadenobolus monilicornis, Cylindrodesmus hirsutus, Epinannolene species, Leptogoniulus sorornus, Mesoiulus gridellii, Paraspirobolus lucifugus, Poratia species, Prosopodesmus jacobsoni, and Rhinotus purpureus.

The parthenogenetic species Amphitomeus attemsi (Fig. 5), Cylindrodesmus hirsutus and Poratia digitata are very frequent (with A. attemsi being the second most common millipede species) and were found in many of the greenhouses investigated.

Figure 5.

The tiny (2.9-3.2 mm) parthenogenetic Amphitomeus attemsi is a common species in greenhouses.

The East Asian species Oxidus gracilis, which is the most frequent millipede in greenhouses, was observed outdoors in two sites in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate (2003-2009, pers. obs. Decker) during winter, albeit only in very large compost heaps or large accumulations of rotting material with evenly warm-humid conditions. In other European countries O. gracilis is also common in greenhouses, city parks and gardens (Stoev and Korsós 2010). Other species, like the North African C. truncorum and the European species B. tenuis, C. palmatus and N. kochii, are restricted to anthropogenic, synanthropic habitats and greenhouses. C. vulnerarius is hitherto known only from a garden in Waltrop, North Rhine-Westphalia (Decker and Hannig 2011) suggesting that this species can also survive in urban habitats. Although currently there are no outdoor records of M. gridellii known from Germany, this species, originally reported from Italy, is known from several urban sites in adjacent Austria (Gruber 2002) and could also inhabit similar biotopes (e.g. gardens, parks or subterranean passageways) in Germany.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks to Elena Heußler, Norman Lindner, Marianne Lauerer, Marion Reich and Harald Hauser for sharing materials and data. Special thanks also to Ulrich Burkhardt, Gregory Edgecombe and Anthony Barber for the helpful advices on the manuscript and proofreading. Bob Mesibov and two anonymous reviewers improved the manuscript.

References

Supplementary materials

Suppl. material 1: Occurrence data of Diplopoda and Chilopoda from German greenhouses
Authors:  Peter Decker & Hans Reip
Data type:  Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
Brief description: 

Occurrence data of Diplopoda and Chilopoda from German greenhouses, including the name of the federal state, city, location, site, coordinates, micro-habitat, sampling date, collector, sampled specimens, collection, notes and literature.

Suppl. material 2: Distribution of German greenhouse myriapods across cities
Authors:  Peter Decker, Hans Reip & Karin Voigtländer
Data type:  Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
Brief description: 

The dataset provides a complete list of greenhouse myriapods and their distribution across the cities.