Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
New records and detailed distribution and abundance of selected arthropod species collected between 1999 and 2011 in Azorean native forests
expand article infoPaulo A.V. Borges, Clara Gaspar, Luís Carlos Fonseca Crespo§,, François Rigal|,, Pedro Cardoso¶,, Fernando Pereira, Carla Rego, Isabel R. Amorim, Catarina Melo, Carlos Aguiar#, Genage André#, Enésima P. Mendonça, Sérvio Ribeiro‡,¤, Joaquín Hortal«,, Ana M.C. Santos«,, Luís Barcelos, Henrik Enghoff», Volker Mahnert˄, Margarida T. Pita˅, Jordi Ribes¦, Arturo Bazˀ, António B. Sousaˁ, Virgílio Vieira‡,, Jörg Wunderlich, Aristeidis Parmakelis‡,, Robert J. Whittaker, José Alberto Quartau#, Artur R.M. Serrano#, Kostas A. Triantis₰,
‡ cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores - Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila, São Pedro, 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira, Azores, Portugal
§ Departament de Biologia Animal and Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio), Universitat de Barcelona, Avinguda Diagonal 643, 08071, Barcelona, Spain
| Environment and Microbiology Team, IPREM UMRCNRS-UPPA 5254, IBEAS BP1155, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, 64013 Pau Cedex, France
¶ Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13, P.O.Box 17, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
# cE3c, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes & Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, 1749-016, Lisbon, Portugal
¤ Laboratório de Ecologia Evolutiva de Herbívoros de Dossel, DEBIO, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, 35400-000, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil
« Departamento de Biogeografía y Cambio Global, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), C⁄Joseé Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
» Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100, Copenhagen OE, Denmark
˄ Museum d´Histoire Naturelle, Case Postale 6434, 1211, Geneva, Swaziland
˅ Centro de Estudos da Macaronésia (CEM), Universidade da Madeira, Campus Universitário da Penteada - Bloco C - Piso 1, 9000-399 Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
¦ Valencia 123-125, ent., 3a, E-08011, Barcelona, Spain
ˀ Dep. de Ciencias de la Vida. Universidad de Alcalá, 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
ˁ SPEN – Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia, Apartado 8221, P-1803-001, Lisboa, Portugal
₵ Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores, Apartado 1422, 9501-301, Ponta Delgada, S. Miguel, Azores, Portugal
ℓ Hindenburgstr. 94, D-75334, Straubenhardt, Germany
₰ Department of Ecology and Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, GR-15784, Greece
₱ Biodiversity Research Group, Oxford University, Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Open Access

Abstract

Background

In this contribution we present detailed distribution and abundance data for arthropod species identified during the BALABiodiversity of Arthropods from the Laurisilva of the Azores (1999-2004) and BALA2 projects (2010-2011) from 18 native forest fragments in seven of the nine Azorean islands (all excluding Graciosa and Corvo islands, which have no native forest left).

New information

Of the total 286 species identified, 81% were captured between 1999 and 2000, a period during which only 39% of all the samples were collected. On average, arthropod richness for each island increased by 10% during the time frame of these projects. The classes Arachnida, Chilopoda and Diplopoda represent the most remarkable cases of new island records, with more than 30% of the records being novelties. This study stresses the need to expand the approaches applied in these projects to other habitats in the Azores, and more importantly to other less surveyed taxonomic groups (e.g. Diptera and Hymenoptera). These steps are fundamental for getting a more accurate assessment of biodiversity in the archipelago.

Keywords

Azores; terrestrial arthropods; BALA project; laurissilva forest; Linnean, Wallacean and Prestonian shortfalls.

Introduction

In 1999 a group of researchers from the University of the Azores and the University of Lisbon started a long-term (1999-2004) standardized sampling program to inventory the arthropod biodiversity in native forest remnants of the Azores - the BALA I project – Biodiversity of Arthropods from the Laurisilva of the Azores (Borges et al. 2000, Borges et al. 2005a, Borges et al. 2011, Ribeiro et al. 2005, Gaspar et al. 2008). More recently, this project was extended by researchers from the Universities of the Azores, Athens and Oxford, by surveying part of the same native forest plots almost 10 years later - BALA II project (2010-2011).

Eight years of standardized survey of the native forest in seven of the nine Azorean islands resulted in a major improvement on the knowledge of the Azorean arthropod fauna, in particular concerning Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida, Diplopoda, Chilopoda and Insecta (excluding Collembola, Diptera and Hymenoptera). As a consequence, several new endemic taxa were described for the archipelago (e.g. Blas and Borges 1999, Ribes and Borges 2001, Platia and Borges 2002, Quartau and Borges 2003, Borges et al. 2004, Borges and Wunderlich 2008, Crespo et al. 2013, Crespo et al. 2014) or are in the process of being described (Borges et al. 2016 in press). In fact, after examining the shape and characteristics of discovery curves, Lobo and Borges (2010) clearly show that it is very likely that many new species of arthropods remain to be discovered in the Azores particularly for less studied groups in this archipelago such as Diptera and Hymenoptera. Besides purely faunistic results, the BALA data was also used to evaluate abundance, spatial variance and occupancy of arthropods (Gaston et al. 2006, Rigal et al. 2013), the effects of disturbance and biotic integrity of the native forests on arthropod assemblages (Cardoso et al. 2007, Cardoso et al. 2013, Gaspar et al. 2011, Florencio et al. 2013, Florencio et al. 2015), the extinction debt of Azorean forest specialist species (Triantis et al. 2010) and the performance of species richness estimators (Hortal et al. 2006). Moreover, such data allowed the ranking of conservation priorities for the fauna and flora of the Azores (e.g. Borges et al. 2005a, Martín et al. 2010) and allowed the estimation of extinction debt in Azores (Terzopoulou et al. 2015, Triantis et al. 2010).

During this period, two complete checklists of Azorean arthropod fauna were produced (Borges et al. 2005b, Borges et al. 2010), which included the distribution of each species per island. In this paper we compile and synthesize the faunistic results of both BALA projects, highlighting novel distribution records and presenting not only detailed distribution but also abundance data for each species, adding taxonomical and biogeographical information whenever possible. Finally, we provide a general and updated overview on the diversity of the Azorean arthropods.

Materials and methods

Area of study: The Azores

The remote Azores archipelago extends for 615 km in the North Atlantic Ocean (37-40 °N, 25-31 °W), 1584 km to the east (southern Europe) and 2150 km to the west (northern America) of the nearest mainland. It comprises nine main islands and some small islets, all of volcanic origin, and is located at the triple junction of the Eurasian, African and American tectonic plates. The nine islands are divided into three groups: the western group (Corvo and Flores isls.), the central group (Faial, Pico, Graciosa, São Jorge and Terceira isls.), and the eastern group (São Miguel and Santa Maria isls) (Fig. 1). The climate is temperate and oceanic, strongly influenced by the ocean and island topography, which together produce high relative atmospheric humidity, above 95% on average on native forests.

Figure 1.

Location of the Azores and of native forest fragments in the archipelago. Codes for forest fragments as in Table 1.

Main characteristics of the Azorean islands (bold) and native forest fragments sampled from 1999 to 2011, including area (hectares), highest point (altitude in metres), distance to the nearest island/fragment (isolation in kilometres) and the oldest geological age of emerged substrate (million years BP) (adapted from Gaspar et al. 2008).

Island

Fragment

Code

Area (ha)

Altitude (m)

Isolation (km)

Age (my)

Flores

FLO

14102

911

236.43

2.16

Morro Alto e Pico da Sé

MO

1331

911

6.02

2.16

Caldeiras Funda e Rasa

FR

240

773

6.02

2.16

Faial

FAI

17306

1043

34.26

0.73

Caldeira do Faial

CA

190

934

4.67

0.73

Cabeço do Fogo

CG

36

597

4.67

0.60

Pico

PIC

44498

2350

32.42

0.30

Mistério da Prainha

MP

689

881

2.92

0.26

Caveiro

CA

184

1077

4.61

0.27

Lagoa do Caiado

LC

79

945

2.92

0.28

São Jorge

SJG

24365

1053

32.42

0.55

Topo

TO

220

946

15.13

0.55

Pico Pinheiro

PP

73

717

15.13

0.55

Terceira

TER

40030

1021

71.67

3.52

S. Bárbara e M. Negros

SB

1347

1021

7.20

1.24

Biscoito da Ferraria

BF

557

809

3.03

0.10

Guilherme Moniz

GM

223

487

2.70

0.41

Terra Brava

TB

180

726

2.70

0.10

Pico do Galhardo

PG

38

655

2.79

0.10

São Miguel

SMG

74456

1105

97.53

4.01

Pico da Vara

PV

306

1105

3.42

3.20

Graminhais

GR

15

930

4.02

3.20

Atalhada

AT

10

500

3.42

4.01

Sampling protocol

Eighteen native forest fragments distributed across seven of the nine islands were sampled (Table 1; see also Gaspar et al. 2008). Graciosa and Corvo islands were excluded as they no longer present native forest. Human settlement in the Azores lead to considerable native forest destruction which has left the entire archipelago with little over 2% of the original forest cover. During the summer (June to September) 150 m long and 5 m wide transects were set up in 100 sites from 1999 to 2004 (BALA I: 18 native forest fragments) and some were sampled twice in that period totalling 123 samples; about 29 of those sites were resampled from 2010 to 2011 using the same protocol (BALA II project; 15 native forest fragments). Along each transect, arthropods from the soil (mainly epigean) and herbaceous vegetation were surveyed with pitfall traps, while arthropods from woody plants were sampled using a beating tray. Pitfall traps consisted of plastic cups with 4.2 cm diameter and 7.8 cm height. Thirty pitfall traps were set up per transect. Half of the traps were filled with a non-attractive ethylene glycol preservative solution (antifreeze solution), and the remaining with a general attractive solution, a modified version of Turquin (Turquin 1973) prepared mainly with dark beer and preservative agents. A few drops of dishwashing liquid were added to both solutions to reduce surface tension. Traps were sunk in the soil (cup rim at surface level) every 5 m along the transects, those filled with Turquin alternating with traps containing antifreeze solution. Traps were protected from rain using a plastic plate, placed about 5 cm above surface level and fixed to the ground by two pieces of wire. Accidental collection of small vertebrates and damage by rodents was prevented using a piece of plastic mesh placed on top of the trap and fixed to the ground by pieces of wire. The traps remained active in the field for two weeks.

Canopy sampling was conducted during the trapping period, when the vegetation was dry. A 5 m wide square was established every 15 m (total of 10 squares per transect). Two woody plant specimens of the most abundant species (up to three species when available) were sampled in each square. For each selected plant, a branch was chosen at random and a beating tray placed beneath. The tray consisted of a 1 m wide and 60 cm deep cloth inverted pyramid, with a plastic bag at the vertex. Five beatings were made using a stick for each plant individual sampled.

The arthropod taxa considered in this study were selected based on the availability of expert taxonomists and ability to readily separate them by morphological criteria. All Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida, Diplopoda, Chilopoda and Insecta (excluding Collembola, Diptera and Hymenoptera) were assigned to morphospecies through comparison with a reference collection. Various taxonomists (PAVB, ARMS, LC, PC, HE, FI, VM, MTP, JR, AB, ABS, RzS, VV, JW, JAQ, and see also Acknowledgments) checked the assignment to morphospecies, performed species identifications and supplied additional ecological information. The taxonomic nomenclature follows the most recent list of Azorean arthropods (Borges et al. 2010).

All specimens are deposited in the Entomological Collection Dalberto Teixeira Pombo at the University of the Azores (Portugal), under the curation of Paulo A. V. Borges (pborges@uac.pt).

In this contribution we list the 286 species for which we obtained an identification. The new records for each island are marked with *. For this list two families of Coleoptera were not considered since they will be presented elsewhere, Staphylinidae (Borges et al. in prep.) and Zopheridae (Borges et al. 2016). For detailed maps on the distribution of these species in Azores consult the Azores Bioportal.

All specimens were assigned a SITE CODE composed of several letters and numbers that read as follows (see Suppl. material 1 for complete data). Detailed metadata is given in Suppl. material 2):

i) the first three letters refer to island name (FLO – Flores; FAI – Faial; PIC – Pico; SJG – São Jorge; GRA – Graciosa; TER – Terceira; SMG – São Miguel; SMR – Santa Maria);

ii) the following two letters refer to fragment name (Flores: FR - Caldeiras Funda e Rasa, MA - Morro Alto e Pico da Sé; Faial: CF – Caldeira do Faial, CG – Cabeço do Fogo; Pico: CA – Caveiro, LC – Lagoa do Caiado, MP – Mistério da Prainha; São Jorge: PP – Pico Pinheiro, TO – Topo; Terceira: BF – Biscoito da Ferraria, GM – Caldeira do Guilherme Moniz, PG – Pico do Galhardo, SB –Serra de Santa Bárbara, TB – Terra Brava; São Miguel: AT – Atalhada, GR – Graminhais, PV – Pico da Vara; Santa Maria: PA – Pico Alto);

iii) the following three characters refer to the sampling transect; and

iv) the next letter refers to the sampling technique: P - pitfall, B - canopy beating; for pitfall samples (P) TU – Turquin and ET – ethylene glycol; for canopy samples (B) the next two letters refer to the plant sampled: CA = Calluna vulgaris, CL = Clethra arborea, ER = Erica azorica, FR = Frangula azorica, IL = Ilex perado azorica, JU = Juniperus brevifolia, LA = Laurus azorica, MC = Morella faya, MS = Myrsine africana, PI = Picconia azorica, PT = Pittosporum undulatum, VA = Vaccinium cylindraceum.

For the geographical location of transects within reserves (UTM coordinates) see Suppl. material 3.

Accumulation curves were obtained using the software “Species Diversity and Richness” V.4.

Checklist of the Studied Azorean Arthropods

Kingdom Animalia

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Phylum Arthropoda

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Class Arachnida

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Order Pseudoscorpiones

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Family Chthoniidae

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Chthonius ischnocheles (Hermann, 1804)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Chthonius tetrachelatus (Preyssler, 1790)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Neobisiidae

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Neobisium maroccanum Beier, 1930

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Order Opiliones

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Family Phalangiidae

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Homalenotus coriaceus (Simon, 1879)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Leiobunum blackwalli Meade, 1861

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Order Araneae

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Family Araneidae

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Gibbaranea occidentalis Wunderlich, 1989

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Mangora acalypha (Walckenaer, 1802)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Clubionidae

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Cheiracanthium erraticum (Walckenaer, 1802)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Cheiracanthium floresense Wunderlich, 2008

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cheiracanthium jorgeense Wunderlich, 2008

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SJG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Clubiona decora Blackwall, 1859

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Clubiona genevensis L. Koch, 1866

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Clubiona terrestris Westring, 1851

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Family Dictynidae

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Altella lucida (Simon, 1874)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Emblyna acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Lathys dentichelis (Simon, 1883)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Nigma puella (Simon, 1870)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Family Dysderidae

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Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Linyphiidae

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Acorigone acoreensis (Wunderlich, 1992)

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Acorigone zebraneus Wunderlich, 2008

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SJG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Agyneta decora (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; SJG*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Agyneta depigmentata Wunderlich, 2008

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Agyneta rugosa Wunderlich, 1992

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI*; SJG; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Canariphantes acoreensis (Wunderlich, 1992)

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Canariphantes junipericola Crespo & Bosmans, 2014

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Canariphantes relictus Crespo & Bosmans, 2014

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Erigone atra Blackwall, 1833

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Erigone autumnalis Emerton, 1882

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic)

Erigone dentipalpis (Wider, 1834)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Lessertia dentichelis (Simon, 1884)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SMG*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Meioneta fuscipalpa (C. L. Koch, 1836)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Mermessus bryantae (Ivie & Barrows, 1935)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Mermessus fradeorum (Berland, 1932)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan

Mermessus trilobatus (Emerton, 1882)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic

Microlinyphia johnsoni (Blackwall, 1859)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Minicia floresensis Wunderlich, 1992

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; SJG*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Neriene clathrata (Sundevall, 1830)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; SJG; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic

Oedothorax fuscus (Blackwall, 1834)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic; Mediterranean

Palliduphantes schmitzi (Kulczynski, 1899)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Pelecopsis parallela (Wider, 1834)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Porrhomma borgesi Wunderlich, 2008

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Prinerigone vagans (Audouin, 1826)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Savigniorrhipis acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Savigniorrhipis topographicus Crespo, 2013

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SJG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Tenuiphantes miguelensis (Wunderlich, 1992)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Tenuiphantes tenuis (Blackwall, 1852)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic; Mediterranean)

Walckenaeria grandis (Wunderlich, 1992)

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Lycosidae

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Pardosa acorensis Simon, 1883

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Mimetidae

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Ero furcata (Villers, 1789)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Oecobiidae

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Oecobius navus Blackwall, 1859

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Oonopidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Orchestina furcillata Wunderlich, 2008

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Pisauridae

Material    Download as CSV 

Pisaura acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Salticidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Macaroeris cata (Blackwall, 1867)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia); Romania)

Macaroeris diligens (Blackwall, 1867)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Neon acoreensis Wunderlich, 2008

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Pseudeuophrys vafra (Blackwall, 1867)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Tetragnathidae

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Metellina merianae (Scopoli, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Sancus acoreensis (Wunderlich, 1992)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Theridiidae

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Cryptachaea blattea (Urquhart, 1886)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic)

Lasaeola oceanica Simon, 1883

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic

Rhomphaea nasica (Simon, 1873)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Rugathodes acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Steatoda grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Theridion melanurum Hahn, 1831

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC*; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Theridion musivivum Schmidt, 1956

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Family Thomisidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Xysticus cor Canestrini, 1873

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Xysticus nubilus Simon, 1875

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Zodariidae

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Zodarion atlanticum Pekár & Cardoso, 2006

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Class Diplopoda

Material    Download as CSV 

Order Polydesmida

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Paradoxosomatidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian; Eastern Palearctic; Nearctic; Neotropical; Oriental)

Family Polydesmidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Brachydesmus superus Latzel, 1884

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Eastern Palearctic; Nearctic; North Africa)

Polydesmus coriaceus Porat, 1871

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Order Julida

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Blaniulidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Blaniulus guttulatus (Fabricius, 1798)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Eastern Palearctic; Nearctic)

Choneiulus palmatus (Nemec, 1895)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic)

Nopoiulus kochii (Gervais, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; GRA; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Near East; Nearctic; Neotropical)

Proteroiulus fuscus (Am Stein, 1857)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic)

Family Julidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Brachyiulus pusillus (Leach, 1814)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian; Nearctic)

Cylindroiulus latestriatus (Curtis, 1845)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian; Nearctic; Oriental

Cylindroiulus propinquus (Porat, 1870)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Ommatoiulus moreletii (Lucas, 1860)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian)

Order Chordeumatida

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Family Haplobainosomatidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Haplobainosoma lusitanum Verhoeff, 1900

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC; TER*; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Class Chilopoda

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Order Lithobiomorpha

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Lithobiidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Lithobius pilicornis subsp. pilicornis Newport, 1844

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical)

Order Scolopendromorpha

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Cryptopidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Cryptops hortensis (Donovan, 1810)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Order Geophilomorpha

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Geophilidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Geophilus truncorum Bergsoe & Meinert, 1866

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Linotaeniidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Strigamia crassipes (C. L. Koch, 1835)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Class Insecta

Material    Download as CSV 

Order Microcoryphia

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Machilidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Dilta saxicola (Womersley, 1930)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Easternern Palearctic

Trigoniophthalmus borgesi Mendes, Gaju, Bach & Molero, 2000

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Order Ephemeroptera

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Baetidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Cloeon dipterum Linnaeus, 1761

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Order Blattaria

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Polyphagidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Zetha vestita (Brullé, 1838)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Order Orthoptera

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Conocephalidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Conocephalus chavesi (Bolivar, 1905)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Gryllidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer, 1773

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Eastern Palearctic; Near East; North Africa; Oriental)

Order Dermaptera

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Anisolabididae

Material    Download as CSV 

Euborellia annulipes (Lucas, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Forficulidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Forficula auricularia Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Order Psocoptera

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Caeciliusidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Valenzuela burmeisteri (Brauer, 1876)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; SJG*; TER*; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Valenzuela flavidus (Stephens, 1836)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Family Ectopsocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Ectopsocus briggsi McLachlan, 1899

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Ectopsocus pumilis (Banks, 1920)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan

Ectopsocus strauchi Enderlein, 1906

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Elipsocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Elipsocus azoricus Meinander, 1975

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Elipsocus brincki Badonnel, 1963

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Epipsocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Bertkauia lucifuga (Rambur, 1842)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Lachesillidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Lachesilla greeni (Pearman, 1933)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Peripsocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Peripsocus milleri (Tillyard, 1923)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; SJG*; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Peripsocus phaeopterus (Stephens, 1836)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
PIC*; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Peripsocus subfasciatus (Rambur, 1842)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic

Family Psocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Atlantopsocus adustus (Hagen, 1865)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Family Trichopsocidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Trichopsocus clarus (Banks, 1908)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Trogiidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Lepinotus reticulatus Enderlein, 1905

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
TER*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Order Hemiptera

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Anthocoridae

Material    Download as CSV 

Brachysteles parvicornis (A. Costa, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
PIC*; GRA; TER*; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holactic; Afro-tropical; Northern Asia (except China))

Buchananiella continua (White, 1880)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian; Neotropical)

Orius laevigatus subsp. laevigatus (Fieber, 1860)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Oriental)

Family Aphididae

Material    Download as CSV 

Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris, 1776)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Amphorophora rubi (Kaltenbach, 1843)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; GRA; TER
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Eastern Palearctic; Near East; Nearctic; North Africa)

Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach, 1843)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Cavariella aegopodii (Scopoli, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan

Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini, 1860)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Longiunguis luzulella Hille Ris Lambers, 1947

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Myzus cerasi (Fabricius, 1775)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; TER
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Eastern Palearctic; Near East; Nearctic; North Africa; Oriental)

Neomyzus circumflexus (Buckton, 1876)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Pseudacaudella rubida (Börner, 1939)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; PIC; TER; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon (Davidson, 1912)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (Schrank, 1801)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palaeartic; Japan)

Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki, 1899)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Uroleucon erigeronense (Thomas, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*; TER*; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Eastern Palearctic; Near East; Nearctic; Neotropical; North Africa; Oriental

Family Cercopidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Philaenus spumarius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Cicadellidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Anoscopus albifrons (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Aphrodes hamiltoni Quartau & Borges, 2003

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG*; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Eupteryx azorica Ribaut, 1941

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Opsius stactogallus Fieber, 1866

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Family Cixiidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Cixius azofloresi Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azomariae Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azopifajo subsp. azofa Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azopifajo subsp. azojo Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SJG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azopifajo subsp. azopifajo Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azoricus subsp. azoricus Lindberg, 1954

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI; SJG; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azoricus subsp. azoropicoi Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius azoterceirae Remane & Asche, 1979

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cixius insularis Lindberg, 1954

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Cydnidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Geotomus punctulatus (A. Costa, 1847)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Delphacidae

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Megamelodes quadrimaculatus (Signoret, 1865)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Family Drepanosiphidae

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Anoecia corni (Fabricius, 1775)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan (except Australia))

Family Flatidae

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Cyphopterum adcendens (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Family Lachnidae

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Cinara juniperi (De Geer, 1773)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI*; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Family Lygaeidae

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Beosus maritimus (Scopoli, 1763)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Gastrodes grossipes subsp. grossipes (De Geer, 1773)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
TER*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Heterogaster urticae (Fabricius, 1775)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
PIC; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Kleidocerys ericae (Horváth, 1908)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Microplax plagiata (Fieber, 1837)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Nysius atlantidum Horváth, 1990

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Nysius ericae subsp. ericae Schilling, 1829

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical)

Plinthisus brevipennis (Latreille, 1807)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC; GRA; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Plinthisus minutissimus Fieber, 1864

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Scolopostethus decoratus (Hahn, 1833)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Family Microphysidae

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Loricula coleoptrata (Fallén, 1807)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Loricula elegantula (Bärensprung, 1858)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC*; GRA; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Family Miridae

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Campyloneura virgula (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Closterotomus norwegicus (Gmelin, 1790)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Australian; Nearctic)

Heterotoma planicornis (Pallas, 1772)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Monalocoris filicis (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holactic; Afro-tropical; Northern Asia (except China

Pinalitus oromii J. Ribes, 1992

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Polymerus cognatus (Fieber, 1858)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Polymerus vulneratus (Panzer, 1806)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
PIC*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Family Nabidae

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Nabis pseudoferus subsp. ibericus Remane, 1962

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Pentatomidae

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Nezara viridula (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Psyllidae

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Acizzia uncatoides (Ferris & Klyver, 1932)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC; GRA; TER*
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Australian)

Cacopsylla pulchella (Löw, 1877)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic

Strophingia harteni Hodkinson, 1981

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Reduviidae

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Empicoris rubromaculatus (Blackburn, 1889)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Australian; Neotropical; Oriental)

Family Saldidae

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Saldula palustris (Douglas, 1874)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Afro-tropical; Eastern Palearctic; Near East; North Africa)

Family Tingidae

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Acalypta parvula (Fallén, 1807)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic; North Africa (except Sinai Peninsula))

Family Triozidae

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Trioza laurisilvae Hodkinson, 1990

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Order Thysanoptera

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Family Aeolothripidae

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Aeolothrips collaris Priesner, 1919

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Aeolothrips gloriosus Bagnall, 1914

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Family Phlaeothripidae

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Eurythrips tristis Hood, 1941

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*; TER*
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Hoplandrothrips consobrinus (Knechtel, 1951)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Hoplothrips corticis (De Geer, 1773)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan

Hoplothrips ulmi (Fabricius, 1781)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; SJG*; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Nesothrips propinquus (Bagnall, 1916)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Thripidae

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Aptinothrips rufus Haliday, 1836

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Ceratothrips ericae (Haliday, 1836)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché, 1833)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Hercinothrips bicinctus (Bagnall, 1919)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Isoneurothrips australis Bagnall, 1915

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Thrips atratus Haliday, 1836

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Thrips flavus Schrank, 1776

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Order Neuroptera

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Family Hemerobiidae

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Hemerobius azoricus Tjeder, 1948

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Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Order Coleoptera

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Family Anobiidae

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Anobium punctatum (De Gueer, 1774)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Family Brentidae

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Aspidapion radiolus subsp. chalybeipenne (Wollaston, 1854)

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Carabidae

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Acupalpus dubius Schilsky, 1888

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Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Acupalpus flavicollis (Sturm, 1825)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FAI*; TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Amara aenea (De Geer, 1774)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Anisodactylus binotatus (Fabricius, 1787)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Calathus lundbladi Colas, 1938

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cedrorum azoricus subsp. azoricus Borges & Serrano, 1993

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
TER; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Cedrorum azoricus subsp. caveirensis Borges & Serrano, 1993

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Laemostenus complanatus (Dejean, 1828)

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Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Ocys harpaloides (Audinet-Serville, 1821)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Paranchus albipes (Fabricius, 1796)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Pseudanchomenus aptinoides Tarnier, 1860

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Pseudoophonus rufipes De Geer, 1774

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Pterostichus aterrimus subsp. aterrimus (Herbst, 1784)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
PIC*; SJG; TER
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Pterostichus vernalis (Panzer, 1796)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Stenolophus teutonus (Schrank, 1781)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Trechus terrabravensis Borges, Serrano & Amorim, 2004

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Cerambycidae

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Crotchiella brachyptera Israelson, 1985

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Chrysomelidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Chaetocnema hortensis (Fourcroy , 1785)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Nearctic

Psylliodes marcidus (Illiger, 1807)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Ciidae

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Atlantocis gillerforsi Israelson, 1986

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Family Coccinellidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi, 1794)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Coccinella undecimpunctata subsp. undecimpunctata Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic

Lindorus lophanthae (Blaisdell, 1892)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Rodolia cardinalis (Mulsant, 1850)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Corylophidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Sericoderus lateralis (Gyllenhal, 1827)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Family Curculionidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Calacalles subcarinatus (Israelson, 1984)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Caulotrupis parvus Israelson, 1985

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Coccotrypes carpophagus (Hornung, 1842)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Drouetius borgesi subsp. borgesi Machado, 2009

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Drouetius borgesi subsp. centralis Machado, 2009

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Drouetius borgesi subsp. sanctmichaelis Machado, 2009

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Gymnetron pascuorum (Gyllenhal, 1813)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FAI; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Orthochaetes insignis (Aubé, 1863)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Otiorhynchus cribricollis Gyllenhal, 1834

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic)

Otiorhynchus rugosostriatus (Goeze, 1777)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Phloeosinus gillerforsi Bright, 1987

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; SJG*; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Also present: CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Pseudechinosoma nodosum Hustache, 1936

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Azores endemic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; PIC; SJG*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia)

Pseudophloeophagus aenopiceus (Boheman, 1845)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Pseudophloeophagus tenax Wollaston, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Western Palearctic (Macaronesia))

Sitona discoideus Gyllenhal, 1834

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)

Xyleborinus alni Nijima, 1909

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD (Biogeographical Realm: Holarctic)

Family Dryophthoridae

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Sitophilus oryzae (Linnaeus, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Introduced
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN; CVP (Biogeographical Realm: Cosmopolitan)

Family Dryopidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Dryops algiricus (Lucas, 1846)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic

Dryops luridus (Erichson, 1847)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Native
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; GRA; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Also present: MAD; CAN (Biogeographical Realm: Palearctic)