Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomy & Inventories
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Taxonomy & Inventories
Inventory of the urban flora of Budapest (Hungary) highlighting new and noteworthy floristic records
expand article infoAttila Rigó‡,§, Ákos Malatinszky|, Zoltán Barina
‡ Doctoral School of Environmetnal Sciences, Hungarian University of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Páter Károly u. 1, 2100, Gödöllő, Hungary
§ Experimental Vegetation Ecology Research Group, Institute of Ecology and Botany, Centre for Ecological Research, Alkotmány út 4, 2163, Vácrátót, Hungary
| Institute for Wildlife Management and Nature Conservation, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Páter Károly u. 1, 2100, Gödöllő, Hungary
¶ H-1095, Ipar utca 3, Budapest, Hungary
Open Access

Abstract

Background

The systematic urban floristic research of Budapest was started in 2018 by the authors with detailed methodology. One scope of the research was to gain knowledge on the plant taxa appearing in Budapest and to compile the inventory of the urban flora of Budapest.

New information

We have provided the inventory of the urban flora of Budapest, which includes distribution data for all 973 taxa found in Budapest between May 2018 and May 2023. We also provided new detailed occurrence data for 49 species in Budapest. Seven of them are new to the adventive flora of Hungary (Campanula portenschlagiana Roem. & Schult., Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze, Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) H.O.Yates, Cyrtomium fortunei J.Sm., Linaria maroccana Hook.f., Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn.), three were rediscovered in Hungary (Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach, Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl., Sisymbrium irio L.) and 18 were recorded for the first time in Budapest. We also provided data for two data-poor (Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit., Polygonum rurivagum Jord. ex Boreau) species and we documented the major expansion of six species.

Keywords

adventive, invasive, secondary habitats, occurrence records

Introduction

Scientific interest in urban ecological research, including urban floristic research, has increased in the past decades. This can be due to several reasons, one of which is the fact that urban areas are often invasion hot spots (Gaertner et al. 2017). Furthermore, spontaneously occurring plants (and other organisms) in cities pose an obvious risk to human health (Potgieter et al. 2017). In addition to these, cities can also be interesting from a taxonomic point of view, since recently more and more taxa are being described from urban environments, for example, Stellaria ruderalis M. Lepší, P. Lepší, Z. Kaplan & P. Koutecký (Lepší et al. 2019). There were many examples for urban floristic research around the world (e.g. Tait et al. 2005, Zhao et al. 2009, Monalisa-Francisco and Ramos 2019 and Sogbossi et al. 2020). In the European context, many cities were also the subject of floristic surveys in recent decades. The most relevant of these are the floristic studies of Central European (e.g. Chocholoušková and Pyšek 2003, Feráková and Jarolímek 2010 and Jovanović et al. 2014) and Mediterranean cities (e.g. Celesti-Grapow et al. 2013, Stešević et al. 2014 and Salinitro et al. 2018). In addition, several comparative works were published on the flora of Europe's major cities (Pysek 1998, Lososová et al. 2011, La Sorte et al. 2014 and Kalusová et al. 2019). In Hungary, the floristic evaluation of Pécs (southern Hungary) was carried out by Wirth et al. (2020c) and Wirth et al. 2020d.

The research of the flora of Budapest has a long history. Sadler (1840) provided the complete flora of Pest-Pilis-Solt County of historical Hungary, where scattered data were provided on the built-up urban areas of Budapest. Borbás (1879) specifically provided the floristic evaluation of Budapest and its surroundings. In the 20th century, mainly descriptive and educational works were published about the flora of Budapest (Pénzes 1942, Pénzes and Csízy 1956 and Zólyomi 1958). At the end of the century, however, an inventory of Budapest's flowering plants was published (Hegedűs 1994). Most recently, Somlyay (2011), Somlyay et al. (2016) and Somlyay and Csábi (2019) researched the natural vegetation cover of Budapest and its surroundings. Rigó and Barina (2020) started the systematic, habitat-based floristic research of the urban built-up areas of Budapest in 2018.

Materials and methods

Territorial delimitation

The research area was Budapest, the capital of Hungary. The city is located in Central Hungary, between northern latitude 47.613437° and 47.349269° and eastern longitude 18.926381° and 19.334538°. The size of the city is about 525 km2, of which 388 km2 is the built-up interior area (Hungarian Central Statistical Office 2023). The altitude of the city varies from 95 m to 527 m. Budapest is crossed by the River Danube and surrounded by the Buda Mountains and the Pest plains. Budapest is divided into 23 administrative districts, six of which form the city core, nine districts are the inner districts surrounding the city core and the rest are the outer districts. In 2018, the city had approx. 1.75 million inhabitants (Hungarian Central Statistical Office 2023). The study was restricted to the secondary habitats of the urban built-up areas of Budapest, natural and semi-natural habitats were not included in the research.

Floristic procedures

Within the territorial units, we prepared a complete list of species for each of the distinguishable urban (micro-)habitats (Rigó and Barina 2020). We covered 1,613 street sections and squares in all districts of Budapest and registered a taxon list in each of them. As a result, we compiled an inventory of the urban flora of Budapest. The inventory is solely based on our recent data (2018-2023). We included the species name, residence status and distribution (in which districts of Budapest it occurred) for each species.

In the case of new, rare and noteworthy findings, we recorded and added the following data: scientific name, family, continent, country, county, municipality (= district), locality (= name of the public place), decimal latitude, decimal longitude, event date (= date of observation), habitat, individual count (= approximate number of the specimens), reproductive condition, recorder, identifier, occurrenceID. We also added notes on the origin, distribution, residence time and invasion potential, if relevant.

Nomenclature and classification follows World Flora Online (2023). We used Csiky et al. (2023) to determine the residence time of alien taxa.

Data resources

We used data from Suppl. material 1 for listing new and noteworthy floristic data in the 'Taxon Treatment' section and used Suppl. materials 2, 3 for the inventory of the secondary habitats of the urban, built-up areas of Budapest.

Taxon treatments

Achillea filipendulina Lam. 1783

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Hunyadi János road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.500629
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.036963
    ; eventDate:
    29/04/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    1E05CFC0-22FF-5306-8C50-639A9EFDDE79
  2. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Közraktár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.481188
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.065478
    ; eventDate:
    23/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    DCD6088C-CE2B-5BD0-A4E7-F021E9C2EAE9
  3. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Nehru park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.480913
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.064301
    ; eventDate:
    23/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower beds and crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    5E505BAF-5C43-52BF-BCAE-7F8E6F3489C6
  4. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Corvin alley
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.486356
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.071072
    ; eventDate:
    19/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B195FC41-F6B6-520A-9B99-98FA2298958F
  5. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Millenáris park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.511024
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.025587
    ; eventDate:
    06/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    BDD44849-A1A5-5240-AAFF-4CD702CDEC17
  6. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Keszeg street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.499807
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.282639
    ; eventDate:
    24/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0CFF4A48-21EE-5D9D-8A57-E4001E3F154A
  7. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Schulek Frigyes promenade
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.535881
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.052308
    ; eventDate:
    27/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B67E5638-0CAF-599C-9FFB-56037BEF59C2
  8. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Angyal István park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.485695
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.069504
    ; eventDate:
    24/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    C96F3579-0DBF-5469-8A2F-504183EF6D21
  9. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Nádasdy street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.470380
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.080150
    ; eventDate:
    08/10/2021
    ; habitat:
    gravelly vacant ground plot
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    28582A6E-F40B-5B61-A52E-D52D39829182
  10. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Rákóczi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.499339
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.079543
    ; eventDate:
    15/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; occurrenceID:
    9E55C8AA-CA66-5BC9-9909-1D04821AFD32
  11. scientificName:
    Achillea filipendulina
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Friedrich Born quay
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.495136
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.043271
    ; eventDate:
    30/05/2023
    ; habitat:
    crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; occurrenceID:
    57833445-6E5C-5BBF-9E75-BB155B13C95A

Notes

A plant of south-western and central Asian origin (Liu et al. 2020). The species occurs in several Europaean countries and the USA as an alien escaping from cultivation (Soriano 2014, Wirth et al. 2020a and Eliáš Jr. et al. 2023). These are the first records of the species from Budapest.

Allium ramosum L. 1753

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Allium ramosum s.l.
    ; family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Szent Imre square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.322186
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.069610
    ; eventDate:
    04/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    amenity grassland
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7D863E20-5DC6-5BF1-BB1E-6BF347D7D451
  2. scientificName:
    Allium ramosum s.l.
    ; family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Csíkihegyek street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.469866
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.995671
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7087E948-FA32-55CA-8FA2-B56144712F83
  3. scientificName:
    Allium ramosum s.l.
    ; family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Haller street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.478302
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.086394
    ; eventDate:
    25/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    84290FF1-105D-5606-A99F-800D55A2AB0D

Notes

Asian species sometimes cultivated as a vegetable, European introductions are somewhat neglected (Seregin and Korniak 2013). Recently, some subspontaneous occurrences were reported from Pécs (southern Hungary) (Wirth et al. 2020a). These are the first published records of the species from Budapest.

Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. 1801

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Artemisia scoparia
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Kvassay Jenő road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.465895
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.075075
    ; eventDate:
    26/09/2018
    ; habitat:
    amenity grassland and urban hedges
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; occurrenceID:
    CF1B3970-08BA-5CEA-8E96-7BE4292B5062

Notes

This pioneer is native to Hungary and can be found in sandy areas, but had few confirmed records from the country (Király and Király 2018). It had not been found in urban environments before.

Begonia cucullata Willd. 1805

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Begonia cucullata
    ; family:
    Begoniaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Regős street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.468795
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.002185
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    EFA2F61A-06CD-5BD1-B5A3-A19A17DE8FBD

Notes

A widely cultivated ornamental of South American origin that became naturalised and even invasive in tropical and subtropical regions (Lim 2014). The species only appears as a casual in Europe (e.g. Verloove 2006). There were some recent records of the species from Hungary (Rigó 2019, Rigó and Barina 2020 and Wirth et al. 2020a).

Borago officinalis L. 1753

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Borago officinalis
    ; family:
    Boraginaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Hímző street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.595968
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059515
    ; eventDate:
    23/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevice of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    564ABCC7-0422-5485-BFA2-FA6914507104

Notes

An important medicinal plant widely cultivated in the Mediterranean that originates from Syria (Gupta and Singh 2010). The plant has very few records from Hungary (e.g. Haszonits et al. 2021). A rare escape from cultivation.

Bromus catharticus Vahl 1791

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Bromus catharticus
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Holdudvar park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.545226
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.031976
    ; eventDate:
    23/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    amenity grassland
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    5D6425E3-3BC6-5E8E-823C-5D368BC5233A
  2. scientificName:
    Bromus catharticus
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XV.
    ; locality:
    Gábor Áron street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.548715
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.121553
    ; eventDate:
    05/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0A3D6474-F82C-53E2-A6E6-09ACE0F2B56C
  3. scientificName:
    Bromus catharticus
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Gyűrű street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.598651
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059620
    ; eventDate:
    31/05/2023
    ; habitat:
    crevice of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    BB29B5F1-7805-5C7F-A6DB-D04A84ACBA3E

Notes

Native to South America and introduced as a winter forage worldwide (Hamzeh'ee et al. 2007). In Hungary, this species has very few records (Barina 2006, Kovács and Mesterházy 2015, Király and Király 2018 and Molnár et al. 2019). It had not been found in Budapest before.

Campanula portenschlagiana Roem. & Schult. 1819

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Campanula portenschlagiana
    ; family:
    Campanulaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XII.
    ; locality:
    Avar street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.492147
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.027990
    ; eventDate:
    13/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a building
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6CEDDF4D-1D47-5012-8DCB-57122450D2D2

Notes

A lesser-known rock garden plant in Hungary, which superficially resembles Campanula poscharskyana Degen (Dunkel 2006). Naturalised in Belgium (Verloove 2006). This is the first record of the species from Hungary.

Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E.Hubb. 1953

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Catapodium rigidum
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Gyűrű street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.598549
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060334
    ; eventDate:
    31/05/2023
    ; habitat:
    small trampled lawn patch and crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    400
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E462FC53-17F9-5261-91C6-A50EAF89A1F7

Notes

Native to Europe and the Mediterranean, while it appears as an alien in Australia, Africa, Asia, South and North America (Bhat et al. 2021). It is not native to Hungary, but there had been two previous records from western Hungary (Solymosi 2008 and Schmidt 2019). The population found in Budapest is its north-easternmost recorded occurrence in Hungary.

Cenchrus alopecuroides (L.) Thunb. 1794

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Cenchrus alopecuroides
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    ELTE campus
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.473569
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060760
    ; eventDate:
    13/08/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B6FDE991-C377-5705-A62B-9625811D23AC
  2. scientificName:
    Cenchrus alopecuroides
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XV.
    ; locality:
    Kinizsi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.546916
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.112470
    ; eventDate:
    05/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    freuit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7B54E486-AF2A-5454-8DCC-C6A31E3F0A51

Notes

A perennial ornamental grass that originates from Asia and Australia which was introduced worldwide and became naturalised in the USA (Deme et al. 2019). In Hungary, the species was first recorded in 2019 and its records are increasing (Deme et al. 2019 and Schmidt and Haszonits 2021).

Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) H.O.Yates 1966

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Chasmanthium latifolium
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Mindszenthy József square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.491792
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.075540
    ; eventDate:
    10/10/2021
    ; habitat:
    urban hedge
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0A07816F-598B-5200-95CF-E94B6AAC039E

Notes

A riparian plant endemic to the south-eastern part of the USA (Sanchez-Ken and Clark 2023) and used as an ornamental plant in other parts of the world (Chelariu 2017). This is its first documented escape from cultivation in Hungary.

Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze 1891

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Clinopdium nepeta
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Margaret Island
    ; locality:
    ruins of the Dominican nunnery
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.529275
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051076
    ; eventDate:
    25/06/2019
    ; habitat:
    on disturbed ground
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    2B8DCA19-04BA-5987-8191-06A0230BB283
  2. scientificName:
    Clinopdium nepeta
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Likőr street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.477753
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.072751
    ; eventDate:
    31/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    11BD2AA6-804F-5F62-B2EC-1E735DA79908
  3. scientificName:
    Clinopdium nepeta
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Bogdáni road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.549862
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.046616
    ; eventDate:
    29/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of an industrial building
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    C93BD580-B690-5877-9D7D-FC6A5C1ACD36

Notes

Ornamental and medicinal plant that originates from the Mediterranean and is rarely cultivated worldwide; sometimes it escapes from cultivation (González-Gallegos et al. 2017). These are its first records from Hungary.

Cyperus eragrostis Lam. 1791

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Cyperus eragrostis
    ; family:
    Cyperaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Ágoston street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.545764
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.031707
    ; eventDate:
    23/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    irrigated lawn in residential area
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    86215EC2-B0FC-5239-BCB2-94576C287559
  2. scientificName:
    Cyperus eragrostis
    ; family:
    Cyperaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    ELTE Botanical Garden
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.485348
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.084849
    ; eventDate:
    26/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower pot in botanical garden
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    886EA755-6A31-53BA-B1FF-ACBF05618556
  3. scientificName:
    Cyperus eragrostis
    ; family:
    Cyperaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest X.
    ; locality:
    Kőbányai road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.483073
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.117633
    ; eventDate:
    28/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower pot in garden store
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    561D2ED8-0B11-5534-9204-79FC7897BC51

Notes

Native to South America, but occurs in southern, western and central Europe, North Africa and North America as an alien introduced as an ornamental (Mokni and Verloove 2021), with some recent Hungarian records (Mesterházy 2021). These are the first records of the plant from Budapest. Aside from these records, the authors found a small population at the bank of the Danube, north of Budapest. The plant might become invasive.

Cyrtomium falcatum (L.f.) C.Presl 1836

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Cyrtomium falcatum
    ; family:
    Dryopteridaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Vegyigépgyár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.426498
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.054428
    ; eventDate:
    21/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    mortar of old brick wall of an industrial building
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A8E1477E-E92A-5D34-8FDB-0C7A79FB8B57

Notes

This species is an evergreen ornamental fern native to East Asia and introduced to North America and Europe (Maslo 2022). It is considered potentially invasive in South Africa (McCulloch-Jones et al. 2021). The first report from Hungary was by Tamás et al. (2017). This is its second record from Hungary.

Cyrtomium fortunei J.Sm. 1866

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Cyrtomium fortunei
    ; family:
    Dryopteridaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VII.
    ; locality:
    Pétery Sándor Hospital
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.502904
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.079430
    ; eventDate:
    04/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    mortar of old brick wall of a hospital building
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A5E062AF-E26B-5236-BB1E-732C75989D46

Notes

An East Asian fern that is cultivated as an ornamental and occurs as a garden escapee in European countries, recently reported from Slovenia (Jogan et al. 2022). This is the first record of the plant from Hungary.

Datura innoxia Mill. 1768

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Datura innoxia
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IV.
    ; locality:
    Rózsa street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.564219
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.099698
    ; eventDate:
    12/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    cracks at the base of a wall
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    74E672F1-4917-58AA-8C6F-FD88D0D8C9CE

Notes

Native to Central and South America and planted as a rare ornamental and medicinal plant in Europe, which occasionally escapes from cultivation (Maslo and Šarić 2019). In Hungary, it has few confirmed records and is usually intermixed with Datura wrightii Regel (Király et al. 2009), which is more abundant in Budapest in our opinion.

Datura wrightii Regel 1859

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Orczy square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.489043
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.091997
    ; eventDate:
    01/10/2018
    ; habitat:
    amenity grassland
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    FC97A977-D1C4-5D4B-AD3F-5620347D2B3E
  2. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Vág street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.524098
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.057650
    ; eventDate:
    03/11/2018
    ; habitat:
    front garden
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    13AEC779-6638-5880-8263-69178E4EEF79
  3. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Szent Imre square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.432132
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.068959
    ; eventDate:
    04/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge and crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    60A340CC-55C1-5FDE-85FE-7F019CD77111
  4. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Templom street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.432934
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.062990
    ; eventDate:
    04/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge and crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7695FDE6-7CBC-5915-8076-94781D598A2B
  5. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXII.
    ; locality:
    Vár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.424662
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.037695
    ; eventDate:
    11/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge and crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    8D71076D-0918-5A43-B445-895677F6FEF7
  6. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Csíkihegyek street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.470830
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.994885
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E7082AD4-4BCA-542A-8B33-DF259A6D5BFC
  7. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Haller street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.477706
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.084978
    ; eventDate:
    25/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a building
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E7206307-0246-5FE9-965A-818908B7803C
  8. scientificName:
    Datura wrightii
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XV.
    ; locality:
    M3 motorway
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.549794
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.122221
    ; eventDate:
    07/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    3CBA7808-619E-5AF6-8C6E-2F70B4DCC77C

Description

A somewhat neglected ornamental and medicinal plant of Central American origin, which is planted occasionally in Europe (Verloove 2008). Invasive in some parts of southern Europe (Verloove 2008) and has recently become invasive in Romania (Niculescu 2022). In Hungary, it has very few records and appears as a locally naturalised alien (Király et al. 2009). Very much resembles Datura innoxia Mill. and is distinguished, based on stem indumentum (Király et al. 2009).

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler 1802

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Digitaria ciliaris
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Corvin alley
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.486308
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.071415
    ; eventDate:
    19/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    8AA8BBF4-C9CB-5147-B812-CF7D31A44550
  2. scientificName:
    Digitaria ciliaris
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Rét street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.513422
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.024173
    ; eventDate:
    06/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F64B63C4-269D-5A12-BD0A-5EA5FF9DD99B

Notes

A rather rare and neglected weed of the Hungarian flora (Király 2009). New to Budapest.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. 1771

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Eclipta prostrata
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.590467
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051000
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower boxes in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    C0C595D9-D32F-5624-AAC5-DF44DD4B26DF
  2. scientificName:
    Eclipta prostrata
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Zilah street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.515390
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.010740
    ; eventDate:
    22/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6DEDE7AC-AB34-50C3-9A9B-DAEF209A7A18

Notes

Native to Asia, but introduced as a medicinal plant throughout subtropical and tropical regions (Duc et al. 2021) and spreading as an alien weed in Europe as well (Jeričević and Jeričević 2017). In Hungary, many of its records are from garden stores (Takács et al. 2020), but a population was discovered on the shore of the Danube (Mesterházy 2021). New to Budapest.

Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. 1840

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Eragrostis spectabilis
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Margit boulevard
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.509142
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.027732
    ; eventDate:
    01/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6FF399E9-40A9-59AE-9546-B32AA41C7696

Notes

A perennial grass native to North America which is used as an ornamental in Europe and Asia. Some studies suggest that it could potentially become invasive (Qin and Wu 2013 and Wirth et al. 2020a). This species had only been recorded once in Hungary, with one specimen found in a flower bed near the parent plants at Pécs (S Hungary) (Wirth et al. 2020a). In the new locality in Budapest, we could not find the propagule source nearby.

Eragrostis virescens J.Presl 1830

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Eragrostis virescens
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Döbrentei square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.490624
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.045969
    ; eventDate:
    05/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    274CA359-66DF-58EF-88E4-B0B17BAC5A66
  2. scientificName:
    Eragrostis virescens
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Városliget
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.512438
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.082074
    ; eventDate:
    14/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F3B40299-BBDD-5B21-B46A-4C09406E4F07

Notes

Native to North, Central and South America and introduced to Europe, South Africa and Australia. The first record of this species in Hungary was published in 1929 by Antal Pénzes (as E. neo-mexicana Vasey) and, recently, some small populations were found in the country (Király et al. 2019 and Rigó and Barina 2020).

Erigeron sumatrensis Retz. 1788

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Vízimolnár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.568365
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.053618
    ; eventDate:
    15/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn in residential area
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6C528509-4B29-51A1-A7B6-21EEB95D87EE
  2. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Zalán street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504394
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.142996
    ; eventDate:
    30/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    77E0A6C6-B508-5A9C-9BA6-5880AF0501F0
  3. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Célgép street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.420865
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.054745
    ; eventDate:
    04/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    92E274D0-CE98-50CC-AC50-86F76675C797
  4. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Törökugrató street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.469426
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.999988
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9F990E79-2524-5C22-9F17-BB33FCA13889
  5. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Holdudvar park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.545814
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.031568
    ; eventDate:
    23/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn in residential area
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    FD5449EF-F986-5C0B-B702-15E45335DE48
  6. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Szent István Hospital
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.477145
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.088545
    ; eventDate:
    25/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a hospital building
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    AB6003CB-E406-5754-8CF8-CC0C7F17C658
  7. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.590993
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.052483
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    gravelly places, lawns, crevices of road pavement and flower beds in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    120
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    2D09D538-ABF9-5BEE-B899-DB0D4189FA68
  8. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Illatos road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.454848
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.098770
    ; eventDate:
    24/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed road slpoe
    ; individualCount:
    70
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    94E1C16B-7351-5750-AB5C-8426EEBD9EAC
  9. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Soroksári road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.468196
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.075402
    ; eventDate:
    24/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    BE6F4F51-296A-5772-AB40-E0BFD6E493DF
  10. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XV.
    ; locality:
    Alag street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.580112
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.119699
    ; eventDate:
    09/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    29BA6892-FF8E-5FD9-9ABD-0E88B24EF9EE
  11. scientificName:
    Erigeron sumatrensis
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Bartók Béla road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.471007
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.028059
    ; eventDate:
    17/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a building
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E886FAA5-FF7A-5CCF-8324-68A2EE6A7B43

Notes

A thermophilous weed native to South America spreading in warm regions and introduced in many European countries (Maslo and Šarić 2021). In Hungary, it was first found in Pécs (southern Hungary) (Wirth and Csiky 2020). New to Budapest. The plant has some large populations in Budapest, which suggests that it has become locally naturalised.

Euphorbia prostrata Aiton 1789

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Rákóczi square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.493036
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.072113
    ; eventDate:
    17/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    652EF125-FA6D-541B-A447-E9C64944742F
  2. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Millenáris park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.509776
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.027559
    ; eventDate:
    06/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    150
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    55E03241-25C8-57DA-9BBF-A8F642C8E362
  3. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XV.
    ; locality:
    Pólus Center
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.552816
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.141799
    ; eventDate:
    10/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower beds and flower boxes
    ; individualCount:
    150
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    60EE153E-4EF9-540A-801A-52D9F1870EF8
  4. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Zalán street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504579
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.143785
    ; eventDate:
    31/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement and flower boxes in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    100
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    55308800-B141-53A3-84D8-BD4D0AE3877F
  5. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Múzeumkert
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.491698
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.061867
    ; eventDate:
    10/08/2022
    ; habitat:
    planting pit for trees and lawn
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    5615DFC2-BCAB-5ABB-9E45-82367222AE1F
  6. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    ELTE campus
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.473115
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060514
    ; eventDate:
    13/08/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E888BC3E-53DD-513E-8F46-65FE910505A8
  7. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Infopark promenade
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.470581
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060040
    ; eventDate:
    13/08/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn and crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    1183045E-2D93-5AA7-8B37-220105A870FD
  8. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IV.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.560381
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.083281
    ; eventDate:
    06/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    032B26D4-2AD8-53F0-9B9B-9DFE88352F54
  9. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVI.
    ; locality:
    Lassú street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.521718
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.222590
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    034B71D9-4402-58C0-A8AE-CA3EDD19378B
  10. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVI.
    ; locality:
    Levedi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.529780
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.214648
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    front garden
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A0C15287-E067-5BD0-B71A-0AEF5734916A
  11. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Termál street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.520949
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.126483
    ; eventDate:
    10/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F55ED372-E798-584E-B768-BA437A52120C
  12. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.591159
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.052656
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn, crevices of pavement, disturbed ground, flower boxes
    ; individualCount:
    300
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    70034AAA-1535-5886-98D7-2FF07C4C68D0
  13. scientificName:
    Euphorbia prostrata
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VI.
    ; locality:
    Millenium roof garden
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.512361
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059076
    ; eventDate:
    17/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    5ABBEEF3-411E-5E59-98F6-4C817EB6B9BE

Notes

Originates from North America, but a widespread alien throughout the world, especially as an urban weed (Molnár et al. 2020). First found in Hungary near Szeged (southern Hungary) (Bátori et al. 2012), but recently it was found in the urban flora of many Hungarian cities and towns. Widespread in Budapest. Studies suggest that this species is a stowaway of the ornamental plant trade (Molnár et al. 2020).

Euphorbia serpens Kunth 1817

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Euphorbia serpens
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Ezüsthegy street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.601214
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.047174
    ; eventDate:
    07/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    40
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    D3B1BBF3-5182-5955-845E-B19A8FCFACF4
  2. scientificName:
    Euphorbia serpens
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Frigyes street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.593848
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.064482
    ; eventDate:
    19/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    80
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E92BE988-D189-5525-AFC6-5B9B4A5B031F
  3. scientificName:
    Euphorbia serpens
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Zalán street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504507
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.143548
    ; eventDate:
    31/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement in garden store
    ; individualCount:
    40
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    C78A5521-7AA0-5CD3-AEA2-AF1983142187
  4. scientificName:
    Euphorbia serpens
    ; family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.590572
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051222
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement in garden store
    ; individualCount:
    100
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A4B83F46-9431-5A0B-86E1-21713CC601A7

Notes

Native to North America, but a widespread urbanophil alien throughout the world (Takács et al. 2020). In Hungary, it was first found in 2013 in Veszprém (western Hungary) (Wolf and Király 2014). Occurs rarely in the urban flora of Budapest, especially in garden stores. Studies suggest that this species is a stowaway of the ornamental plant trade (Takács et al. 2020).

Ficus carica L. 1753

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Ficus carica
    ; family:
    Moraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Szindbád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.594881
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.050861
    ; eventDate:
    24/10/2019
    ; habitat:
    crack in road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9533AAE4-61EE-5E97-983D-79DDD91A2609

Notes

Native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Mediterranean and cultivated worldwide for its fruit and as a medicinal and ornamental plant (Mawa et al. 2013). In Hungary, it became locally naturalised in the area of Pécs (southern Hungary) and is spreading to the north (Wirth et al. 2020b). This is its first documented spontaneous occurrence in Budapest.

Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach 1841

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Glebionis coronaria
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VI.
    ; locality:
    Eiffel square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.510399
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059088
    ; eventDate:
    29/08/2019
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    5C99E75A-E334-529A-864E-6EEC0020FE50

Notes

A Mediterranean plant used as a vegetable, a medicinal plant and an ornamental plant, which became naturalised in almost every continent (Ivashchenko 2019). It had no recent records from Hungary.

Heliopsis helianthoides Sweet 1826

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVIII.
    ; locality:
    Szövet street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.398211
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.189528
    ; eventDate:
    11/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    EC744421-360F-5873-AAC5-24758CAD0711
  2. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVII.
    ; locality:
    Lemberg street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.483932
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.278160
    ; eventDate:
    24/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E3221C9F-EC64-579E-883B-34E14E15129E
  3. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVII.
    ; locality:
    Nyitány street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.484500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.286216
    ; eventDate:
    24/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    road verge, crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    19B9753B-AE42-58B3-8AFB-1A8E5F7CFDB5
  4. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Gödöllői street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.520879
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.141696
    ; eventDate:
    10/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement, urban hedge
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    FC593684-8B53-56FE-9984-7FB18F75019F
  5. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIX.
    ; locality:
    Corvin boulevard
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.458214
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.124556
    ; eventDate:
    17/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    dried-up ditch
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    949D8E52-6A24-5820-A0A7-2137DB6486F6
  6. scientificName:
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    ; family:
    Asteraceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIX.
    ; locality:
    Hunyadi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.448518
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.130056
    ; eventDate:
    17/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall, crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    DA6B8FF4-100D-5D4D-89DC-EB5BC4A5AA28

Notes

Native to North America and cultivated as an ornamental in Europe. It occurs as a casual alien in European countries (Nāburga and Evarts-Bunders 2019). Missing from the most recent alien list of Hungary (Csiky et al. 2023), but has some records from the country (András Schmotzer ex litt.). New to Budapest.

Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. 1930

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Lagenaria siceraria
    ; family:
    Cucurbitaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Mesterházi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.451981
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.041545
    ; eventDate:
    22/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    gravelly road verge
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7D64ADCF-67CD-58A8-BB8C-6B15C7BF7642

Notes

Native to tropical Africa and cultivated as a vegetable in tropical and subtropical regions and sometimes in temperate regions, but only recently recorded as a casual garden escapee (Gudžinskas 2017). Balogh et al. (2004) listed it as a casual neophyte in Hungary, but it had no recent records from the country.

Lepidium didymum L. 1767

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Lepidium didymum
    ; family:
    Brassicaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    roof of the Museum of Etnography
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.510830
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.082220
    ; eventDate:
    02/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    gravelly flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    1B19905B-5287-5993-A5B8-014B7E50D4EC
  2. scientificName:
    Lepidium didymum
    ; family:
    Brassicaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Zalán street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504850
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.144037
    ; eventDate:
    10/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    irrigated flower pot in gardening store
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F562EA7E-4A84-5C9D-8C31-CB610E59F7C3

Notes

A plant of uncertain origin which is a widespread weed in western and southern Europe, but a rare casual alien in Central Europe (Schmidt 2020). There are very few recent records of this species from Hungary. New to Budapest.

Linaria maroccana Hook.f. 1872

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Linaria maroccana
    ; family:
    Plantaginaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Villám street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.479347
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.099769
    ; eventDate:
    27/06/2019
    ; habitat:
    crack in road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7D312410-B935-55B7-B40C-47A4E71B8FB4
  2. scientificName:
    Linaria maroccana
    ; family:
    Plantaginaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VI.
    ; locality:
    Eiffel square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.510399
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059088
    ; eventDate:
    29/08/2019
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A283E098-1676-5BD5-A42E-574203500A51

Notes

An endemic plant of Morocco that is cultivated as an ornamental in many countries (Verloove and Sánchez Gullón 2012). Appears as a casual alien in Europe, for example, Spain (Verloove and Sánchez Gullón 2012) and Czechia (Kocián 2014), but also in North America (Poindexter et al. 2011). New casual alien to Hungary.

Matthiola longipetala subsp. bicornis Ball 1963

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Matthiola Matthiola longipetala subsp. bicornis
    ; family:
    Brassicaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    subspecies
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VII.
    ; locality:
    Verseny street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.501992
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.089403
    ; eventDate:
    30/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground in vacant ground-plot
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9A13D87F-E2EC-5C14-9CD3-493016032D53

Notes

Native to the Mediterranean and used as an ornamental (Király 2009). An occasional garden escapee in Europe, for example, Ukraine (Mosyakin and Yavorska 2002). It has two recent records from Hungary (Schmotzer 2015 and Király and Király 2018). New to Budapest.

Nassella tenuissima (Trin.) Barkworth 1990

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Nassella tenuissima
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Zalán street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504780
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.145875
    ; eventDate:
    10/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6969F020-1A53-5927-BDFC-8299D9D0CA0E
  2. scientificName:
    Nassella tenuissima
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Szent István park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.518783
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.050875
    ; eventDate:
    24/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9842E4E3-DE07-5E26-8897-60E6651A2EB3
  3. scientificName:
    Nassella tenuissima
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Szabó Magda promenade
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.509689
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.028398
    ; eventDate:
    05/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    307ABFFB-ED7B-51D0-841A-4AEA9ACA01C9
  4. scientificName:
    Nassella tenuissima
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Batthány square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.506133
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.038567
    ; eventDate:
    17/11/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A19B6A06-34DF-54F5-9450-D2F6FFE865FF

Notes

A grass native to North America that is used as an ornamental worldwide. Naturalised in New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. According to recent reports, it has become a casual alien in western Europe (Álvarez et al. 2016). In recent years, this plant was found in Hungary as a casual alien as well (Wirth et al. 2020a and Molnár et al. 2022). New to Budapest.

Nepeta racemosa Bergmans ex Stearn 1939

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Balogh street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.479351
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.042380
    ; eventDate:
    29/03/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    3BF389BB-6E45-5AB1-89E8-20DB1C883608
  2. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XII.
    ; locality:
    Győri road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.493967
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.026843
    ; eventDate:
    13/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E21F524B-8D39-507E-8BA9-6A1A7701E3A6
  3. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Árpád bridge
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.532775
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.065995
    ; eventDate:
    20/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    C1330943-39DE-5569-9746-ECC050D76644
  4. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Mansfeld Péter park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.516809
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.032353
    ; eventDate:
    27/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn, crevices in road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    40
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9C52599D-5CC5-5C75-9504-D7C71BA942E9
  5. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest V.
    ; locality:
    Erzsébet square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.498292
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051708
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    19675DEE-17D1-5D84-93B0-39ABB5DC9486
  6. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest V.
    ; locality:
    Kossuth square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.505951
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.046678
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    03A476A7-93A2-534D-96E6-66AA50323701
  7. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Örs Vezér square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.504781
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.138095
    ; eventDate:
    10/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    urban hedge, flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    6274AA8F-1134-5908-A8CB-5A74E81F9E2C
  8. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Temető street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.566199
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.956917
    ; eventDate:
    12/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F7E60954-EF29-56ED-881F-3B798061615A
  9. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Béke square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.530358
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.082712
    ; eventDate:
    13/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    1E6A7DE7-7B5A-54A4-8297-162C073B367B
  10. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Pozsonyi road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.514414
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.048822
    ; eventDate:
    24/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    3C98F0BD-0AA8-5CE3-AB18-762234B85C95
  11. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IV.
    ; locality:
    Wolfner street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.563286
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.079628
    ; eventDate:
    06/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices in pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B624C06B-39C4-5E87-92B4-A905ACCC5CA1
  12. scientificName:
    Nepeta racemosa
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVI.
    ; locality:
    Cica street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.526713
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.223969
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    dried-up ditch, road verge
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A498704E-EF0C-56C0-860E-291F76AE38C5

Notes

An ornamental and medicinal plant that originates from the Caucasus. It has some old and recent records from Hungary (Király and Király 2018). Balogh et al. (2004) lists this species as a casual neophyte, but it is missing from the list of Csiky et al. (2023). We suggest that this plant is locally naturalised in Budapest. Nepeta faasenii Bergmans ex Stearn in Rigó and Barina (2020) was erroneously reported, all of its records refer to Nepeta racemosa Bergmans ex Stearn.

Nicotiana alata Link & Otto 1830

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Nicotiana alata
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Szent István Hospital
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.477710
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.088893
    ; eventDate:
    25/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    13
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0CF8F9F7-C4B1-5BE5-92BB-075E45375BD8

Notes

A South American plant that is cultivated as an ornamental (Király 2009). It appears as an ephemeral casual alien in some European countries, for example, Romania (Anastasiu et al. 2009). Balogh et al. (2004) and Csiky et al. (2023) list it as a casual alien. This species has two recent records from Hungary (Wirth et al. 2020a), neither of which is from Budapest.

Nicotiana sylvestris Speg. 1898

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Nicotiana sylvestris
    ; family:
    Solanaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Vasút street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.425845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.062677
    ; eventDate:
    16/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    166C8F00-EFCD-5289-916F-B51061D86C43

Notes

A rare ornamental plant of South American origin (Sierro et al. 2013). It appears as a casual alien in Belgium (Verloove 2006). New to the flora of Hungary. Probably an ephemeral alien.

Panicum riparium H.Scholz 2002

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Panicum riparium
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Kunigunda road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.564684
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.036358
    ; eventDate:
    02/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    dried-up ditch
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    8A24FDAB-DD17-5BA9-9420-6A1D6C3D917B
  2. scientificName:
    Panicum riparium
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Gazdagréti road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.473155
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.99201
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F25194E2-CAED-5467-B9D7-47249F1B58E6

Notes

An overlooked, long established, but data-poor taxon described from Europe by H. Scholz in 2002, but it originates from North America. Recently, it was recognised and recorded from Central European countries (Scholz 2002 and Király and Alegro 2015). It had some previous records from Hungary (e.g. Schmidt 2015) and one record from Budapest (Dávid Schmidt ined.).

Panicum virgatum L. 1753

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Panicum virgatum
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Holdudvar park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.546522
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.030164
    ; eventDate:
    23/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall, lawn
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7FF2EFD8-F686-56AD-B140-2F2C74B13578
  2. scientificName:
    Panicum virgatum
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Kvassay bridge
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.480768
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.072170
    ; eventDate:
    01/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; identifiedBy:
    Zoltán Barina
    ; occurrenceID:
    808EE2B3-E3C0-5AE5-8F9C-FC8FAECB740F

Notes

A large perennial grass native to North America which is used as an ornamental in several countries and appears as a garden escapee in many European countries (Eliáš Jr. et al. 2023). In Slovakia, the species is naturalised and could potentially become invasive (Eliáš Jr. et al. 2023). In Hungary, it had one previous record (Wirth et al. 2020a). New to Budapest.

Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth. 1848

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest V.
    ; locality:
    Erzsébet square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.498473
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051634
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement, front garden
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    BFC960E9-035B-513C-8C2E-D26D11DC1E77
  2. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Gömb street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.532243
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.073084
    ; eventDate:
    13/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    front garden
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A7744EC1-A858-5832-8A82-EEF0360F6DB3
  3. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    II. János Pál Pápa square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.497110
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.078076
    ; eventDate:
    17/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    lawn, flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0A030E54-61C1-50AC-BB85-56F812586F49
  4. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Bukarest street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.474532
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.040319
    ; eventDate:
    22/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    front garden
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    CE9B1F25-EBE0-5155-994C-BFDF9B89542A
  5. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Aranka street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.514517
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.021874
    ; eventDate:
    06/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9BA02F4D-A6E6-5A9B-AFE7-5BB4FF923D7E
  6. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Millenáris park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.510363
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.026510
    ; eventDate:
    06/07/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    22812CF3-8058-5F7F-92C2-00E9C21ABFA3
  7. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Szent Imre tér
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.431425
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.068341
    ; eventDate:
    04/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    urban hedge
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9990069D-0561-599A-B807-817E3CD7936C
  8. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Patakpart park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.522839
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.128744
    ; eventDate:
    10/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground, flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    9C25CFE3-F735-52FD-B7F5-A2D0E9021142
  9. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Ratkóc street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.471512
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.003734
    ; eventDate:
    18/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    urban hedge
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    29676F87-FE72-51D1-8FB2-6F25D87F5B7E
  10. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Holdudvar park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.545750
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.031604
    ; eventDate:
    23/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement, front garden
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    000AE938-60D3-5261-A606-FB83BFEFDB55
  11. scientificName:
    Perovskia atriplicifolia
    ; family:
    Lamiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Kőbányai road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.484173
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.115278
    ; eventDate:
    28/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    197B5424-E760-5442-B7DD-63BF18E82326

Notes

An ornamental plant of Asian origin that appears as an alien in some European countries (Gilli et al. 2019). It had some previous records from Hungary (Szabó and Horváth 2005). We suggest that this species is locally naturalised in Budapest.

Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach 1841

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Persicaria orientalis
    ; family:
    Polygonaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XVI.
    ; locality:
    Tabódy Ida square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.518890
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.230594
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    3FFEB232-3880-5BD8-9AD0-BA0C2A421391

Notes

Ornamental plant that originates from East Asia and appears as an alien invasive in many countries (Güneş Özkan and Yazlik 2020). In Hungary, it only has casual occurrences (Csiky et al. 2018 and Haszonits et al. 2021). New to Budapest.

Polygonum rurivagum Jord. ex Boreau 1857

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Polygonum rurivagum
    ; family:
    Polygonaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IV.
    ; locality:
    Szent István square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.562156
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.088614
    ; eventDate:
    06/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed
    ; individualCount:
    18
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F4222A30-BCD4-518F-8A92-ECE5C5C6E6D0

Notes

An archaeophyte that belongs to the Polygonum aviculare L. complex (Király 2009). The species is data-poor in Hungary and has only one recent published record (Molnár et al. 2018).

Polypogon viridis (Gouan) Breistr. 1966

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Polypogon viridis
    ; family:
    Poaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Zilah street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.515377
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.010235
    ; eventDate:
    22/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    flower bed in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    BB81364B-1C81-51AD-95C5-A4BBB7F0CA37

Description

Native to the Mediterranean and was reported from many European countries as an alien. First found in Hungary in 2019 in many localities in the western part of the country (Wirth 2019). New to Budapest.

Polystichum setiferum Rosendahl 1916

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Polystichum setiferum
    ; family:
    Dryopteridaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XXI.
    ; locality:
    Hőerőmű street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.426974
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.056444
    ; eventDate:
    16/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    manhole under the influence of a broken drainage pipe
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    spore bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    33E004CC-6D7A-5033-AA99-B29C42F60C58

Notes

A native, but rare and protected fern in Hungary, with localities mainly in the western part of the country (Király 2009). The occurrence of this species in an urban environment is noteworthy.

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn 1879

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Pteridium aquilinum
    ; family:
    Dennstaedtiaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Botond street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.5797433
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.044764
    ; eventDate:
    22/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a wall
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    43579498-892D-551E-B632-A165BCEA9422

Notes

A native fern in Hungary that occurs rarely in urban environments. It has some previous records from Budapest (Tamás et al. 2017).

Sagina apetala Ard. 1764

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Kosciuskó Tádé street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.499133
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.026057
    ; eventDate:
    13/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    2E18CB62-4E22-5250-A7D7-102CF5FF39D0
  2. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Kelenföldi road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.468687
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.023522
    ; eventDate:
    21/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    69E2AC98-93A5-515E-84ED-8A661DD22D94
  3. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Közraktár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.483969
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060879
    ; eventDate:
    23/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    CB27F7FC-BBE5-5174-BB44-8671D250879F
  4. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest IX.
    ; locality:
    Kinizsi street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.483817
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.062278
    ; eventDate:
    23/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    11FD98A7-61B2-5E4D-BD66-B8EB485EF1E4
  5. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Salgótarjáni street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.491166
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.095814
    ; eventDate:
    30/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    0D619337-97B5-595E-81D5-D06A03453218
  6. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VII.
    ; locality:
    Herzl Tivadar park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.495876
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.059922
    ; eventDate:
    02/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    60
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    40451456-488D-5D0E-A90C-B5A1617293B0
  7. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIV.
    ; locality:
    Hősök square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.514753
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.078455
    ; eventDate:
    02/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    77B90D52-B75C-52D3-A034-A84FAAE1A3DB
  8. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Savoya park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.436168
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.040259
    ; eventDate:
    03/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    F2E02297-6833-5F94-97B1-38FC0346B8E1
  9. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Fehérvári road
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.440370
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.036607
    ; eventDate:
    03/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    AAB4C2EA-D80B-5C01-947C-F8BF4A5B3136
  10. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Gellért square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.483955
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.053079
    ; eventDate:
    03/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E2C4753C-C79B-555D-90B5-3BD39FEF6EFF
  11. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VI.
    ; locality:
    Westend rooftop
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.512864
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.058991
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    A72476D3-F445-59F3-958B-C98B1CCF1395
  12. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VI.
    ; locality:
    Eiffel square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.509606
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.057631
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    CAF3709A-A2FE-5C17-969B-709898CFF9D4
  13. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Temető street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.566211
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.956976
    ; eventDate:
    12/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    AA279DE1-87DE-5382-845D-5F6B2E485431
  14. scientificName:
    Sagina apetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Placid atya park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.478078
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.041953
    ; eventDate:
    22/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    30
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    AE2B7154-01C9-53F9-B81C-E6EED8F33859

Notes

A native weed in Hungary which is currently expanding its range mainly in urban areas (Schmidt 2019). Recently found in many Hungarian towns and cities and had one record from Budapest (Dávid Schmidt ined.). We found that this species is widespread in the urban areas of Budapest.

Sagina micropetala Rauschert 1969

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Sagina micropetala
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Gyűrű street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.598048
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060886
    ; eventDate:
    31/05/2023
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    861CB4B5-F06E-545D-AE62-CBEE31045434

Notes

A native weed in Hungary (Király 2009) with very few recent records (Mesterházy and Kulcsár 2015). This is the first published occurrence of this species in an urban environment, although it had been found in Budapest before (Tamás Rédei ex litt.).

Saponaria ocymoides L. 1753

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Saponaria ocymoides
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Ármány street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.593588
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.060615
    ; eventDate:
    24/04/2020
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; occurrenceID:
    E3C04068-6A6A-5F51-A71D-A4E04161E1E1

Notes

A European-Mediterranean species that is used as an ornamental in other parts of Europe. Occurs as a rare casual alien in the Czechia and Belgium (Verloove 2006 and Pyšek et al. 2022). In Hungary, it has one recent record (Wirth et al. 2020a).

Sisymbrium irio L. 1753

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Sisymbrium irio
    ; family:
    Brassicaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Lehel street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.517988
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.063308
    ; eventDate:
    16/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    road crevices, urban hedges, lawns
    ; individualCount:
    70
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó, Ákos Malatinszky
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B500D70F-CB30-5131-9D46-4BB34CD3BE68

Notes

A Mediterranean weed that is naturalised worldwide (Kim et al. 2021). It had some previous records from Hungary, but was labelled extinct (Soó 1968). We suggest that this species is locally naturalised in Budapest.

Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. 1791

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  1. scientificName:
    Talinum paniculatum
    ; family:
    Talinaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XI.
    ; locality:
    Csíkihegyek street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.472860
    ; decimalLongitude:
    18.996353
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of road pavement
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    B856A021-BC61-500A-A8DD-964A875FBEAF

Notes

Native to tropical America, used as an ornamental and became naturalised and invasive in large parts of the tropical and subtropical regions (Walthers et al. 2011). It appears as a rare casual alien in temperate regions, for example, in Italy (Spampinato et al. 2022) and Ukraine (Shynder et al. 2022). New to the adventive flora of Hungary.

Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert 1965

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  1. scientificName:
    Vaccaria hispanica
    ; family:
    Caryophyllaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Szabolcs street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.516879
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.067071
    ; eventDate:
    16/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crack at the base of a building
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    427B4DAC-48E5-52C2-A236-C506A2FAB36A

Notes

A rare archaeophyte in Hungary with a decreasing number of localities (Király 2009 and Csiky et al. 2023). Its presence in an urban environment is noteworthy.

Verbena bonariensis L. 1753

Materials   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest I.
    ; locality:
    Márvány street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.495629
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.027060
    ; eventDate:
    13/05/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    3E56C475-A72A-5AEF-AD5C-D786EB03D04A
  2. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Vásár street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.493412
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.073037
    ; eventDate:
    17/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    948B72B4-C54C-5AA8-90B0-D57B98A2D146
  3. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Corvin alley
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.485875
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.071200
    ; eventDate:
    19/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    D790E8A0-AEA7-5488-B3AF-CEC0879CA608
  4. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest V.
    ; locality:
    Jászai Mari square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.513003
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.047315
    ; eventDate:
    24/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    non-reproductive
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    431AD51B-0633-5A85-8074-F818B07CCB4F
  5. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest XIII.
    ; locality:
    Jászai Mari square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.513694
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.047731
    ; eventDate:
    24/06/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    01A7B72D-A253-532C-8554-918C832A6A24
  6. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest VIII.
    ; locality:
    Mikszáth Kálmán square
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.489953
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.066680
    ; eventDate:
    10/08/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    E9A99FF0-E41E-5429-9C59-B73ADDF9605C
  7. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest III.
    ; locality:
    Árpád street
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.590743
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.051335
    ; eventDate:
    28/09/2022
    ; habitat:
    disturbed ground in a garden store
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    in bloom
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    493DC7FB-1E1D-54F5-A115-FB5286B017EB
  8. scientificName:
    Verbena bonariensis
    ; family:
    Verbenaceae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; continent:
    Europe
    ; country:
    Hungary
    ; county:
    Budapest
    ; municipality:
    Budapest II.
    ; locality:
    Szabó Magda promenade
    ; decimalLatitude:
    47.510143
    ; decimalLongitude:
    19.026267
    ; eventDate:
    05/10/2022
    ; habitat:
    crevices of pavement
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; reproductiveCondition:
    fruit-bearing
    ; recordedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; identifiedBy:
    Attila Rigó
    ; occurrenceID:
    7A3945FC-FDBF-5FCD-8AA1-4C64E272595F

Notes

Native to South America and used as an ornamental worldwide. Appears as a casual and as a naturalised alien in many countries worldwide (Galasso et al. 2019). This species has few recent casual occurrences in Hungary (Wirth et al. 2020a). New to Budapest.

Analysis

We found 973 spontaneously or subspontaneously occurring plant taxa in the artificial secondary habitats in the built-up parts of Budapest between 2018 and 2023 (Table 1, Suppl. materials 2, 3). A total of 47% of them were native, 19% of them were archaeophyte and 28% of them were neophyte, while the status of 6% of them is questionable.

Table 1.

Inventory of the flora of secondary habitats in the urban, built-up areas of Budapest (Hungary). Summary: Taxon = scientific name of the taxon; Residency status = residency status of the taxon according to Csiky et al. (2023) (abbreviations: ntv = native, arc = archaeophyte, neo = neophyte); Distribution = list of the districts of Budapest where the taxon occurs, districts are indicated by Roman numerals (from I. to XXIII.).

Taxon

Residency status

Distribution

Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindl. ex. Hildebr.

neo

II.

Abutilon theophrasti Medik.

arc

III. VI.

Acer campestre L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XIII.

Acer negundo L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Acer platanoides L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Acer pseudoplatanus L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXII.

Acer saccharinum L.

neo

III. IV. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XVII. XX. XXI.

Acer tataricum L.

ntv

XI. XXII.

Achillea collina (Becker ex Rchb.f.) Heimerl

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Achillea filipendulina Lam.

neo

I. II. VIII. IX. XIII. XIV.

Achillea nobilis L.

ntv

XV.

Achillea pannonica Scheele

ntv

II. XI. XIV. XV.

Achnatherum virescens (Trin.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci

ntv

III. XII.

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.

neo

IX. XII.

Adonis aestivalis L.

arc

XI.

Adonis vernalis L.

ntv

XI.

Aegilops cylindrica Host

ntv

III. XI. XIII. XX.

Aesculus hippocastanum L.

neo

I. III. XI. XII. XVI. XVII. XIX.

Aethionema saxatile (L.) W.T.Aiton

ntv

III.

Aethusa cynapium L.

ntv/arc

XII.

Ageratum houstonianum Mill.

neo

XXII.

Agrimonia eupatoria L.

ntv

I. II. III. X. XI. XIII.

Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn.

ntv

IX.

Agrostis capillaris L.

ntv

III. XVI.

Agrostis stolonifera L.

ntv

III. VI. IX. XIV.

Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb.

arc

II. XII. XIII. XIV. XXIII.

Ajuga genevensis L.

ntv

II.

Ajuga reptans L.

ntv

III. XIII. XV. XVI.

Albizia julibrissin Durazz.

neo

XI. XVI. XXII.

Alcea rosea L.

neo

III. IV. IX. XI. XII. XV. XVII. XXII.

Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

ntv

XVII.

Alkekengi officinarum Moench

arc

VIII.

Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

ntv

I. II. III. V. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV.

Allium ramosum L.

neo

IX. XI. XXI.

Allium schoenoprasum L.

neo

XII.

Allium scorodoprasum L.

arc

II. XII. XX.

Allium vineale L.

ntv

II. IX.

Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.

arc

VI. XIII.

Althaea cannabina L.

arc/neo

XI.

Althaea officinalis L.

arc

III.

Alyssum alyssoides L.

ntv

XIII.

Alyssum montanum L.

ntv

XI.

Amaranthus albus L.

neo

II. IV. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI.

Amaranthus blitoides S.Watson

arc

II. IV. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XII. XIII.

Amaranthus blitum L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI.

Amaranthus blitum subsp. emarginatus (Salzm. ex Uline & W.L.Bray) Carretero, Muñoz Garm. & Pedrol

neo

IX.

Amaranthus cruentus L.

neo

I.

Amaranthus deflexus L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Amaranthus hybridus L.

neo

IX.

Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.

neo

IX. XI.

Amaranthus powellii S.Watson

neo

I. II. III. IV. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Amaranthus retroflexus L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Amorpha fruticosa L.

neo

II. III. IV. V. XI. XIII. XIX. XXI.

Anchusa officinalis L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Anemone sylvestris L.

ntv

XIII.

Anethum graveolens L.

arc

VIII.

Anthemis arvensis L.

arc

III.

Anthemis ruthenica M.Bieb.

ntv/arc

VI. IX. XI. XIII. XX.

Anthriscus caucalis M.Bieb.

arc

VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XV.

Anthriscus cerefolium Hoffm.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX. XXI.

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.

ntv

III. IX. XII.

Anthyllis vulneraria L.

ntv

IX.

Antirrhinum majus L.

neo

II. III. VIII. IX. XI. XIV. XV. XVI.

Apera spica-venti (L.) P.Beauv.

arc

II. V. VI. VIII. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVII. XX. XXIII.

Aphanes arvensis L.

arc

III. XIV.

Apium graveolens L.

arc

IX.

Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag.

ntv

XIII.

Aquilegia vulgaris L.

ntv

IV. XI. XII. XV. XXI. XXII.

Arabidopsis arenosa (L.) Lawalrée

ntv

I.

Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.

ntv

I. II. III. VII. IX. XII. XIII. XIV. XVI.

Arctium lappa L.

arc

I. III. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XVII.

Arctium minus Schkuhr

arc

III. IX. XII.

Arctium tomentosum Mill.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VI. VIII. XI. XII. XIV. XX. XXII.

Arenaria serpyllifolia L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Aristolochia clematitis L.

arc

III. XI. XXI.

Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.

arc

XIII.

Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl

ntv

I. II. III. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVII. XIX. XXI. XXIII.

Artemisia absinthium L.

arc

VIII. X. XI. XIV. XV. XXI.

Artemisia alba Turra

ntv

XI.

Artemisia annua L.

neo

II. III. IV. VII. VIII. IX. XIII.

Artemisia campestris L.

ntv

IX. XXI.

Artemisia dracunculus L.

arc

XV.

Artemisia pontica L.

ntv

VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XV.

Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit.

ntv

IX.

Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte

neo

XI.

Artemisia vulgaris L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Arum orientale M.Bieb.

ntv

XII.

Arundo donax L.

arc

XV.

Asarina procumbens Mill.

neo

I.

Asclepias syriaca L.

neo

II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XXI. XXIII.

Asparagus officinalis L.

ntv

IX.

Asparagus verticillatus L.

neo

III.

Asperugo procumbens L.

arc

III. XI. XIII. XV.

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L.

ntv

VI. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XXI.

Asplenium ruta-muraria L.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VIII. IX. XI. XII.

Asplenium scolopendrium L.

ntv

VIII. IX. XII. XXI.

Asplenium trichomanes L.

ntv

I. VI. VIII. XII.

Astragalus asper Jacq.

ntv

XI.

Astragalus cicer L.

ntv

III. XI. XIII. XIV. XVI. XXI.

Astragalus glycyphyllos L.

ntv

II. XII. XIII.

Astragalus onobrychis L.

ntv

IV. XI. XXI.

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth

ntv

XI.

Atriplex littoralis L.

ntv

III.

Atriplex oblongifolia Waldst. & Kit.

ntv

I. II.

Atriplex patula L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Atriplex prostrata Boucher ex DC.

ntv

II. III. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XVII. XXIII.

Atriplex sagittata Borkh.

arc

IX.

Atriplex tatarica L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Avena fatua L.

arc

XIV.

Avena sativa L.

arc

VI. XI.

Azolla filiculoides Lam.

neo

IX.

Ballota nigra L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J.Scott

arc/neo

V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Begonia cucullata Willd.

neo

XI. XIII.

Bellis perennis L.

ntv/arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Berberis aquifolium Pursh

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI.

Berberis julianae C.K.Schneid.

neo

I. III. V. VII. XI.

Berberis thunbergii DC.

neo

III.

Berberis vulgaris L.

ntv

I. II. V. VIII. XI. XII. XVI. XX.

Berteroa incana (L.) DC.

ntv/arc

III. IV. IX. X. XI. XIV. XV. XVII. XXI.

Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville

ntv

XVII.

Betonica officinalis L.

ntv

XI.

Betula pendula Roth

ntv

II. III. IV. IX. X. XI. XIII.

Bidens cernua L.

ntv

XXI.

Bidens frondosa L.

neo

XIV. XXI.

Borago officinalis L.

neo

III.

Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng

ntv

III. IV. XI. XII. XIV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P.Beauv.

ntv

I. III. XI. XII. XXI.

Brassica elongata Ehrh.

ntv/arc

III.

Brassica napus L.

arc

XXI.

Brassica rapa L.

neo

VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XXI.

Brassica rapa var. oleifera DC.

neo

VIII.

Bromus catharticus Vahl

neo

III. XV.

Bromus commutatus Schrad.

ntv

II. III.

Bromus erectus Huds.

ntv

XI. XII.

Bromus hordeaceus L.

ntv/arc

II. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX.

Bromus inermis Leyss.

ntv

I. III. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XXI. XXIII.

Bromus japonicus Houtt.

arc

III. IV. V. VI. XI. XIV. XX.

Bromus squarrosus L.

ntv

VIII. IX. XI. XIII.

Bromus sterilis L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Bromus tectorum L.

arc

I. II. III. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI.

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent.

neo

I. II. V. VI. XI. XIII. XIV. XX. XXI.

Brunnera macrophylla (Adams) I.M.Johnst.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XXII.

Bryonia alba L.

ntv/arc

II. III. XI. XII. XV. XXI.

Buddleja davidii Franch.

neo

II. IX. X. XII. XVI. XXI.

Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I.M.Johnst.

ntv

I. III. VI. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI.

Bunias orientalis L.

neo

III. XI.

Bupleurum falcatum L.

ntv

XII.

Butomus umbellatus L.

ntv

XIV.

Buxus sempervirens L.

neo

III. XI.

Calendula officinalis L.

arc

I. III. IX. XI. XIII. XV. XIX.

Calepina irregularis Thell.

arc

I. III.

Calystegia sepium (L.) R.Br.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XVII. XXII. XXIII.

Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC.

arc

XII.

Campanula bononiensis L.

ntv

XII.

Campanula carpatica Jacq.

neo

IX.

Campanula glomerata L.

ntv

XII.

Campanula persicifolia L.

ntv

III. XI. XVI.

Campanula portenschlagiana Roem. & Schult.

neo

XII.

Campanula poscharskyana Degen

neo

III. XI. XII. XIX.

Campanula rapunculoides L.

ntv

I. II. III. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XXII.

Campanula trachelium L.

ntv

XII.

Campsis radicans (L.) Bureau

neo

I. II. III. VI. VIII. IX. XI. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXII.

Cannabis sativa L.

arc

II. V. VII. VIII. IX. XIII. XIV. XX.

Capsella bursa-pastoris Medik.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXII.

Capsicum annuum L.

neo

VI. XI.

Cardamine bulbifera Crantz

ntv

II. XII.

Cardamine hirsuta L.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI.

Cardamine occulta Hornem.

neo

XIV.

Carduus acanthoides L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Carduus nutans L.

arc

III. VIII. IX. X. XI. XXIII.

Carex acuta L.

ntv

XX.

Carex acutiformis Ehrh.

ntv

IV. XXIII.

Carex caryophyllea Latourr.

ntv

III.

Carex divulsa Stokes

ntv

XI.

Carex hirta L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Carex leersii F.W.Schultz

ntv

II.

Carex pairae F.W.Schultz

ntv

XII.

Carex pilosa Scop.

ntv

XII.

Carex praecox Schreb.

ntv

IV. IX. X. XII. XIV. XVI. XXI.

Carex spicata Huds.

ntv

II. XII. XIII. XIV. XV.

Carex stenophylla Wahlenb.

ntv

IX.

Carlina vulgaris L.

ntv

III. IV. IX.

Carpinus betulus L.

ntv

III. IX. XII.

Caryopteris × clandonensis A.Simmonds

neo

III.

Catalpa bignonioides Walter

neo

IX. XVII.

Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E.Hubb.

neo

III.

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don

neo

XI.

Celosia argentea L.

neo

IX.

Celtis australis L.

neo

XIX.

Celtis occidentalis L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Cenchrus alopecuroides (L.) Thunb.

neo

VIII. IX. XI. XV. XXI.

Cenchrus incertus M.A.Curtis

neo

IV. IX. XIV. XXI.

Centaurea arenaria M.Bieb.

ntv

XV.

Centaurea cyanus L.

arc

IX. XIII.

Centaurea jacea subsp. angustifolia (DC.)

ntv

II. III. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XVI. XXII.

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. sadleriana (Janka) Asch. & Graebn.

ntv

I. III. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XXI. XXIII.

Centaurea stoebe L.

ntv/arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Centaurea triumfettii All.

ntv

XI.

Cerastium brachypetalum Pers.

ntv

III.

Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare (Hartm.) Greuter & Burdet

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XXIII.

Cerastium glomeratum Thuill.

ntv

III.

Cerastium pumilum Curtis

ntv

III. XV. XVI.

Cerastium pumilum var. glutinosum(Fries) E.Rico

ntv

XIV.

Cerastium semidecandrum L.

ntv

XI. XIII.

Cerastium tomentosum L.

neo

III. XI. XII. XV.

Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Besser

arc

XI.

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Bunge

neo

XV. XXII.

Cercis siliquastrum L.

neo

I. II. V. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV.

Cerinthe minor L.

ntv

XII.

Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange

arc

II. V. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV.

Chaerophyllum aromaticum L.

ntv

XII.

Chaerophyllum temulum L.

ntv

XI. XII.

Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link

ntv

XI. XII.

Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) H.O.Yates

neo

VIII.

Chelidonium majus L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Chenopodium album L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Chenopodium ficifolium Sm.

arc

XIII.

Chenopodium glaucum L.

ntv/arc

II. III. IV. V. VIII. XI. XIII. XIV. XXIII.

Chenopodium hybridum L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Chenopodium murale L.

arc

II. VIII. XI. XIII. XIV.

Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz

ntv

I. III. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XVI. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Chenopodium polyspermum L.

ntv

XIV.

Chenopodium rubrum L.

ntv

IV.

Chenopodium strictum Roth

arc/neo

II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX.

Chenopodium urbicum L.

arc

VIII.

Chenopodium vulvaria L.

ntv/arc

I. II. III. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XXII.

Chondrilla juncea L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Chorispora tenella DC.

neo

VIII. IX.

Cichorium intybus L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Cirsium eriophorum Scop.

ntv

XI.

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.

ntv/arc

II. III. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XVI. XXI. XXIII.

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

arc

II. VIII. IX. X. XIII. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XXII.

Clematis vitalba L.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Clerodendrum bungei Steud.

neo

XVI.

Clinopodium acinos Kuntze

ntv

III. XI. XXI.

Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze

neo

III. IX. XIII.

Clinopodium vulgare L.

ntv

II. III.

Colutea arborescens L.

ntv

IV. IX.

Commelina communis L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Conium maculatum L.

arc

I. III. VI. XV. XXI.

Convallaria majalis L.

ntv

I. II. III. VIII. IX. XI. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXII.

Convolvulus arvensis L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Coreopsis lanceolata L.

neo

III.

Coriandrum sativum L.

arc

II. VII. XIV.

Corispermum nitidum Kit. ex Schult.

ntv

XI.

Cornus mas L.

ntv

XII.

Cornus sanguinea L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Coronilla varia L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VI. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XXI. XXIII.

Corydalis cava (L.) Schweigg. & Körte

ntv

I. XI. XII.

Corydalis solida (L.) Clairv.

ntv

XI. XII. XV.

Corylus avellana L.

ntv

II. III. V. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XVI.

Corylus colurna L.

neo

I. II. III. VIII. XII.

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.

neo

III. XI. XV. XVI. XXI. XXII.

Cotinus coggygria Scop.

ntv

III. XI. XII. XX.

Cotoneaster hjelmqvistii Flinck & B.Hylmö

neo

XI.

Cotoneaster horizontalis Decne.

neo

I. II. III. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XVI. XIX. XXII.

Cotoneaster multiflorus Bunge

neo

XI.

Cotoneaster niger (Wahlb.) Fr.

ntv

I.

Cotoneaster nitens Rehder & E.H.Wilson

neo

XIX.

Cotoneaster salicifolius Franch.

neo

I. III. V.

Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.

ntv

III.

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Crepis biennis L.

ntv

II. III.

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.

arc

XXI.

Crepis foetida subsp. rhoeadifolia (M.Bieb.) Celak.

ntv/arc

II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Crepis pulchra L.

ntv

I. V. XIV.

Crepis setosa Haller f.

ntv

VIII. XI. XIV. XX.

Crepis tectorum L.

arc

V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XIV. XXI.

Crocus vernus (L.) Hill

neo

IV.

Cucumis sativus L.

arc

XI.

Cucurbita pepo L.

neo

XIII.

Cuscuta campestris Yunck.

neo

III. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI. XXII.

Cuscuta europaea L.

ntv

VIII. IX.

Cymbalaria muralis G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.

neo

I. II. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XX.

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Cynoglossum officinale L.

ntv

IV. VII.

Cyperus alternifolius L.

neo

XIV.

Cyperus eragrostis Lam.

neo

III. VIII. X.

Cyperus fuscus L.

ntv

III. IV. XXI.

Cyperus glomeratus L.

ntv

II. III. XII. XIV.

Cyperus michelianus (L.) Delile

ntv

IV. XXI.

Cyrtomium falcatum (L.f.) C.Presl

neo

XXI.

Cyrtomium fortunei J.Sm.

neo

VII.

Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.

ntv

VI.

Dactylis glomerata L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Dactylis glomerata subsp. lobata (Drejer) H.Lindb.

ntv

I. XII.

Datura innoxia Mill.

neo

IV.

Datura stramonium L.

arc

I. III. IV. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Datura wrightii Regel

neo

VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XV. XXI. XXII.

Daucus carota L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Delphinium ajacis L.

arc

II. III. IX. XI. XV. XVI.

Delphinium consolida L.

arc/neo

II. III. V. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XX. XXI. XXII.

Deschampsia caespitosa P.Beauv.

ntv

IV.

Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

arc

I. II. III. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX. XXIII.

Deutzia scabra Thunb.

neo

I. III.

Dianthus giganteiformis subsp. pontederae (A.Kern.) Soó

ntv

XI. XII.

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

arc

II. VIII.

Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.

neo

I.

Diplotaxis muralis DC.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Draba nemorosa L.

ntv

XXIII.

Draba verna L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI.

Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs

ntv

IX.

Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott

ntv

III. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV.

Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Teschem.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XVI. XXII.

Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

neo

XIII.

Dysphania aristata (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

neo

II.

Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

arc

I. XIV.

Dysphania pumilio (R.Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants

neo

IV. VIII. IX.

Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P.Beauv.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Echinops sphaerocephalus L.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VII. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XVII.

Echium vulgare L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVII. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

neo

II. III.

Elaeagnus angustifolia L.

neo

III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XV. XVI. XXI. XXIII.

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis

ntv

III.

Elymus repens (L.) Gould

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Epilobium angustifolium L.

ntv

IX.

Epilobium ciliatum Raf.

neo

XIV.

Epilobium dodonaei Vill.

ntv

XIII.

Epilobium hirsutum L.

ntv

II. XVII. XXIII.

Epilobium parviflorum (Schreb.) Schreb.

ntv

I. III. V. VIII. IX. XIV. XXI.

Epilobium tetragonum L.

ntv

II. IV. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XXI.

Epimedium alpinum L.

neo

VIII.

Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

ntv

IV.

Equisetum arvense L.

ntv

III. V. VI. XI. XXIII.

Equisetum hyemale L.

ntv

III. VIII.

Equisetum moorei Newman

ntv

III.

Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.

ntv

II. III. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Eragrostis minor Host

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P.Beauv.

arc

III. VIII. IX. XIV. XV.

Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud.

neo

II.

Eragrostis virescens J.Presl

neo

I. XIV.

Eranthis hyemalis Salisb.

arc/neo

III. XII. XV.

Erigeron acris L.

ntv

XXIII.

Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Erigeron canadensis L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Erigeron sumatrensis Retz.

neo

III. IX. XI. XIV. XV. XXI.

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.

neo

XIII.

Eryngium campestre L.

ntv

II. III. VIII. XI. XII. XIV. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Erysimum diffusum Ehrh.

arc

VI. XIII.

Erysimum odoratum Ehrh.

ntv

VIII. XI. XII.

Erysimum repandum L.

arc

XII.

Eschscholzia californica Cham.

neo

V. XIV.

Euonymus europaeus L.

ntv

II. IV. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XIX. XXII.

Euonymus japonicus Thunb.

neo

III. IV. XXII.

Euonymus verrucosus Scop.

ntv

XI. XII.

Eupatorium cannabinum L.

ntv

II. IV. VIII. XIII.

Euphorbia amygdaloides L.

ntv

XVI.

Euphorbia cyparissias L.

ntv/arc

III. IV. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XIX. XXI. XXIII.

Euphorbia esula L.

ntv/arc

III. XII. XXI. XXIII.

Euphorbia falcata L.

arc/neo

IX. XII. XIV.

Euphorbia glareosa Pall. ex M.Bieb.

ntv

XI.

Euphorbia helioscopia L.

arc

III. VI. VIII. XI. XIV. XV.

Euphorbia humifusa Willd.

neo

XI.

Euphorbia lathyris L.

arc

II. III. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XXII.

Euphorbia maculata L.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Euphorbia marginata Pursh

neo

III. XV. XVI. XXI.

Euphorbia myrsinites L.

neo

III. XI. XII. XIV. XVI. XXII.

Euphorbia peplus L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXII. XXIII.

Euphorbia prostrata Aiton

neo

II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. XI. XIV. XV. XVI.

Euphorbia salicifolia Host

ntv

XI.

Euphorbia serpens Kunth

neo

III. XIV.

Euphorbia taurinensis All.

arc

VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XIV.

Euphorbia virgata Waldst. & Kit.

ntv

XI.

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

neo

IV. IX. XIV.

Falcaria vulgaris Bernh.

ntv

I. II. III. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XVI. XX. XXI.

Fallopia aubertii (L.Henry) Holub

neo

XXII.

Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub

neo

I. XI. XII. XIV. XIX.

Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Á.Löve

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub

arc

III. XII. XV.

Festuca pseudovina Hack. ex Wiesb.

ntv

III. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIV. XXIII.

Festuca rubra L.

ntv

II. III. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XVII.

Festuca rupicola Heuff.

ntv

III. IV. IX. X. XI. XIII. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Festuca valesiaca Schleich. ex Gaudin

ntv

II. IX. X. XI. XVI.

Ficus carica L.

arc/neo

III.

Filago germanica (L.) Huds.

ntv

XIV.

Forsythia intermedia Zabel

neo

XV.

Fragaria ananassa (Duchesne ex Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier

neo

II. XX.

Fragaria vesca L.

ntv

II. VIII. XI. XII.

Fragaria viridis Weston

ntv

II.

Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl

ntv

I. III. VIII. X. XIII.

Fraxinus excelsior L.

ntv

I. II. III. V. VI. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII.

Fraxinus ornus L.

ntv

I. II. III. VIII. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall

neo

II. IV. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XX. XXI.

Fumaria schleicheri Soy.-Will.

arc

II. XI. XII. XIV.

Fumaria vaillantii Loisel.

arc

I. II. III. VI. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIV. XV. XX.

Gagea pratensis (Pers.) Dumort.

ntv

XV.

Gagea villosa (M.Bieb.) Sweet

ntv

I. XI.

Gaillardia grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houtte

neo

XVI.

Galanthus elwesii Hook.f.

neo

XI. XII. XV.

Galanthus nivalis L.

ntv

III. VIII. XV.

Galinsoga parviflora Cav.

neo

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XX. XXI.

Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav.

neo

I. II. V. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV.

Galium album Mill.

ntv

II.

Galium aparine L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Galium glaucum L.

ntv

XI.

Galium mollugo L.

ntv

II. III. IV. V. VI. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XV. XVII. XX. XXIII.

Galium palustre L.

ntv

VI.

Galium spurium L.

arc

VIII.

Galium verum L.

ntv

III. IX. XI. XIV. XXIII.

Gazania rigens (L.) Gaertn.

neo

IV.

Geranium macrorrhizum L.

neo

III. IX. XIII. XV.

Geranium molle L.

arc

XI. XVI.

Geranium purpureum Vill.

neo

III. VIII. X. XIV.

Geranium pusillum L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Geranium pyrenaicum Burm.f.

neo

II. III. XII. XV. XX.

Geranium robertianum L.

ntv/arc

VII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.

Geranium rotundifolium L.

ntv

VIII. XI.

Geranium sanguineum L.

ntv

IX.

Geranium sibiricum L.

neo

VIII.

Geum coccineum Sm.

neo

XXI.

Geum urbanum L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Ginkgo biloba L.

neo

VIII. XIII.

Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach

neo

VI.

Glechoma hederacea L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Glechoma hirsuta Waldst. & Kit.

ntv

XI.

Gleditsia triacanthos L.

neo

II. III. IV. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII.

Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb.

ntv

XX.

Gnaphalium uliginosum L.

ntv

IX.

Gymnocarpium robertianum (Hoffm.) Newman

ntv

IV. V. IX. XII. XIII.

Gypsophila paniculata L.

ntv

IV. IX. XIII. XV.

Hedera helix L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Helianthemum ovatum Dunal

ntv

II. XII.

Helianthus annuus L.

neo

III. V. IX. XVI. XXI.

Helianthus tuberosus L.

neo

II. III. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XIX. XXII.

Heliopsis helianthoides Sweet

neo

XIV. XVII. XVIII. XIX.

Heliotropium europaeum L.

arc

IV. XIX.

Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub

arc/neo

III.

Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L.

neo

III. XII. XV. XVI.

Heracleum sphondylium L.

ntv

II. XII.

Herniaria glabra L.

ntv

VIII.

Herniaria hirsuta L.

arc

II. III. VIII. XIV.

Hibiscus syriacus L.

neo

I. IV. V. VIII. IX. XI. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XIX. XXII.

Hibiscus trionum L.

arc

II. III. IV. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIV. XV. XXI.

Hieracium murorum L.

ntv

XII.

Hieracium sabaudum L.

ntv

I. III. XI. XII.

Hieracium umbellatum L.

ntv

III. XII.

Hippophae rhamnoides L.

ntv

XI. XIV.

Holcus lanatus L.

ntv

III. XI. XIV.

Holosteum umbellatum L.

ntv

I. III. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI.

Hordelymus europaeus (L.) Jess. ex Harz

ntv

XII.

Hordeum murinum L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Hordeum vulgare L.

arc

II. V. VI. VIII. XIII. XX.

Hornungia petraea Rchb.

ntv

V.

Hosta plantaginea (Lam.) Asch.

neo

XVI.

Humulus lupulus L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Hyacinthus orientalis L.

neo

XV.

Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H.Ohba

neo

XII. XIII.

Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H.Ohba

ntv

XI. XV.

Hyoscyamus niger L.

arc

XIV.

Hypericum calycinum L.

neo

VIII. XI. XIV. XV.

Hypericum perforatum L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. IX. X. XI. XII. XIV. XVI. XX. XXI. XXIII.

Hypochaeris radicata L.

ntv

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Hyssopus officinalis L.

neo

II.

Iberis sempervirens L.

neo

XV.

Impatiens balfourii Hook.f.

neo

III. XVI. XXI.

Impatiens balsamina L.

neo

XI.

Impatiens parviflora DC.

neo

XII.

Impatiens walleriana Hook.f.

neo

VIII. IX.

Inula britannica L.

ntv

III. V. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XIV. XXIII.

Inula conyza DC.

ntv

III. XII. XXI.

Inulaoculus-christi L.

ntv

XI.

Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth

neo

I. II. IV. VIII. X. XI. XIII. XV. XIX. XXII.

Iris germanica L.

arc

III. XI. XV. XVI.

Iris pseudacorus L.

ntv

IX.

Isatis tinctoria L.

arc

III.

Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn.

ntv

III. IV. IX. XIV. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.

neo

III. VIII.

Juglans regia L.

arc

I. II. III. IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XIX. XXI. XXII. XXIII.

Juncus articulatus L.

ntv

XIV. XXIII.

Juncus bufonius L.

ntv

VIII.

Juncus compressus Jacq.

ntv

III. IV. VIII. IX. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XX.

Juncus effusus L.

ntv

VIII.

Juncus inflexus L.

ntv

XI.

Juniperus virginiana L.

neo

XII. XV.

Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort.

arc

XI.

Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort.

arc

IV.

Knautia arvensis (L.) Coult.

ntv

III. XI.