Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic paper
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Taxonomic paper

Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Evanioidea

expand article infoGavin R. Broad, Laurence Livermore
† The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Open Access

Introduction

Abbreviations, rationale for species inclusion and additional information are given in the introductory article for the series. This article is the first in a series of 13 checklist sections covering the Hymenoptera of the British Isles. For each genus and species the original combination and a list of synonyms is provided under the heading 'nomenclature'.

A corresponding up-to-date checklist for Evanioidea is maintained on the Hymenoptera of the British Isles site.

Distribution data for the Evanioidea are taken from Crosskey (1951), with additional references given under notes for each taxon. This is a small superfamily of three extant families, but particularly poorly represented in northern Europe. The Evaniidae (sometimes referred to as 'ensign wasps') are, where known, parasitoids/predators of cockroach oothecae (Crosskey 1951; Brown 1973) and are morphologically very distinct from the remaining families. Whilst rather similar in appearance, the Aulacidae and Gasteruptiidae (Fig. 1) differ markedly in biology, with the single British aulacid, Aulacus striatus (Jurine), being a koinobiont endoparasitoid of Xiphydriidae larvae (see E.R. Skinner & W.G. Thompson's 1960 film, 'The Alder Woodwasp and its Insect Enemies', distributed by World Educational Films: http://worldeducationalfilms.com/the-alder-woodwasp-and-its-insect-enemies/) whilst Gasteruption species are essentially predators and cleptoparasites of solitary bee larvae (Malyshev 1964).

Figure 1.

Male Gasteruption jaculator (Linnaeus) (Wilmslow, Cheshire) (courtesy of A.M. Broome).

Evanioidea

Family Aulacidae Shuckard, 1841

Notes: 

Taxonomy follows Smith (2001).

Genus Aulacus Jurine, 1807

Nomenclature: 

DISPHAERON Dahlbom, 1837

AULACINUS Westwood, 1868

PAMMEGISCHIA Provancher, 1882

DISAULACINUS Kieffer, 1910

MICRAULACINUS Kieffer, 1910

NEURAULACINUS Kieffer, 1910

PARAFOENUS Kieffer, 1910

PYCNAULACUS Cushman, 1929

Aulacus striatus Jurine, 1807

Nomenclature: 

arcticus Dahlbom, 1837

exaratus Ratzeburg, 1852

Distribution: 
England.

Family Evaniidae Latreille, 1802

Notes: 

Taxonomy follows Deans (2005).

Genus Evania Fabricius, 1775

Evania appendigaster (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nomenclature: 

Ichneumon appendigaster Linnaeus, 1758

niger (de Geer, 1773, Ichneumon)

laevigata Olivier, 1792

unicolor Say, 1824

desjardinsi Blanchard, 1840

affinis Le Guillou, 1841

cubae Guérin-Méneville, 1844

peringueyi Cameron, 1906

Notes: 

# Presumably an introduction to Britain as it parasitises the oothecae of non-native synanthropic cockroaches (Blattidae). Crosskey (1951) could find no locality data for British specimens and there are no relevant specimens in NHM.

Genus Brachygaster Leach, 1830

Brachygaster minutus (Olivier, 1792)

Nomenclature: 

Evania minuta Olivier, 1792

fulvipes (Curtis, 1829, Evania)

rufipes Brullé, 1846 preocc.

brullei (Westwood, 1851, Evania)

schlettereri Kieffer, 1912

Distribution: 
England.

Family Gasteruptiidae Ashmead, 1890

Notes: 

Synonymic data mostly from Fauna Europaea.

Genus Gasteruption Latreille, 1796

Nomenclature: 

FOENUS Fabricius, 1798

RHYDINOFOENUS Bradley, 1909

DOLICHOFOENUS Kieffer, 1910

TRICHOFOENUS Kieffer, 1910

PLUTOFOENUS Kieffer, 1911

Gasteruption assectator (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nomenclature: 

Ichneumon assectator Linnaeus, 1758

affectator misspelling

annularis (Geoffrey 1785, Ichneumon)

incertus (Cresson 1864, Foenus)

montanus (Cresson 1864, Foenus)

arca (Couper 1870, Foenus)

borealis (Thomson 1883, Foenus)

fumipennis (Thomson 1883, Foenus)

nigritarsis (Thomson 1883, Foenus)

nitidulum Schletterer, 1885

brevicauda Kieffer 1904

micrura Kieffer 1904

nevadense Kieffer 1904

nigropectus Kieffer, 1904

bakeri Kieffer 1910

canadensis (Kieffer 1910, Trichofoenus)

abeillei Kieffer 1912

aberrans Strand, 1912

breviterebrae (Watanabe 1934, Trichofoenus)

utahensis Townes 1950

margotae Madl 1987

Distribution: 

England, Wales, Ireland.

Gasteruption jaculator (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nomenclature: 

Ichneumon jaculator Linnaeus, 1758

granulithorax (Tournier, 1877, Foenus)

obliteratus (Abeille de Perrin, 1879, Foenus)

rugidorsus (Costa, 1884, Foenus)

thomsoni Schletterer, 1885

Distribution: 

England.

Gasteruption laticeps (Tournier, 1877)

Nomenclature: 

Foenus laticeps Tournier, 1877

foveolatum Schletterer, 1889

foveolum Szépligeti, 1903

Gasteruption minutum (Tournier, 1877)

Nomenclature: 

Foenus minutum Tournier, 1877

longigena (Thomson, 1883, Foenus)

Distribution: 

England, Wales (Alexander 1983).

Gasteruption pedemontanum (Tournier, 1877)

Nomenclature: 

Foenus pedemontanum Tournier, 1877

pedmontanum misspelling

terrestre (Tournier, 1877, Foenus)

trifossulatum Kieffer, 1904

Distribution: 

England.

References