Biodiversity Data Journal : Data Paper (Biosciences)
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Data Paper (Biosciences)
Seed plant diversity of different forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve
expand article infoHongfeng Wang, Xueyun Dong§
‡ School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China
§ School of Food Engineering Harbin University, Harbin, China
Open Access

Abstract

Background

Thirty years ago, there was a monograph of vegetation and plant diversity in the region prepared by the Department of Forestry at the Northeast Forestry University (unpublished), but the variety of plants in the region has changed significantly over the past 30 years. In future years, the authors hope to publish a new monograph and this research is to prepare for this work. This study aimed at reporting the characteristics of plant diversity in five different forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, China, each with three 25 × 25 m tree quadrats, twelve 5 × 5 m wide shrub quadrats and twelve 1 × 1 m wide herbaceous quadrats. Censuses of each forest type were conducted in 2016.

New information

The five main forest types presented differences in structure, diversity and species richness.

Keywords

China, diversity, quadrat, Liangshui Natural Reserve, conservation, species inventory

Introduction

The Korean pine forest of Liangshui National Natural Reserve is the most important primitive broad-leaved Korean pine forest in China and it is also one of the modern Korean pine distribution centres (Liu 2015, Zhang et al. 2000). The primitive broad-leaved Korean pine forest area is less than 40000 hm2 in China (Liu et al. 2014), while there are 4100 hm2 in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, accounting for 11% of the country (Liu et al. 2014). Liangshui National Natural Reserve is rich in biodiversity, preserves several species of the Tertiary plant communities and has an irreplaceable role in maintaining global diversity (Chen et al. 2012, Liu et al. 1993, Ma et al. 2007, Wang 1981, Rong et al. 2009). Korean pine forest has existed on earth for at least 30 million years, but the existing broad-leaved Korean pine forests of the Reserve formed about 3000 years ago. The Korean pine forest in this area is young, the age of the oldest individual is no more than 500 years, with a 1.5 m breast diameter. The tree height here is 15-40 m and seeds produced per plant are about 30 kg (Liu 2015). Although the Liangshui National Nature Reserve is very important, research for the different forests is not comprehensive and the data of plant diversity are still insufficient. In this research, the plant diversity of five different forest types in this area were studied, which provided the basic data for the study of biodiversity in this area.

Project description

Title: 

Construction of Plant checklist Database in Heilongjiang Province

Personnel: 

Wang Hongfeng

Study area description: 

Liangshui National Natural Reserve is located in the southeastern of the Xiaoxing'anling Mountains in Heilongjiang Province, China (47°7'39"-47°14'22" N, 128°48'30"-128°55'50" E). It is made up of hills, the terrain is high in south and low in north. The average elevation is about 400 m, the highest elevation is 707.3 m, the lowest is 280 m, mountain slope is generally 10-15 degrees (The Compilation Group Physical Geography of China 1986). This area belongs to the temperate continental monsoon climate. The extreme minimum temperature is -43.9 °C and the extreme maximum temperature is 38.7 °C. The annual average temperature is about -0.3 °C, positive temperature accumulated is 2200-2600°C. The average annual precipitation is 676 mm, June-August precipitation accounted for more than 60% of annual precipitation. The relative humidity in Liangshui is about 78%. The average annual evaporation is 805 mm, the total sunshine hours are 1848h, frost-free period is 100-120 days, the annual snow period is 130-150 days, frozen soil depth is about 2 m (Liu et al. 2014, Su et al. 2006). The forest types in this region mainly include five types of forest, namely Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest (UPF), Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest (BPF), Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest (QPF), Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest (FPF), Tilia-—Pinus koraiensis forest (TPF).

Funding: 

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2572015CA14); Construction of the plant checklist database in Heilongjiang province.

Sampling methods

Study extent: 

The dataset was collected between August 2016 and August 2017.

Sampling description: 

A square plot approach was chosen to sample forest diversity. A total of five major forest types were selected, namely Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest, Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest, Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest, Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest, TiliaPinus koraiensis forest. Each forest type was set with 3 tree quadrats, 12 shrub quadrats with sampling from all the four corners and 12 herbaceous quadrats. The size of the tree quadrate was 625 m2 (25 × 25 m) which had four shrub plots (5 × 5 m) distributed on the four corners. Shrub plots 25 m2 which also had four herbaceous plots (1 × 1 m) distributed on the four corners. The plant species name were identified according to The researches of liangshui natural (Ma 1993), Arbor flora of Heilongjiang Province (Zhou 1986), Flora plantarum herbacearum chinae boreali–orientalis (Liou 1959), Silva of Heilongjiang (Zhou 1985), Flora of China (Wu et al. 2013), Key of Plants of Northeastern China (Fu 1995), Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae (Editorial Committee of Flora of China of Chinese Academy Sciense 2004) and a plant checklist was obtained by survey. The number and height of each species were recorded for all plots, the crown of the trees was recorded, the coverage and total coverage of shrubs and herbs were also recorded.

Quality control: 

The present dataset was updated to match the APGIV classification of angiosperm families (The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 2016) and all species names were checked for validity (spelling and authorship) against online databases (http://tnrs.iplantcollaborative.org/index.html, http://ipni.org, http://plants.jstor.org, http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php).

Step description: 

The dataset presented here was collected over a period of one year.

Geographic coverage

Description: 

Data was collected in five different forest types (Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest, Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest, Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest, Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest, TiliaPinus koraiensis forest) across the reserve as illustrated inTable 1 Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5, Table 6, Table 7, Table 8, Table 9, Table 10, Table 11 and Table 12 .

Basic description of five forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, where: UPF = Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest; BPF = Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest; QPF = Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest; FPF = Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest; TPF = TiliaPinus koraiensis forest.

Forest types

Habitat

Coverage of

shrub layer

Coverage of

herb layer

Soil

UPF

River bank or valley

40-50%

About 60%

Gravel soil, thick and humid, about 50-60 cm

BPF

Medium or gentle slope

50-60%

40-50%

Dark brown soil, fertility, about 25-30 cm

QPF

Sunny and steep slope

About 30%

30-40%

Gravel soil, barren and dry, 25-30 cm

FPF

River bank or valley

40-50%

About 60%

Gravel soil, thick and humid, about 50-60 cm

TPF

Medium or gentle slope

50-60%

40-50%

Dark brown soil, fertility, about 25-30 cm

Geographical coordinates of quadrats of five forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Forest type

Plot number

North latitude

East longitude

UPF

04-T

47°11′33.52"N

128°52′55.85"E

11-T

47°11′2.41"N

128°53′59.93"E

13-T

47°10′57.16"N

128°53′44.97"E

BPF

01-T

47°11′5.39"N

128°53′15.30″E

12-T

47°11′0.43"N

128°53′45.52"E

03-T

47°11′43.98"N

128°52′59.89”E

QPF

02-T

47°11′57.73"N

128°53′29.72"E

14-T

47°8′32.22"N

128°54′3.04"E

15-T

47°8′41.58"N

128°53′50.70"E

FPF

06-T

47°11′43.84"N

128°53′16.33"E

07-T

47°10′56.62"N

128°53′32.46"E

08-T

47°10′44.92"N

128°53′36.05"E

TPF

05-T

47°11′44.71"N

128°53′20.16"E

09-T

47°10′48.91"N

128°53′39.81"E

10-T

47°11′0.32"N

128°53′47.68"E

The number of species in each family in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Family

Species richness

Rosaceae

11

Betulaceae

6

Umbelliferae

6

Pinaceae

5

Sapindaceae

5

Adoxaceae

3

Compositae

3

Cyperaceae

3

Fabaceae

3

Araliaceae

2

Asparagaceae

2

Dryopteridaceae

2

Gramineae

2

Oleaceae

2

Ranunculaceae

2

Rhamnaceae

2

Ruscaceae

2

Saxifragaceae

2

Tiliaceae

2

Ulmaceae

2

Urticaceae

2

Actinidiaceae

1

Amaranthaceae

1

Athyriaceae

1

Berberidaceae

1

Campanulaceae

1

Cannabaceae

1

Caprifoliaceae

1

Caryophyllaceae

1

Celastraceae

1

Cruciferae

1

Equisetaceae

1

Hydrangeaceae

1

Labiatae

1

Liliaceae

1

Malvaceae

1

Melanthiaceae

1

Oxalidaceae

1

Papaveraceae

1

Phrymaceae

1

Polemoniaceae

1

Primulaceae

1

Pteridaceae

1

Rubiaceae

1

Rutaceae

1

Salicaceae

1

Scrophulariaceae

1

Violaceae

1

The number of individuals in each family of tree in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Family

Number of individuals

Pinaceae

535

Sapindaceae

462

Betulaceae

226

Tiliaceae

119

Ulmaceae

96

Fabaceae

43

Oleaceae

22

Salicaceae

20

Rosaceae

10

Rhamnaceae

6

Rutaceae

1

The number of individuals in each family of shrub in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Family

Number of individuals

Araliaceae

177

Betulaceae

136

Adoxaceae

124

Caprifoliaceae

107

Rosaceae

77

Oleaceae

30

Berberidaceae

10

Sapindaceae

9

Hydrangeaceae

4

Celastraceae

3

Rhamnaceae

2

Actinidiaceae

1

The number of individuals in each family of herb in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Family

Number of individuals

Oxalidaceae

445

Umbelliferae

332

Cyperaceae

305

Saxifragaceae

237

Rosaceae

231

Papaveraceae

194

Athyriaceae

171

Ruscaceae

114

Urticaceae

113

Adoxaceae

101

Gramineae

98

Compositae

55

Ranunculaceae

54

Amaranthaceae

53

Pteridaceae

40

Dryopteridaceae

38

Rubiaceae

37

Melanthiaceae

35

Violaceae

32

Labiatae

29

Asparagaceae

16

Fabaceae

10

Campanulaceae

7

Caryophyllaceae

7

Cruciferae

7

Liliaceae

6

Malvaceae

5

Cannabaceae

4

Polemoniaceae

3

Primulaceae

3

Equisetaceae

2

Phrymaceae

2

Scrophulariaceae

1

The number of individuals in each species of tree in Liangshui National Natural Reserve. (Species names are checked by TPL)

Species

Number of individuals

Acer pictum subsp. mono Thunb.

270

Picea koraiensis Nakai

234

Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc.

189

Betula lenta L.

162

Acer ukurunduense (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) E.Murray

116

Tilia amurensis Rupr.

103

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai

80

Acer tegmentosum Maxim.

76

Picea jezoensis var. microsperma (Siebold & Zucc.) Carrière

72

Betula platyphylla Sukaczev

51

Quercus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb.

39

Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica Litv.

34

Fraxinus mandshurica Rupr.

22

Populus davidiana (Dode) C.K.Schneid.

20

Tilia mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim.

16

Ulmus laciniata (Trautv.) Mayr

16

Betula dahurica Pall.

9

Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Kuzen.

6

Rhamnus davurica Pall.

6

Amygdalus davidiana (Carr.) Franch.

6

Maackia amurensis Rupr. et Maxim.

4

Alnus hirsuta (Spach) Rupr.

3

Padus avium L.

2

Sorbus dacica Borbás

2

Alnus cremastogyne Burkill

1

Phellodendron amurense Rupr.

1

The number of individuals in each species of shrub in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Species

Number of individuals

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.

165

Corylus mandshurica (Maxim.) C.K.Schneid.

136

Sambucus williamsii Hance

124

Lonicera japonica Thunb.

107

Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A.Braun

51

Syringa reticulata subsp. amurensis (Rupr.) P.S.Green & M.C.Chang

30

Cerasus verecunda Koehne

21

Aralia elata var. glabrescens (Miq.) Seem.

12

Berberis ferdinandi-coburgii C.K.Schneid.

10

Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.

6

Acer pictum subsp. mono Thunb.

4

Deutzia glabrata Kom.

4

Spiraea thunbergii Siebold ex Blume

4

Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold

3

Rhamnus davurica Pall.

2

Rosa davurica Pall.

1

The number of individuals in each species of herb in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.

Species

Number of individuals

Oxalis griffithii Edgew. & Hook. f.

445

Carex leiorhyncha C.A.Mey.

279

Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai

278

Chrysosplenium lectuscochleae Kitag.

236

Filipendula palmata (Pall.) Maxim.

213

Hylomecon japonica (Thunb.) Prantl & Kündig

194

Athyrium brevifrons Nakai ex Kitag.

171

Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F.W.Schmidt

109

Urtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem.

104

Agrostis clavata Trin.

97

Adoxa moschatellina L.

73

Chenopodium album L.

53

Enemion raddeanum Regel

52

Sanicula rubriflora F. Schmidt ex Maxim.

44

Adiantum pedatum L.

40

Saussurea alatipes Hemsl.

38

Galium spurium L.

37

Paris verticillata M.Bieb.

35

Viola chaerophylloides (Regel) W. Becker

32

Meehania urticifolia (Miq.) Makino

29

Sambucus javanica Blume

28

Polystichum tripteron (Kunze) C. Presl

27

Carex breviculmis R.Br.

23

Parasenecio hastatus (Linn.) H. Koyama

16

Geum aleppicum Jacq.

12

Dryopteris crassirhizoma Nakai

11

Lathyrus davidii Hance

10

Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce

10

Urtica laetevirens Maxim.

9

Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.) A.DC.

7

Cardamine leucantha (Tausch) O.E.Schulz

7

Stellaria radians L.

7

Asparagus oligoclonos Maxim.

6

Lilium distichum Nakai ex Kamib.

6

Abutilon theophrasti Medik.

5

Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.

5

Convallaria majalis L.

5

Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr.

4

Carex siderosticta Hance

3

Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels

3

Ostericum grosseserratum Maxim.

3

Polemonium caeruleum L.

3

Trientalis europaea (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

3

Aconitum volubile Pall. ex Koelle

2

Carum buriaticum Turcz.

2

Equisetum hyemale L.

2

Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn

2

Phryma leptostachya subsp. asiatica (Koidz.) Honda

2

Artemisia stolonifera Maxim.

1

Chrysosplenium sinicum Maxim.

1

Fragaria orientalis Losinsk.

1

Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Hack.

1

Pseudolysimachion spurium L.

1

The characteristics of tree community of five forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, where: UPF = Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest; BPF = Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest; QPF = Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest; FPF = Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest; TPF = TiliaPinus koraiensis forest; DBH = diameter at breast height; N = number.

Families/Species

UPF

BPF

QPF

FPF

TPF

N

DBH

(cm)

N

DBH

(cm)

N

DBH

(cm)

N

DBH

(cm)

N

DBH

(cm)

Betulaceae

Alnus cremastogyne Burkill

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

10.5

-

-

Alnus hirsuta (Spach) Rupr.

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

16.87

-

-

Betula dahurica Pall.

-

-

-

-

9

22.55

-

-

-

-

Betula lenta Ehrh.

-

-

112

18.56

28

22.96

4

13.8

18

10.14

Betula platyphylla Sukaczev

-

-

44

19.69

2

28

3

18.33

2

19.75

Fabaceae

Maackia amurensis Rupr. et Maxim.

-

-

-

-

4

14.6

-

-

-

-

Quercus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb.

-

-

-

-

39

17.86

-

-

-

-

Oleaceae

Fraxinus mandshurica Rupr.

1

33

-

-

1

2.8

5

16.44

15

29.23

Pinaceae

Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Kuzen.

-

-

6

11.87

-

-

-

-

-

-

Picea jezoensis var. microsperma (Siebold & Zucc.) Carrière

3

25.17

38

11.36

18

7.07

8

15.99

5

37.3

Picea koraiensis Nakai

32

14.46

112

9.86

55

7.47

17

15.76

18

8.58

Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc.

21

51.45

64

23.19

60

12.79

13

49.59

31

46.92

Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica Litv.

-

-

12

5.75

22

1.77

-

-

-

-

Rhamnaceae

Rhamnus davurica Pall.

-

-

6

5.2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rosaceae

Amygdalus davidiana (Carr.) Franch.

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

2

21

Padus avium L.

-

-

-

-

1

8

1

4.5

-

-

Sorbus dacica Borbás

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5.5

Rutaceae

Phellodendron amurense Rupr.

-

-

-

-

1

20

-

-

-

-

Salicaceae

Populus davidiana (Dode) C.K.Schneid.

2

7.1

-

-

18

16.5

-

-

-

-

Sapindaceae

Acer pictum subsp. mono Thunb.

29

7

47

5.75

60

8.16

57

6.03

77

5.42

Acer tegmentosum Maxim.

24

3.88

3

4.67

2

4.4

12

5.6

35

6.55

Acer ukurunduense (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) E.Murray

19

6.27

18

4.74

53

12.39

17

3.09

9

3.53

Tiliaceae

Tilia amurensis Rupr.

10

17.85

17

11.86

21

12.18

7

17.06

48

16.59

Tilia mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim.

-

-

-

-

2

14.5

1

3

13

10.23

Ulmaceae

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai

45

19.35

1

25

13

37.52

12

6.86

9

4.38

Ulmus laciniata (Trautv.) Mayr

7

23.48

2

3.5

2

26

1

3

4

2.33

The characteristics of shrub community of five forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, where: UPF = Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest; BPF = Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest; QPF = Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest; FPF = Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest; TPF = TiliaPinus koraiensis forest; N = number; H = high.

Families/Species

UPF

BPF

QPF

FPF

TPF

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

Actinidiaceae

Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.

-

-

-

-

1

1.5

-

-

-

-

Adoxaceae

Sambucus williamsii Hance

24

0.99

12

1.33

6

1.23

36

1.19

46

0.91

Araliaceae

Aralia elata var. glabrescens (Miq.) Seem.

-

-

-

-

10

0.93

-

-

2

2

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.

51

1.1

14

0.65

15

0.41

60

0.82

25

0.75

Berberidaceae

Berberis ferdinandi-coburgii C.K.Schneid.

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

0.47

-

-

Betulaceae

Corylus mandshurica (Maxim.) C.K.Schneid.

23

1.87

23

1.8

45

1.47

16

0.95

29

2.04

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera japonica Thunb.

24

0.9

18

0.83

40

1.38

20

0.93

5

1

Celastraceae

Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold

-

-

2

1.5

-

-

-

-

1

3.5

Hydrangeaceae

Deutzia glabrata Kom.

-

-

-

-

4

0.4

-

-

-

-

Oleaceae

Syringa reticulata subsp. amurensis (Rupr.) P.S.Green & M.C.Chang

4

5

15

2.54

11

1

-

-

-

-

Rhamnaceae

Rhamnus davurica Pall.

2

1.8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rosaceae

Cerasus verecunda Koehne

9

0.7

-

-

-

-

12

0.55

-

-

Rosa davurica Pall.

-

-

-

-

1

0.8

-

-

-

-

Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A.Braun

7

1.45

37

1.15

-

-

7

1.2

-

-

Spiraea thunbergii Siebold ex Blume

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

0.8

-

-

Sapindaceae

Acer pictum subsp. mono Thunb.

-

-

4

1.75

-

-

-

-

-

-

Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.

-

-

-

-

5

1.2

-

-

-

-

The characteristics of herb community of five forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve, where: UPF = Ulmus davidiana var. japonicaPinus koraiensis forest; BPF = Betula costataPinus koraiensis forest; QPF = Quercus mongolicaPinus koraiensis forest; FPF = Fraxinus mandshuricaPinus koraiensis forest; TPF = TiliaPinus koraiensis forest; N = number=N; H = high.

Families/Species

UPF

BPF

QPF

FPF

TPF

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

N

H(m)

Adoxaceae

Adoxa moschatellina L.

13

0.06

9

0.03

38

0.07

1

0.15

12

0.14

Sambucus javanica Blume

25

0.3

1

0.3

-

-

2

0.3

-

-

Amaranthaceae

Chenopodium album L.

18

0.28

-

-

-

-

24

0.22

11

0.17

Asparagaceae

Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce

-

-

10

0.33

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asparagus oligoclonos Maxim.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

0.01

Athyriaceae

Athyrium brevifrons Nakai ex Kitag.

10

0.46

82

0.23

14

0.25

51

0.34

14

0.32

Campanulaceae

Adenophora tetraphylla (Thunb.) A.DC.

-

-

-

-

7

0.15

-

-

-

-

Cannabaceae

Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr.

3

1.2

-

-

1

0.2

-

-

-

-

Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria radians L.

7

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Compositae

Artemisia stolonifera Maxim.

1

0.3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Parasenecio hastatus (Linn.) H. Koyama

9

0.45

7

0.23

-

-

-

-

-

-

Saussurea alatipes Hemsl.

30

0.45

5

0.3

-

-

-

-

3

0.6

Cruciferae

Cardamine leucantha (Tausch) O.E.Schulz

3

0.3

-

-

-

-

4

0.2

-

-

Cyperaceae

Carex breviculmis R.Br.

7

0.3

11

0.6

-

-

-

-

5

0.15

Carex leiorhyncha C.A.Mey.

10

0.35

28

0.3

140

0.29

74

0.38

27

0.2

Carex siderosticta Hance

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

0.1

-

-

Dryopteridaceae

Dryopteris crassirhizoma Nakai

4

0.5

1

0.3

1

0.6

3

0.7

2

0.5

Polystichum tripteron (Kunze) C. Presl

-

-

18

0.25

-

-

1

0.15

8

0.1

Equisetaceae

Equisetum hyemale L.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

0.6

Fabaceae

Lathyrus davidii Hance

-

-

-

-

10

0.16

-

-

-

-

Gramineae

Agrostis clavata Trin.

53

0.28

44

0.28

-

-

-

-

-

-

Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Hack.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

0.3

-

-

Labiatae

Meehania urticifolia (Miq.) Makino

-

-

-

-

29

0.05

-

-

-

-

Liliaceae

Lilium distichum Nakai ex Kamib.

-

-

-

-

3

0.28

3

0.2

-

-

Malvaceae

Abutilon theophrasti Medik.

5

0.05

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Melanthiaceae

Paris verticillata M.Bieb.

-

-

2

0.15

33

0.1

-

-

-

-

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis griffithii Edgew. & Hook. f.

62

0.06

51

0.04

46

0.06

176

0.08

110

0.04

Papaveraceae

Hylomecon japonica (Thunb.) Prantl & Kündig

38

0.4

-

-

23

0.22

77

0.06

56

0.06

Phrymaceae

Phryma leptostachya subsp. asiatica (Koidz.) Honda

2

0.6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Polemoniaceae

Polemonium caeruleum L.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

0.2

Primulaceae

Trientalis europaea (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

0.03

Pteridaceae

Adiantum pedatum L.

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

0.25

-

-

Ranunculaceae

Aconitum volubile Pall. ex Koelle

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

0.5

Enemion raddeanum Regel

5

0.15

11

0.23

3

0.1

33

0.26

-

-

Rosaceae

Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.

5

0.25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Filipendula palmata (Pall.) Maxim.

33

0.41

36

0.27

37

0.22

97

0.22

10

0.33

Fragaria orientalis Losinsk.

-

-

-

-

1

0.15

-

-

-

-

Geum aleppicum Jacq.

12

0.43

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rubiaceae

Galium spurium L.

-

-

-

-

33

0.15

-

-

4

0.02

Ruscaceae

Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F.W.Schmidt

5

0.07

89

0.05

-

-

4

0.04

11

0.05

Convallaria majalis L.

-

-

-

-

3

0.2

2

0.15

-

-

Saxifragaceae

Chrysosplenium lectus-cochleae Kitag.

127

0.13

4

0.2

-

-

15

0.19

90

0.12

Chrysosplenium sinicum Maxim.

1

0.18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Scrophulariaceae

Pseudolysimachion spurium L.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

0.6

Umbelliferae

Carum buriaticum Turcz.

-

-

2

0.45

-

-

-

-

-

-

Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

0.3

-

-

Ostericum grosseserratum Maxim.

-

-

-

-

3

0.06

-

-

-

-

Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai

38

0.09

63

0.09

30

0.08

35

0.08

112

0.07

Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn

-

-

-

-

2

0.2

-

-

-

-

Sanicula rubriflora F. Schmidt ex Maxim.

7

0.18

-

-

1

1.2

36

0.18

-

-

Urticaceae

Urtica angustifolia Fisch. ex Hornem.

20

0.4

-

-

17

0.25

24

0.3

43

0.39

Urtica laetevirens Maxim.

5

0.65

-

-

-

-

1

0.04

3

0.4

Violaceae

Viola chaerophylloides (Regel) W. Becker

4

0.1

6

0.25

22

0.2

-

-

-

-

Coordinates: 

and Latitude; and Longitude.

Taxonomic coverage

Description: 

The dataset contains a total of 5007 tagged individuals representing 95 total taxa identified to species level belonging to 48 families and 78 genera (see Suppl. material 1).

Temporal coverage

Notes: 

Data range: 1 August 2016 - 1 August 2017.

Usage rights

Use license: 
Creative Commons Public Domain Waiver (CC-Zero)

Data resources

Data package title: 
List of all individuals established in all 5 forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve.
Number of data sets: 
1
Data set name: 
raw_data_Lsnnr.xls - Download file
Column label Column description
Forest type Forest community types
Family_name Plant family for the species follwing APG Ⅳ
Genus_name Full scientific name of the genera in which the taxon is classified
Species_name Name of the identified species
Plot number Transect number
Quadrat size Quadrat size in metres
Diameter at breast height (cm) Diameter at breast height in centimetres
High (m) Height of vegetations in metres
Canopy diameter (m) Canopy diameter in metres
Number The number of the plant
Total coverage Coverage of all species in each quadrat
Coverage Coverage of each species

References

Supplementary material

Suppl. material 1: List of all plants recorded in all 5 forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve. 
Authors:  Wang Hongfeng & Dong Xueyun
Data type:  Excel file of List of all plants recorded in all 5 forest types in Liangshui National Natural Reserve
Brief description: 

This is the raw dataset of each plant individual recorded with their diameter at breast height, high, canopy diameter, as well as all shrubs and herbs recorded with their coverage, total coverage, number, height.