Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
A list of bees from three locations in the Northern Rockies Ecoregion (NRE) of western Montana
expand article infoElizabeth G. Reese, Laura A. Burkle, Casey M. Delphia, Terry Griswold§
‡ Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, United States of America
§ USDA-ARS Pollinating Insects Research Unit, Logan, United States of America
Open Access

Abstract

Background

Wild bees that were collected in conjunction with a larger study are presented as a checklist of species for the Northern Rockies Ecoregion of Montana, USA. Over the course of four field seasons (2013-2016), 281 species and morphospecies in 32 genera and five families were collected using insect nets, and identified. This paper addresses the distinct lack of studies monitoring bee species in Montana and contributes to a basic understanding of fauna in the northern Rocky Mountains.

New information

With this study, the number of known bee species in Montana increases by at least six species, from 366 (Kuhlman and Burrows 2017) to 372. Though literature was not reviewed for all the species on this checklist, published records in Montana revealed no listings for Andrena saccata Viereck; Anthidiellum notatum robertsoni (Cockerell); Ashmeadiella meliloti (Cockerell); Ashmeadiella pronitens (Cockerell); Colletes lutzi lutzi Timberlake; and Dioxys productus (Cresson).

Keywords

Apoidea, wild bees, biodiversity, pollinator, Montana, Rocky Mountains, Northern Rockies Ecoregion

Introduction

Faunistic studies characterizing native pollinators are becoming more important for understanding patterns in local and regional biodiversity as species are threatened by habitat loss, climate change and other factors (Green et al. 2005, Lengyel et al. 2008, Losos et al. 2013). Studies documenting wild bee species are particularly critical because bees are the world's primary animal pollinators in most ecosystems (Neff and Simpson 1993, Winfree 2010) and are currently undergoing declines across different spatial scales (Koh et al. 2015), including globally (Council, Natural Resource 2007). Much taxonomic work has focused on regional bee fauna in the eastern United States and several states in the western U.S., however there remains a dearth of studies documenting wild bees in Montana (but see Dolan et al. 2017 and Kuhlman and Burrows 2017).

Here we present a list of bee species from three localities in the northern Rocky Mountains collected over the course of four years as part of a larger project investigating the effects of wildfire on plant-pollinator diversity (Burkle et al. 2015). This paper contributes to the regional list of wild bees in Montana and addresses the need for pollinator monitoring in the western U.S.

Materials and methods

Study Region

The Northern Rockies Ecoregion (NRE) encompasses 162,746 km2 of Idaho, western Montana and northeastern Washington, and is characterized by high, rugged mountain ranges consisting of montane, alpine and subalpine ecosystems (Taylor 2012). Dominant vegetation includes lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), western larch (Larix occidentalis), and mixed conifer forests. Climate in the NRE is dry, with most precipitation occurring as snow, and with very cold winters and short summers (Table 1). We collected bee specimens from the following three localities within the NRE: near Glacier National Park in Flathead County, Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness in Park County, and Helena National Forest in Lewis and Clark County (see Fig. 1).

Characterization of three study localities in the northern Rocky Mountains of Montana, USA. Values for mean annual temperature, mean annual precipitation, and elevation represent the mean of unburned transects within a site (Western Regional Climate Center 2016).

Flathead Co. (Kalispell)

Lewis & Clark Co. (Helena)

Park Co.

(Livingston)

coordinates (latitude, longitude) 48.6, -114.3 46.7, -111.7 45.2, -110.4

temperature (°C)

-2.2

15.8

-13

precipitation (mm)

684

351

632

elevation (m)

1312

1373

2248

Figure 1.  

Map of study localities in the Northern Rockies, Montana, USA.

Collection Methods

At each locality, we established nine 25m diameter circular plots within each of four 15 hectare study blocks. Study blocks were located within previously determined wildfire perimeters. Within a block, plots were randomly stratified to meet research goals related to wildfire severity and to avoid spatial clumping of plots using a generalized random tessellation stratified (GRTS) survey design function in the R spsurvey package (Kincaid and Olsen 2011). Details of site selection and characteristics can be found in Burkle et al. 2015.

Bees were collected over four field seasons (2013-2016) beginning when plants started to bloom after snowmelt (late-May or June) and ending once most flower species had gone to seed (late-August). Collection dates for each species can be found in Supplementary Data Table 1 (Suppl. material 1). Each locality was sampled as often as possible per season, with sampling bouts being chiefly determined by weather. On every visit to a locality, we sampled each plot for 20 minutes. All insects that contacted the reproductive parts of flowers were collected with insect nets, pinned, and labeled with pertinent data, including plant species association. We visited the Lewis and Clark County locality five times in 2013, thirteen times in 2014, nine times in 2015 and seven times in 2016. At the Park County location, we visited two, eleven, nine, and six times in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively; and we visited the Flathead County location three times in 2013, and seven times in both 2014 and 2015.

Species Identification

Bee species were identified by Elizabeth Reese, Terry Griswold, Casey Delphia, Skyler Burrows, Harold Ikerd, Michael Orr, Jason Gibbs and Karen Wright. To make determinations to the lowest possible taxonomic level we used published keys or unpublished works where these were available (Table 2). When keys were not sufficient, or did not exist for this area, we designated morphospecies based on morphological characteristics. Morphospecies were labeled "F" for female or "M" for male and given unique numbers. In cases where two particular species were impossible to differentiate based on morphology, both species names were notated (i.e., females of Agapostemon texanus/angelicus). Specimens are deposited in the Montana State University Pollinator Health Center Collection located in the Burkle Community Ecology Lab at Montana State University in Bozeman, MT and the U.S. National Pollinating Insect Collection in Logan, UT.

List of published keys used for species identification.

Family

Genus

Reference

Andrenidae

Andrena

Bouseman and LaBerge 1978, Donovan 1977, LaBerge 1969, LaBerge and Ribble 1972,
LaBerge 1973, LaBerge 1977, LaBerge 1980, LaBerge 1985, LaBerge 1986, LaBerge and
Ribble 1975
, Ribble 1974, Ribble 1968, Thorp 1969

Panurginus

unpublished works

Protandrena

Timberlake 1976

Apidae

Anthophora

Ascher and Pickering 2016

Bombus

Koch et al. 2012, Thorp et al. 1983, Williams et al. 2014

Ceratina

Daly 1973

Diadasia

Sipes 2001

Epeolus

Brumley 1965

Eucera

Timberlake 1969

Melecta

Hurd and Linsley 1951

Melissodes

LaBerge 1956a, LaBerge 1956b, LaBerge 1961

Triepeolus

Rightmyer 2008

Colletidae

Colletes

Stephen 1954

Hylaeus

Snelling 1966a, Snelling 1966b, Snelling 1970

Halictidae

Agapostemon

Roberts 1973b

Dufourea

Dumesh and Sheffield 2012

Halictus

Roberts 1973a

Lasioglossum

Gibbs 2010, McGinley 1986, McGinley 2003

Megachilidae

Anthidiellum

Hurd and Michener 1955

Anthidium

Gonzalez and Griswold 2013

Ashmeadiella

Hurd and Michener 1955

Chelostoma

Michener 1938

Coelioxys

Baker 1975, DeSilva 2012

Dianthidium

Grigarick and Stange 1968

Dioxys

Hurd 1958

Heriades

Hurd and Michener 1955

Hoplitis

Michener 1947

Megachile

Sheffield et al. 2011

Osmia

Sandhouse 1939, Rightmyer et al. 2010

Stelis

unpublished works

List of Bees

Colletes consors subsp. consors Cresson, 1868

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Colletes fulgidus Swenk, 1904

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites(Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Colletes hyalinus subsp. hyalinus Provancher, 1888

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Colletes kincaidii Cockerell, 1898

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Colletes lutzi subsp. lutzi Timberlake, 1943

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Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Colletes phaceliae Cockerell, 1906

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Cephalylaeus) basalis (Smith, 1853)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Hylaeus) annulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Hylaeus) leptocephalus (Morawitz, 1871)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Hylaeus) mesillae (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Hylaeus) rudbeckiae (Cockerell and Casad, 1895)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Hylaeus) verticalis (Cresson, 1869)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Paraprosopis) coloradensis (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Paraprosopis) nevadensis (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Paraprosopis) wootoni (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Prosopis) episcopalis (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hylaeus (Prosopis) modestus Say, 1837

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Andrena) milwaukeensis Graenicher, 1903

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Andrena) saccata Viereck, 1904

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Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Andrena) thaspii Graenicher, 1903

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Andrena) topazana Cockerell, 1906

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Andrena) sp. F1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Cnemidandrena) surda Cockerell, 1910

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Diandrena) evoluta Linsley & MacSwain, 1961

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Euandrena) lawrencei Viereck, & Cockerell, 1914

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Euandrena) nigrocaerulea Cockerell, 1897

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Geissandrena) trevoris Cockerell, 1897

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Melandrena) nivalis Smith, 1853

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Melandrena) pertristis Cockerell, 1905

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Melandrena) transnigra Viereck, 1904

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Melandrena) vicina Smith, 1853

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Micrandrena) melanochroa Cockerell, 1898

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Micrandrena) microchlora Cockerell, 1922

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Plastandrena) crataegi Robertson, 1893

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Plastandrena) prunorum Cockerell, 1896

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Scaphandrena) aff. shoshoni Ribble, 1974

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Scaphandrena) scurra Viereck, 1904

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Scaphandrena) walleyi Cockerell, 1932

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Thysandrena) candida Smith, 1879

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Thysandrena) knuthiana Cockerell, 1901

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Thysandrena) medionitens Cockerell, 1902

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Thysandrena) vierecki Cockerell, 1904

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) amphibola (Viereck, 1904)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) cleodora (Viereck, 1904)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) cupreotincta Cockerell, 1901

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) miranda Smith, 1879

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) salicifloris Cockerell, 1897

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena (Trachandrena) sigmundi Cockerell, 1902

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F7

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F8

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F11

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F12

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F13

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F14

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F15

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F16

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Andrena sp. F17

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Panurginus atriceps (Cresson, 1878)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Panurginus sp. F1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Panurginus sp.1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Protandrena (Pterosarus) innuptus (Cockerell, 1896)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Agapostemon (Agapostemon) texanus Cresson, 1872

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Agapostemon (Agapostemon) virescens (Fabricius, 1775)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dufourea dilatipes Bohart, 1948

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dufourea maura (Cresson, 1878)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dufourea trochantera Bohart, 1948

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Halictus (Nealictus) farinosus Smith, 1853

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Halictus (Odontalictus) ligatus Say, 1837

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Halictus (Protohalictus) rubicundus (Christ, 1791)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Halictus (Seladonia) confusus Smith, 1853

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1),)

Halictus (Seladonia) tripartitus Cockerell, 1895

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) abundipunctum Gibbs, 2010

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) aff.caducum (Sandhouse, 1924)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) aff.nevadense (Crawford, 1907)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) albipenne (Robertson, 1890)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) brunneiventre (Crawford, 1907)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) ebmerellum Gibbs, 2010

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) ephialtum Gibbs, 2010

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) hudsoniellum (Cockerell, 1919)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) hyalinum Crawford, 1907

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) marinense (Michener, 1936)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) nevadense (Crawford, 1907)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) nigroviride (Graenicher, 1911)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) aff.lilliputense Gibbs, 2010

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) aff.occidentale (Crawford, 1902)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) aff.pavoninum (Ellis, 1913)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) obnubilum (Sandhouse, 1924)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) occidentale (Crawford, 1902)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) planatum (Lovell, 1905)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) pruinosum (Robertson, 1892)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) ruidosense (Cockerell, 1897)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) sedi (Sandhouse, 1924)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead county sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) semicaeruleum (Cockerell, 1895)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) sp. F17

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) sp. F27

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead county sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) succinipenne (Ellis, 1913)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) tenax (Sandhouse, 1924)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) versatum (Robertson, 1902)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) vierecki (Crawford, 1904)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F2

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F3

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F4

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Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F5

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F6

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F7

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F8

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F9

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sp. F28

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) anhypops McGinley, 1986

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) egregium (Vachal, 1904)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) paraforbesii McGinley, 1986

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) sisymbrii (Cockerell, 1895)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Leuchalictus) leucozonium (Schrank, 1781)

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Sphecodogastra) aberrans (Crawford, 1903)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Lasioglossum (Sphecodogastra) lusorium (Cresson, 1872)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidiellum (Loyolanthidium) notatum subsp. Robertsoni (Cockerell, 1904)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) atrifrons Cresson, 1868

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) clypeodentatum Swenk, 1914

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) formosum Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) mormonum Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) placitum Cresson, 1879

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) tenuiflorae Cockerell, 1907

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthidium (Anthidium) utahense Swenk, 1914

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) gillettei Titus, 1904

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) bucconis (Say, 1837)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) cactorum (Cockerell, 1897)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) californica (Ashmead, 1897)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) meliloti (Cockerell, 1897)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ashmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) pronitens (Cockerell, 1906)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Chelostoma (Chelostoma) minutum Crawford, 1916

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Boreocoelioxys) moesta Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Boreocoelioxys) porterae Cockerell, 1900

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Boreocoelioxys) rufitarsis Smith, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Coelioxys) sodalis Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Cyrtocoelioxys) modesta Smith, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Paracoelioxys) funeraria Smith, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Coelioxys (Synocoelioxys) alternata Say, 1837

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dianthidium (Dianthidium) cressonii (Dalla Torre, 1896)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dianthidium (Dianthidium) subparvum Swenk, 1914

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dianthidium (Dianthidium) ulkei (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Dioxys productus (Cresson, 1879)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

New species for Montana. Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Heriades (Neotrypetes) carinatus Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Heriades (Neotrypetes) cressoni Michener, 1938

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Heriades (Neotrypetes) variolosa (Cresson, 1872)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) albifrons subsp. argentifrons (Cresson, 1864)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) fulgida subsp. fulgida (Cresson, 1864)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) grinnelli (Cockerell, 1910)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) hypocrita (Cockerell, 1906)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) producta (Cresson, 1864)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) truncata (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Hoplitis (Formicapis) robusta (Nylander, 1848)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Argyropile) parallela Smith, 1853

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Chelostomoides) campanulae (Robertson, 1903)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Chelostomoides) angelarum Cockerell, 1902

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Eutricharaea) apicalis Spinola, 1808

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Eutricharaea) rotundata (Fabricius, 1793)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Litomegachile) brevis Say, 1837

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Litomegachile) onobrychidis Cockerell, 1905

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Litomegachile) texana Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Megachile) lapponica Thomson, 1872

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Megachile) montivaga Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Megachile) relativa Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Megachiloides) subnigra Cresson, 1879

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Megachiloides) wheeleri Mitchell, 1927

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Sayapis) fidelis Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site ((Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Sayapis) pugnata Say, 1837

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Xanthosarus) frigida Smith, 1853

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Xanthosarus) gemula Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Xanthosarus) latimanus Say, 1823

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea Smith, 1853

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Megachile (Xanthosarus) perihirta Cockerell, 1898

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Cephalosmia) californica Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Cephalosmia) marginipennis Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Cephalosmia) montana subsp. montana Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Cephalosmia) subaustralis Cockerell, 1900

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Hapsidosmia) iridis Cockerell and Titus, 1902

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Helicosmia) coloradensis Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Helicosmia) texana Cresson, 1872

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) aff.albolateralis Cockerell, 1906

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) aff.grindeliae Cockerell, 1900

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) aff.paradisica Sandhouse, 1924

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) aff.pusilla Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) albolateralis Cockerell, 1906

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) atrocyanea Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) brevis Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) bruneri Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) bucephala Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) cyanella Cockerell, 189

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) densa Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) ednae Cockerell, 1907

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) grindeliae Cockerell, 1910

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) inermis (Zetterstedt, 1838)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) integra Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) juxta Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) kincaidii Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) longula Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) malina Cockerell, 1909

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) nigrifrons Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) nigriventris (Zetterstedt, 1838)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) odontogaster gr.sp.1

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) odontogaster gr.sp.2

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) paradisica Sandhouse, 1924

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) pentstemonis Cockerell, 1906

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) phaceliae Cockerell, 1907

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) physariae Cockerell, 1907

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) pikei Cockerell, 1907

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) proxima Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) pusilla Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) sculleni Sandhouse, 1939

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) simillima Smith, 1853

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) sp.3

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) sp.9

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) tersula Cockerell, 1912

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) trevoris Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Melanosmia) tristella Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Osmia (Osmia) lignaria subsp. propinqua Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) aff. permaculata Cockerell, 1898

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) calliphorina (Cockerell, 1911)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) callura Cockerell, 1925

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) carnifex Cockerell, 1911

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) foederalis gr.sp.2

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) foederalis gr.sp.6

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) foederalis gr.sp.7

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) foederalis gr.sp.8

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) montana Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) monticola Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) nitida Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Stelis (Stelis) permaculata Cockerell, 1898

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthophora (Clisodon) terminalis Cresson, 1869

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthophora (Lophanthophora) pacifica Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthophora (Lophanthophora) ursina Cresson, 1869

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthophora (Melea) bomboides Kirby, 1838

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Anthophora (Mystacanthophora) urbana Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Bombus) occidentalis Greene, 1858

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Cullumanobombus) griseocollis (De Geer, 1773)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Cullumanobombus) rufocinctus Cresson, 1863

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Psithyrus) flavidus Eversmann, 1852

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Psithyrus) insularis (Smith, 1861)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Psithyrus) suckleyi Greene, 1860

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) bifarius Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) centralis Cresson, 1864

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) flavifrons Cresson, 1863

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) huntii Greene, 1860

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) melanopygus Nylander, 1848

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) mixtus Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) sitkensis Nylander, 1848

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Pyrobombus) vagans Smith, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Subterraneobombus) appositus Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Subterraneobombus) borealis Kirby, 1837

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Thoracobombus) californicus Smith, 1854

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Bombus (Thoracobombus) fervidus (Fabricius, 1798)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ceratina (Zadontomerus) nanula Cockerell, 1897

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County, Park County and Flathead County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Ceratina (Zadontomerus) neomexicana Cockerell, 1901

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Diadasia (Coquillettapis) diminuta (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Epeolus sp.

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Eucera (Synhalonia) edwardsii (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Eucera (Synhalonia) frater (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Eucera (Synhalonia) fulvitarsis (Cresson, 1878)

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melecta (Melecta) pacifica subsp. fulvida Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melecta (Melecta) separata Cresson, 1879

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) confusa Cresson, 1878

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) coreopsis Robertson, 1905

Material    Download as CSV 
Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) hymenoxidis Cockerell, 1906

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) microstictus Cockerell, 1905

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) utahensis LaBerge, 1961

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes (Heliomelissodes) rivalis Cresson, 1872

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes sp. F1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes sp. F2

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Melissodes unk1

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada edwardsii Cresson, 1878

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F1

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F2

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F3

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County and Park County sites (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F4

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F5

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F6

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Notes: 

Collected from the Park County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F7

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Notes: 

Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Nomada sp. F8

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Collected from the Flathead County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Triepeolus paenepectoralis Viereck, 1905

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Collected from the Lewis and Clark County site (Table 1, Suppl. material 1)

Analysis

We collected 8011 bee specimens representing 281 species and morphospecies in 32 genera and five families between 2013 and 2016. Following are the total number of specimens by family (to avoid inflating species richness, we did not include male morphospecies in species counts because female morphospecies may have been the same species): Colletidae: 357 specimens, 2 genera, 17 species; Andrenidae: 395 specimens, 3 genera, 44 species and morphospecies; Halictidae: 1251 specimens, 4 genera, 55 species and morphospecies; Megachilidae: 2920 specimens, 12 genera, 113 species and morphospecies; Apidae: 3088 specimens, 11 genera, 52 species and morphospecies.

Though resources did not allow for a comprehensive literature search to assess new state records for all the species on this checklist, an exploratory search for 25 of the species (in no particular order) revealed no previously published records in Montana for Andrena saccata Viereck; Anthidiellum notatum robertsoni (Cockerell); Ashmeadiella meliloti (Cockerell); Ashmeadiella pronitens (Cockerell); Colletes lutzi lutzi Timberlake; and Dioxys productus (Cresson). In addition, Dolan et al. (2017) reported a specimen of Bombus borealis Kirby from this study to be a first Montana state record. In effect, this brings the number of known bee species in Montana up from 366 (Kuhlman and Burrows 2017) to at least 372, and indicates a clear need for more extensive bee surveys in the state.

Discussion

Because Montana spans a large area of diverse topography, landscape and climate (Dolan et al. 2017), species groups are likely to vary among different locations. For instance, compared with a checklist of bees from a similar montane habitat in Montana (Kuhlman and Burrows 2017), there was some overlap among species, with 121 species (not including morphospecies) in common with our list, but also some variability, with 126 species unique to our study. When compared to an unpublished study on bees associated with native flower strips around agricultural fields in the Gallatin Valley, Montana (C.M. Delphia pers. com.), the species suites included 117 species in common and 130 unique to our study. We expect that future biosurvey efforts will reveal hundreds of species not yet listed in Montana.

There is growing evidence of declines in wild bee species diversity (Winfree et al. 2009, Winfree 2010, Potts et al. 2010, Burkle et al. 2013, Goulson et al. 2015, Woodcock et al. 2016, Koh et al. 2015). In order to determine whether bee declines are occurring, baseline data or repeated monitoring surveys are required. The lack of comprehensive surveys or monitoring of native bee populations across Montana has resulted in a lack of species lists for the state as well as difficulty in tracking population, species, and community trends. This checklist adds to the basic understanding of native bee fauna, and we hope it will stimulate further research in this important field.

References

Supplementary material

Suppl. material 1: Supplementary Table1 
Authors:  Elizabeth G. Reese, Laura A. Burkle, Casey M. Delphia, Terry Griswold
Data type:  Species Collection Dates