Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservación Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica
expand article infoAJ Fleming, D. Monty Wood, M. Alex Smith§, Tanya Dapkey|, Winnie Hallwachs|, Daniel Janzen|
‡ Agriculture Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
§ University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada
| Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States of America
Open Access

Abstract

Background

We describe 22 new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend, 1892 (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG) in north-western Costa Rica. All species were reared from an ongoing inventory of wild-caught caterpillars spanning a variety of families (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae, Crambidae, Depressariidae, Doidae, Erebidae, Euteliidae, Gelechiidae, Geometridae, Hedylidae, Hesperiidae, Immidae, Lasiocampidae, Limacodidae, Megalopygidae, Mimaloniidae, Noctuidae, Nolidae, Notodontidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Phiditiidae, Pterophoridae, Pyralidae, Riodinidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Thyrididae, Tortricidae and Zygaenidae). We provide a morphological description of each species together with information on life history, molecular data and photographic documentation. In addition to the new species, we provide a redescription of the genus, as well as the redescription of three previously described species, which were also collected within ACG during this study: Hyphantrophaga angustata (van der Wulp), Hyphantrophaga myersi (Aldrich) and Hyphantrophaga virilis (Aldrich & Webber).

New information

The following 22 new species of Hyphantrophaga are described: Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga albopilosa Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga anacordobae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga calva Fleming & Wood sp. n.., Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga danausophaga Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga duniagarciae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga edwinapui Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga eldaarayae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga eliethcantillanoe Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga gilberthampiei Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga luciariosae Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga manuelriosi Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga morphophaga Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga nigricauda Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai Fleming & Wood sp. n., Hyphantrophaga pabloumanai Fleming & Wood sp. n. and Hyphantrophaga similis Fleming & Wood sp. n.

The following are proposed by Wood as new synonyms of Hyphantrophaga Townsend, 1892: Brachymasicera Townsend, 1911 syn. n., Ommasicera Townsend, 1911 syn. n., Ophirosturmia Townsend, 1911 syn. n., Patillalia Curran, 1934 syn. n. and Ypophaemyiops Townsend, 1935 syn. n.

The following nine new combinations are proposed as a result of the new synonymies: Hyphantrophaga adamsoni (Thompson, 1963), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga fasciata (Curran, 1934), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga glauca (Giglio-Tos, 1893), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga gowdeyi (Curran, 1926), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga myersi (Aldrich, 1933), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga nigripes (Townsend, 1928), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga optica (Schiner, 1868), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga polita (Townsend, 1911), comb. n., Hyphantrophaga subpolita (Townsend, 1912), comb. n.

Keywords

caterpillar, tropical, Goniini, parasitoid, fly, rain forest, dry forest, cloud forest, ACG

Introduction

The New World genus Hyphantrophaga (Exoristinae: Goniini) was erected by Townsend (1892). He initially described the type species, Meigenia hyphantriae Townsend, 1891, reluctantly placing it in the genus Meigenia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830; one year later (Townsend 1892), after further analysis and clarification, he changed his mind and moved M. hyphantriae to the new genus Hyphantrophaga. The original description of M. hyphantriae was based on four specimens (three females, one male) reared from Hyphantria cunea (Drury, 1773) (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) collected during his time at Las Cruces, New Mexico. When Townsend (1892) described the new genus, he realised that what he had initially thought was a male was, in fact, a female. As a result, the new genus Hyphantrophaga was based on four female syntypes of which only two remain, deposited in SEMK and USNM, respectively. In the same work, he also added the description of two males collected later, in 1891.

In an afterword to the description, Townsend suggested that M. hyphantriae could be differentiated from all other species of Meigenia by the lack of discal setae present on all abdominal segments with the exception of T5 and the morphology of the face (two character states useful in differentiating species, but that we now see as variable within the genus). As in Houghia Coquillett, 1897, the accurate identification of Hyphantrophaga is based on a characteristic “gestalt” that comprises the combination of features within the genus and the fact that the females lay microtype eggs.

Since its original description, the genus has seen many changes. Sellers (1943) made Hyphantrophaga a junior synonym of Zenillia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830. Twenty-two years later, Sabrosky and Arnaud (1965) treated the genus as valid (without officially resurrecting it), raising the number of valid species to three. It was not until much later that O’Hara and Wood (1998) officially resurrected the genus, acknowledging some of the changes to the generic limits suggested by Sellers (1943). They also synonimised Eusisyropa Townsend, 1908 and increased the number of valid species of Hyphantrophaga from three to 15, with 10 of these belonging to the Neotropical fauna.

Hyphantrophaga belongs to the tribe Goniini; females of all members of this tribe lay "microtype" eggs directly on the foliage, often in direct proximity to or around the host caterpillar. As the host feeds, the tachinid egg is consumed along with the leaf fragments. Upon hatching, the first instar larva traverses the gut wall and finds its way to a "safe" space within the caterpillar's body, where it remains until it eventually kills its host and continues feeding on the carcass until it pupates. Only very rarely does the larva not kill the caterpillar (e.g. DeVries 1984 recorded a reared adult butterfly from a caterpillar that had already produced viable tachinid larvae).

All of the new species of Hyphantrophaga reared from Area de Conservaci ón Guanacaste (ACG) described in this paper are based on differences in external morphology, male terminalia, CO1 (cox1 or cytochrome oxidase 1) gene sequences and on comparison by AJF and DMW with other named species of Hyphantrophaga from other regions. It is important to note, however, that these new species are not to be taken as an indication of the total number of species of Hyphantrophaga, even in such a small country as Costa Rica. Comparisons of tachinids collected during the ACG inventory with those present in the national collection in the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica (formerly INBIO) show minimal overlap in species, suggesting that the tachinid fauna in other parts of the country is quite different from that of ACG and requires much additional study. Our study provides the descriptions of 22 new species of Hyphantrophaga; we also synonymise five genera under Hyphantrophaga, leading to nine new combinations of species names under that genus and thereby increasing the total number of species in the genus from 15 to 46. There may also be a small number of apparent species of Hyphantrophaga that have been reared by the ACG inventory and which at present can only be distinguished by their gene sequences (henceforth referred to as DNA barcodes) and host records or of which there is insufficient material to make an accurate diagnosis. We have elected to leave such species for potential later description once additional material is available.

The present study is part of a larger group of studies documenting the tachinid species living within ACG (http://www.acguanacaste.ac.cr) and providing names for new species as they are discovered (Fleming et al. 2014b, Fleming et al. 2014a, Fleming et al. 2015a, Fleming et al. 2015c, Fleming et al. 2015b, Fleming et al. 2015d, Fleming et al. 2016a, Fleming et al. 2016b, Fleming et al. 2017). This series of taxonomic papers will represent a baseline for further, detailed ecological and behavioural accounts and studies extending across ACG ecological groups, whole ecosystems and taxonomic assemblages much larger than a genus.

Materials and methods

Project aims and rearing intensity

All flies and rearing information described here were collected by the ongoing ACG inventory of the caterpillars, their food plants and their parasitoids, throughout the major ACG terrestrial ecosystems (Smith et al. 2006, Smith et al. 2007, Smith et al. 2008, Janzen et al. 2009, Janzen and Hallwachs 2011, Smith et al. 2009, Smith et al. 2012, Rodriguez et al. 2012, Fleming et al. 2014a, Janzen et al. 2016). The parasitoid rearing methods are described at http://janzen.bio.upenn.edu/caterpillars/methodology/how/parasitoid_husbandry.htm. This inventory has reared more than 750,000+ wild-caught caterpillars since its inception (Janzen et al. 2009, Janzen and Hallwachs 2011, Fernandez-Triana et al. 2014). This effort is continuing to provide an unprecedented amount of data, providing an invaluable tri-trophic image on parasitoid biology including parasitoids, hosts and host plants. All frequencies of parasitisation reported here need to be considered against this background inventory.

The scope of our treatment of the genus Hyphantrophaga is limited to those species found in the Mesoamerican region, from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in southern Mexico to the Darién gap along the southern border of Panama with Colombia. While we took into account all known species in our comparisons and diagnoses of the new species, only the species distributed within this region are included in the key.

Imaging and dissections

The species accounts and descriptions presented in this paper are complemented by a series of colour photos, used to illustrate the morphological differences and similarities amongst the species. The morphological terminology used follows Cumming and Wood (2009). The characters in our descriptions are presented in order of appearance on the body from the front to the rear and arranged under the headings Head, Thorax, Abdomen and Male terminalia. All dissections and photography were carried out following the methods detailed by Fleming et al. (2014a). Measurements and examples of anatomical landmarks discussed herein are illustrated in Fig. 1. Whenever possible, males were selected preferentially as the holotype, since they bear the most differences in external morphology and are thus better for distinguishing the species. Note that, in cases where only one male was available, this was designated as the holotype and was not subjected to dissection.

Figure 1.

Examples of measurements and landmark anatomical features.

aSample of measured areas from front of head as shown on Hyphantrophaga virilis (Aldrich & Webber, 1924); vrt, vertex; hw, head width  
bDetailed view of hind coxa showing setose hind margin in Hyphantrophaga virilis  
cVentral view of abdomen in Hyphantrophaga albopilosa sp. n. showing presence of sex patches on T4 and T5  
dVentral view of abdomen in Hyphantrophaga guillermopereirai sp. n. showing absence of sex patches  
eDetailed lateral view of male genitalia of Hyphantrophaga nigricauda sp. n. Abbreviations: acroph = acrophallus; cerc = cercus; distph = distiphallus; epand = epandrium; epiph = epiphallus; hypd = hypandrium; pgt = postgonite; pregt = pregonite; sur = surstylus  
fDetailed ventral view of sternite 5 of Hyphantrophaga myersi (Aldrich, 1933). Abbreviations: ae = anterior edge; ap = anterior plate; mc = median cleft; pe = posterior edge; pl = posterior lobes  

Voucher specimen management

The management of voucher specimens has been detailed in previous papers in this series (Fleming et al. 2014a). In brief, caterpillars reared from the ACG inventory receive a unique voucher code in the format yy–SRNP–xxxxx. Parasitoids emerging from a caterpillar receive the same voucher code; when/if they are later individually processed for DNA barcoding, each receives a second, unique voucher code in the format DHJPARxxxxxxx. The associated data for each voucher code are available at: http://janzen.bio.upenn.edu/caterpillars/database.lasso. All associated data and successful barcodes are permanently and publicly deposited in the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) (Ratnasingham and Hebert 2007), with a select set of these data also subsequently migrated to GenBank. Each barcoded specimen also receives accession numbers from the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) and GenBank, respectively. The dynamic nature of the inventory means that it is continually adding new specimens, which can be found by searching for the genus Hyphantrophaga in BOLD.

All inventoried specimens, discussed herein, were collected under Costa Rican government research permits issued to DHJ and the Tachinidae samples were exported under permit by DHJ from Costa Rica to their final depository in the CNC. Tachinid identifications for the inventory are conducted by DHJ in coordination with a) visual inspection of morphology by AJF and DMW, b) DNA barcoding by MAS and BIO and c) databasing and association with host caterpillars by DHJ and WH, through the inventory itself.

The date of capture cited for each specimen is the date of eclosion of the fly and not the date of capture of the caterpillar. Eclosion date is much more representative of the time when that fly species is on the wing than is the time of capture of the parasitised caterpillar. The “collector” is the parataxonomist who found the caterpillar, rather than the person who later retrieved the newly eclosed fly and processed it by freezing, pinning, labelling and oven-drying. The type-series of the newly-described species are housed in the Diptera collection of the Canadian National Collection (CNC).

Acronyms for Depositories

AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, USA

CAS California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA

CNC Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Canada

MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

MACN Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires, Argentina

MNHN Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

NHMUK Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom (formerly British Museum (Natural History))

NHMW Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria

SEMK Snow Entomological Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA

USNM National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. (formerly United States National Museum)

Interim names for undescribed host species

As in the other papers in this series, our convention for naming undescribed host species follows a standardised, interim naming system used for taxonomic units considered as distinct species and identified by DNA barcodes. Interim names are given in the format "Eois Janzen52" or "Caviria reginaDHJ01", where the "species epithet" is either composed of the name of the taxonomist who identified the species and a number or the name of a species-group followed by a code. This prevents confusion with already described species while maintaining traceability of each undescribed species within the ACG project.

DNA barcoding

We generated DNA extracts from single legs using a standard glass fibre protocol (Ivanova et al. 2006), using the standard DNA barcode region (5’ cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene) for all specimens of ACG Hyphantrophaga. The DNA barcodes (658 bp near the 5’ terminus of the COI gene) were amplified using general insect primers, using standard protocols for both production and quality control (Smith et al. 2006, Smith et al. 2007, Smith et al. 2008, Smith et al. 2009, Smith et al. 2012). All DNA sequences, trace files and accessions were deposited in the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) (Ratnasingham and Hebert 2007). Metadata (including GenBank accession codes) associated with each sequence can be consulted on BOLD, by using the persistent DOI dx.doi.org/10.5883/DS-ASACGHYP.

In some cases of ecological specialisation displaying only slight (or in one case, no) barcode divergences, we amplified the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 & ITS2) of the ribosomal RNA. Primers for ITS1 occur in conserved protein coding areas (18S and 5.8S). PCR reactions were carried out in 12.5 ml reaction volumes containing: 2.5 mM MgCl2, 25 pmol of each primer, 50 mM dNTPs, 10 mM Tris·HCl (pH 8.3), 50 mM KCl, 10-20 ng (1–2 ml) of genomic DNA and 1 unit of Platinum TaqDNA polymerase, using a thermocycling profile of 1 cycle of 2 min at 94°C, 40 cycles of 40 sec at 94°C, 40 sec at 67°C and 2 min at 72°C, with a final step of 5 min at 72°C. We directly sequenced the amplifications using the primers CAS18Fs1 and CAS5p8sB1d (Ji et al. 2003). Amplicons were evaluated using Sequencher version 5.0 (Gene Codes), examined by eye using Bioedit (Hall 1999) and aligned using Muscle (Edgar 2004).

Hyphantrophaga morphophaga species group

Our analysis of the genus Hyphantrophaga required us to create a special group to separate a pair of cryptic species, including two of the new species described herein, Hyphantrophaga morphophaga sp. n. and Hyphantrophaga danausophaga sp. n. As of the writing of this paper, species in this group are distinguishable only by life history and behaviour. The implications and diagnosis of this special group, termed here the "Hyphantrophaga morphophaga species group", will be discussed in the analysis section below.

The species, belonging to this group, share morphological and molecular similarities but differ considerably in their host preference, life history and habitat. Both species share the following combination of character states: pedicel brown to black, concolorous with first flagellomere; thorax hirsute, covered in black setulae throughout; three katepisternal setae; median marginal setae present on all tergites including ST1+2; discal setae absent on all but T5; males with distinctive sex patch; and hind coxa either setose or bare.

Taxon treatments

Hyphantrophaga  Townsend, 1892

Nomenclature

Hyphantrophaga Townsend, 1892: 247. Type species: Meigenia hyphantriae Townsend, 1891, by original designation.

Eusisyropa Townsend, 1908: 97. Type species: Tachina blanda Osten Sacken, 1887, by monotypy. Synonymy by O’Hara and Wood 1998

Brachymasicera Townsend, 1911: 133. Type species: Brachymasicera polita Townsend, 1911, by original designation. Syn. n.

Ommasicera Townsend, 1911: 145. Type species: Ommasicera chaetosa Townsend, 1911, by monotypy. Syn. n. [Original description of genus based on female reproductive system, full description of the adult was not provided until Townsend 1912: 337.]

Oomasicera. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Ommasicera Townsend, 1911 (Guimaraes 1971: 204).

Ophirosturmia Townsend, 1911: 133. Type species: Ophirosturmia cincta Townsend, 1911, by original designation. Syn. n.

Patillalia Curran, 1934: 459. Type species: Patillalia fasciata Curran, 1934, by original designation. Syn. n.

Ypophaemyiops Townsend, 1935: 233. Type species: Prophryno myersi Aldrich, 1933, by original designation. Syn. n.

Other species included in Hyphantrophaga Townsend, 1892

adamsoni Thompson, 1963: 293 (Zenillia). Holotype female (CNC). Type locality: Trinidad, St. Augustine. Comb. n.

angustata van der Wulp, 1890: 70 (Exorista). Holotype male (NHMUK). Type locality: Mexico, Guerrero, Chilpancingo, 4600 ft.

coquilletti Aldrich & Webber, 1924: 18 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: USA, Texas, Belfrage.

auratofrontalis Brèthes, 1908: 475 (Exorista). Syntypes male and female (MACN). Type locality: Argentina, Buenos Aires.

autographae Sellers, 1943: 23 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Cuba, Baraguá.

blanda Osten Sacken, 1887: 162 (Tachina (Exorista)). Holotype female (MCZ). Type locality: unknown (Massachusetts according to Townsend 1941:266.

boarmiae Coquillett, 1897: 95 (Exorista). Lectotype female (USNM), by designation of Aldrich and Webber 1924: 39. Type locality: USA, Massachusetts, Cotuit.

hypenae Coquillett in Howard 1897: 47 (Exorista). Nomen nudum

proserpina Williston, 1889: 1919 (Exorista, as subspecies of blanda). Holotype male (depository unknown). Type locality: unknown.

blandita Coquillett, 1897: 96 (Exorista). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: USA, New Hampshire, Franconia.

blandoides Thompson, 1963: 297 (Eusisyropa). Holotype female (CNC). Type locality: Trinidad, Sta. Cruz Valley.

brasiliensis Moreira, 1915: 227 (Masicera). Type status unclear, depository unknown. Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Nomen dubium

chaetosa Townsend, 1911: 145 [description based on female reproductive system; full description of adult in Townsend 1912: 337] (Ommasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Piura, Valle del Río Chira, Sullana. Comb. n.

collina Reinhard, 1944: 68 (Zenillia). Holotype male (SEMK). Type locality: USA, Arizona, Chiricahua Mountains.

euchaetiae Sellers, 1943: 13 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: USA, New York, Clayton.

fasciata Curran, 1934: 469 (Patillalia). Holotype female (AMNH). Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Patilla Point. Comb. n.

glauca Giglio-Tos, 1893: 6 (Masicera). Holotype female (MZUT). Type locality: Mexico.

gowdeyi Curran, 1926: 112 (Zenillia). Holotype female (AMNH). Type locality: Jamaica, St. Andrew Parish, Cinchona Botanical Gardens (as Hill Gardens). Comb. n.

hyphantriae Townsend, 1891: 176 (Meigenia). Lectotype male (USNM), by present designation of Wood. Type locality: USA, New Mexico, Las Cruces.

ceratomiae Coquillett, 1897: 101 (Exorista). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: USA, Texas, Fort Worth.

desmiae Sellers, 1943: 16 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: USA, California, Exeter.

myersi Aldrich, 1933: 173 (Prophryno). Holotype male (NHMUK). Type locality: Guyana (as British Guiana), Pakeraima Mts., Upper Ireng River. Comb. n.

nigripes Townsend, 1928: 159 (Brachymasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Chiclayo, Pomalca. Comb. n.

niveifacies Macquart, 1851a: 162 [also Macquart, 1851b: 189] (Exorista). 2 syntypes: 1 male, 1 female (MNHN). Type locality: Brazil, Bahia, Salvador (as “Bahia”).

optica Schiner, 1868: 327 (Exorista). Holotype female (NHMW). Type locality: Brazil. Comb. n.

polita Townsend, 1911: 143 (Brachymasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Piura. Comb. n.

scolex Reinhard, 1953: 56 (Zenillia) Holotype female (CAS). Type locality: USA, California, Los Angeles County, Tanbark Flat.

sellersi Sabrosky, 1983: 254 (Eusisyropa). 12 syntypes: 6 males, 6 females (USNM). Type locality: USA, Mississippi, Oxford; [new name for boarmiae of authors, not Coquillett, 1897 (Sabrosky 1983); name made available by Sabrosky (1983) in a bibliographic reference to the diagnosis of boarmiae in the Sellers' key (Sellers 1943: 6–7) to the species of Zenillia].

subpolita Townsend, 1912: 341 (Brachymasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Piura. Comb. n.

tucumanensis Sellers, 1943: 21 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Argentina, Tucuman.

virilis Aldrich & Webber, 1924: 40 (Zenillia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: USA, Illinois, Chicago [as New York, Rye, in error - see Arnaud 1963: 116.

Type species

Meigenia hyphantriae Townsend, 1891 - Townsend 1891 [176].
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Description

Male. Head (Fig. 1a): vertex 1/4–1/3 of head width; 1–3 reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae proclinate, well-developed, long and arising either beside or behind anterior ocellus; eye haired in all species; parafacial bare; fronto-orbital plate ranging from shiny silver or gold to brownish with a silver sheen and displaying varying degrees of hirsuteness, with setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; lower margin of face level with vibrissa, thus not visible in profile; facial ridge bare in most species with two notable exceptions, H. hazelcambroneroae sp. n. and H. myersi, in which the facial ridge is setulose; arista ranging from bare to minutely pubescent, usually distinctly thickened on basal 1/4 or 1/5, ranging in colour from orange to dark brown/black. Thorax: ranging from bright gold tomentose to dull grey; 2–4 prominent dorsal vittae, which can be thick and unbroken or thin and only scarcely visible under certain angles of light; prosternum setose; proepisternum with 1–5 main setae surrounded by a brush of shorter, weaker, hairlike setulae; postpronotum with 3–6 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3–4:3; dorsocentral setae 3–4:3–4 (only three exceptions displaying three postsutural dorsocentral setae: H. calva sp. n., H. fasciata, H. hazelcambroneroae sp. n.); intra-alar setae 2–4:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; 2–3 katepisternal setae; scutellum with four pairs of marginal setae (basal, lateral, subapical and apical); basal scutellar setae often longer than or subequal to lateral scutellar setae; subapical setae typically the strongest of the scutellar marginal setae, ranging from slightly curved and medially convergent to parallel, straight or divergent; ranging in length from equal to or longer than basal scutellar setae; apical setae crossed and short, usually 1/4 length of subapical setae, slightly upturned, at a slight upward angle compared to the plane of the rest of the marginal scutellar setae. Legs: ranging in ground colour from yellow to black; hind coxa bare or setose, with a single seta along dorsal margin (Fig. 1b) (this character is sexually dimorphic within H. calva sp. n. and variable in both sexes of H. proxima sp. n. and H. vicina sp. n.). Wings: pale translucent, not strongly infuscate; vein R4+5 setose, with only 2–3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 1c, d): ground colour ranging from black to different tonalities of brown to orange; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 ranging from reaching halfway across the syntergite to almost reaching the hind margin; median marginal setae present on T3 and T4 and often on ST1+2; median discal setae most often confined to T5, but this varies amongst species, with some species displaying median discal setae on T3, T4 and T5; the presence of a sex patch is variable amongst species, ranging from absent to present anywhere between T3–T5. Terminalia (Fig. 1e, f): sternite 5 with a deeply excavated median cleft along posterior edge, smoothly U-shaped, with margins covered in dense tomentum; posterior lobes rounded apically, either bare with multiple fine hairlike setulae or with 2–3 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 subequal to or longer than posterior lobes; unsclerotised "window" on anterior plate of sternite 5 ranging from absent to almost entirely transparent, directly basal to posterior lobes; the shape of the window, as well as its presence, varies between species. Cerci in posterior view variable between species, ranging from rectangular, digitiform, to triangular; either longer than or only slightly shorter than surstyli; blunt and rounded at apex to apically pointed, either completely separate medially to fused along most of their length; in lateral view often with a strong downward curve at apex, giving it a clubbed appearance; densely setulose along basal 2/3, ventrally setose along entire length. Surstylus in lateral view almost parallel sided along its length, sometimes ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear bladelike; when viewed dorsally, the surstyli range from being slightly divergent to slightly convergent or with inward-curved apices, but never strongly convergent. Pregonite usually broad, well-developed, apically squared off or rounded, usually blunt, typically devoid of setulae. Postgonite slightly narrowed, up to 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex, typically short and scythelike, with few exceptions in which the postgonite is subequal in length to the pregonite. Epiphallus well-developed and apically hooked. Distiphallus broadly cone-shaped (in some species this cone or flare is much more pronounced, in others it is square or barrel-shaped), with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral sclerotised acrophallus on anterior surface near apex.

Female. As male except in the following traits: head with two pairs of proclinate orbital setae. Abdomen slightly more globose than in male; T5 folded over into a narrow slit, a trait stereotypical of the tribe Goniini. In cases where sexual dimorphism was observed, the differing character states are mentioned in the species descriptions.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga, as all other Goniini, is difficult to characterise to tribe based on morphological character states and can only be reliably ascribed to this tribe (sensu Herting 1984) based on its microtype ovipary. However, Hyphantrophaga does possess a combination of traits that can be considered stereotypical of the group: prosternum setose; males of all species with two pairs of well-developed reclinate upper orbital setae, proclinate orbital setae only present in females (a character state that distinguishes them from males of Houghia Coquillet and Carcelia Robineau-Desvoidy, in which orbital setae are absent or proclinate); the ocellar setae are always proclinate and in most species arise beside the anterior ocellus; the parafacial, katepimeron and the upper half or more of the facial ridge, are bare; 3–4 well-developed and evenly-spaced postsutural supra-alar setae, the anteriormost being stouter than the first postsutural dorsocentral seta; median discal setae present only on abdominal T5 (in most species); the three major setae of the postpronotum are arranged in a triangle; wings lacking costal spine; hind coxa can be setose or bare (in some cases this character state can be sexually variable within species). The height of the gena is about 1/5 to 1/10 the height of the head, which approaches the condition found in some Houghia and differentiates Hyphantrophaga from the members of Carcelia. The eyes of all species of Hyphantrophaga are haired; however, in a few species, the ommatrichia can be short and sparse. The 22 species of Hyphantrophaga described herein can be identified to genus using the keys in both Wood 1987 and Wood and Zumbado 2010.

Distribution

Ubiquitous throughout the New World, inhabiting a wide variety of ecosystems from south-eastern Canada and the north-eastern USA, west to California and south to Argentina and Brazil.

Ecology

Within the ACG inventory, Hyphantrophaga has been reared from a wide variety of Lepidoptera hosts throughout the diverse ecosystems of the research area, including: Bombycidae, Crambidae, Depressariidae, Doidae, Erebidae, Euteliidae, Gelechiidae, Geometridae, Hedylidae, Hesperiidae, Immidae, Lasiocampidae, Limacodidae, Megalopygidae, Mimaloniidae, Noctuidae, Nolidae, Notodontidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Pterophoridae, Pyralidae, Riodinidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Thyrididae, Tortricidae and Zygaenidae.

Taxon discussion

Hyphantrophaga brasiliensis (Moreira, 1915) is treated as a nomen dubium within Hyphantrophaga, as it has proven impossible to ascertain the repository or even the existence of the type material.

Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    adrianguadamuzi
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Paridnea holophaealisDHJ02
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    07-Sep-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007297
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007297
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, & Ruth Franco
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT069-06 ,04-SRNP-13432, BOLD:ABZ0529
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    adrianguadamuzi
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Camino Borrachos
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8429
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6161
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8429
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6161
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Paridnea holophaealis
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    06-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0037527
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0037527
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, & Guillermo Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYC4272-10 ,09-SRNP-14043, BOLD:ABZ0529
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    adrianguadamuzi
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Camino Pozo Tres
    ; verbatimElevation:
    733
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7708
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3742
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7708
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3742
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Paridnea holophaealis
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    16-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035662
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035662
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, & Jose Cortez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1043-09 ,09-SRNP-56575, BOLD:ABZ0529
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    adrianguadamuzi
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Paridnea holophaealis
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    29-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035660
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035660
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, & Johan Vargas
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1041-09 ,09-SRNP-14511, BOLD:ABZ0529
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    adrianguadamuzi
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Paridnea holophaealis
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Nov-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0046407
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0046407
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs, & Guillermo Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA580-12 ,11-SRNP-14585, BOLD:ABZ0529
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 2). Length: 7–8 mm. Head (Fig. 2b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle with a very slight gold tinge compared to rest of fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate shiny silver and setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial bare and shiny silver; facial ridge bare; eye densely haired; pedicel black, concolorous with postpedicel; arista distinctly thickened on basal 1/3–1/4; palpus light brown basally, apically orange, haired throughout. Thorax (Fig. 2a, c): brassy tomentose dorsally, contrasting with silver grey laterally; four thin yet prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, not reaching beyond 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with three setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 2:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; two katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to lateral scutellar setae; subapical scutellar setae strongest and longest of marginal scutellar setae, strongly divergent; apical scutellar setae 1/3 of length of basal scutellar setae crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae set as widely apart as subapical scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 2c): black in ground colour with dense covering of black hairs, making them appear darker; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 2a): hyaline, very slightly infuscate at base; vein R4+5 with two setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 2a, c): ground colour light brown; middorsal depression on ST1+2 not reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2–T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4 and T5; discal setae present on T3–T5; sex patch absent; distinct tomentose bands along anterior 4/5 of T3–T5. Terminalia (Fig. 2d, e, f): anterior edge of sternite 5 (Fig. 2f) with a deeply curved medial depression, posterior margin with a deep median cleft, smoothly U-shaped. Anterior plate of sternite 5 subequal to length of apical lobes; unsclerotised "window" ovoid to slightly rectangular, as wide as median cleft. Lateral lobe of sternite slightly pointed apically and with many short setae of equal length. Anterior plate of sternite 5 shorter than apical lobes. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 2d) triangular with external edges inwardly wedged, slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and rounded off towards apex, completely separate medially, diverging slightly at tips; in lateral view with a strong, almost 90 degree bend 1/5 along their length. Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 2e) almost parallel-sided along its length, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear fingerlike; basal half twice as wide as apical half; surstylus appearing fused with epandrium. Surstyli when viewed dorsally strongly divergent and wide open. Pregonite well-developed, 1/2 as long as distiphallus, squared off, ending in a trumpet-like, flared apex. Postgonite elongate and slender, horn-shaped, subequal in length to pregonite, slightly narrowed towards apex, not strongly curved. Distiphallus sail-shaped, apically flared, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Figure 2.

Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi sp. n.; a–c: habitus; holotype male, voucher n. DHJPAR0007297; d–f: terminalia; male paratype, voucher n. DHJPAR0037527.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 6–9 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: pedicel black (concolorous with postpedicel), palpus brown basally and orange apically, two katepisternal setae, hind coxa setose, colouration of T5 matching rest of tergites, median marginal setae absent on ST1+2 and discal setae present on T3–T5.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi sp. n. is named in recognition of Adrian Guadamuz Chavarría's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 295–733 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga adrianguadamuzi sp. n. has been reared five times from one species of Lepidoptera in the family Pyralidae, Paridnea holophealis Ragonot, 1892, in dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.

Hyphantrophaga albopilosa Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga albopilosa
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    albopilosa
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Laguna
    ; verbatimElevation:
    680
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9888
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4234
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9888
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4234
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Aug-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007442
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007442
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Manuel Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT214-06, 04-SRNP-34031, BOLD:AAF3886
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga albopilosa
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    albopilosa
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    12-Jan-2014
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0054045
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0054045
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD3213-14, 13-SRNP-7080, BOLD:AAF3886
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga albopilosa
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    albopilosa
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Corredor
    ; verbatimElevation:
    620
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8787
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3896
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8787
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3896
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    29-Nov-2006
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0016631
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0016631
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAP936-07, 06-SRNP-8879, BOLD:AAF3886
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga albopilosa
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    albopilosa
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Dos Rios
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Aug-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007441
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007441
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT213-06, 04-SRNP-3482, BOLD:AAF3886
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga albopilosa
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    albopilosa
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Amonias
    ; verbatimElevation:
    390
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0425
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0425
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    08-Sep-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050333
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050333
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGAZ1647-12, 12-SRNP-31215, BOLD:AAF3886
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 3). Length: 7–9 mm. Head (Fig. 3b): vertex 1/5 of head width; one pair of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle silver (slight gold tinge present but overall concolorous with fronto-orbital plate); fronto-orbital plate shiny silver and setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial brilliant silver and bare; facial ridge bare; eye with short sparse ommatrichia up to 2X as long as one ommatidium; pedicel brownish-black with some orange, concolorous with postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3–1/4; palpus yellow and densely haired, apically clubbed. Thorax (Fig. 3a, c): bright brassy-gold tomentose dorsally, contrasting with silver grey laterally; densely covered in blond setulae along anterior and lateral surfaces, dorsally with dense dark setulae interspersed amongst setae; four thin yet prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching just beyond 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 4–5 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 2:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; two katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae less than 1/2 as long as subapical scutellar setae, curving inwards medially; apical scutellar setae subequal in length to lateral scutellar setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than apical setae but more narrowly set than subapical setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 3c): brilliant yellow in ground colour; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 3a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with 2–3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 3a, c): ground colour yellow; middorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae absent on ST1+2, present on T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch covering ventral surfaces of T4–T5; distinct brassy tomentose bands along anterior edge of T3 and T4, broken medially by a dorsocentral stripe and covering almost 80% of tergites; T5 with brassy tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 3d, e, f): anterior margin of sternite 5 (Fig. 3f) with a deeply curved medial depression, posterior margin with a deep median cleft, smoothly U-shaped. Lateral lobe of sternite slightly pointed apically and with many short setulae of equal length. Anterior plate of sternite 5 shorter than apical lobes. Unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft broadly rounded, stalked and convex reminiscent of a mushroom cap, extending as widely as median cleft. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 3d) triangular with external edges inwardly wedged, slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and rounded off towards apex, completely separate medially, diverging slightly at tips; in lateral view with a strong, almost 90 degree bend 1/5 along their length. Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 3e) almost parallel-sided along its length, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear fingerlike; basal half, twice as wide as apical half; surstylus appearing fused with epandrium. Surstyli when viewed dorsally strongly divergent and wide open. Pregonite well-developed, 1/2 as long as distiphallus, squared off, ending in a trumpet-like, flared apex. Postgonite elongate and slender, horn-shaped, subequal in length to pregonite, slightly narrowed towards apex, not strongly curved. Distiphallus sail-shaped, apically flared, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Figure 3.

Hyphantrophaga albopilosa sp. n.; a–c: habitus; holotype male, voucher n. DHJPAR0007442; d–f: terminalia; male paratype, voucher n. 04-SRNP-34031.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 7–9 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga albopilosa sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: brilliant silver parafacial, two katepisternal setae, dense covering of blond setulae along lateral surface of thorax, brilliant yellow legs, hind coxa bare and abdomen yellow in ground colour.

Etymology

From the Latin adjective “albopilosa”, meaning "white-haired", in reference to its blond thoracic setulae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela and Guanacaste Provinces, 390–645 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga albopilosa sp. n. has been reared six times from a single species of Lepidoptera in the family Sphingidae, Adhemarius ypsilon (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903), in rain forest.

Hyphantrophaga anacordobae Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    04-Nov-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007484
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007484
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT256-06, 02-SRNP-23842, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Maria
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Santa Maria
    ; verbatimElevation:
    840
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7645
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3116
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7645
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3116
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    16-Nov-1995
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007481
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007481
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT253-06, 95-SRNP-10486, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    14-Nov-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007482
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007482
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT254-06, 02-SRNP-23679, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    11-Oct-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007483
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007483
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT255-06, 02-SRNP-23680, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Maria
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Santa Maria
    ; verbatimElevation:
    840
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7645
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3116
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7645
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3116
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    19-Nov-1995
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007480
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007480
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT252-06, 95-SRNP-10486.1, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  5. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    16-Nov-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007485
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007485
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Guillermo Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT257-06, 02-SRNP-23678, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  6. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    28-Jan-2003
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007486
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007486
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT258-06, 02-SRNP-24540.7, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  7. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    31-Jan-2003
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007487
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007487
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Harry Ramirez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT259-06, 02-SRNP-24536.7, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  8. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    11-Dec-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007488
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007488
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT260-06, 02-SRNP-24200, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  9. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Cacao
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Ponderosa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1060
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4626
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    21-Feb-2003
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007489
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007489
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT261-06, 02-SRNP-24542, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  10. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Del Oro
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Monte Cristo
    ; verbatimElevation:
    525
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0137
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4253
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0137
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4253
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho justitiae
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    26-May-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0019597
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0019597
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roster Moraga
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAB145-07, 07-SRNP-21398, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  11. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Tajo Angeles
    ; verbatimElevation:
    540
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8647
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4153
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8647
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4153
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Nymphalidae, Morpho amathonte
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Nov-2010
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0040955
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0040955
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Carolina Cano
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYF870-11, 10-SRNP-4655, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  12. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga anacordobae
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    anacordobae
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Cuestona
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    09-Oct-2016
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0059877
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0059877
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Manuel Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA6298-16, 16-SRNP-31601, BOLD:AAC5448
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2107
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 4). Length: 9–12 mm. Head (Fig. 4b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle black medially, brassy/silver laterally; fronto-orbital plate shiny silver and densely setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial silver and bare; eye densely haired; facial ridge bare; pedicel black, concolorous with postpedicel; arista dark brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3–1/4; palpus yellow and densely haired so as to appear darkened, apically with a slight clubbed appearance. Thorax (Fig. 4a, c): slightly brassy tomentose dorsally, contrasting with dark silver grey laterally; densely covered in black setulae along all surfaces, interspersed amongst setae; four thick and prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching just beyond 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 5–6 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 2–3:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal to slightly shorter than subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae subequal in length to apical setae, with a strong inward curve medially; apical scutellar setae 1/2 as long as subapical scutellar setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae set as widely apart as subapical setae; scutellum darkened across basal 20%, remainder concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 4c): ground colour black; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 4a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with 3–4 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 4a, c): ground colour dark reddish-brown, appearing black; middorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae absent on ST1+2, present on T3; complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch covering 50% of the laterodorsal surface of T4 and the ventral surfaces of T4–T5; distinct brassy tomentose bands along anterior edge of T3 and T4, broken medially by a dorsocentral stripe and covering almost 40% of tergites; T5 with brassy tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 4d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 4f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, squared off U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum. Lateral lobes of sternite rounded triangular apically, with 2–3 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 subequal to length of apical lobes; unsclerotised "window" slightly rectangular, two palmlike arms extending as wide as median cleft. Lateral lobe of sternite slightly pointed apically and with many short setae of equal length. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 4d) slightly triangular and subequal in length to surstyli, blunt and rounded at apex, completely separate medially, appearing but not divergent; in lateral view with a strong downward angle commencing at midpoint; densely setulose along basal 2/3 dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 4e) almost parallel-sided along its length, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear blade-like; surstylus appearing to be fused with epandrium; when viewed dorsally surstyli appearing concave with a bulbous base where surstyli meet epandrium, inner margin straight slightly divergent at apices. Pregonite short, 0.5 times as long as distiphallus, bare and rounded off apically. Postgonite slightly narrow, 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved, vaguely C-shaped. Distiphallus ~1.5 times as long as basiphallus. Distiphallus sail-shaped, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Figure 4.

Hyphantrophaga anacordobae sp. n.; a–c: habitus; holotype male, voucher n. DHJPAR0007484; d–f: terminalia; male paratype, voucher n. DHJPAR0007487.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 8–11 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga anacordobae sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: three katepisternal setae, legs entirely black, hind coxa bare, ground colour of abdomen dark reddish-brown (appearing black under certain angles of light) and median marginal setae absent from ST1+2.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga anacordobae sp. n. is named in recognition of Anabelle Córdoba Alemán's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 525–1060 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga anacordobae sp. n. has been reared 13 times from two species of Lepidoptera in the family Nymphalidae, Morpho helenor (Cramer, 1776) and Morpho justitiae (Salvin & Godman, 1868), in rain forest, cloud forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.

Hyphantrophaga angustata (van der Wulp, 1890)

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Exorista
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Mexico
    ; countryCode:
    MX
    ; stateProvince:
    Guerrero
    ; county:
    Chilpancingo
    ; verbatimElevation:
    4600
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; recordedBy:
    H.H. Smith
    ; identifiedBy:
    Wood
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    NHMUK
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Other materials:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Zenillia
    ; specificEpithet:
    coquilletti
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Aldrich & Webber, 1924)
    ; continent:
    North America
    ; country:
    United States of America
    ; countryCode:
    US
    ; stateProvince:
    Texas
    ; county:
    Belfrage
    ; individualID:
    25702
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; recordedBy:
    C.V. Riley
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    Type. No. 25702 USNM
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    USNM
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion La Perla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    325
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia immargo
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    17-Aug-2013
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0052588
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0052588
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Cortez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYM1942-13, 13-SRNP-55696, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Bosque San Emilio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    14-Oct-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007320
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007320
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT092-06, 01-SRNP-14940, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    15-Aug-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007317
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007317
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT089-06, 02-SRNP-12711, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  5. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    04-Aug-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007323
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007323
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT095-06, 02-SRNP-12709, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  6. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Bosque San Emilio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    25-Aug-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007319
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007319
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT091-06, 01-SRNP-14941, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  7. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Bosque San Emilio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8439
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6138
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    13-Oct-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007321
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007321
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT093-06, 01-SRNP-14942, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  8. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    30-Sep-2002
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007322
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007322
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT094-06, 02-SRNP-12710,
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  9. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Luces
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8536
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6094
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8536
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6094
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Jul-1990
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007324
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007324
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT096-06, 90-SRNP-975, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  10. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga angustata
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    angustata
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (van der Wulp, 1890)
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Area Administrativa
    ; verbatimElevation:
    295
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8376
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6187
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Jun-2003
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007318
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007318
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT090-06, 02-SRNP-12713, BOLD:AAD0627
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 5). Length 10–12 mm. Head (Fig. 5b): vertex 1/3 of head width; three pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle slightly gold-tinged compared to rest of fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate shiny silver and setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial silver and bare; eye densely haired; facial ridge bare; pedicel black, with orange at base where it joins the postpedicel, remainder concolorous with postpedicel; arista orange basally, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3–1/4; palpus dark brown and haired basally, apically orange and bare. Thorax (Fig. 5a, c): silver grey tomentose dorsally and laterally; four thin dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching just beyond 1st postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 4–5 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3–4:3; dorsocentral setae 3–4:3; intra-alar setae 3:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; lateral scutellar setae subequal in length to basal scutellar setae; subapical scutellar setae strongest and longest of marginal scutellar setae, strongly divergent; apical scutellar setae subequal to lateral scutellar setae 2/3 length of subapical scutellar setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae set more widely set than apical scutellar setae but more narrowly than subapical scutellar setae; scutellum very slightly darkened across basal 20%, remainder concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 5c): yellow in ground colour with dense covering of black hairs, making them appear darker; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 5a): pale translucent, slightly infuscate; vein R4+5 with two setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 5a, c): ground colour black; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 not reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2 and T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch covering ventral surfaces of T4–T5; distinct tomentose bands along anterior 2/3 of T3 and T4, broken medially by a dorsocentral stripe; T5 with silver tomentum covering anterior 1/3, apparent only laterally but appearing as if it covers entire tergite under certain angles of light. Terminalia (Fig. 5d, e, f): anterior plate of sternite 5 (Fig. 5f) with broadly rounded edge, with a very slight, almost absent medial depression; posterior edge with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft umbonate, 2X as wide as median cleft. Posterior lobes of sternite rounded apically, with 4–6 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae; anterior plate of sternite 2X as long as length of posterior lobes. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 5d) long, slender and digitiform, longer than surstyli; blunt and rounded at apex, completely separate medially; densely setulose along basal 2/3 dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view) ; in lateral view (Fig. 5e) with a slight downward curve apically. Surstylus in lateral view almost parallel-sided along its length, with a rounded apex, giving the whole structure a spatulate appearance; when viewed dorsally the surstyli appearing to converge slightly. Pregonite broad and well-developed, tapering to a rounded, slightly blunted apex; devoid of setulae. Postgonite narrow up to 1/3, as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex, scythe-like and subequal in length to pregonite. Epiphallus well-developed and apically hooked. Distiphallus rectangular in shape, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joining on both sides of anterior surface near apex.

Figure 5.

Hyphantrophaga angustata (van der Wulp, 1890); a–c: habitus; male (ACG), voucher n. DHJPAR0007323; d–f: terminalia; male (ACG), voucher n. DHJPAR0007324.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 8–11 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga angustata (van der Wulp) can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: pedicel orange at base, palpus reddish-orange apically, black basally, three katepisternal setae, legs yellow with dense tomentum making them appear black, hind coxa bare, abdominal ground colour black, abdomen with silver tomentum, T5 with silver tomentum ventrolaterally, median marginal setae present on ST1+2.

Distribution

From south-western USA south to Costa Rica; Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 295–325 m elevation.

Ecology

Within ACG inventory, Hyphantrophaga angustata (van der Wulp) has been reared 10 times from two species of Lepidoptera in the family Thyrididae, Dysodia speculifera (Sepp, 1852) and Dysodia immargo Dyar, 1913, in dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Chiringon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    250
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8388
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.601
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8388
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.601
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Melipotis perpendicularisDHJ02
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Jun-1992
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007342
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007342
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT114-06, 92-SRNP-1048.11, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Costa Rica
    ; verbatimElevation:
    275
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8274
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6365
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8274
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6365
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Metria leucoplaga
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    28-Apr-1992
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007343
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007343
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT115-06, 91-SRNP-522, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Santa Rosa
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Vado Poza Salada
    ; verbatimElevation:
    8
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.798
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.6498
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.798
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.6498
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Toxonprucha Poole01
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    08-Apr-2006
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0019834
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0019834
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAB382-07, 06-SRNP-15096, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion La Perla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    325
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphia albizona
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    08-Aug-2013
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0052586
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0052586
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mariano Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYM1940-13, 13-SRNP-55372, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion La Perla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    325
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphia albizona
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    05-Mar-2014
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0055058
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0055058
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH1605-14, 13-SRNP-55366, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  5. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion La Perla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    325
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.7674
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4331
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Ramphia albizona
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Feb-2014
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0055059
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0055059
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Guillermo Pereira
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH1606-14, 13-SRNP-55364, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  6. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Aguacate
    ; verbatimElevation:
    335
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.769
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4346
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.769
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4346
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Smyra stipatura
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    31-Jul-2014
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0055854
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0055854
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH2586-14, 14-SRNP-55795, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  7. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calixtomoragai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Mundo Nuevo
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Aguacate
    ; verbatimElevation:
    335
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.769
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4346
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.769
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4346
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Erebidae, Smyra stipatura
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    03-Jul-2014
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0055856
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0055856
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Harry Ramirez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH2588-14, 14-SRNP-55796, BOLD:ACE3368
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 6). Length: 8–12 mm. Head (Fig. 6b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold; fronto-orbital plate brilliant silver and setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial shiny silver and bare; eye densely haired; facial ridge bare; pedicel orange, postpedicel dark brown-black; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3–1/4; palpus orange, clubbed and densely haired apically. Thorax (Fig. 6a, c): silver tomentose dorsally and laterally; densely covered with many short black setulae along anterior and lateral surfaces, interspersed amongst the setae; four thin dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, almost reaching 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 4–5 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3–4:4; intra-alar setae 3–4:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae curving inwards medially, as long as subapical setae; lateral scutellar setae less than 1/2 as long as subapical scutellar setae; apical scutellar setae 1/3 as long as subapical setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae set as widely apart as subapical scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 6c): brilliant yellow in ground colour except femora which appear reddish-brown; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 6a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with only 2–3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 6a, c): ground colour dark brown-black; middorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae reduced but present on ST1+2, strong on T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch indistinct/absent; silver tomentose bands present along anterior edge of T3 and T4, unbroken medially and covering almost 90% of tergal surface; T5 with silver tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 6d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 6f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum. Lateral lobes of sternite rounded apically, devoid of any strong setae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 from subequal to slightly shorter than apical lobes; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft rectangular, narrow and as wide as median cleft. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 6d) subrectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and slightly clubbed at apex, completely separate medially but not significantly divergent; in lateral view straight with a blunt apical hook slightly downwardly curved; densely setulose along entire length dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 6e) almost parallel-sided along its length, ending in a slightly pointed apex, making the structure appear blade-like; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing to point outwards, not strongly convergent. Pregonite broad and well-developed, tapering apically to a rounded, slightly blunted apex; devoid of setulae. Postgonite narrow, up to 1/2 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex, scythe-like and subequal in length to pregonite. Epiphallus well-developed and apically hooked. Distiphallus rectangular in shape, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joining on both sides of anterior surface near apex.

Figure 6.

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n.; a–c: habitus; holotype male, voucher n. DHJPAR0007342; d–f: terminalia; male paratype, voucher n. DHJPAR0019834.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 9–12 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: ocellar triangle gold, fronto-orbital plate silver and setulose, pedicel orange, three katepisternal setae, hind coxa setose, abdominal tomentum silver throughout, median marginal setae present on ST1+2, discal setae absent from T3 and T4 and sex patch absent.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. is named in recognition of Calixto Moraga Medina's dedication and work at finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 8–215 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga calixtomoragai sp. n. has been reared six times from six different species of Lepidoptera in the family Erebidae, Metria leucoplaga (Hampson, 1910), Melipotis perpendicularisDHJ02, Toxonprucha Poole01, Abacena accincta Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874, Ramphia albizona (Latreille, 1817) and Smyra stipatura (Walker, 1858); in dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrades.

Hyphantrophaga calva Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Palma
    ; verbatimElevation:
    460
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    14-Jun-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0019630
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0019630
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAB178-07, 07-SRNP-2267, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Del Oro
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Oro
    ; verbatimElevation:
    290
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0338
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4771
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0338
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4771
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Dec-2005
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0006678
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0006678
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Lucia Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTA856-06, 05-SRNP-25287, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Rio Negro
    ; verbatimElevation:
    340
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Cerconota Janzen102
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    13-Feb-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007491
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007491
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Minor Carmona
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT263-06, 04-SRNP-40127, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Rio Negro
    ; verbatimElevation:
    340
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Cerconota Janzen102
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    14-Feb-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007492
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007492
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Minor Carmona
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT264-06, 04-SRNP-40125, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Rio Negro
    ; verbatimElevation:
    340
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9038
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3027
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Cerconota Janzen102
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Feb-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007493
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007493
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Minor Carmona
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT265-06, 04-SRNP-40128, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  5. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Cerconota Janzen102
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    31-Mar-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007494
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007494
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT266-06, 04-SRNP-40543, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  6. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Palma
    ; verbatimElevation:
    460
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    10-Nov-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007495
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007495
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Gloria Sihezar
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT267-06, 04-SRNP-60321, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  7. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Corredor
    ; verbatimElevation:
    620
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8787
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3896
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8787
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3896
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    23-Oct-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007496
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007496
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT268-06, 04-SRNP-4735, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  8. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Caribe
    ; verbatimElevation:
    415
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    20-May-2005
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0008084
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0008084
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Minor Carmona
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT856-06, 05-SRNP-41074, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  9. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    12-Nov-2003
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0003327
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0003327
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Carolina Cano
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTA234-05, 03-SRNP-13029.1, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  10. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Brasilia
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Brisanta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    290
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0274
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3368
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0274
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3368
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Cerconota Janzen707
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    30-Jul-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0021046
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0021046
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Duvalier Briceno
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTA1389-07, 07-SRNP-65192, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  11. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Caribe
    ; verbatimElevation:
    415
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Jul-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035699
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035699
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Pablo Umaña Calderon
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1080-09, 09-SRNP-41475, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  12. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Parcelas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    375
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9078
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2914
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9078
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2914
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Jul-2010
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0040132
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0040132
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYE2299-11, 10-SRNP-42130, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  13. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Medrano
    ; verbatimElevation:
    380
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.016
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3805
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.016
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3805
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Mar-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0042269
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0042269
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Ricardo Calero
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH033-11, 11-SRNP-70323, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  14. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Bullas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    440
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9867
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.385
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9867
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.385
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    09-Mar-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0042298
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0042298
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Duvalier Briceno
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH062-11, 11-SRNP-65093, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  15. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    12-Oct-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0045566
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0045566
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGAZ755-11, 11-SRNP-43978, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  16. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    29-Sep-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0045573
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0045573
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGAZ762-11, 11-SRNP-43974, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  17. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Camino Albergue Oscar
    ; verbatimElevation:
    560
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8774
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3236
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8774
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3236
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Nov-2011
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0046412
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0046412
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA585-12, 11-SRNP-4193, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  18. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    25-Aug-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0049599
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0049599
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYB2393-12, 12-SRNP-44077, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  19. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    26-Aug-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050265
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050265
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGAZ1579-12, 12-SRNP-44076, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  20. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    26-Aug-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050273
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050273
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGAZ1587-12, 12-SRNP-44078, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  21. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Casa Roberto
    ; verbatimElevation:
    520
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.011
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4209
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.011
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4209
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Chlamydastis phytopteraEPR03
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    18-Jan-2013
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050501
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050501
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Manuel Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA3093-13, 12-SRNP-31968, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  22. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca Esmeralda
    ; verbatimElevation:
    123
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9355
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2531
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9355
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2531
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    16-Nov-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050544
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050544
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mercedes Moraga
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA3136-13, 12-SRNP-77287, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  23. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Escondida
    ; verbatimElevation:
    420
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8993
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8993
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    06-Feb-2013
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050624
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050624
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA3216-13, 13-SRNP-40038, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  24. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Bambu
    ; verbatimElevation:
    109
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9301
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2521
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9301
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2521
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen30
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Dec-2012
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0050651
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0050651
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Cirilo Umaña
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA3243-13, 12-SRNP-77921, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  25. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Palomo
    ; verbatimElevation:
    96
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9619
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2804
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9619
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2804
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, Stenoma aterpes
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0055031
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0055031
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Keiner Aragon
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYH1578-14, 14-SRNP-45343, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  26. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga calva
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    calva
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Bambu
    ; verbatimElevation:
    109
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9301
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2521
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9301
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2521
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larvae of the Depressariidae, same as 05-SRNP-24825
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    28-Jul-2017
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0061376
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0061376
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Cirilo Umaña
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ACGBA7759-17, 17-SRNP-75888, BOLD:AAC5447
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen

Description

Male (Fig. 7). Length: 7–11 mm. Head (Fig. 7b): vertex 2/9 of head width; two pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold; fronto-orbital plate shiny silver with a slight brassy-gold tinge on upper 3/4, setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial silver and bare; eye with short sparse ommatrichia up to 2X as long as one ommatidium; facial ridge bare; pedicel brownish-black, concolorous with postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/8; palpus dark orange and haired apically, oar-shaped. Thorax (Fig. 7a, c): brassy tomentose dorsally, contrasting with dark silver grey laterally; densely covered in black setulae on all surfaces; four thin dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with 3–4 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:3; intra-alar setae 2:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; two katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae less than 2/3 as long as subapical setae, curving inwards medially; apical scutellar setae short, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than subapical setae; scutellum very slightly darkened across basal 20%, remainder concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 7c): femora black in ground colour, remaining segments yellow in ground colour, covered in dark hairs; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 7a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with only 2–3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 7a, c): ground colour dorsally black, yellow-orange ventrally; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2–T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4 and T5; discal setae only on present T5; sex patch covering ventral surfaces of T4–T5; distinct brassy-silver tomentose bands along anterior edge of tergites, covering 50% of T3 and almost 80% of T4; T5 brassy tomentose throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 7d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 7f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum. Lateral lobes of sternite rounded apically, 3–5 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 from subequal to slightly longer than apical lobes; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft absent. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 7d) rectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and rounded at apex, completely separate medially but not divergent; in lateral view with a strong downward curve in apical 1/3; densely setulose along basal 2/3 dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 7e) almost triangular, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear blade-like; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing to point outward, not strongly convergent. Pregonite short, not well-developed, 1/3 as long as distiphallus, trumpet-like, at apex. Postgonite slightly narrow, 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex. Distiphallus tubular with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Figure 7.

Hyphantrophaga calva sp. n.; a–c: habitus; holotype male, voucher n. DHJPAR0019630; d–f: terminalia; male paratype, voucher n. DHJPAR0046412.

adorsal view  
bfrontal view  
clateral view  
ddorsal view  
elateral view  
fsternite 5, ventral view  

Female. Length: 8–11 mm. As males, differing by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae and the presence of setae on the hind coxa.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga calva sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga species by the following combination of traits: thorax with three postsutural dorsocentral setae, two katepisternal setae, hind coxa bare in males, setose in females, median marginal setae present on ST1+2, discal setae only present on T5.

Etymology

From the Latin adjective “calvus”, meaning "bald", in reference to the lack of hairs on the hind coxa in the males of the species.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela and Guanacaste Provinces, 96–620 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga calva sp. n. has been reared 13 times from seven species of Lepidoptera in the family Depressariidae, Andasmus Janzen11, Andasmus Janzen25, Andasmus Janzen30, Cerconota Janzen102, Cerconota Janzen707, Chlamydastis christhompsoni (m.s. name), Stenoma aterpes Walsingham, 1913; in rain forest and dry-rain lowland intergrade.

Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai Fleming & Wood, sp. n.

Materials    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Caribe
    ; verbatimElevation:
    415
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Aug-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0021010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0021010
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTA1353-07, 07-SRNP-42179, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
Paratypes:
  1. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada San Francisco
    ; verbatimElevation:
    690
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8725
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3793
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8725
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3793
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    20-Nov-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007288
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007288
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT060-06, 04-SRNP-60408, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Stenoma convexicostata
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    28-Aug-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0011465
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0011465
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Carolina Cano
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAQ852-06, 01-SRNP-2659, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Stenoma convexicostata
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    19-Aug-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0011466
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0011466
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Carolina Cano
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAQ853-06, 01-SRNP-2561, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    03-Sep-2006
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0016239
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0016239
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Gloria Sihezar
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAP268-06, 06-SRNP-6396, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  5. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    07-Mar-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0017158
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0017158
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAP596-07, 07-SRNP-464, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  6. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion San Ramon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    660
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8835
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4097
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8835
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4097
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    28-May-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0019707
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0019707
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Gloria Sihezar
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAB255-07, 07-SRNP-2003, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  7. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Caribe
    ; verbatimElevation:
    415
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9019
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2749
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    27-Aug-2007
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0020971
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0020971
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTA1314-07, 07-SRNP-42176, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  8. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector Pitilla
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Pitilla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    675
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9893
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.4258
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9893
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.4258
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen42
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    05-Apr-2004
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0007270
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0007270
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Petrona Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAT042-06, 04-SRNP-31074, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  9. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Guanacaste
    ; county:
    Sector El Hacha
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Estacion Los Almendros
    ; verbatimElevation:
    290
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0323
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.5278
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0323
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.5278
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Accinctapubes albifasciataDHJ01
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Dec-2001
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0022956
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0022956
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Lucia Rios
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASTAW120-08, 01-SRNP-24061, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  10. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Perdido
    ; verbatimElevation:
    620
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Deuterollyta oediperalisDHJ02
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    24-Aug-2008
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0029604
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0029604
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYM1025-09, 08-SRNP-4436, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  11. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Perdido
    ; verbatimElevation:
    620
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Deuterollyta oediperalisDHJ02
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    22-Aug-2008
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0029607
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0029607
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYM1028-09, 08-SRNP-4437, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  12. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Perdido
    ; verbatimElevation:
    620
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8794
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3861
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Pyralidae, Deuterollyta oediperalisDHJ02
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    30-Aug-2008
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0029619
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0029619
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYM1040-09, 08-SRNP-4439, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  13. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Rio Francia Arriba
    ; verbatimElevation:
    400
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8967
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.29
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8967
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.29
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    10-Nov-2008
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0029992
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0029992
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYB736-09, 08-SRNP-41992, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  14. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Brasilia
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Moga
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    11.0123
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3493
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    11.0123
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3493
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen51
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    07-Feb-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0030228
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0030228
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Duvalier Briceno
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYB972-09, 09-SRNP-65048, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  15. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen28
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    14-Jul-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035708
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035708
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1089-09, 09-SRNP-41293, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  16. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    03-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035717
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035717
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1098-09, 09-SRNP-3444, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  17. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    07-Jul-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035721
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035721
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1102-09, 09-SRNP-3436,
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  18. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    08-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035733
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035733
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1114-09, 09-SRNP-3450, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  19. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    21-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035734
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035734
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1115-09, 09-SRNP-3845, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  20. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Sendero Rincon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    430
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8962
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.2777
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8962
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.2777
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Stenoma Janzen06
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    02-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035846
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035846
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Pablo Umaña Calderon
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1227-09, 09-SRNP-41403, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  21. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Cafecito
    ; verbatimElevation:
    455
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.944
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3174
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.944
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3174
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen16
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    29-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0035851
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0035851
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Noe Castillo
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYD1232-09, 09-SRNP-69674, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  22. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Quebrada Cementerio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8712
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3875
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen11
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    21-Oct-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0036550
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0036550
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYE1461-09, 09-SRNP-4831, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  23. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    San Lucas
    ; verbatimElevation:
    320
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9185
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3034
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    12-Sep-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0036562
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0036562
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Pablo Umaña Calderon
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYE1473-09, 09-SRNP-42159, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  24. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    27-Aug-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0036577
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0036577
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Osvaldo Espinoza
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYE1488-09, 09-SRNP-3858, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  25. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Finca San Gabriel
    ; verbatimElevation:
    645
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.8777
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3934
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen25
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    01-Dec-2009
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0037338
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0037338
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYC4083-10, 09-SRNP-5595, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  26. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector San Cristobal
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality:
    Puente Palma
    ; verbatimElevation:
    460
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; verbatimCoordinateSystem:
    Decimal
    ; decimalLatitude:
    10.9163
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -85.3787
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Reared from the larva of the Depressariidae, Anadasmus Janzen51
    ; verbatimEventDate:
    31-Jan-2010
    ; individualID:
    DHJPAR0037481
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; preparations:
    pinned
    ; catalogNumber:
    DHJPAR0037481
    ; occurrenceDetails: ; recordedBy:
    D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya
    ; otherCatalogNumbers:
    ASHYC4226-10, 09-SRNP-7106, BOLD:AAA1908
    ; identifiedBy:
    AJ Fleming
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; language:
    en
    ; institutionCode:
    CNC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Pinned Specimen
  27. scientificName:
    Hyphantrophaga ciriloumanai
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Tachinidae
    ; genus:
    Hyphantrophaga
    ; specificEpithet:
    ciriloumanai
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Fleming & Wood, 2018
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Costa Rica
    ; countryCode:
    CR
    ; stateProvince:
    Alajuela
    ; county:
    Sector Rincon Rain Forest
    ; locality:
    Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
    ; verbatimLocality: