Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic paper
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Taxonomic paper
First records of the jewel beetles Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836) and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Bolivia
expand article infoRobert Perger, Fernando Guerra,§
‡ Colección Boliviana de Fauna, La Paz, Bolivia
§ Instituto de Ecología, La Paz, Bolivia
Open Access

Abstract

The jewel beetle species Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836) and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889, have been recorded in Bolivia for the first time. Both species were collected on xeric Acacia trees. As indicated by their presence on Acacia and previous records, both species may be endemic to the arid intermountain valleys of the Southern Bolivian and Northern Argentinean Andes as well as the Chaco lowland forests.

Keywords

Buprestidae, Chrysobothrini, Stigmoderini, Southern Bolivian Andes.

Introduction

Bolivia is one of the worlds most entomologically diverse countries, which is indicated by the high species richness of butterflies (Gareca and Reichle 2006), tiger beetles (Pearson et al. 1999) and longhorned beetles (Wappes et al. 2013). However, recent studies suggest that especially the insect fauna of the southern subtropical part of Bolivia is still strongly sampling biased (e.g. Perger and Guerra 2012; Perger and Grossi 2013).

Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836) and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889, are two conspicuous (the former is the largest of its genus) jewel beetle species that have been reported from the area of the Argentinean Chaco but not from Bolivia. H. stempelmanni occurs in the Cordoba, Mendoza, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucuman departments (Berg 1889; Bellamy 2008b; Barriga 2009), and C. desmaresti has been recorded in the Salta, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Cordoba and Tucuman departments (Kerremans 1892; Bellamy 2008a) as well. Habitat characteristics or host plant associations of both species have not been reported so far. In this short note, host plant associations and records for Bolivia are reported for both species for the first time.

Taxon treatments

Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836)

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Chrysobothris desmaresti
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Laporte & Gory, 1836)
    ; higherGeography:
    South America, Bolivia, Andes, Tarija, Tariquía National Reserve, Salinas Valley
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Bolivia
    ; stateProvince:
    Tarija
    ; municipality:
    O’Connor
    ; locality:
    Salinas Valley
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1118 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    21 45 19S 64 13 27W
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -21.755278
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -64.224167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    beating sheet
    ; samplingEffort:
    five hours
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    24
    ; habitat:
    Acacia trees
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; recordedBy:
    Robert Perger; Fernando Guerra
    ; identifiedBy:
    Chuck Bellamy; Mauricio Gigli
    ; institutionCode:
    Colección Boliviana de Fauna

Distribution

Argentina: Catamarca, Cordoba, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucuman departments; Bolivia: Tarija department.

Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889

Material   Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Hiperantha stempelmanni
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Berg, 1889
    ; higherGeography:
    South America, Bolivia, Andes, Tarija, Tariquía National Reserve, Salinas Valley
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Bolivia
    ; stateProvince:
    Tarija
    ; municipality:
    O’Connor
    ; locality:
    Salinas Valley
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1118 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    21 45 19S 64 13 27W
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -21.755278
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -64.224167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    beating sheet
    ; samplingEffort:
    five hours
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    24
    ; habitat:
    Acacia trees
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; behavior:
    foraging in Acacia flowers
    ; recordedBy:
    Robert Perger; Fernando Guerra
    ; identifiedBy:
    Chuck Bellamy
    ; institutionID:
    Colección Boliviana de Fauna

Distribution

Argentina: Cordoba, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucuman departments; Bolivia: Tarija department.

Analysis

Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889 (n=15) and Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836) (n=1) (Fig. 1d) were collected with a beating sheet in trees of Acacia sp. and secondary vegetation in the Salinas Valley, a large alluvial fan that separates two mountain chains of the Southern Bolivian Andes (see material section for data; Fig. 1a, b).

Figure 1.

New records, habitat and habitus of Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836), and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889

aSouth America (NASA - U.S. Geological Survey), A study area
bStudy area (NASA - U.S. Geological Survey), Andean and Subandean area of Tarija department, Bolivia, border of Tariquía National Reserve indicated by white line; B collection location of Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836), and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889
cHabitat of Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836), and Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889
dDorsal habitus of C Chrysobothris desmaresti (Laporte & Gory, 1836) and D Hiperantha stempelmanni Berg, 1889; Scale bars = 5 mm

Discussion

There is no information about the habitat and host plant associations of both species in the literature. The lack of observation in the sub-humid Tucuman-Bolivian forests along the mountain slopes that border the study area (using the same method of sampling, albeit with greater effort, see Perger and Guerra 2013), the previously reported location data and the recorded presence in xeric Acacia trees suggest that both species are endemic to deciduous Chaco lowland forest of Southern Bolivia and North Argentina and may enter adjacent Inter-Andean dry valleys over deciduous vegetation.

Acknowledgements

Grateful thanks are extended to Gonzalo Romero, Jairo Acosta, Lorena Quintana and Eric Pabon (GeokineticsSrl Bolivia) for making available the logistic and financial support that enabled us to conduct the biodiversity study in Tariquia. This study was also made possible with the generous help of Saul Chavez Orosco (Director SERNAP), Juan Ruiz (Director Tariquía), Fernando Villarte (SERNAP) and Julieta Vargas (Colección Boliviana de Fauna, La Paz, Bolivia). We are grateful to the late Chuck Bellamy and Mauricio Gigli (Italy) for helping with literature and identifications, and to David Wilcox (USA), Lyubomir Penev (Bulgarian Academy of Science, Sofia), Ted C. MacRae (Monsanto Company, Chesterfield, Missouri), Mark G. Volkovitsh (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia) and the anonymous reviewers for providing comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript.

References