Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic paper
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Taxonomic paper
Updated list of the mosquitoes of Colombia (Diptera: Culicidae)
expand article infoPaula Rozo-Lopez, Ximo Mengual§
‡ Bonn University, Bonn, Germany
§ Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany
Open Access

Abstract

Background

A revised list of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) known to occur in Colombia is presented. A total of 324 species from 28 genera of Culicidae are included. The species names are organized in alphabetical order according to the current generic and subgeneric classification, along with their authorship. The list is compiled in order to support mosquito research in Colombia.

New information

Our systematic review and literature survey found, by 16 February 2015, 13 records of culicid species previously overlooked by mosquito catalogs for Colombia: Anopheles costai da Fonseca & da Silva Ramos, 1939, An. fluminensis Root, 1927, An. malefactor Dyar & Knab, 1907, An. shannoni Davis, 1931, An. vargasi Galbadón, Cova García & Lopez, 1941, Culex mesodenticulatus Galindo & Mendez, 1961, Haemagogus capricornii Lutz, 1904, Isostomyia espini (Martini, 1914), Johnbelkinia leucopus (Dyar & Knab, 1906), Mansonia indubitans Dyar & Shannon, 1925, Psorophora saeva Dyar & Knab, 1906, Sabethes glaucodaemon (Dyar & Shannon, 1925), and Wyeomyia intonca Dyar & Knab, 1909. Moreover, Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) luteoventralis Theobald, 1901 is recorded for Colombia for the first time. This work provides important insights into mosquito diversity in Colombia, using the current nomenclature and phylogenetic rankings.

Keywords

Nematocera, Neotropical Region, species account, new records.

Introduction

Currently, 3,543 species of Culicidae are formally recognized and distributed over a diverse range of habitats around the world (Harbach 2015). Colombia, one of the world's megadiverse countries, has a highly diverse mosquito fauna and a high prevalence of mosquito-borne diseases (Morrone 2006, Foley et al. 2008, Hudson 2010, Montoya-Lerma et al. 2011). The tremendous variety of ecosystems in Colombia provides environmental conditions that favor the immigration, adaptation, development and persistence of a great diversity of mosquito species (Molina et al. 2000, Olano et al. 2001, Foley et al. 2007, Barreto et al. 2008, Brochero and Quiñones 2008).

Six mosquito catalogs list species that occur in Colombia: Barreto-Reyes (1955) reported 164 species; Knight and Stone (1977) reported 250 species; Carrejo and González (1992) listed 260 recognized species; Walter Reed Medical Army (1998) reported also 260 species; and lastly, 289 species were reported in the Walter ​Reed Biosystematics Unit mosquito catalog (Gaffigan et al. 2014). Recent changes in mosquito taxonomy, ranking of groups, and species names (Gaffigan et al. 2013, Harbach 2015) made it crucial to compile an updated list that follows the currently accepted classification, as well as includes new and overlooked species records for the country.

Materials and methods

The species list was compiled from information available in previously published mosquito catalogs for Colombia (Barreto-Reyes 1955, Knight and Stone 1977, Carrejo and González 1992, Walter Reed Medical Army 1998, Gaffigan et al. 2014) and other publications containing species reports not included in these catalogs (Kumm et al. 1946, Osorno-Mesa 1947, Lane 1953, Arnell 1976, Wilkerson 1990, Pecor et al. 1992, Harbach 1995, Barreto et al. 1996, Lounibos et al. 1998, Vélez et al. 1998, Molina et al. 2000, Ferro et al. 2003, Liria and Navarro 2003, Porter and Wolff 2004, González and Carrejo 2007, Ferro et al. 2008, Harbach and Howard 2009, Mendenhall et al. 2011, Barajas et al. 2013). The first record for Colombia of Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) luteoventralis Theobald, 1901 is based on a female collected with CDC traps in September 2013 in a tropical dry forest in La Pintada (Antioquia) [N 05.63646, W 075.59002, 710m above sea level]. The specimen was identified using Lane (1953), Motta and Lourenço-de-Oliveira (1995), Judd (1998), Motta and Lourenço-de-Oliveira (2000) as references.

The species presented in this list are arranged alphabetically by genus and subgenus. Species names are followed by their authorship and year of description, and the catalog or other source that first reported the species in Colombia. Our list follows the most recent mosquito classification compiled by Gaffigan et al. (2013) and Harbach (2015). Also, we follow the provisional 'sensu auctorum' placement of 'Ochlerotatus (Protomacleaya)', product of the polyphyletic assemblage of species reflected in the Aedini phylogeny reconstructed by Reinert et al. (2009). Junior synonyms, subspecies, biologically separate sibling species that lack formal names, and nomina dubia reported by Barreto-Reyes (1955) and Knight and Stone 1977 (Anopheles allopha Peryassú, 1921, Culex aikenii Aiken & Rowland, 1906, Culex virgultus Theobald, 1901, Trichoprosopon hyperleucum (Martini, 1931)) are not included.

List of mosquito species known to occur in Colombia

Aedeomyia (Aedeomyia) squamipennis (Lynch Arribálzaga, 1878)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) apicimacula Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) calderoni Wilkerson, 1991

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Anopheles (Anopheles) costai da Fonseca & da Silva Ramos, 1939

Notes: 

González and Carrejo 2007. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Anopheles (Anopheles) eiseni Coquillett, 1902

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) fluminensis Root, 1927

Notes: 

González and Carrejo 2007. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Anopheles (Anopheles) forattinii Wilkerson & Sallum, 1999

Notes: 

González and Carrejo 2007

Anopheles (Anopheles) malefactor Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Wilkerson 1990. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Anopheles (Anopheles) mattogrossensis Lutz & Neiva, 1911

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) mediopunctatus (Lutz, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) neomaculipalpus Curry, 1931

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) peryassui Dyar & Knab, 1908

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) pseudomaculipes (Peryassú, 1908)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Anopheles) pseudopunctipennis Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) punctimacula Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Anopheles) shannoni Davis, 1931

Notes: 

González and Carrejo 2007. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Anopheles (Anopheles) vestitipennis Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Kerteszia) bambusicolus Komp, 1937

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Kerteszia) bellator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Kerteszia) boliviensis (Theobald, 1905)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii Dyar & Knab, 1908

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Kerteszia) homunculus Komp, 1937

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Kerteszia) lepidotus Zavortink, 1973

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Kerteszia) neivai Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1913

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Kerteszia) pholidotus Zavortink, 1973

Notes: 

González and Carrejo 2007

Anopheles (Lophopodomyia) gilesi (Peryassú, 1908)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Lophopodomyia) oiketorakras Osorno-Mesa, 1947

Notes: 

Osorno-Mesa 1947, Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Lophopodomyia) squamifemur Antunes, 1937

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Lophopodomyia) vargasi Gabaldón, Cova García & Lopez, 1941

Notes: 

Osorno-Mesa 1947. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albimanus Wiedemann, 1820

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis Lynch Arribálzaga, 1878

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) aquasalis Curry, 1932

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) argyritarsis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) benarrochi Gabaldón, Cova García & Lopez, 1941

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) braziliensis Chagas, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) darlingi Root, 1926

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) dunhami Causey, 1945

Notes: 

Lounibos et al. 1998

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) evansae Brèthes, 1926

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) marajoara Galvão & Damasceno, 1942

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) nuneztovari Gabaldón, 1940

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) oswaldoi Peryassú, 1922

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) parvus Chagas, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) rangeli Gabaldón, Cova García & Lopez, 1940

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) strodei Root, 1926

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) triannulatus Neiva & Pinto, 1922

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) trinkae Faran, 1979

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Anopheles (Stethomyia) kompi Edwards, 1930

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Stethomyia) nimbus (Theobald, 1902)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Anopheles (Stethomyia) thomasi Shannon, 1933

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Chagasia ablusa Harbach, 2009

Notes: 

Harbach and Howard 2009

Chagasia bathana Dyar, 1928

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Chagasia bonneae Root, 1927

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Chagasia fajardi (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) albicosta (Peryassú, 1908)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) arribalzagae (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) fasciolata (Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) hermanoi (Lane & Coutinho, 1940)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) juxtamansonia (Chagas, 1907)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) lynchi (Shannon, 1931)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) nigricans (Coquillett, 1904)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Coquillettidia (Rhynchotaenia) venezuelensis (Theobald, 1912)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex flochi Duret, 1969

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977.The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Culex ocellatus Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Culex (Aedinus) accelerans Root, 1927

Notes: 

Ferro et al. 2003

Culex (Aedinus) amazonensis (Lutz, 1905)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Anoedioporpa) bamborum Rozeboom & Komp, 1948

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Anoedioporpa) browni Komp, 1936

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Anoedioporpa) conservator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Anoedioporpa) corrigani Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Anoedioporpa) restrictor Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Mendenhall et al. 2011

Culex (Belkinomyia) eldridgei Adames & Galindo, 1973

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Carrollia) antunesi Lane & Whitman, 1943

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Carrollia) bihaicola Dyar & Núñez Tovar, 1928

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) bonnei Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) infoliatus Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) kompi Valencia, 1973

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Carrollia) metempsytus Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) secundus Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) urichi (Coquillett, 1906)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Carrollia) wilsoni Lane & Whitman, 1943

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) abnormalis Lane, 1936

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) acharistus Root, 1927

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Culex (Culex) alani Forattini, 1965

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) archegus Dyar, 1929

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) bickleyi Forattini, 1965

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) bonneae Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) brevispinosus Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) camposi Dyar, 1925

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) chidesteri Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) chitae Duret, 1967

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) coronator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) declarator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Culex (Culex) erythrothorax Dyar, 1907

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Culex) inflictus Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) levicastilloi Lane, 1945

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Culex) maracayensis Evans, 1923

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) mollis Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) nigripalpus Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) ousqua Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) quinquefasciatus Say, 1823

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) saltanensis Dyar, 1928

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Culex) spinosus Lutz, 1905

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) stigmatosoma Dyar, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Culex) thriambus Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) usquatissimus Dyar, 1922

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Culex) usquatus Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) adamesi Sirivanakarn & Galindo, 1980

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) albinensis Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) alogistus Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) bastagarius Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) batesi Rozeboom & Komp, 1948

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) caudelli (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) comatus Senevet & Abonnenc, 1939

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) commevynensis Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) comminutor Dyar, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) conspirator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) coppenamensis Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Culex (Melanoconion) creole Anduze, 1949

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Culex (Melanoconion) crybda Dyar, 1924

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) distinguendus Dyar, 1928

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) dunni Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) eastor Dyar, 1920

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) educator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) egcymon Dyar, 1923

Notes: 

Pecor et al. 1992

Culex (Melanoconion) elevator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) epanastasis Dyar, 1922

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) erraticus (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) ferreri Duret, 1968

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) garcesi Duret, 1968

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) inadmirabilis Dyar, 1928

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) inhibitator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) iolambdis Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Lane 1953

Culex (Melanoconion) johnsoni Galindo & Mendez, 1961

Notes: 

Pecor et al. 1992

Culex (Melanoconion) kummi Komp & Rozeboom, 1951

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) lucifugus Komp, 1936

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) mesodenticulatus Galindo & Mendez, 1961

Notes: 

Barreto et al. 1996. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Culex (Melanoconion) ocossa Dyar & Knab, 1919

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) panocossa Dyar, 1923

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Melanoconion) pedroi Sirivanakarn & Belkin, 1980

Notes: 

Ferro et al. 2003

Culex (Melanoconion) phlogistus Dyar, 1920

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) pilosus (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) quasihibridus Galindo & Blanton, 1954

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) rooti Rozeboom, 1935

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) serratimarge Root, 1927

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) spissipes (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) sursumptor Dyar, 1924

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Melanoconion) tecmarsis Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Pecor et al. 1992

Culex (Melanoconion) theobaldi (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) vomerifer Komp, 1932

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Melanoconion) zeteki Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Microculex) carioca Lane & Whitman, 1951

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Microculex) chryselatus Dyar & Knab, 1919

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Microculex) daumastocampa Dyar & Knab, 1908

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Microculex) elongatus Rozeboom & Komp, 1950

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Microculex) gaudeator Dyar and Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Microculex) imitator Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Microculex) inimitabilis Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Microculex) jenningsi Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Microculex) kukenan Anduze, 1942

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Culex (Microculex) pleuristriatus Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Culex (Microculex) stonei Lane & Whitman, 1943

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Phenacomyia) airozai Lane, 1945

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Phenacomyia) corniger Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Culex (Phenacomyia) lactator Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Culex (Tinolestes) latisquama (Coquillett, 1906)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Deinocerites atlanticus Adames, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites barretoi Adames, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites cancer Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Deinocerites colombianus Adames, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites curiche Adames, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites dyari Belkin & Hogue, 1959

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites melanophylum Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Deinocerites pseudes Dyar & Knab, 1909

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Galindomyia leei Stone & Barreto, 1969

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Georgecraigius (Horsfallius) fluviatilis (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Haemagogus (Conopostegus) clarki (Galindo, Carpenter & Trapido, 1953)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Haemagogus (Conopostegus) leucocelaenus (Dyar & Shannon, 1924)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) anastasionis Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) andinus Osorno-Mesa, 1944

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) boshelli Osorno-Mesa, 1944

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) capricornii Lutz, 1904

Notes: 

Kumm et al. 1946. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) celeste Dyar & Nuñez Tovar, 1927

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) chalcospilans Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) equinus Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) janthinomys Dyar, 1921

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) lucifer (Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1913)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) spegazzinii Brèthes, 1912

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Haemagogus (Haemagogus) splendens Williston, 1896

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Howardina arborealis (Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Howardina eleanorae (Berlin, 1969)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Howardina fulvithorax (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Howardina leei (Berlin, 1969)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Howardina marinkellei (Berlin, 1969)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Howardina osornoi (Berlin, 1969)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Howardina pseudodominicii (Komp, 1936)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Howardina quadrivittata (Coquillett, 1902)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Howardina septemstriata (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Howardina sexlineata (Theobald, 1901)

Howardina whitmorei (Dunn, 1918)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Isostomyia espini (Martini, 1914)

Notes: 

Molina et al. 2000. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Johnbelkinia leucopus (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Molina et al. 2000. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Johnbelkinia longipes (Fabricius, 1805)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Johnbelkinia ulopus (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Limatus asulleptus (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Limatus durhami Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Lutzia (Lutzia) allostigma Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1915

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Lutzia (Lutzia) bigoti Bellardi, 1862

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Mansonia (Mansonia) humeralis Dyar & Knab, 1916

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Mansonia (Mansonia) indubitans Dyar & Shannon, 1925

Notes: 

Ferro et al. 2008. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Mansonia (Mansonia) pseudotitillans (Theobald, 1901)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Mansonia (Mansonia) titillans (Walker, 1848)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Mansonia (Mansonia) wilsoni (Barreto & Coutinho, 1944)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus argyrothorax (Bonne-Wepster & Bonne, 1920)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus 'Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus berlini (Schick, 1970)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus ''Protomacleaya'sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus braziliensis (Gordon & Evans, 1922)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus 'Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus buenaventura (Schick, 1970)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus ''Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus euiris (Dyar, 1922)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Ochlerotatus insolitus (Coquillett, 1906)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus ''Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus milleri (Dyar, 1922)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Ochlerotatus scutellalbum (Boshell-Manrique, 1939)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Ochlerotatus terrens (Walker, 1856)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. Species belonging to subgenus 'Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus upatensis (Anduze & Hecht, 1943)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Ochlerotatus zavortinki (Schick, 1970)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. Species belonging to subgenus ''Protomacleaya' sensu auctorum.

Ochlerotatus (Chrysoconops) fulvus (Wiedemann, 1828)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Culicelsa) taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann, 1821)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) angustivittatus (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) bogotanus (Arnell, 1976)

Notes: 

Arnell 1976

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) comitatus (Arnell, 1976)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) condolescens (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) crinifer (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) deficiens (Arnell, 1976)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) euplocamus (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) pectinatus (Arnell, 1976)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) scapularis (Rondani, 1848)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Protoculex) aenigmaticus (Cerqueira & Costa, 1946)

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Ochlerotatus (Protoculex) hastatus (Dyar, 1922)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Ochlerotatus (Protoculex) nubilus (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Ochlerotatus (Protoculex) serratus (Theobald, 1901)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Onirion personatum (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Orthopodomyia albicosta (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Orthopodomyia fascipes (Coquillett, 1906)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Orthopodomyia phyllozoa (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Grabhamia) cingulata (Fabricius, 1805)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Grabhamia) confinnis (Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) albigenu (Peryassú, 1908)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) albipes (Theobald, 1907)

Notes: 

Barajas et al. 2013

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) cyanescens (Coquillett, 1902)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) ferox (von Humboldt, 1819)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) lutzi (Theobald, 1901)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) pilosa Duret, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) pseudoalbipes Duret, 1971

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Psorophora (Janthinosoma) varipes (Coquillett, 1904)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Psorophora) ciliata (Fabricius, 1794)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Psorophora) cilipes (Fabricius, 1805)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Psorophora) lineata (von Humboldt, 1819)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Psorophora (Psorophora) saeva Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Liria and Navarro 2003. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Runchomyia (Ctenogoeldia) magna (Theobald, 1905)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Sabethes (Peytonulus) identicus Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Sabethes (Peytonulus) ignotus Harbach, 1995

Notes: 

Harbach 1995

Sabethes (Peytonulus) undosus (Coquillett, 1906)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Sabethes (Peytonulus) xenismus Harbach, 1995

Notes: 

Harbach 1995

Sabethes (Sabethes) albiprivus Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethes) belisarioi Neiva, 1908

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethes) cyaneus (Fabricius, 1805)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethes) quasicyaneus Peryassú, 1922

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Sabethes (Sabethes) tarsopus Dyar & Knab, 1908

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethinus) intermedius (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethoides) chloropterus (von Humboldt, 1819)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Sabethes (Sabethoides) glaucodaemon (Dyar and Shannon, 1925)

Notes: 

Molina et al. 2000. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Sallumia hortator (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Shannoniana fluviatilis (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Stegomyia albopicta (Skuse, 1895)

Notes: 

Vélez et al. 1998. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Stegomyia (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) bambusicola (Lutz & Neiva, 1913)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) guadeloupensis (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius, 1787)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) hypoptes (Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) moctezuma (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Gaffigan et al. 2014

Toxorhynchites (Lynchiella) theobaldi (Dyar & Knab, 1906)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Trichoprosopon andinum Levi-Castillo, 1953

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Trichoprosopon compressum Lutz, 1905

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Trichoprosopon digitatum (Rondani, 1848)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Trichoprosopon evansae Antunes, 1942

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Trichoprosopon lanei (Antunes, 1937)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Trichoprosopon pallidiventer (Lutz, 1905)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) apicalis Theobald, 1903

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) calosomata Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) coatzacoalcos Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) geometrica Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) hystera Dyar & Knab, 1913

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) leucoptera (Theobald, 1907)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) lowii Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) pulcherrima Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Uranotaenia (Uranotaenia) riverai Duret, 1970

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Wyeomyia chalcocephala Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Wyeomyia clasoleuca Dyar & Knab, 1908

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Wyeomyia melanocephala Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Wyeomyia moerbista (Dyar & Knab, 1919)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Wyeomyia serratoria (Dyar & Nunez Tovar, 1927)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955. The subgeneric affiliation of this species is uncertain.

Wyeomyia (Antunesmyia) colombiana Lane, 1945

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Antunesmyia) flavifacies Edwards, 1922

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Cruzmyia) kummi Lane & Cerqueira, 1942

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Wyeomyia (Cruzmyia) mattinglyi Lane, 1953

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Wyeomyia (Decamyia) ulocoma (Theobald, 1903)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Wyeomyia (Decamyia) pseudopecten Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) complosa (Dyar, 1928)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) jocosa (Dyar & Knab, 1908)

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) luteoventralis Theobald, 1901

Notes: 

Species newly recorded for Colombia (see Material & methods for detailed locality information).

Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) ypsipola Dyar, 1922

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Dodecamyia) aphobema Dyar, 1918

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Exallomyia) tarsata Lane & Cerqueira, 1942

Notes: 

Knight and Stone 1977

Wyeomyia (Hystatomyia) chocoensis Porter & Wolff, 2004

Notes: 

Porter and Wolff 2004

Wyeomyia (Hystatomyia) intonca Dyar & Knab, 1910

Notes: 

Porter and Wolff 2004. Species previously overlooked by other mosquito catalogs for Colombia.

Wyeomyia (Miamyia) codiocampa Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Wyeomyia (Miamyia) hosautos Dyar & Knab, 1907

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Miamyia) oblita (Lutz, 1904)

Notes: 

Barajas et al. 2013

Wyeomyia (Triamyia) aporonoma Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) arthrostigma (Lutz, 1905)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) celaenocephala Dyar & Knab, 1906

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) melanopus Dyar, 1919

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) pertinans (Williston, 1896)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) scotinomus (Dyar & Knab, 1907)

Notes: 

Barreto-Reyes 1955

Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) simmsi (Dyar & Knab, 1908)

Notes: 

Carrejo and González 1992

Discussion

This paper comprises the most complete and up-to-date list of mosquito species known to occur in Colombia, with a total of 324 species and 28 genera listed according to the latest nomenclature and classification. Our systematic review and literature survey found, by 16 February 2015, 13 records of culicid speciesoverlooked by previous mosquito catalogs for Colombia.​ These are: Anopheles costai, An. fluminensis and An. shannoni (cited by González and Carrejo 2007), An. malefactor (cited by Wilkerson 1990), An. vargasi (cited by Osorno-Mesa 1947), Culex mesodenticulatus (cited by Barreto et al. 1996), Haemagogus capricornii (cited by Kumm et al. 1946), Isostomyia espini, Johnbelkinia leucopus and Sabethes glaucodaemon (cited by Molina et al. 2000), Mansonia indubitans (cited by Ferro et al. 2008), Psorophora saeva (cited by Liria and Navarro 2003 and Wyeomyia intonca (cited by Porter and Wolff 2004).

In addition, we record Wyeomyia (Dendromyia) luteoventralis for the first time from Colombia. This species was originally described by Theobald (1901) from three females caught on human bait in Paraná state (Brazil). Wyeomyia luteoventralis is the type species of the subgenus Dendromyia Theobald, 1903 (Motta and Lourenço-de-Oliveira 1995). This species had been previously collected in Brazil, French Guiana, British Guiana, and Venezuela (Gaffigan et al. 2014); however, it has rarely been reported in biological, ecological and taxonomic studies in South America (Motta and Lourenço-de-Oliveira 1995).

Although this report represents the most comprehensive list of mosquito species for Colombia, the 324 species included in this updated listing are unlikely to be a complete inventory of the Colombian mosquito fauna. Biodiversity data suggest that around 1,000 mosquito species will eventually be described from southern U.S.A. to Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru (Belkin et al. 1965, Foley et al. 2008). Colombia, with its diversity of landscapes, is highly species-rich and is a potential hotspot of mosquito endemism (Foley et al. 2008). Furthermore, ongoing and rapid development in Colombia is expected in the next decade with a loss of habitat associated with the growth of urban centers, which will undoubtedly have an impact on species diversity (Montoya-Lerma et al. 2011). Moreover, the finding of new species to the Colombian fauna such as Wyeomyia luteoventralis indicates that future sampling may reveal further species records which could help improve the taxonomy and provide a more accurate estimate of Colombia's mosquito diversity. This work provides important insights into the mosquito diversity of Colombia. We expect it to serve as a useful platform for future work on the mosquitoes of Colombia as well as provide a context for non-vector species.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks to James Pecor (Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Smithsonian Institution, USA) for helping us with the identification of the Wyeomyia specimen and for sharing useful taxonomic literature. Also, many thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that helped us to improve the manuscript.

References