Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
First records of 31 species of butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) in Cameroon, with remarks on their elevational ranges
expand article infoSylvain Delabye‡,§, Vincent Maicher‡,|, Szabolcs Sáfián§,, Pavel Potocký, Jan E.J. Mertens|,#, Łukasz Przybyłowicz¤, Mercy Murkwe«, Ishmeal N. Kobe|, Eric B. Fokam«, Štěpán Janeček|, Robert Tropek‡,|
‡ Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Science, Institute of Entomology, Branisovska 31, CZ-37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
§ Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 1760, CZ-37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
| Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, CZ-12844 Prague, Czech Republic
¶ Institute of Silviculture and Forest Protection, Faculty of Forestry, University of West Hungary, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky utca 4, H-9400 Sopron, Hungary
# Biodiversity Inventory for Conservation NPO (BINCO), Walmersumstraat 44, 3380 Glabbeek, Belgium
¤ Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, PL-31-016 Krakow, Poland
« Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
Open Access

Abstract

Background

The biodiversity of West and Central Africa is understudied, including butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera). Cameroon, through its position in between few biogeographic regions and diversity of habitats, is an important hotspot of lepidopteran diversity. However, the country also ranks low when it comes to local biodiversity knowledge. During our long-term ecological projects in the Cameroonian part of the Gulf of Guinea Highlands, we collected rich material of butterflies and moths, including a number of interesting faunistic records.

New information

In this study, we report 31 species of butterflies and moths which have not yet been recorded in Cameroon. These species comprised eight new genera records for the country. In many cases, our records represented an important extension of the species’ known distribution, including ten species whose distribution ranges extended into the Guinean biogeographic region. We also comment on the species’ elevational distribution ranges on Mount Cameroon where most of our records originated. Additionally, we confirm the presence of a butterfly Telchinia encedena, after more than a century since its first and so far its only record in Cameroon.

Keywords

Afrotropics, bait-trapping, Bamenda Highlands, faunistics, light-trapping, Mount Cameroon

Introduction

West and Central Sub-Saharan Africa belong to the areas with the lowest knowledge on regional biodiversity on the continent. Although almost 3,000 taxa of moths (De Prins and De Prins 2019) and almost 1,600 taxa of butterflies (Williams 2018) have been reported from Cameroon so far, much higher diversity of these groups can be expected, considering the country’s high habitat heterogeneity. The Gulf of Guinea Highlands is an important montane range on the borders of Nigeria and Cameroon (i.e. at the edge of the Guinean and Congolian biogeographic regions). It represents the only large montane area in the region and is recognised as a biodiversity hotspot with high endemism for numerous taxa (Myers et al. 2000), including butterflies and moths (Larsen 2005, Ustjuzhanin et al. 2018). However, the biodiversity of this montane range is still relatively unexplored and comprehensive studies of Lepidoptera are still under-represented.

Several recent ecological studies on lepidopteran communities in the Gulf of Guinea Highlands (e.g. Tropek and Konvička 2010, Maicher et al. 2018, Maicher et al. 2020) collected an extensive number of butterflies and moths, including several newly described species (e.g. Yakovlev and Sáfián 2016, Ustjuzhanin et al. 2018, Sáfián and Tropek 2016, Sáfián et al. 2019), as well as new country records already published during earlier stages of the projects (e.g. Tropek et al. 2013, Tropek et al. 2015, Maicher et al. 2016, Ustjuzhanin et al. 2018, Przybyłowicz et al. 2019b). The large amount of collected material still holds new species of general faunistic or taxonomic interest. In this study, we report 31 species of butterflies and moths recorded in Cameroon for the first time. In some cases, these records significantly extended the species’ known geographical ranges. These are supplemented by a rediscovery of a butterfly species in Cameroon after more than a century.

Materials and methods

All reported butterfly and moth specimens were collected between 2008 and 2017 in Cameroon (Fig. 1).

Figure 1.  

Map of Cameroon with the study sites and the Sanaga river considered as a border between the Guinean and Congolian biogeographic regions.

Nine sampled localities lie in the Mount Cameroon region, Fako Division, Southwest Region, Cameroon. Seven of these localities are on the south-western slope of Mount Cameroon inside the Mount Cameroon National Park, in tropical rainforests at different elevations. These represent mosaics of primary and secondary lowland forests (Bamboo Camp, 350 m a.s.l.; Drink Gari camp, 650 m a.s.l.), through upland (PlanteCam camp, 1,100 m a.s.l.) and submontane (Crater Lake camp, 1,450 m a.s.l.) forests locally disturbed by elephants, to montane forests (Elephant Camp, 1,850 m a.s.l.; Mapanja camp, 1,850 m a.s.l.; Mann’s Spring, 2,200 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 2b, c, d, e). The two remaining localities in the Mount Cameroon region are situated in a coastal forest (Fig. 2a) of the Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest (Dikolo Peninsula camp, 30 m a.s.l.; Ferenc et al. 2018) and in a heavily disturbed lowland forest on a lower hill with a cell tower close to the Chop Farm junction, Bimbia village (Radio Hill, 220 m a.s.l.).

Figure 2.

Selected study sites in Cameroon.

aCoastal forest in the Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest, Dikolo Peninsula (30 m a.s.l.).  
bPrimary lowland forest, Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon (650 m a.s.l.).  
cUpland forest locally disturbed by elephants, PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon (1,100 m a.s.l.).  
dMontane forest, Mapanja camp, Mount Cameroon (1,850 m a.s.l.)  
eMontane forest close to the timberline, Mann’s Spring, Mount Cameroon (2,200 m a.s.l.).  
fMosaic of montane forest remnants and open habitats in Mendong Buo (2,200 m a.s.l.).  

The other two localities are situated in the Bamenda Highlands, Northwest Region, Cameroon. Mendong Buo, ca. 5 km south-east of Big Babanki, represents a mosaic of montane forest remnants, forest clearings dominated by Pteridium aquilinum, submontane grasslands maintained by cattle grazing and species‐rich scrub vegetation along streams (Tropek and Konvička 2010; Fig. 2f). Lake Oku represents a primary montane forest along the crater lake shore, on the southern slopes of Mount Oku.

The last three localities are in disturbed lowland forests across the country. Mundemba represents heavily disturbed secondary regrowth south of Mundemba, close to the Korup NP, Southwest Region. Ebogo is a disturbed lowland rainforest in the Ebogo Ecotouristic Site, ca. 80 km south of Yaounde, Centre Region. Lastly, close to Ebodje, South Region, butterflies were recorded in a secondary lowland forest.

All moths were attracted to light (see Maicher et al. 2020 for the detailed protocol). Butterflies were collected by traps baited with fermented mashed bananas (Euphaedra temeraria, see Maicher et al. 2020 for details) or by a butterfly net (all other butterfly species).

Nomenclature and distribution of the reported species were based on the AfroMoths online database (De Prins and De Prins 2019) for moths and on Williams (2018) for butterflies. The biogeographic regions nomenclature follows Linder et al. (2012). The voucher material is deposited in the Nature Education Centre of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland and in the Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice, Czechia.

Taxon treatments

Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot, 1932)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Anapisa holobrunnea (Talbot, 1932)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/10/2017
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

A. holobrunnea was previously reported from Ghana and Guinea only (Przybyłowicz and Bąkowski 2011) and, therefore, it was considered as an endemic to the western part of the Guinean subregion. Our record has enlarged its known range to over 1,000 km to the east. It has also evidenced the species’ presence in the eastern part of the Guinean region. In the Mount Cameroon region, the single individual was collected in the lowest locality (30 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 3).

Figure 3.  

Anapisa holobrunnea Tams, 1932. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    28/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    21/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  9. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    22/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    8 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  10. scientificName:
    Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mann’s Spring, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1428
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1225
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest close to the timberline
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Our record on Mount Cameroon has extended its western distribution and has evidenced the species from the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it is restricted to above 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 4).

Figure 4.  

Anapisa metarctioides (Hampson, 1907). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Archithosia makomensis (Strand, 1912)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Archithosia makomensis (Strand, 1912)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Ghana, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea. Hence, its distribution in Cameroon was thus expected, although never reported before. The only specimen was caught in montane forest (1,850 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 5).

Figure 5.  

Archithosia makomensis (Strand, 1912). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was previously known from the Congolian and Shaba biogeographic regions (Przybyłowicz 2013). Our record extended its distribution to the Guinean biogeographic region. We collected it only in submontane and montane forests (1,450 and 1,850 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 6).

Figure 6.  

Balacra compsa (Jordan, 1904). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    16/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    26
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    08/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    28/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    15/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was recently described from Gabon and considered as endemic to the country. Our record extended its known distribution to Cameroon, as well as to the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, our records came from lowland forests only (350 and 650 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 7).

Figure 7.  

Daphaenisca inexpectata (Durante & Zangrilli, 2016). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Notes

The species was originally described as Balacra (Daphaenisca) inexpectata Durante & Zangrilli, 2016. The subgenus was formally raised to genus in Przybyłowicz et al. (2019a), based on the molecular and morphological evidence. In De Prins and De Prins (2019), the junior synonym has still been listed.

Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    05/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    12/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    24
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Ghana and Democratic Republic of Congo (Przybyłowicz and Bąkowski 2011). Our record confirmed its probable occurrence across the Afrotropical rainforest zone by partially filling the distributional gap. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded from lowland to submontane forests (650 and 1,450 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 8).

Figure 8.  

Hippurarctia judith Kiriakoff, 1959. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    55
    ; sex:
    54 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    15
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    21/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    3 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    32
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    23/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    83
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mann’s Spring, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1428
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1225
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    08/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest close to the timberline
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  9. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mann’s Spring, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1428
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1225
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest close to the timberline
    ; individualCount:
    46
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  10. scientificName:
    Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mann’s Spring, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1428
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1225
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    18/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest close to the timberline
    ; individualCount:
    64
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was reported from montane regions of Central (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Eastern (Kenya and Tanzania) Africa. Our record thus extended its known range to the Guinean biogeographic region. It was also the first record of Ligulosia genus in Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, it has a relatively broad elevational distribution range (650–2,200 m a.s.l.), although most specimens were recorded at the higher elevations (Fig. 9).

Figure 9.  

Ligulosia costimaculata (Aurivillius, 1910). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Arctiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; sex:
    3 males, 7 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    28
    ; sex:
    16 males, 12 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    3 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    04/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    71
    ; sex:
    33 males, 38 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    12 males, 2 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    06/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; sex:
    9 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    30/01/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    3 males, 2 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    18/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Łukasz Przybyłowicz
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

P. spurrelli was reported only from Ghana and Kenya. Such scattered known distribution implies poor knowledge of the distributional range of the species. This is also the first record of the Palaeugoa genus in Cameroon. The two records from Mount Cameroon were made in lowland and upland forests (from 350 to 1,100 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 10).

Figure 10.  

Palaeugoa spurrelli (Hampson, 1914). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Calligraphidia opulenta (Möschler, 1887)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Calpinae

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Calligraphidia opulenta (Möschler, 1887)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mapanja Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1157
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1315
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    10/05/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Gabon and Ghana only. This is also the first record of the Calligraphidia genus in Cameroon. The only specimen from Mount Cameroon was collected in montane forest (1,850 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 11).

Figure 11.  

Calligraphidia opulenta (Möschler, 1887). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Uripao albizonata Hampson, 1926

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Calpinae

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Uripao albizonata Hampson, 1926
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mapanja Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1157
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1315
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    15/05/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Gabon and Sierra Leone only. This record confirmed its broader distribution. This is also the first record of the Uripao genus in Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, our only record came from the montane forests (1,850 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 12).

Figure 12.  

Uripao albizonata Hampson, 1926. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    11/10/2017
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    8 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    10/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    22/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    05/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  9. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    07/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  10. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    31/01/2016
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  11. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    28/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  12. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    19/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  13. scientificName:
    Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    19/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

D. punctifera was known from several countries across Central and Eastern Africa (but none bordering with Cameroon), but also in Côte d’Ivoire and South Africa. In the Mount Cameroon region, it has a very broad elevational range from 30 m to 1,850 m a.s.l. (Fig. 13).

Figure 13.  

Dasychira punctifera (Walker, 1858). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    15/01/2016
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    15/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    24
    ; sex:
    21 males, 3 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    05/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    12
    ; sex:
    10 males, 2 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Ghana and Nigeria. Our record broadened its known distribution eastwards. In the Mount Cameroon region, we recorded it in all sampled lowland and upland forests up to 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 14).

Figure 14.  

Euproctis ceramozona Collenette, 1931. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    22/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    10/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    16/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    05/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    4 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    18/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mapanja Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1157
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1315
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/10/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was considered as endemic to Nigeria; we extended its known distribution eastwards. On Mount Cameroon, it was collected in forests from 350 to 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 15).

Figure 15.  

Lomadonta saturata Swinhoe, 1904. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    15/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    8 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    14/11/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    04/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was previously recorded only in Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe; our record thus partly filled the wide gap in its distribution. It is also the first record of the Orgyia genus in Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded in lowland and upland forests ranges from 350 to 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 16).

Figure 16.  

Orgyia basalis (Walker, 1855). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Pirga ubangiana Schultze, 1934

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Pirga ubangiana Schultze, 1934
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Pirga ubangiana Schultze, 1934
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    03/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known only from Uganda and Central African Republic. Our Cameroonian record thus broadened its distribution range westwards to the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it was collected in lowland forests at 350 and 650 m a.s.l. (Fig. 17).

Figure 17.  

Pirga ubangiana Schultze, 1934. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)

Nomenclature

Erebidae, Lymantriinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    14/01/2016
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    19/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    17
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Sylvain Delabye
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania and South Africa. Our record in Cameroon is thus the westernmost for the species and extended its distribution to the Guinean biogeographic region. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was recorded in all studied lowland forests up to 650 m a.s.l. (Fig. 18).

Figure 18.  

Rhypopteryx rubripunctata (Weymer, 1892). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Stenoglene plagiatus (Aurivillius, 1911)

Nomenclature

Eupterotidae, Janinae

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Stenoglene plagiatus (Aurivillius, 1911)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/01/2016
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

The known distribution of this species already included the Guinean (Ghana) and Congolian (Gabon, Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo) biogeographic regions. The only specimen was collected in coastal forest at 30 m a.s.l. (Fig. 19).

Figure 19.  

Stenoglene plagiatus (Aurivillius, 1911). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Hypotrabala castanea Holland, 1893

Nomenclature

Lasiocampidae, Lasiocampinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Hypotrabala castanea Holland, 1893
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    10/10/2017
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Hypotrabala castanea Holland, 1893
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    18/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was reported from Ghana, Nigeria and Gabon. It is also the first record of Hypotrabala genus in Cameroon. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was collected in lowland forests up to 350 m a.s.l. (Fig. 20).

Figure 20.  

Hypotrabala castanea Holland, 1893. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)

Nomenclature

Lasiocampidae, Lasiocampinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Elephant Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0870
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    18/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mapanja Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,850 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1157
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.1315
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    24/10/2017
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from the Guinean (Côte d’Ivoire and Nigeria) and Zambezian (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) biogeographic regions, with a large distribution gap in the Congolian biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded in the submontane and montane forests between 1,450 and 1,850 m a.s.l. (Fig. 21).

Figure 21.  

Mimopacha tripunctata (Aurivillius, 1905). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Pachytrina gliharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich

Nomenclature

Lasiocampidae, Lasiocampinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Pachytrina gilharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich, 2009
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    16/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Pachytrina gilharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich, 2009
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    23/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Pachytrina gilharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich, 2009
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    06/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Pachytrina gilharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich, 2009
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    23/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was already known from several countries in the Guinean and Congolian biogeographic regions, including Nigeria, Gabon and Congo bordering Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded in lowland forests at 350 and 650 m a.s.l. (Fig. 22).

Figure 22.  

Pachytrina gliharta Zolotuhin & Gurkovich, 2009. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Archinadata aurivilliusi (Kiriakoff, 1954)

Nomenclature

Notodontidae, Notodontinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Archinadata aurivilliusi (Kiriakoff, 1954)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    23/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Archinadata aurivilliusi (Kiriakoff, 1954)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from the Guinean (Côte d’Ivoire) and Congolian (Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda) biogeographic regions. It is also the first record of the Archinadata genus in Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded in the lowland forests at 350 and 650 m a.s.l. (Fig. 23).

Figure 23.  

Archinadata aurivilliusi (Kiriakoff, 1954). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966

Nomenclature

Notodontidae, Notodontinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    16/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    22/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    08/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; sex:
    6 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    05/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    20
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    09/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    11/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. scientificName:
    Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was considered endemic to Gabon. Our record in Cameroon extended its distribution range into the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it occurred in lowland and upland forests between 350 and 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 24).

Figure 24.  

Brachychira punctulata Kiriakoff, 1966. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912)

Nomenclature

Notodontidae, Notodontinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    22/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    17/02/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from the Guinean (Ivory Coast) and Congolian (Equatorial Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) biogeographic regions. It is also the first record of the Gargettoscrania genus in Cameroon. On Mount Cameroon, it was collected in lowland (350 m a.s.l.) to submontane (1,450 m a.s.l.) forests (Fig. 25).

Figure 25.  

Gargettoscrancia albolineata (Strand, 1912). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966

Nomenclature

Notodontidae, Notodontinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    14/01/2016
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    13/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    21/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    11/02/2016
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    20/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Gabon, Central African Republic and Tanzania. Our record from Cameroon thus broadened its known distribution westwards, as well as into the Guinean biogeographic region. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was collected in lowland forests (30 and 350 m a.s.l.), although one specimen was recorded in submontane forest (1,450 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 26).

Figure 26.  

Pseudobarobata denticulata Kiriakoff, 1966. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Pseudobarobata integra Kiriakoff, 1966

Nomenclature

Notodontidae, Notodontinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata integra Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    12/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Pseudobarobata integra Kiriakoff, 1966
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Light catching
    ; eventDate:
    27/11/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Vincent Maicher
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was reported from the Congolian biogeographic region only (Central African Republic and Gabon). Our record extended its known distribution to the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it was recorded in lowland forests at 350 and 650 m a.s.l. (Fig. 27).

Figure 27.  

Pseudobarobata integra Kiriakoff, 1966. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Borbo borbonica (Boisduval, 1833)

Nomenclature

Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Borbo borbonica (Boisduval, 1833)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    30/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Borbo borbonica (Boisduval, 1833)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Crater Lake, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,450 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1443
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0717
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2017
    ; habitat:
    Submontane forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

The nominotypical subspecies is relatively common in the Guinean biogeographic zone (most countries along the seashore between Mauritania and Nigeria) and from the Southern African region and Madagascar. Our Cameroonian record thus extended its distribution to the easternmost edge of the Guinean biogeographic zone. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was recorded from coastal (30 m a.s.l.) and submontane forests (1,450 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 28).

Figure 28.  

Borbo borbonica (Boisduval, 1833). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Meza mabillei (Holland, 1893)

Nomenclature

Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Meza mabillei (Holland, 1893)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Dikolo Peninsula, Bimbia-Bonadikombo Community Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    30 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9818
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    09/05/2015
    ; habitat:
    Coastal forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Meza mabillei (Holland, 1893)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Radio Hill, Bimbia village
    ; verbatimElevation:
    220 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9666
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2411
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    30/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Hilltop with disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known to be widely distributed in the Guinean biogeographic region (most countries from Guinea to Nigeria) and in Gabon. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was collected in the two lowest localities (30 and 220 m a.s.l.) (Fig. 29).

Figure 29.  

Meza mabillei (Holland, 1893). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Acraea macaria (Faricius, 1793)

Nomenclature

Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Acraea macaria (Faricius, 1793)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    01/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Acraea macaria (Faricius, 1793)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    26/04/2015
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

A. macaria was known from the western part of the Guinean biogeographic region only (most countries along the seashore between Senegal and Ghana). Our record from Cameroon therefore extended its distribution for over 1,000 km westwards to the easternmost edge of the Guinean biogeographic region. In the Mount Cameroon region, it was collected in the two lowest localities (30 and 220 m a.s.l.).

Telchinia encedana (Pierre, 1976)

Nomenclature

Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Telchinia encedana (Pierre, 1976)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Northwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mendong Buo, Big Babanki, Bamenda Highlands
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    06.0921
    ; decimalLongitude:
    10.2987
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    30/11/2016
    ; habitat:
    Mosaic of mountain forest remnants, forest clearings dominated by Pteridium aquilinum, submontane grasslands maintained by cattle grazing and species‐rich scrub vegetation along streams
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2017
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This relatively widespread species was recorded from numerous countries of the Guinean (from Senegal to Cameroon) and Congolian (Democratic Republic of the Congo) biogeographic regions, but also from the Ethiopian, Somalian, Zambezian and Shaba regions. In Cameroon, its only record was published by Aurivillius (1905) more than a century ago, from the Adamawa Province. Our recent record therefore confirmed its presence in the country and extended the species’ distribution range to the Northwest Province (Fig. 30).

Figure 30.  

Telchinia encedana (Pierre, 1976). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Euphaedra temeraria Hecq, 2007

Nomenclature

Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Euphaedra temeraria Hecq, 2007
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Bamboo Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    350 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.0899
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0517
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Bait trap
    ; eventDate:
    07/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Lowland forest disturbed by historical selective logging
    ; individualCount:
    72
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Euphaedra temeraria Hecq, 2007
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Drink Gari, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    650 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1022
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0630
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Bait trap
    ; eventDate:
    02/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Primary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    53
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Euphaedra temeraria Hecq, 2007
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    PlanteCam Camp, Mount Cameroon
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1,100 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    04.1175
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.0709
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Bait trap
    ; eventDate:
    14/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Upland forest locally disturbed by elephants
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was known from Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, both in the Congolian biogeographic region. Our record thus extended its distribution range northwards and evidenced its occurrence in the Guinean biogeographic region. On Mount Cameroon, it was collected mostly in the lowland forests at 350 and 650 m a.s.l.; one specimen was caught also in the upland forest at 1,100 m a.s.l. (Fig. 31).

Figure 31.  

Euphaedra temeraria Hecq, 2007. A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850])

Nomenclature

Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850])
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Radio Hill, Bimbia village
    ; verbatimElevation:
    220 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9666
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2411
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    31/12/2014
    ; habitat:
    Hilltop with disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850])
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Radio Hill, Bimbia village
    ; verbatimElevation:
    220 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.9666
    ; decimalLongitude:
    09.2411
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    08/01/2015
    ; habitat:
    Hilltop with disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850])
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Northwest Region
    ; locality:
    Lake Oku, Mount Oku
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2,200 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    06.1924
    ; decimalLongitude:
    10.4616
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    24/12/2009
    ; habitat:
    Montane forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    IECA
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850])
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Centre Region
    ; locality:
    Ebogo Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    660 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    03.3880
    ; decimalLongitude:
    11.4700
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    04/01/2012
    ; habitat:
    Disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    IECA
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was previously known from the Guinean (from Guinea to Nigeria), Shaba, Zambezian and Sudanian biogeographic regions. Our record in Cameroon partly filled the gap in its known distribution. It was known as a relatively common species in many disturbed lowland forests in the surrounding countries (Larsen 2005), thus its occurrence in Cameroon is not surprising. Three of the four reported specimens were collected in disturbed lowland forests (220 and 660 m a.s.l.), corresponding to the known species’ habitats (Larsen 2005). On the other hand, its occurrence at 2,200 m a.s.l. has evidenced the species as a habitat generalist (Fig. 32).

Figure 32.  

Neptis metella (Doubleday, [1850]). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886)
    ; taxonRank:
    subspecies
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Butler, 1886)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Radio Hill, Bimbia village
    ; verbatimElevation:
    220 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    3.9666
    ; decimalLongitude:
    9.2411
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    05/09/2015
    ; habitat:
    Hilltop with disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Szabolcs Sáfián | Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    ZMJU
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. scientificName:
    Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886)
    ; taxonRank:
    subspecies
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Butler, 1886)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Southwest Region
    ; locality:
    Mundemba
    ; verbatimElevation:
    20 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.93
    ; decimalLongitude:
    8.854
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    01/02/2010
    ; habitat:
    Disturbed secondary regrowths
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    IECA
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. scientificName:
    Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886)
    ; taxonRank:
    subspecies
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Butler, 1886)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    Centre Region
    ; locality:
    Ebogo Forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    660 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    3.388
    ; decimalLongitude:
    11.47
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    01/12/2008
    ; habitat:
    Disturbed lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    IECA
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. scientificName:
    Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886)
    ; taxonRank:
    subspecies
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Butler, 1886)
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Cameroon
    ; stateProvince:
    South Region
    ; locality:
    Ebodje
    ; verbatimElevation:
    20 m
    ; decimalLatitude:
    2.572
    ; decimalLongitude:
    9.832
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Butterfly net
    ; eventDate:
    12/17/2011
    ; habitat:
    Secondary lowland forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    Robert Tropek
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionID: ; institutionCode:
    IECA
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

This species was recorded from West Africa (from Guinea-Bissau to Nigeria) to Central (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and Eastern Africa. Especially because it was already known from the Cross River State in Nigeria (Larsen 2005), its occurrence in Cameroon could be expected. We collected four specimens, each in a different disturbed lowland forest (from 20 to 660 m a.s.l.), therefore the species seems to be widespread, but locally scarce in Cameroon. This fully corresponds with T. Larsen’s experience with this species in Nigeria (Larsen 2005) (Fig. 33).

Figure 33.  

Eurema floricola leonis (Butler, 1886). A. dorsal view; B. ventral view. The scale bar represents 1 cm.

Discussion

Altogether, the Lepidoptera species included in this study comprise 31 species and 8 genera new for the entomofauna of Cameroon, as well as a butterfly T. encedana that had not been recorded for more than a century in Cameroon. With the records from this study, the known diversity in Cameroon now surpasses 3,000 taxa for moths (species and subspecies combined; De Prins and De Prins 2019), whilst it approximates 1,600 taxa for butterflies (Williams 2018).

Of the 31 species new for Cameroon, four are known from the Guinean biogeographic region only (De Prins and De Prins 2019, Williams 2018). Therefore, our records did not change their endemic status, although this study extended their distribution to the easternmost border of the Guinean region (including an extension of ca. 1,000 km for A. holobrunnea and A. macaria). Another ten of the listed species had been previously recorded in the Congolian region only. From these, our records have extended distribution of Euphaedra temeraria northwards, while the other species’ distributions have been extended eastwards (De Prins and De Prins 2019, Williams 2018). Mainly, we have evidenced these ten species to occur in the Guinean biogeographic region, although only at its edge. This broadening of the easternmost, westernmost or northernmost limits of the numerous species distribution shows the importance of Cameroon (with special emphasis on Mount Cameroon) as the ‘crossroads’ between the Guinean and the Congolian biogeographic regions. It also reinforces Mount Cameroon as a biodiversity hotspot area (Myers et al. 2000, Ustjuzhanin et al. 2018).

Several other species records included in this report are not surprising since they more or less expectedly fill gaps in their known distribution. Most expectedly, we recorded twelve species (such as A. makomensis and S. plagiatus) already known from the countries bordering Cameroon or some other nearby countries in the Guinean and Congolian regions (De Prins and De Prins 2019). Six other species (such as P. spurrelli and M. tripunctata) were known to have a more scattered distribution amongst West, East and South Africa, but in countries more distant from Cameroon, forming a relatively large gap in their known distribution. Aside from the species with azonal distribution (such as the montane species), such large gaps rather imply lack of knowledge on the species occurrence (cf. Maicher et al. 2016). Our records in Cameroon have confirmed such suggestion by the partial filling of these distribution gaps. The record of the widespread T. encedana more than 100 years after its first and only record in Cameroon is also a perfect illustration of this general lack of knowledge on the Cameroonian (and Afrotropical) biodiversity of Lepidoptera. This was already pointed out by Tropek et al. (2013) and Tropek et al. (2015) for butterflies and by Maicher et al. (2016) for moths.

Considering the elevational ranges of the reported species, 19 reported lepidopteran species were exclusively collected in lowland and upland forests (between 30 and 1,100 m a.s.l) on Mount Cameroon, while records of five moth species were restricted to submontane and montane forests (between 1,450 and 2,100 m a.s.l.). Consequently, given that the local lepidopteran diversity is known to be higher at lower elevations (differing amongst the lepidopteran groups but always up to 1,100 m a.s.l.; Maicher et al. 2020), it appears that the knowledge gap seems proportionally comparable between the lower and higher elevations on the mountain. Although knowledge on precise elevational ranges of Afrotropical moths is highly limited, all five high-elevation species were previously reported from countries with montane ranges. These species are also the ones with the known azonal distributions which can be related to their affiliation to (sub)montane habitats rather than the severe lack of knowledge on their actual distribution. The remaining seven species have been recorded in both lowland and montane forests on Mount Cameroon.

In conclusion, our report of numerous butterfly and moth species and genera, previously not known to occur in Cameroon, highlights the relatively poor knowledge on the local and regional diversity of Afrotropical Lepidoptera. Moreover, some of these records represent a substantial extension of the individual species’ known distribution. Altogether, we encourage the collection and publishing of similar faunistic data on lepidopteran occurrence from the Afrotropical countries.

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Francis E. Luma, Eliška Chmelová, Petra Janečková, Zuzana Musilová, Ernest Vunan Amohlon and numerous other colleagues and field assistants for their help in the field; the Mount Cameroon National Park staff for their support; and Tomasz Pyrcz and his team at the Nature Education Centre, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, for setting and curating our Lepidoptera material; Karolina Fok and Magdalena Kawałkowska for taking pictures of Daphaenisca inexpectata. Our sampling was permitted by the Ministries of the Republic of Cameroon for Forestry and Wildlife and for Scientific Research and Innovation. Our projects were funded by the Czech Science Foundation (20-16499S), Charles University (PRIMUS/17/SCI/8 and UNCE204069), University of South Bohemia (GAJU030/2016/P and 152/2016/P) and Institute of Entomology, BC CAS (RVO:60077344).

Author contributions

SD, VM, SzS, PP, JEJM, MM, INK, ŠJ and RT collected the materials. SD, VM, SzS, ŁP, MM and RT identified the sampled specimens. JEJM photographed the specimens. SD and RT led the manuscript writing and all co-authors participated in the manuscript writing and approved its submission.

References