Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
Biting midges of Egypt (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
expand article infoMagdi S. El-Hawagry, Salah El-Din A. El-Azab§, Mahmoud S. Abdel-Dayem|, Hathal M. Al Dhafer|
‡ Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
§ Insect Taxonomy Department, Plant Protection Research Institute, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
| College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Open Access

Abstract

Background

This study is one in a series of planned studies on different Egyptian dipteran taxa aiming to catalogue the whole order in Egypt.

New information

All known Egyptian taxa of the family Ceratopogonidae (biting midges) are systematically catalogued. A total number of 64 species belonging to 11 genera, four tribes and four subfamilies has been treated. Data for this study have been compiled from both available literature and specimens collected from different Egyptian localities by the authors. An updated classification, synonymies, type localities, world distributions by biogeographic realm(s) and country, Egyptian localities and dates of collection are provided comprising some new locality records. The study treats all previous inaccuracies in the classification of the family in Egypt.

Keywords

Checklist, geographical distribution, Egyptian localities, dates of collection.

Introduction

Ceratopogonidae is an extremely diverse family of small nematocerous flies (usually less than 3 mm) commonly known as biting midges, with some 130 recognised genera and almost 6,300 extant species distributed worldwide (Pape et al. 2011, Borkent 2016). The family includes also numerous fossils from the Lower Cretaceous to the Miocene, with over 280 species representing 49 genera (26 extant and 23 extinct) (Szadziewski 2018).

The females of most ceratopogonid species are blood-suckers of vertebrates, particularly along sea shores, rivers, lakes and mangrove swamps. Members of the genera Culicoides Latreille and Leptoconops Skuse are the best known to suck the blood of vertebrate animals, including humans, to get protein for egg-laying. Culicoides is the most important ever, as many species of which are implicated in the spread of pathogens and parasites to man and other animals. However, although members of the genus Leptoconops are not known to be involved in the spread of disease, they are important biting pests as their bites are painful and reactions to them last for several days in sensitive people (Linley and Davies 1971, Downes 1978). Identification of the vector and information on the major vector species are important steps in the epidemiology of vector-borne diseases. This will give a clearer indication of the geographic distribution of the disease or its potential distribution (Rawlings 1996). Some species of the genus Forcipomyia Meigen are nectar-feeders and are of great economic importance as pollinators of tropical crop plants (Downes 1978, Wilkening et al. 1985).

Ceratopogonid adults can be distinguished by their wings: wing with hind margin with simple setulae, with eight or fewer longitudinal veins reaching margin, vein M1+2 usually forked, vein R2+3 straight or virtually so (arrowed) not arched and basal medial cross-vein absent (Kirk-Spriggs and Sinclair 2017). The larvae of Culicoides are slender and nematode-like, without appendages and are usually whitish with occasional thoracic pigment patterns. They are aquatic and swim with a characteristic eel-like motion. The larvae of Leptoconops are semi-aquatic. In contrast, the terrestrial larvae of Forcipomyia subgenus Lasiohelea are found in sandy soil, under rotting bark or in damp moss. The pupae are usually hidden in litter or mud, amongst floating vegetation or, in the case of Lasiohelea, under moss or rotting bark. Those of Leptoconops species found on beaches occur in the sand at or near the high-water mark (Boorman 1993).

In Egypt, biting midges constitute a major threat to the tourism industry, especially at recreational beaches and in the resort areas of Southern Sinai, the North Coast and the Red Sea shores (Ghonaim et al. 2001b). This catalogue will hopefully be a base for future studies on monitoring of Egyptian biting midges as well as increasing the knowledge of their geographic range (Rawlings 1996).

Some previous studies have been carried out to study the Egyptian fauna of biting midges, including: Becker (1903), Kieffer (1908), Kieffer (1925c), Macfie (1924), Macfie (1943), Macfie (1944), Nagaty and Morsy (1959a), Nagaty and Morsy (1959b), Nagaty and Morsy (1960a), Nagaty and Morsy (1960b), Morsy (1961), Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), Abdel-Samei (1974), Eesa (1975), Morsy et al. (1989), Braverman et al. (1981), Ahmed (1991), Ghonaim (1997), Ghonaim et al. (2001a). From our viewpoint, Kieffer (1925c) and Macfie (1943), in particular, were the most comprehensive studies. Kieffer (1925c) collected 22 ceratopogonid species from different localities in the Coastal Strip, Eastern Desert, Lower Nile Valley & Delta and Upper Nile Valley. He collected these species abundantly from the Coastal Strip and Eastern Desert in April and from Lower Nile Valley & Delta and Upper Nile Valley in October and November. On the other hand, Macfie (1943) collected 23 different ceratopogonid species from Moascar, near Ismailia (Eastern Desert). He collected most of these species in the evening on windows in February, as they were fairly numerous, in March and April, as they were abundant, but in May they again became fewer and, by the middle of that month, were scarce or had entirely vanished. Macfie observed that they were particularly abundant after dust storms, as if they had sought shelter in buildings from the hot, dry, dust-laden wind.

Ghonaim et al. (2001b) summarised all previous studies and presented a checklist of all Egyptian Ceratopogonidae; however, they wrongly listed Alluaudomyia vudu De Meillon and Hardy, 1954, Culicoides arenarius Edwards, 1922, Culicoides inornatipennis Carter, Ingram & Macfie, 1920 and Dasyhelea inconspicuosa Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1921 as recorded from Egypt by Macfie (1943). In fact, Macfie (1943) did not record any of these species from Egypt and this confusion might result from a misconception of the application of the term variety used by Macfie or a misinterpretation of some of his discussions. In addition, the list of Ghonaim et al. (2001b) included an inaccuracy for the application of the term Nomen dubium for the species Atrichopogon isis Kieffer, Culicoides arenarius Edwards, Dasyhelea egypti Macfie, Dasyhelea heliophila Macfie and Dasyhelea inconspicuosa Carter, Ingram and Macfie.

In the present study, a total of 64 species belonging to 11 genera, four tribes and four subfamilies has been catalogued (Table 1) and all previous inaccuracies are treated.

Taxa treated in the catalogue.

Subfamily

Tribes

Genera

Species

Leptoconopinae

1

3

Forcipomyiinae

2

13

Dasyheleinae

1

10

Ceratopogoninae

4

7

38

Total

4

11

64

This study is one in a series of planned studies on different Egyptian dipteran taxa aiming to catalogue the whole order in Egypt (EL-Hawagry 2015, El-Hawagry 2017, El-Hawagry 2018, El-Hawagry et al. 2018, El-Hawagry and El-Azab 2019, El-Hawagry et al. 2019, El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2019).

Materials and methods

Data sources. The present catalogue is based mainly on data obtained from previous studies on the Egyptian Ceratopogonidae (all treated species have been recorded in previous studies), in addition to specimens collected by the author and his co-workers from different Egyptian localities using light traps (only 8 species: Atrichopogon homoius Ingram and Macfie, Atrichopogon luteicollis (Becker), Forcipomyia psilonota (Kieffer), Forcipomyia fuliginosa (Meigen), Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, Culicoides distinctipennis Austen, Culicoides puncticollis (Becker) and Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein)). A great deal of information, including synonymies (particularly Old World synonyms) and distributional data has been obtained from relevant literature and website databases as well. These sources are listed in the following subsections.

Study area. Egypt, the study area, is a part of the Great Desert Belt, it is characterised by a warm and almost rainless climate and it is one of the driest countries in the world (FAO 2012, Nasser et al. 2019). It is divided into eight ecological zones: the Coastal Strip, Lower Nile Valley & Delta, Upper Nile Valley, Fayoum, Eastern Desert, Western Desert, Sinai and Gebel Elba (Fig. 1). The fauna of all but one of these zones is mostly affiliated to the Palaearctic Region, but that of Gebel Elba, the south-eastern triangle of Egypt, has a greater affiliation to the Afrotropical Region (El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2014, El-Hawagry et al. 2020).

Figure 1.  

Map of Egypt showing the ecological zones

Classification and arrangement of taxa. The current classification and arrangement of taxa of the family Ceratopogonidae basically follows that used in the world catalogues (Borkent 2016, Borkent and Wirth 1997), in which the family is divided into four subfamilies: Leptoconopinae, Forcipomyiinae, Dasyheleinae and Ceratopogoninae. The Ceratopogoninae is the largest Egyptian subfamily, including four tribes in Egypt, namely Culicoidini, Ceratopogonini, Johannsenomyiini and Palpomyiini.

World distribution. Data on world distribution are mainly according to Remm (1988), Systema Dipterorum (http://sd.zoobank.org), Filatov and Szadziewski (2017), Dominiak and Szadziewski (2010), Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2016) and Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2017).

Local distribution (Egyptian localities) and dates of collection. The distributional data and dates of collection that are known so far in the different ecological zones of Egypt are given. Localities within each ecological zone are arranged alphabetically and written after a colon following the ecological zone, for example, "Lower Nile Valley & Delta: EI-Qanatir, EI-Mansoura, Marsafa ".

The basic sources for this part of the catalogue are data from some specimens collected from different Egyptian localities by the authors, in addition to literature records from previous studies on the Egyptian fauna of biting midges, including: Becker (1903), Kieffer (1908), Kieffer (1925c), Macfie (1924), Macfie (1943), Macfie (1944), Nagaty and Morsy (1959a), Nagaty and Morsy (1959b), Nagaty and Morsy (1960a), Nagaty and Morsy (1960b), Morsy (1961), Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), Abdel-Samei (1974), Eesa (1975), Morsy et al. (1989), Braverman et al. (1981), Ahmed (1991), Ghonaim (1997), Ghonaim et al. (2001a). If the Egyptian localities or dates of collection of adult were not known, the term “Unknown” is used.

Abbreviations used:

  • AF, Afrotropical
  • AU, Australasian
  • ICZN, The International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature
  • Is., Islands
  • N., North
  • NE, Nearctic
  • NT, Neotropical
  • OR, Oriental
  • PA, Palaearctic
  • S., South
  • St., Saint
  • USA, United States of America
  • var., variety

Catalogue of the Ceratopogonidae of Egypt

Subfamily LEPTOCONOPINAE

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Genus Leptoconops Skuse, 1889

Nomenclature: 

Leptoconops Skuse, 1889 [Skuse 1889: 288]. Type species: Leptoconops stygius Skuse, by monotypy.

Mycterotypus Noè, 1905 [Noè 1905: 114]. Type species: Mycterotypus bezzii Noè, by designation of Carter (1921).

Protersesthes Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 107]. Type species: Tersesthes brasiliensis Lutz, by original designation.

Tersesthes Townsend, 1893 [Townsend 1893: 370]. Type species: Tersesthes torrens Townsend, by original designation.

Schizoconops Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918a: 135]. Type species: Schizoconops indicus Kieffer, by monotypy.

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Subgenus Holoconops Kieffer, 1918

Nomenclature: 

Holoconops Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918a]: 135. Type species: Leptoconops kerteszi Kieffer, by original designation.

Microconops Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 108]. Type species: Microconops vexans Kieffer, by original designation.

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Leptoconops (Holoconops) kerteszi Kieffer, 1908

Nomenclature: 

Leptoconops kerteszi Kieffer, 1908 [Kieffer 1908: 576]. Type locality: Egypt (Cairo).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Gebel Maryiam, Moaskar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Cairo. Sinai: Bir El-Abd. Western Desert: Saqqara, Wadi El-Natroun.

Dates of collection in Egypt: December to July.

Leptoconops (Holoconops) macfiei Clastrier, 1975

Nomenclature: 

Leptoconops macfiei Clastrier, 1975 [Clastrier 1975: 28]. Type locality: Egypt (Ismailia).

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Distribution: 

AF: Sudan, Yemen (Kamaran Is.). PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Gebel Maryiam, Moaskar). Sinai: Bir El-Abd.

Dates of collection in Egypt: January to April.

Leptoconops (Holoconops) transversalis (Kieffer, 1921)

Nomenclature: 

Holoconops transversalis Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 112]. Type locality: Tunisia.

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Distribution: 

PA: ?Egypt, Tunisia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Unknown.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Notes: 

?- This species was listed as recorded from Egypt by Steyskal & El-Bialy (1967), but no specimens or published records have been found

Subfamily FORCIPOMYIINAE

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Genus Atrichopogon Kieffer, 1906

Nomenclature: 

Atrichopogon Kieffer, 1906 [Kieffer 1906: 53]. Type species: Ceratopogon exilis Coquillett, by subsequent designation of Coquillett (1910).

Kempia Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913c: 162, 179]. Type species: Dasyhelea calcuttensis Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Wirth (1952).

Gymnohelea Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 115]. Type species: Kempia longiserrus Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Wirth (1973).

Dolichohelea Edwards, 1929 [Edwards 1929: 8]. Type species: Dolichohelea polita Edwards, by monotypy.

Lophomyidium Cordero, 1929 [Cordero 1929: 94]. Type species: Lophomyidium uruguayense Cordero, by original designation.

Psilokempia Enderlein, 1936 [Enderlein 1936: 49]. Type species: Kempia appendiculata Goetghebuer, by monotypy.

Meloehelea Wirth, 1956 [Wirth 1956: 16]. Type species: Atrichopogon meloesugans Kieffer.

Psammopogon Remm, 1979 [Remm 1979: 57]. Type species: Atrichopogon trifasciata Kieffer, by original designation.

Rostropogon Remm, 1979 [Remm 1979: 57]. Type species: Ceratopogon rostratus Winnertz, by original designation.

Impensukempia Yu, 2001 [Liu et al. 2001: 47]. Type species: Atrichopogon impensus Yu and Yan, by original designation.

Bessamyia Yu, Liu, Liu, Liu, Hao, Yan and Zhao, 2005 [Yu et al. 2005: 355]. Type species: Atrichopogon bessa Yu and Yan, by original designation.

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Atrichopogon callipotami Macfie, 1924

Nomenclature: 

Atrichopogon callipotami Macfie, 1924 [Macfie 1924: 65]. Type locality: Egypt (Nile at Cairo).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Cairo.

Dates of collection in Egypt: December.

Atrichopogon flavitarsatus (Becker, 1903)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon flavitarsatus Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 74]. Type locality: Egypt (Luxor).

Atrichopogon flavitarsatus: Szadziewski, 1984 [Szadziewski 1984: 187].

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Spain.

Local distribution in Egypt: Upper Nile Valley: Luxor.

Dates of collection in Egypt: December.

Atrichopogon homoius Ingram and Macfie, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Atrichopogon homoium Ingram & Macfie, 1921 [Ingram and Macfie 1921: 338]. Type locality: Ghana.

Atrichopogon alfierii Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 249]. Type locality: Egypt.

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  1. scientificName:
    Atrichopogon homoius Ingram and Macfie, 1921
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    Giza
    ; locality:
    El-Hager
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    15 Aug 1996
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordNumber:
    1
    ; disposition:
    personalcollection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

AF: Ghana. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Ayiat, El-Hager (Mansheyet El-Qanatir), El-Qanatir, El-Badrasheen, Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout, Asswan, Beni Hassan, Dendera, Girga.

Dates of collection in Egypt: August to December.

Atrichopogon isis Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Atrichopogon isis Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 252]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi (at border of the Nile).

Dates of collection in Egypt: October.

Notes: 

Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2016) treated this species as a nomen dubium because it is poorly described and types most probably not preserved.

Atrichopogon luteicollis (Becker, 1903)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon luteicollis Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 74]. Type locality: Egypt (Asswan).

Ceratopogon flavoscutellatus Becker, 1908 [Becker 1908: 74] (preoccupied by Dasyhelea flavoscutellata (Zetterstedt 1850). Type locality: Canary Islands (Spain).

Atrichopogon atriscapula: Macfie 1924 [Macfie 1924: 63], (= Atrichopogon atriscapulus Kieffer, 1918), nec Kieffer 1918b: 45.

Atrichopogon aegyptius Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 250]. Type locality: Egypt.

Atrichopogon phrixus de Meillon, 1943 [De Meillon 1943: 105]. Type locality: South Africa.

Atrichopogon sanani Boorman & van Harten, 2002 [Boorman and van Harten 2002: 434]. Type locality: Yemen.

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  1. scientificName:
    Atrichopogon luteicollis (Becker, 1903)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    Giza
    ; locality:
    El-Hager
    ; eventDate:
    15 Aug 1996
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

AF: South Africa, Sudan, Yemen. PA: Algeria, Canary Islands, Egypt, Israel, Spain.

Local distribution in Egypt: Fayoum: Shakshook. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Cairo, El-Hager (Mansheyet El-Qanatir), Maadi (at border of the Nile). Upper Nile Valley: Asswan, Beni Hassan, Dendera, Edfu, Girga, Luxor. El Sammaneen (Luxor). Western Desert: El-Bustan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: August to December.

Atrichopogon osiris Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Atrichopogon osiris Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 250]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi.

Dates of collection in Egypt: October.

Notes: 

Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2016) treated this species as a nomen dubium because it is poorly described and types most probably not preserved

Genus Forcipomyia Meigen, 1818

Nomenclature: 

Forcipomyia Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 73, 75]. Type species: Tipula bipunctata Linnaeus, by subsequent designation of Westwood (1840).

Labidomyia Stephens, 1829 [Stephens 1829a: 52 (1829b: 239)]. Type species: Tipula bipunctata Linnaeus, by subsequent designation of Westwood (1840).

Tetraphora Philippi, 1865 [Philippi 1865: 630]. Type species: Tetraphora fusca Philippi, by monotypy.

Prohelea Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911a: 319]. Type species: Ceratopogon decipiens Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Brunetti (1920).

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Subgenus Euprojoannisia Brèthes, 1914

Nomenclature: 

Euprojoannisia Brèthes, 1914 [Brèthes 1914: 155]. Type species: Euprojoannisia platensis Brèthes, by original designation.

Euforcipomyia Malloch, 1915 [Malloch 1915b: 312]. Type species: Euforcipomyia hirtipennis Malloch (= Ceratopogon palustris Meigen), by original designation.

Cryptoscena Enderlein, 1936 [Enderlein 1936: 51]. Type species: Ceratopogon palustris Meigen, by monotypy.

Proforcipomyia Saunders, 1957 [Saunders 1957: 662]. Type species: Forcipomyia wirthi Saunders, by original designation.

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Forcipomyia (Euprojoannisia) psilonota (Kieffer, 1911)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon psilonota Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 337]. Type locality: Seychelles.

Ceratopogon aplonota Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 337]. Type locality: Seychelles.

Ceratopogon seychelleana Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 338]. Type locality: Seychelles.

Ceratopogon seychelleana var. fulvithorax Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 338]. Type locality: Seychelles.

Forcipomyia indecora Kieffer, 1914 [Kieffer 1914b: 269]. Type locality: South Africa.

Forcipomyia litoralis Santos Abreu, 1918 [Santos Abreu 1918: 277]. Type locality: Canary Islands (Spain).

Forcipomyia ingrami Carter, 1919 [Carter 1919: 290]. Type locality: Ghana.

Forcipomyia egypti Macfie, 1924 [Macfie 1924: 61]. Type locality: Egypt (Nile near Ayiat).

Forcipomyia hathor Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 247]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

Forcipomyia conogensis Goetghebuer, 1933 [Goetghebuer 1933b: 132]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia flavipilosella Goetghebuer, 1933 [Goetghebuer 1933b: 130]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia lulengaensis Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 155]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia superata Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 160]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia griseipluma Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 154]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia griseolella Goetghebuer, 1948 [Goetghebuer 1948: 7]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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  1. scientificName:
    Forcipomyia psilonota (Kieffer, 1911)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    Asswan
    ; locality:
    Asswan
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    17 Dec 1998
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

AF: Widely distributed. PA: Algeria, Andorra, Azores, Bahrain, Canary Is., Egypt, Israel, Spain.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moaskar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Ayiat, El-Qanatir, Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan, Benni Hassan. Western Desert: El-Bustan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: August to December.

Subgenus Forcipomyia Meigen, 1818 —Nominotypical subgenus

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Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) biannulata Ingram and Macfie, 1924

Nomenclature: 

Forcipomyia biannulata Ingram & Macfie, 1924 [Ingram and Macfie 1924: 557]. Type locality: Ghana, Nigeria, Malawi.

Forcipomyia bicolorata Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 150]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia marginella Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 156]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia quatuorguttata Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 158]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia nigricosta Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 158]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia pallidula Goetghebuer, 1948 [Goetghebuer 1948: 6]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia abonnenci Clastrier, 1959 [Clastrier 1959: 340]. Type locality: Senegal.

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Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. PA: Canary Islands, Egypt, Israel.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moaskar). Fayoum: Shakshook. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: El-Badrasheen, El-Qanatir. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan, Sohag (El-Shewash).

Dates of collection in Egypt: September to February.

Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) nilicola (Kieffer, 1925)

Nomenclature: 

Apelma nilicola Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 253]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Sohag (El-Shewash).

Dates of collection in Egypt: September and October.

Notes: 

Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2016) treated this species as a nomen dubium because it is poorly described and types most probably not preserved.

Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) urnigera Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Forcipomyia urnigera Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 247]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi (at border of the Nile).

Dates of collection in Egypt: July.

Notes: 

Alwin-Kownacka et al. (2016) treated this species as a nomen dubium because it is poorly described and types most probably not preserved

Subgenus Lepidohelea Kieffer, 1917

Nomenclature: 

Lepidohelea Kieffer, 1917 [Kieffer 1917: 364]. Type species: Ceratopogon chrysolophus Kieffer, by original designation.

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Forcipomyia (Lepidohelea) pulcherrima Santos Abreu, 1918

Nomenclature: 

Forcipomyia pulcherrima Santos Abreu, 1918 [Santos Abreu 1918: 272]. Type locality: Canary Islands (Spain).

Lepidohelea ornatipes Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921a: 1], preoccupied by Forcipomyia ornatipes (Kieffer 1918a). Type locality: Cameroon.

Lepidohelea formosae Kieffer, 1922 [Kieffer 1922a: 153]. Type locality: Taiwan.

Forcipomyia lepidota Ingram and Macfie, 1924 [Ingram and Macfie 1924: 566]. Type locality: Ghana.

Forcipomyia variegata Goetghebuer, 1933 [Goetghebuer 1933b: 133]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia marsafae Ghonaim, Ibrahim and Ali, 2001 [Ghonaim et al. 2001b: 42]. Type locality: Egypt (Qalyubiya: Marsafa).

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Distribution: 

AF: Widely distributed. AU: Hawaii. NE: USA. OR: Widely distributed. PA: Canary Islands, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: El-Badrasheen, El-Qanatir, Marsafa. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan, Luxor (El-Sammaneen), Sohag (El-Shewash).

Dates of collection in Egypt: September to April.

Subgenus Microhelea Kieffer, 1917

Nomenclature: 

Microhelea Kieffer, 1917 [Kieffer 1917: 364]. Type species: Atrichopogon microtomus Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Kieffer (1921b: 7).

Phasmidohelea Mayer, 1937 [Mayer 1937: 233]. Type species: Phasmidohelea crudelis Mayer, by original designation.

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Forcipomyia (Microhelea) fuliginosa (Meigen, 1818)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon fuliginosa Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 86]. Type locality: Germany.

Ceratopogon villosa Zetterstedt, 1850 [Zetterstedt 1850: 3645]. Type locality: Sweden.

Ceratopogon crudelis Karsch, 1886 [Karsch 1886: 18]. Type locality: Germany.

Ceratopogon hirtipes de Meijere, 1907 [De Meijere 1907: 209]. Type locality: Indonesia.

Forcipomyia brevimana Lundström, 1910 [Lundström 1910: 32]. Type locality: Finland.

Ceratopogon inornatipennis Austen, 1912 [Austen 1912: 107]. Type locality: Nigeria.

Forcipomyia bipunctata var. obscura Santos Abreu, 1918 [Santos Abreu 1918: 276], preoccupied by Forcipomyia obscura (Walker 1848). Type locality: Canary Islands (Spain).

Ceratopogon alboclavata Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 12]. Type locality: Slovak Republic.

Ceratopogon canaliculata Goetghebuer, 1920 [Goetghebuer 1920: 110]. Type locality: Belgium.

Forcipomyia nilotheres Macfie, 1924 [Macfie 1924: 62]. Type locality: Egypt (Nile at Assiout).

Forcipomyia inornatipennis var. ornaticrus Ingram and Macfie, 1924 [Ingram and Macfie 1924: 577], preoccupied by Forcipomyia ornaticrus Kieffer 1912. Type locality: Ghana.

Forcipomyia atripennis Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 149]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia auripila Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 150]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia curtimana Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 151]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia grisescens Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 154]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia vicina Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 161]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Forcipomyia longiradialis Tokunaga, 1940 [Tokunaga 1940: 66]. Type locality: Japan.

Forcipomyia takagii Tokunaga, 1941 [Tokunaga 1941: 90]. Type locality: China.

Lasiohelea wansoni Harant and Baur, 1946 [Harant and Baur 1946: 141], preoccupied by Forcipomyia wansoni De Meillon 1939. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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  1. scientificName:
    Forcipomyia fuliginosa (Meigen, 1818)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    Giza
    ; locality:
    Cairo University
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventTime:
    15 Jan 1996
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

AF: Widely distributed in AF, NE, NEO, OR and PA.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: El-Badrasheen, Giza. Upper Nile. Valley: Assiout. Western Desert: El-Bustan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: December & April.

Subgenus Synthyridomyia Saunders, 1957

Nomenclature: 

Synthyridomyia Saunders, 1957 [Saunders 1957: 688]. Type species: Lasiohelea acidicola Tokunaga, by original designation.

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Forcipomyia (Synthyridomyia) murina (Winnertz, 1852)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon murinus Winnertz, 1852 [Winnertz 1852: 26]. Type locality: Europe.

Helea murina var. abdominalis Santos Abreu, 1918 [Santos Abreu 1918: 265]. Type locality: Canary Islands (Spain).

Apelma aurosparsum Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 65]. Type locality: Hungary.

Forcipomyia sulfurea Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923a: 664]. Type locality: Algeria.

Forcipomyia hirtipalpis Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924b: 392]. Type locality: France.

Forcipomyia sate Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 245]. Type locality: Egypt.

Forcipomyia longitarsis Tokunaga, 1940 [Tokunaga 1940: 92], preoccupied by Forcipomyia longitarsis (Malloch 1915b). Type locality: Taiwan.

Forcipomyia moascari Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 147]. Type locality: Egypt.

Forcipomyia attonsa Goetghebuer, 1950 [Goetghebuer 1950: 1]. Type locality: Belgium.

Forcipomyia tokunagai Wirth, 1973: 356 [Wirth 1973], preoccupied by Forcipomyia tokunagai (Oka and Asahina 1948). New name for longitarsis.

Forcipomyia submurina Remm, 1980 [Remm 1980: 115], as sibmurina, as subspecies of murina. Type locality: Russia.

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Distribution: 

Widespread in AF, PA and NE.

Local distribution in Egypt: Coastal Strip: Alexandria (Sidi Gaber). Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar), Suez (Guyot Garden). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: El-Qanatir, Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: August to April.

Subfamily DASYHELEINAE

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Genus Dasyhelea Kieffer, 1911

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 5]. Type species: Dasyhelea halophila Kieffer, by monotypy.

Prokempia Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913c: 163], 179. Type species: Dasyhelea ornaticornis Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Wirth (1973: 358).

Pseudoculicoides Malloch, 1915 [Malloch 1915a: 309]. Type species: Ceratopogon mutabilis Coquillett, by original designation.

Tetrahelea Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925a: 423]. Type species: Culicoides insignicornis Kieffer, by original designation.

Dicryptoscena Enderlein, 1936 [Enderlein 1936: 51]. Type species: Dasyhelea inclusa Kieffer, by original designation.

Sebessia Remm, 1979 [Remm 1979: 55]. Type species: Dasyhelea flavopyga Zilahi-Sebess, by original designation.

Borkentimyia Yu, Liu, Liu, Liu, Hao, Yan and Zhao, 2005 [Yu et al. 2005: 321]. Type species: Dasyhelea forsteri Grogan and Wirth, by original designation.

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Dasyhelea arenivaga Macfie, 1943

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea inconspicuosa var. arenivaga Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 151]. Type locality: Egypt (Ismailia).

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Egypt, Israel, Poland, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Upper Nile Valley: Asswan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: November to March.

Dasyhelea arenosa Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea arenosa Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 255]. Type locality: Algeria.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Egypt, Spain.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Pyramids.

Dates of collection in Egypt: April.

Dasyhelea begueti Kieffer, 1922

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea begueti Kieffer, 1922 [Kieffer 1922b: 508]. Type locality: Algeria.

Dasyhelea astyla Kieffer, 1922b: 510. Type locality: Algeria.

Dasyhelea hirtipes Kieffer, 1922b: 510 (as variety of begueti, preoccupied by Dasyhelea hirtipes (Kieffer, 1917). Type locality: Algeria.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Coastal Strip: Alexandria (sea shore). Eastern Desert: Suez (Guyot Gardens), Wadis near Helwan. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi.

Dates of collection in Egypt: April and October.

Dasyhelea egypti Macfie, 1943

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea inconspicuosa var. egypti Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 149]. Type locality: Egypt (Ismailia: Moascar).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar), Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi.

Dates of collection in Egypt: February to November.

Dasyhelea fusca Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea fusca Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1921 [Carter et al. 1921b: 204]. Type locality: Ghana.

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Distribution: 

AF: Ghana, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa. AF: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar).

Dates of collection in Egypt: March and April.

Dasyhelea heliophila Macfie, 1943

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea inconspicuosa var. heliophila Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 150]. Type locality: Egypt (Ismailia: Nifisha).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Nifisha).

Dates of collection in Egypt: July.

Dasyhelea ismailiae Macfie, 1943

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea ismailiae Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 152]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

AF: South Africa. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar).

Dates of collection in Egypt: February and March.

Dasyhelea luteocincta Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea luteocincta Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 254]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi.

Dates of collection in Egypt: October.

Dasyhelea modesta (Winnertz, 1852)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon modestus Winnertz, 1852 [Winnertz 1852: 43]. Type locality: Germany.

Ceratopogon aestivus Winnertz, 1852 [Winnertz 1852: 42]. Type locality: Germany.

Dasyhelea longipalpis Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913b: 37]. Type locality: Germany.

Dasyhelea inclusa Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918b: 188]. Type locality: Czech Republic.

Dasyhelea strobli Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 63]. Type locality: Spain.

Dasyhelea pratensis Goetghebuer, 1920 [Goetghebuer 1920: 44]. Type locality: Belgium.

Dasyhelea bihamata Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923a: 667]. Type locality: Algeria.

Dasyhelea moascari Macfie, 1943 [Macfie 1943: 153]. Type locality: Egypt.

Dasyhelea densipilosa Tokunaga, 1963 [Tokunaga 1963: 41]. Type locality: Japan.

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Distribution: 

AF: Yemen. PA: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., China, Czech Republic, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iran, Japan, Lithuania, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: EI-Qanatir, EI-Mansoura, Marsafa. Western Desert: EI-Bustan (Beheira).

Dates of collection in Egypt: February, April, August and November.

Dasyhelea nyasae Ingram and Macfie, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Dasyhelea nyasae Ingram and Macfie, 1925 [Ingram and Macfie 1925: 286]. Type locality: Malawi.

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Distribution: 

AF: Malawi, Uganda. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Western Desert: EI-Bustan (Beheira).

Dates of collection in Egypt: February.

Subfamily CERATOPOGONINAE

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Tribe CULICOIDINI

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Genus Culicoides Latreille, 1809

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides Latreille, 1809 [Latreille 1809: 251]. Type species: Culicoides punctatus Latreille, by monotypy.

Padrosia Rafinesque, 1815 [Rafinesque 1815: 130], unnecessary new name for Culicoides Latreille. Type species: Culicoides punctatus Latreille, automatic.

Oecacta Poey, 1853 [Poey 1853: 238]. Type species: Oecacta furens Poey, by monotypy.

Psychophaena Philippi, 1865 [Philippi 1865: 628]. Type species: Psychophaena pictipennis Philippi (= Culicoides venezuelensis Ortiz and Mirsa), by monotypy.

Haematomyidium Goeldi, 1905 [Goeldi 1905: 137]. Type species: Haematomyidium paraense Goeldi, by original designation.

Cotocripus Brèthes, 1912 [Brèthes 1912, 1912: 451]. Type species: Cotocripus caridei Brèthes, by monotypy.

Oxyhelea Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921a: 14]. Type species: Culicoides dentatus Kieffer, by monotypy.

Diplosella Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 113]. Type species: Culicoides sergenti Kieffer, by monotypy.

Haemophoructus Macfie, 1925 [Macfie 1925: 349]. Type species: Haemophoructus maculipennis Macfie, by monotypy.

Prosapelma Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925a: 417]. Type species: Prosapelma cinerea Kieffer, by original designation.

Synhelea Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925a: 423]. Type species: Culicoides tropicalis Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Wirth et al. (1980).

Hoffmania Fox, 1948 [Fox 1948: 21]. Type species: Culicoides inamollae Fox and Hoffman (= Culicoides insignis Lutz), by original designation.

Beltranmyia Vargas, 1953 [Vargas 1953: 34]. Type species: Culicoides crepuscularis Malloch, by original designation.

Selfia Khalaf, 1954 [Khalaf 1954: 38]. Type species: Culicoides hieroglyphicus Malloch, by original designation.

Monoculicoides Khalaf, 1954 [Khalaf 1954: 39]. Type species: Ceratopogon nubeculosus Meigen, by original designation.

Macfiella Fox, 1955 [Fox 1955: 217]. Type species: Ceratopogon phlebotomus Williston, by original designation.

Avaritia Fox, 1955 [Fox 1955: 218]. Type species: Ceratopogon obsoletus Meigen, by original designation.

Trithecoides Wirth and Hubert, 1959 [Wirth and Hubert 1959: 2]. Type species: Culicoides flaviscutatus Wirth and Hubert, by original designation.

Anilomyia Vargas, 1960 [Vargas 1960: 37]. Type species: Culicoides covagarciai Ortiz, by original designation.

Drymodesmyia Vargas, 1960 [Vargas 1960: 40]. Type species: Culicoides copiosus Root and Hoffman, by original designation.

Diphaomyia Vargas, 1960 [Vargas 1960: 40]. Type species: Culicoides baueri Hoffman, by original designation.

Glaphiromyia Vargas, 1960 [Vargas 1960: 41]. Type species: Culicoides scopus Root and Hoffman, by original designation.

Mataemyia Vargas, 1960 [Vargas 1960: 43]. Type species: Culicoides mojingaensis Wirth and Blanton, by original designation.

Meijerehelea Wirth and Hubert, 1961 [Wirth and Hubert 1961: 23]. Type species: Ceratopogon guttifer de Meijere, by original designation.

Pontoculicoides Remm, 1968 [Remm and Zhogolev 1968: 840]. Type species: Culicoides tauricus Gutsevich, by original designation.

Callotia Vargas and Kremer, 1972 [Vargas and Kremer 1972: 242]. Type species: Culicoides saevus Kieffer, by original designation.

Wirthomyia Vargas, 1973 [Vargas 1973: 112]. Type species: Culicoides segnis Campbell and Pelham Clinton, by original designation.

Sensiculicoides Shevchenko, 1977 [Shevchenko 1977: 133]. Type species: Ceratopogon pictipennis Staeger, by original designation.

Remmia Glukhova, 1977 [Glukhova 1977: 116]. Type species: Ceratopogon schultzei Enderlein, by original designation.

Silvaticulicoides Glukhova, 1977 [Glukhova 1977: 117]. Type species: Ceratopogon fascipennis Staeger, by original designation.

Neoculicoides Boorman and Lane, 1979 [Boorman and Lane 1979: 327], preoccupied by Neoculicoides Pierce, 1966. Type species: Neoculicoides taylori Boorman and Lane, by original designation.

Nullicella Lee, 1982 [Lee 1982: 165]. Type species: Culicoides lasaensis Lee, (by original designation).

Sinocoides Chu, 1983 [Chu 1983: 26]. Type species: Culicoides hamiensis Chu, Qian and Ma, by original designation.

Jilinocoides Chu, 1983 [Chu 1983: 28]. Type species: Culicoides dunhuaensis Chu, by original designation.

Amossovia Glukhova, 1989 [Glukhova 1989: 226]. Type species: Culicoides dendrophilus Amosova, by original designation.

Silvicola Mirzaeva and Isaev, 1990 [Mirzaeva and Isaev 1990: 98]. Type species: Culicoides grisescens Edwards, by original designation.

Tokunagahelea Dyce and Meiswinkel, 1995 [Dyce and Meiswinkel 1995: 131]. Type species: Culicoides mikros Dyce and Meiswinkel, by original designation.

Fastus Liu, 2005 [Yu et al. 2005: 1196]. Type species: Culicoides alpigenus Yu and Liu, by original designation.

Marksomyia Bellis and Dyce, 2011 [Bellis and Dyce 2011: 36]. Type species: Culicoides marksi Lee and Reye, by original designation.

Devalquia Choufani and Nel, 2013 [Choufani et al. 2013: 75]. Type species: Devalquia brisaci Choufani & Nel, 2013, by original designation.

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Culicoides azerbajdzhanicus Dzhafarov, 1962

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides azerbajdzhanicus Dzhafarov, 1962 [Dzhafarov 1962: 211]. Type locality: Azerbaijan.

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Distribution: 

AF: Senegal. PA: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Morocco, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: El-Tour, Marsa Abu Zabad, Wadi Ba'aba'a (S. Sinai).

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides bedfordi Ingram and Macfie, 1923

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides bedfordi Ingram and Macfie, 1923 [Ingram and Macfie 1923: 57]. Type locality: South Africa.

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Distribution: 

AF: Cameroon, Kenya, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: EI-Hamra, EI-Qanatir. Upper Nile Valley: Luxor. Western Desert: Baharriya Oasis (EI-Hara), Wadi El-Natroun.

Dates of collection in Egypt: August to December.

Culicoides calloti Kremer, Delécolle, Bailly-Choumara and Chaker, 1979

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides calloti Kremer, Delécolle and Bailly-Choumara and Chaker, 1979 [Kremer et al. 1979: 195]. Type locality: Morocco (Tarhjicht).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Israel, Morocco.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: El-Tour (Wadi Dissa), Hammam Moussa.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides cataneii Clastrier, 1957

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides cataneii Clastrier, 1957 [Clastrier 1957: 438]. Type locality: Algeria

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Morocco, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: El-Arish.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides catharinae Kremer, Delécolle and Braverman, 1991

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides catharinae Kremer, Delécolle and Braverman, 1991 [Kremer et al. 1991: 151]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: St. Catherine (S. Sinai).

Dates of collection in Egypt: June.

Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918a: 49]. Type locality: Tunisia.

Culicoides nadayanus Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918a: 95]. Type locality: Turkey.

Culicoides edwardsi Goetghebuer, 1921 [Goetghebuer 1921: 177]. Type locality: Belgium.

Culicoides algarum Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924a: 18]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides salicola Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924b: 405]. Type locality: Norway.

Culicoides salicola var. pictidorsum Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924b: 406]. Type locality: Norway.

Culicoides albonotatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 133], preoccupied by Culicoides albonotatus Kieffer 1918. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides albosignatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 135]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides polymaculatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 135]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides pulcher Zilahi-Sebess, 1934 [Zilahi-Sebess 1934: 155], misspelled as pulscher. Type locality: Bulgaria.

Culicoides kirovabadicus Dzhafarov, 1964 [Dzhafarov 1964: 228]. Type locality: Azerbaijan.

Culicoides circumscriptus matsuensis Lien, Weng and Lin, 1996 [Lien et al. 1996: 20]. Type locality: Taiwan.

Culicoides circumscriptus meridionalis Xue, Liu and Yu, 2003 [Xue et al. 2003: 112]. Type locality: China.

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  1. scientificName:
    Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonida
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    Giza
    ; locality:
    El-Hager
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    15 Aug 1996
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

OR & PA: Widespread in Asia and Europe, Egypt, Tunisia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Coastal Strip: Abis. Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Fayoum: EI-Siliyin, Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Abbassiya (Cairo), Abu-Rawash, Aga, El-Hager (Mansheyet El-Qanater), EI-Qanatir, Mit Yaish (Mit Ghamr), Nawasa El-Gheit. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout (Biblaw), Minya. Western Desert: Abis, El-Bustan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: March to November.

Culicoides distinctipennis Austen, 1912

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides distinctipennis Austen, 1912 [Austen 1912: 101]. Type locality: Nigeria.

Forcipomyia multiguttata Goetghebuer, 1935 [Goetghebuer 1935: 156]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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  1. scientificName:
    Culicoides distinctipennis Austen, 1912
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonida
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    El-Dakahlyia
    ; locality:
    El-Mansoura
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    17 Nov 199
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
  2. scientificName:
    Culicoides distinctipennis Austen, 1912
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonida
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    El-Dakahlyia
    ; locality:
    El-Mansoura
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    17 Nov 199
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia. Fayoum: EI-Siliyin. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Abbassiya, Abu-Rawash, Ashmoun, Ayiat, Bulaq El-Dakrour, Cairo, El-Khanka, El-Mansoura, EI-Qanatir, Etay El-Baroud, Kafr Hamza, Kafr Tarkhan, Maadi, Mit Yaish (Mit Ghamr), Shatanuf. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout. Western Desert: El-Bustan, Itay El-Baroud.

Dates of collection in Egypt: May to December.

Culicoides firuzae Dzhafarov, 1958

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides firuzae Dzhafarov, 1958 [Dzhafarov 1958: 245]. Type locality: Azerbaijan (Araks Valley).

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Distribution: 

PA: Armenia, Azerbaijan Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Wadi Ba’aba’a.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides hanae Braverman, Delécolle and Kremer, 1983

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides hanae Braverman, Delécole and Krémer, 1983 [Braverman et al. 1983: 678]. Type locality: Egypt (Sinai: Qadesh Barnea).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Israel.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Qadesh Barnea (El-Arish).

Dates of collection in Egypt: November.

Culicoides imicola Kieffer, 1913

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides imicola Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913d: 11]. Type locality: Kenya.

Ceratopogon pallidipennis Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1920 [Carter et al. 1920: 265]. Type locality: Ghana.

Culicoides iraqensis Khalaf, 1957 [Khalaf 1957: 343]. Type locality: Iraq.

Culicoides minutus Sen and Das Gupta, 1959 [Sen and Das Gupta 1959: 622]. Type locality: India.

Culicoides pseudoturgidus Das Gupta, 1962 [Das Gupta 1962: 537]. Type locality: India.

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Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. OR: India, Laos, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. PA: Algeria, Cyprus, France, the Near and Middle East, Morocco, Portugal, Spain.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar), Suez. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Giza, Bulaq El-Dakrour.

Dates of collection in Egypt: February to May.

Culicoides jumineri Callot and Kremer, 1969

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides jumineri Callot and Krémer, 1969 [Callot and Kremer 1969: 1112]. Type locality: Tunisia.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Corsica, Egypt, Israel, Morocco, Tunisia, Portugal, Spain, Turkey.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Ga’al.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides kingi Austen, 1912

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides kingi Austen, 1912 [Austen 1912: 104]. Type locality: Sudan (Khor Arbaat, Red sea Hills).

Culicoides nilotes Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 257]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

AF: Sudan. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi. Sinai: Bir El-Abd.

Dates of collection in Egypt: February to April and August to November.

Culicoides langeroni Kieffer, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides langeroni Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921c: 262]. Type locality: Tunisia.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Iran, Israel, Tunisia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Bir El-Abd, El-Tour, Hammam Moussa.

Dates of collection in Egypt: July.

Culicoides leucostictus Kieffer, 1911

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides leucostictus Kieffer, 1911 [Kieffer 1911b: 340]. Type locality: Seychelles.

Culicoides praetermissus Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1920 [Carter et al. 1920: 240]. Type locality: Ghana.

Culicoides distinctipennis var. egypti Macfie, 1924 [Macfie 1924: 66]. Type locality: Egypt (Nile at Assiout).

Culicoides pharao Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 259]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi).

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Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. PA: Cyprus, Egypt, Israel.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Assiout, Minya. Western Desert: Wadi El-Natroun.

Dates of collection in Egypt: October to April.

Culicoides marcleti Callot, Kremer and Basset, 1968

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides marcleti Callot, Krémer and Basset, 1968 [Callot et al. 1968: 271]. Type locality: Algeria.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Spain, Tunisia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Khirba.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides maritimus Kieffer, 1924

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides maritimus Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924a: 16]. Type locality: Germany (Schleswig-Holstein: Holstein).

Culicoides submaritimus Dzhafarov, 1962 [Dzhafarov 1962: 206]. Type locality: Azerbaijan.

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Distribution: 

PA: Europe (Widespread), Middle East and North Africa.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Bir El-Abd, Salmana, Ga’al, Khirba.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides mesghalii Navai, 1973

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides mesghalii Naval, 1973 [Navai 1973: 196]. Type locality: Iran.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Iran, Israel.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Mersa Abu Zabad.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides navaiae Lane, 1983

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides navaiae Lane, 1983 [Lane 1983: 534]. Type locality: Saudi Arabia.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Saudi Arabia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Khirba.

Dates of collection in Egypt: April.

Culicoides neavei Austen, 1912

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides neavei Austen, 1912 [Austen 1912: 102]. Type locality: Uganda.

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Native status: 

Doubtful record.

Distribution: 

AF: Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Upper Volta, Zaire, Zimbabwe. PA: ?Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: ?Eastern Desert: ?Ismailia.

Notes: 

?- This Afrotropical species was listed as recorded from Egypt by Morsy et al. (1989), but no specimens have been found to ensure this record. It must be considered very doubtful as an Egyptian species.

Culicoides newsteadi Austen, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides newsteadi Austen, 1921 [Austen 1921: 113]. Type locality: Israel (Jerisheh).

Culicoides biclavatus Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924a: 14]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides halophilus Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924b: 404]. Type locality: Norway.

Culicoides pulicaris var. edwardsi Goetghebuer, 1933 [Goetghebuer 1933c: 46], preoccupied by Culicoides edwardsi Goetghebuer, 1921. Type locality: Europe.

Culicoides pulicaris var. edwardsianus Goetghebuer, 1933 [Goetghebuer 1933a: 367]. Type locality: Great Britain.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Egypt, Europe (distributed through much of Europe), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Morocco.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Sheikh Zowaiid (N. Sinai). Western Desert: El-Bustan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: February and March.

Culicoides pilosipennis Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides pilosipennis Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 257]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Suez (Guyot Garden).

Dates of collection in Egypt: April.

Culicoides pulicaris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nomenclature: 

Culex pulicaris Linnaeus, 1758 [Linnaeus 1758: 603]. Type locality: Europe.

Culicoides setosinervis Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913a: 8]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides pullatus Kieffer, 1915 [Kieffer 1915: 474]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides stephensi Carter, 1916 [Carter 1916: 135]. Type locality: Egypt.

Culicoides cinerellus Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 40]. Type locality: Ukraine.

Culicoides quinquepunctatus Goetghebuer, 1921 [Goetghebuer 1921: 177]. Type locality: Belgium.

Culicoides flaviplumus Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924a: 19]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides sawamotoi Kono and Takahasi, 1940 [Kono and Takahasi 1940: 75.] Type locality: Russia.

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Distribution: 

PA: Widespread.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Sinai: Bir El-Abd.

Dates of collection in Egypt: March to July.

Culicoides puncticollis (Becker, 1903)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon puncticollis Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 75]. Type locality: Egypt.

Ceratopogon pulicaris form algecirensis Strobl, 1900 [Strobl 1900: 170]. Type locality: Spain. Name suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1643.

Culicoides impressus Kieffer, 1918 [Kieffer 1918a: 47]. Type locality: Tunisia.

Culicoides distigma Kieffer, 1922 [Kieffer 1922b: 502]. Type locality: Algeria.

Culicoides donatieni Kieffer, 1922 [Kieffer 1922b: 504]. Type locality: Algeria.

Culicoides sciniphes Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 261]. Type locality: Egypt.

Culicoides bipunctatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 133]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides tripunctatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 137]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides wenigi Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 138]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides flavitarsis Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 137]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides griseovittatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 133]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides luteosignatus Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 140]. Type locality: Israel.

Culicoides vavrai Vimmer, 1932 [Vimmer 1932: 140]. Type locality: Israel.

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  1. scientificName:
    Culicoides puncticollis (Becker, 1903)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    El-Dakahlyia
    ; locality:
    Sallent, El-Mansoura
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    17 Nov 1997
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; disposition:
    personal collection of El-Hawagry
Distribution: 

PA: Balearic Is., Belgium, British Is., Corsica, Cyprus, Dodecanese Is., France, Hungary, Italy, Middle East, North Africa, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine.

Local distribution in Egypt: Coastal Strip: Alexandria, Burg El-Arab, Burg Rashid. Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Fayed, Nifisha & Moascar), Suez. Fayoum: Sinnuris. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Abbassiya, Abu-Rawash, Aga, Bulaq El-Dakrour, Cairo, Desouk, El-Basatin, EI-Mansoura, Giza, Maadi, Mit Yaish (Mit Ghamr). Upper Nile Valley: Dairout, Minya. Western Desert: Abis, Itay El-Baroud.

Dates of collection in Egypt: March to November.

Culicoides riethi Kieffer, 1914

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides riethi Kieffer, 1914 [Kieffer 1914a: 237]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides cordatus Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 114 (1921d: 275)]. Type locality: Latvia.

Culicoides crassiforceps Kieffer, 1924 [Kieffer 1924a: 15]. Type locality: Germany.

Culicoides gigas Root and Hoffman, 1937 [Root and Hoffman 1937: 172]. Type locality: Canada (Saskatchewan).

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Distribution: 

NE: from Alaska to Manitoba, south to British Columbia, Wyoming and Nebraska. PA: China, Egypt, Europe (widespread), Iran, Japan, Mongolia, Morocco.

Local distribution in Egypt: Coastal Strip: Roseta. Fayoum: El-Siliyin Lower Nile valley & Delta: Abu-Rawash. Upper Nile Valley: Asswan (Botanical Garden, High Dam), Minya. Western Desert: Wadi El-Natroun.

Dates of collection in Egypt: throughout the year.

Culicoides sahariensis Kieffer, 1923

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides sahariensis Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923a: 678]. Type locality: Algeria.

Culicoides similis baghdadensis Khalaf, 1957 [Khalaf 1957: 341]. Type locality: Iraq.

Culicoides coluzzii Callot, Kremer and Bailly-Choumara, 1970 [Callot et al. 1970: 710]. Type locality: Tunisia.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Cyprus, Italy, Portuguese, Sicily, Spain, Middle East, Turkey.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Bir El-Abd, Bir Lahfan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein, 1908)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon schultzei Enderlein, 1908 [Enderlein 1908: 459]. Type locality: Namibia.

Culicoides irroratus Goetghebuer, 1948 [Goetghebuer 1948: 12]. Type locality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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  1. scientificName:
    Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein, 1908)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    El-Behaira
    ; locality:
    Wadi El-Natrou
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    3 May 1993
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
  2. scientificName:
    Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein, 1908)
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Ceratopogonidae
    ; continent:
    Africa
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; stateProvince:
    El-Dakahlyia
    ; locality:
    Sellent, El-Mansoura
    ; samplingProtocol:
    light trap
    ; eventDate:
    17 Nov 199
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    fmale
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. AU: New Ginea. OR: Indonesia. PA: China, Cyprus, Japan, Korea, Middle East, North Africa, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Local distribution in Egypt: widely distributed.

Dates of collection in Egypt: throughout the year.

Culicoides sejfadinei Dzhafarov, 1958

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides sejfadinei Dzhafarov, 1958 [Dzhafarov 1958: 247]. Type locality: Azerbaijan.

Culicoides flavidus Dzhafarov, 1959 [Dzhafarov 1959: 470]. Type locality: Azerbaijan

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, China, France, Greece, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Middle East, Morocco, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, former Yugoslavia.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: Wadi Sa’al.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides sergenti (Kieffer, 1921)

Nomenclature: 

Diplosella sergenti Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921b: 113]. Type locality: Algeria (El-Outaya).

Culicoides citrinellus Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923a: 674]. Type locality: Algeria.

Culicoides mosulensis Khalaf, 1957 [Khalaf 1957: 339]. Type locality: Iraq.

Culicoides turkmenicus Gutsevich, 1959 [Gutsevich 1959: 678]. Type locality: Turkmenistan.

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Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: El-Tour, Wadi Ba’aba’a.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Culicoides similis Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1920

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides similis Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1920 [Carter et al. 1920: 255]. Type locality: Ghana.

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Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. OR: India, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand. PA: Middle East, Morocco.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Kafr El-Zaiyat, Shatanouf.

Dates of collection in Egypt: February to July.

Culicoides stigma (Meigen, 1818)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon stigma Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 73]. Type locality: Europe.

Culicoides kiefferi Goetghebuer, 1910 [Goetghebuer 1910: 96]. Type locality: Belgium.

Culicoides cordiformitarsis Carter, 1916 [Carter 1916: 134]. Type locality: Egypt.

Culicoides unimaculatus Goetghebuer, 1920 [Goetghebuer 1920: 57]. Unnecessary new name for kiefferi Goetghebuer.

Culicoides stigmoides Callot, Kremer and Deduit, 1962 [Callot et al. 1962: 166]. Type locality: France.

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Distribution: 

NE: Canada. PA: Egypt, Europe (widespread).

Local distribution in Egypt: Unknown.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Notes: 

This species was listed as recorded from Egypt by Steyskal & El-Bialy (1967), but no other published records or specimens have been found.

Culicoides vitreipennis Austen, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Culicoides vitreipennis Austen, 1921 [Austen 1921: 108]. Type locality: Israel (Jerisheh).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt, Israel.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia (Moascar). Sinai: Bir El-Abd.

Dates of collection in Egypt: April to July.

Tribe CERATOPOGONINI

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Genus Alluaudomyia Kieffer, 1913

Nomenclature: 

Alluaudomyia Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913d: 12]. Type species: Alluaudomyia imparunguis Kieffer, by monotypy.

Neoceratopogon Malloch, 1915 [Malloch 1915b: 310]. Type species: Ceratopogon bellus Coquillett, by original designation.

Prionognathus Carter, Ingram and Macfie, 1921 [Carter et al. 1921a: 309]. Type species: Prionognathus marmoratus Carter, Ingram and Macfie, by original designation.

Thysanognathus Ingram and Macfie, 1922 [Ingram and Macfie 1922: 244]. New name for Prionognathus Carter, Ingram and Macfie. Type species: Prionognathus marmoratus Carter, Ingram and Macfie, automatic.

Isoecacta Garrett, 1925 [Garrett 1925: 9]. Type species: Isoecacta poeyi Garrett (= Ceratopogon bellus Coquillett), by original designation.

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Alluaudomyia melanosticta (Ingram and Macfie, 1922)

Nomenclature: 

Thysanognathus melanosticta Ingram and Macfie, 1922 [Ingram and Macfie 1922: 248]. Type locality: Ghana.

Thysanognathus nilogenes Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 262]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

AF: Widespread. PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Ismailia. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Ayiat, Maadi. Upper Nile Valley: Beni Hassan.

Dates of collection in Egypt: October to March.

Genus Serromyia Meigen, 1818

Nomenclature: 

Serromyia Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 83]. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, by monotypy.

Prionomyia Stephens, 1829 [Stephens 1829b: 237]. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, by subsequent designation of Westwood (1840: 126).

Atmobia Bigot, 1857 [Bigot 1857: 519]. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, by subsequent designation of Evenhuis and Pont (2004).

Ceratolophus Kieffer, 1899 [Kieffer 1899: 69], preoccupied by Barboza de Bocage, 1873. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, by original designation.

Johannseniella Williston, 1907 [Williston 1907: 1]. New name for Ceratolophus Kieffer. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, automatic.

Ceratolophana Strand, 1928 [Strand 1928: 48]. New name for Ceratolophus Kieffer. Type species: Ceratopogon femoratus Meigen, automatic.

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Serromyia mangrovi Delécolle and Braverman, 1987

Nomenclature: 

Serromyia mangrovi Delécole and Braverman, 1987 [Delécolle and Braverman 1987: 57]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Sinai: E-Shira el Gharkana, Marsa Abu Zabad, Ras Muhammad.

Dates of collection in Egypt: Unknown.

Tribe JOHANNSENOMYIINI

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Genus Johannsenomyia Malloch, 1915

Nomenclature: 

Johannsenomyia Malloch, 1915 [Malloch 1915a: 332]. Type species: Johannsenomyia halteralis Malloch, by subsequent designation of Wirth (1952).

Dicrohelea Kieffer, 1917 [Kieffer 1917: 363]. Type species: Palpomyia filicornis Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Macfie (1940).

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Johannsenomyia imparunguis (Becker, 1903)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon imparunguis Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 72]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Cairo. Upper Nile Valley: Luxor.

Dates of collection in Egypt: November and December.

Genus Macropeza Meigen, 1818

Nomenclature: 

Macropeza Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 87]. Type species: Macropeza albitarsis Meigen, by monotypy.

Macroptilum Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 76]. Type species: Macroptilum nudum Becker, by monotypy.

Haasiella Kieffer, 1913 [Kieffer 1913c: 190]. Type species: Haasiella semiflava Kieffer, by original designation.

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Macropeza nuda (Becker, 1903)

Nomenclature: 

Macroptilum nudum Becker, 1903 [Becker 1903: 77]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Cairo. Upper Nile Valley: Sohag (EI-Shewash).

Dates of collection in Egypt: September to November.

Genus Nilobezzia Kieffer, 1921

Nomenclature: 

Nilobezzia Kieffer, 1921 [Kieffer 1921a: 24]. Type species: Nilobezzia armata Kieffer, by monotypy.

Crespinia Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923b: 141]. Type species: Crespinia brevipalpis Kieffer, by monotypy.

Parrotia Kieffer, 1923 [Kieffer 1923b: 140]. Type species: Parrotia flaviventris Kieffer (= Nilobezzia kiefferi Wirth), by original designation.

Sphaerobezzia Zilahi-Sebess, 1940 [Zilahi-Sebess 1940: 108]. Type species: Bezzia paradoxa Zilahi-Sebess (= Ceratopogon formosa Loew), by monotypy.

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Nilobezzia nilotica (Kieffer, 1925)

Nomenclature: 

Parrotia nilotica Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 263]. Type locality: Egypt (Maadi, on border of the Nile).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Maadi.

Dates of collection in Egypt: October.

Tribe PALPOMYIINI

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Genus Bezzia Kieffer, 1899

Nomenclature: 

Bezzia Kieffer, 1899 [Kieffer 1899: 69]. Type species: Ceratopogon ornatus Meigen, by original designation.

Pseudobezzia Malloch, 1915 [Malloch 1915a: 351]. Type species: Ceratopogon expolitus Coquillett, by original designation.

Allobezzia Kieffer, 1917 [Kieffer 1917: 296]. Type species: Ceratopogon expolitus Coquillett, by original designation.

Lasiobezzia Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925b: 54]. Type species: Bezzia pilipennis Lundström, by original designation.

Homobezzia Macfie, 1932 [Macfie 1932: 496]. Type species: Homobezzia nyasae Macfie, by monotypy.

Sivabezzia Remm, 1974 [Remm 1974: 440]. Type species: Bezzia campanai Clastrier, by original designation.

Pygobezzia Remm, 1974 [Remm 1974: 441]. Type species: Bezzia strobli Kieffer (= Ceratopogon albicornis Meigen), by original designation.

Aspinabezzia Dow and Turner, 1976 [Dow and Turner 1976: 122]. Type species: Ceratopogon glaber Coquillett, by original designation.

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Bezzia aegyptia Kieffer, 1925

Nomenclature: 

Bezzia aegyptia Kieffer, 1925 [Kieffer 1925c: 264]. Type locality: Egypt (Suez).

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Distribution: 

PA: Egypt.

Local distribution in Egypt: Eastern Desert: Suez.

Dates of collection in Egypt: September.

Bezzia albicornis (Meigen, 1818)

Nomenclature: 

Ceratopogon albicornis Meigen, 1818 [Meigen 1818: 74]. Type locality: Germany.

Ceratopogon pallidetarsata Strobl, 1900 [Strobl 1900Strobl, 1900: 171]. Type locality: Spain.

Bezzia strobli Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 122]. Type locality: Montenegro.

Bezzia brevinervis Kieffer, 1919 [Kieffer 1919: 122]. Type locality: Hungary.

Homobezzia atrata Macfie, 1944 [Macfie 1944: 126]. Type locality: Egypt.

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Distribution: 

AF: Gambia, Nigeria, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Yemen. PA: Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Europe (widespread), Israel, Lebanon.

Local distribution in Egypt: Fayoum: Etsa, Fayoum City. Lower Nile Valley & Delta: Banha, Cairo, EI-Mansoura, El-Qanatir, Maadi, Marsafa. Western Desert: EI-Bustan (Beheira).

Dates of collection in Egypt: March to November.

Acknowledgements

We would like to extend our sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this study [research group: RGP-1438-082].

Author contributions

All authors contributed equally to this manuscript

References