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Data Paper (Biosciences)
A checklist of spiders in tea plantations of China
expand article infoXuhao Song‡,§, Tingbang Yang‡,§, Xiaoqin Xu‡,§, Yang Zhong|
‡ Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation (Ministry of Education), China West Normal University, Nanchong 637009, Sichuan, China
§ Institute of Ecology, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637009, Sichuan, China
| Hubei Key Laboratory of Radiation Chemistry and Functional Materials, School of Nuclear Technology and Chemistry & Biology, Hubei University of Science and Technology, Xianning 437100, Hubei, China
Open Access

Abstract

Background

Spiders are the most dominant predatory natural enemies of insect pests in the tea plantation ecosystem. There has been a large amount of literature published about the investigation of spider species in Chinese tea plantations from 1982 to 2020. Here, the spider species in Chinese tea plantations has been summarised and the dominant spider species in each regional tea plantation recorded. To date, there were 535 spider species from 40 families reported in Chinese tea plantations.

New information

There are 245 spider species from 13 families now being added to the checklist. A total of 89 spider species from 19 families were the dominant species, amongst them, Agelena labyrinthica, Allagelena difficilis, Neoscona theisi, Clubiona deletrix, Clubiona japonicola, Hylyphantes graminicola, Pardosa laura, Oxyopes sertatus, Evarcha albaria, Plexippus paykulli, Coleosoma octomaculatum, Ebrechtella tricuspidata and Xysticus ephippiatus were recorded in many tea plantations. The checklist will provide important data for the biodiversity and distribution of spiders in tea plantations of China.

Keywords

tea plantations, spider, checklist, biodiversity, China

Introduction

Compared with other farmland ecosystems, tea plantations are relatively stable ecosystems, containing many natural enemies of pests and these ecosystems provide favourable conditions for the protection and utilisation of natural enemies for pest control (Ye et al. 2014). The main invertebrate predators of tea pests are Araneae, Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Neuroptera, Mantodea, Odonata and Diptera (Das et al. 2010). Amongst them, spiders are the most dominant predatory natural enemies in the tea plantation ecosystem and the number of their occurrence accounts for 65.0%-97.8% of predatory natural enemies (Chen et al. 2004). Chen et al. (2000) performed a comprehensive investigation on spider species in Chinese tea plantations from 1983 to 1999 and reported a total of 290 spider species from 27 families. Since then, spider species have continually been reported in Chinese tea plantations and there has been a large amount of literature published about the investigation of spider species in tea plantations. Here, literature about the investigation of spider species in Chinese tea plantations has been collated. The spider species from 16 Provinces (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan and Zhejiang) and one Municipality (Chongqing) of China have been summarised (Fig. 1). The geographical distribution of each spider species and the dominant spider species in each regional tea plantation have been recorded in detail. The checklist will provide important data for the biodiversity and distribution of spiders in tea plantations of China.

Figure 1.  

The spider species are summarised from tea plantations of 16 Provinces and one Municipality of China.

Geographic coverage

Description: 

A total of 16 Provinces (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan and Zhejiang) and one Municipality (Chongqing) of China have been investigated.

Taxonomic coverage

Taxa included:
Rank Scientific Name Common Name
order Araneae Spiders

Usage licence

Usage licence: 
Open Data Commons Attribution License

Data resources

Data package title: 
doi_10.5061_dryad.0rxwdbrxx__v4
Resource link: 
https://datadryad.org/stash/share/0lrvPzBdsJujEGPqSwK4Wl9_nUIA5b58D4gSgeBDs_4
Alternative identifiers: 
Number of data sets: 
2
Data set name: 
Checklist.txt
Column label Column description
Family Taxonomic level of family.
Species Taxonomic level of species.
Distribution Geographical distribution of spiders in tea plantations of China.
References Source of information on spider species.
Data set name: 
List_of_References.txt
Column label Column description
List of references A list of the references cited in Checklist.txt.

Additional information

To date, there were 535 spider species from 40 families reported in Chinese tea plantations, with a total of 13 families and 245 species now being added compared with those reported by Chen et al. (2000). A total of 89 spider species from 19 families were the dominant species, amongst them, Agelena labyrinthica, Allagelena difficilis, Neoscona theisi, Clubiona deletrix, Clubiona japonicola, Hylyphantes graminicola, Pardosa laura, Oxyopes sertatus, Evarcha albaria, Plexippus paykulli, Coleosoma octomaculatum, Ebrechtella tricuspidata and Xysticus ephippiatus were recorded in many tea plantations (Table 1).

Table 1.

Dominant spider species in tea plantations of China.

Family

Species

References

Atypidae

Atypus heterothecus Zhang, 1985

Cui et al. 2012

Atypidae

Atypus sinensis Schenkel, 1953

Zhu et al. 2011

Agelenidae

Agelena labyrinthica (Clerck, 1757)

Zhang 1983, Xu et al. 1995, Han et al. 2006, Dai and Han 2009, Zhu et al. 2011

Agelenidae

Agelena limbata Thorell, 1897

Dai and Han 2009

Agelenidae

Allagelena difficilis (Fox, 1936)

Dai and Han 2009, Zhu et al. 2011, Cui et al. 2012, Li 2012, Wang et al. 2013

Agelenidae

Pireneitega taishanensis (Wang, Yin, Peng & Xie, 1990)

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Acusilas coccineus Simon, 1895

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Araneus diadematus Clerck, 1757

Xu et al. 1995

Araneidae

Araneus ejusmodi Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Argiope amoena L. Koch, 1878

Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Argiope minuta Karsch, 1879

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Cyclosa atrata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Cyclosa octotuberculata Karsch, 1879

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Cyclosa sedeculata Karsch, 1879

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Eriovixia laglaizei (Simon, 1877)

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Hypsosinga sanguinea (C. L. Koch, 1844)

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Lariniaria argiopiformis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Larinioides cornutus (Clerck, 1757)

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Neoscona adianta (Walckenaer, 1802)

Zhang 1983, Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Neoscona punctigera (Doleschall, 1857)

Zhu et al. 2011

Araneidae

Neoscona scylla (Karsch, 1879)

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Neoscona scylloides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Li et al. 2012

Araneidae

Neoscona theisi (Walckenaer, 1841)

Zhang 1983, Liu et al. 1994, Li et al. 2012, Liu et al. 2015

Araneidae

Nephila clavata L. Koch, 1878

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Nephila pilipes (Fabricius, 1793)

Dai and Han 2009

Araneidae

Singa hamata (Clerck, 1757)

Han et al. 2006, Li et al. 2012

Clubionidae

Clubiona corrugata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003

Clubionidae

Clubiona deletrix O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885

Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Dai and Han 2009, Xiong et al. 2010, Li et al. 2012, Liu et al. 2015

Clubionidae

Clubiona duoconcava Zhang & Hu, 1991

Cui et al. 2012

Clubionidae

Clubiona japonicola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Xie 1995, Dai and Han 2009, Xiong et al. 2010, Chen 2016

Ctenidae

Anahita fauna Karsch, 1879

Cui et al. 2012, Li et al. 2012

Gnaphosidae

Zelotes asiaticus (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Dai and Han 2009, Huang et al. 2012, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012, Gao 2014

Hahniidae

Hahnia zhejiangensis Song & Zheng, 1982

Gao 2014

Linyphiidae

Gnathonarium gibberum Oi, 1960

Dai and Han 2009

Linyphiidae

Hylyphantes graminicola (Sundevall, 1830)

Hou and Zhao 1982, Zhang 1983, Xie 1995, Xu et al. 1995, Han et al. 2006, Zeng et al. 2008, Dai and Han 2009, Feng et al. 2010, Li et al. 2010, Li et al. 2012, Feng et al. 2013, Wang et al. 2013, Liu et al. 2015

Linyphiidae

Neriene cavaleriei (Schenkel, 1963)

Cui et al. 2012, Li et al. 2012

Linyphiidae

Neriene oidedicata van Helsdingen, 1969

Chen 1992

Linyphiidae

Neriene radiata (Walckenaer, 1841)

Zhang 1983, Xu et al. 1995

Linyphiidae

Ummeliata insecticeps (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Dai and Han 2009

Lycosidae

Lycosa coelestis L. Koch, 1878

Huang et al. 2012, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012

Lycosidae

Pardosa astrigera L. Koch, 1878

Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2012, Li et al. 2012

Lycosidae

Pardosa laura Karsch, 1879

Dai and Han 2009, Cui et al. 2012, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012, Wang et al. 2013, Xing and Zhu 2015, Xing et al. 2016

Lycosidae

Pardosa pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Xing and Zhu 2015, Xing et al. 2016

Lycosidae

Pardosa tschekiangiensis Schenkel, 1963

Dai and Han 2009

Lycosidae

Pirata subpiraticus (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Xing and Zhu 2015, Xing et al. 2016

Lycosidae

Piratula procurva (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Huang et al. 2012

Lycosidae

Trochosa ruricoloides Schenkel, 1963

Dai and Han 2009

Lycosidae

Trochosa suiningensis Peng, Yin, Zhang & Kim, 1997

Li et al. 2012

Miturgidae

Prochora praticola (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Li et al. 2012, Gao 2014

Oxyopidae

Oxyopes fujianicus Song & Zhu, 1993

Li et al. 2012

Oxyopidae

Oxyopes hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963

Li et al. 2012

Oxyopidae

Oxyopes macilentus L. Koch, 1878

Li et al. 2012

Oxyopidae

Oxyopes sertatus L. Koch, 1878

Zhang 1983, Liu et al. 1994, Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Han et al. 2006, Zeng et al. 2008, Dai and Han 2009, Feng et al. 2010, Deng and Tan 2002, Li et al. 2010

Philodromidae

Philodromus rufus Walckenaer, 1826

Dai and Han 2009

Pholcidae

Pholcus crypticolens Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Li et al. 2012

Pisauridae

Dolomedes saganus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Dai and Han 2009

Salticidae Bianor angulosus (Karsch, 1879) Bai et al. 2011, Li et al. 2012

Salticidae

Evarcha albaria (L. Koch, 1878)

Liu et al. 1994, Xie 1995, Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Han et al. 2006, Zhu et al. 2011, Cui et al. 2012, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012, Li et al. 2010, Gao 2014

Salticidae

Hasarius adansoni (Audouin, 1826)

Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2012

Salticidae

Mendoza canestrinii (Ninni, 1868)

Dai and Han 2009

Salticidae

Myrmarachne gisti Fox, 1937

Li et al. 2012

Salticidae

Myrmarachne inermichelis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Li et al. 2010

Salticidae

Phintella arenicolor (Grube, 1861)

Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Dai and Han 2009

Salticidae

Phintella bifurcilinea (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Chen 1992

Salticidae

Phintella versicolor (C. L. Koch, 1846)

Xie 1995, Li et al. 2010, Li et al. 2012

Salticidae

Plexippus paykulli (Audouin, 1826)

Liu et al. 1994, Han et al. 2006, Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2012

Salticidae

Plexippus setipes Karsch, 1879

Xie 1995, Li et al. 2010

Salticidae

Sibianor aurocinctus (Ohlert, 1865)

Dai and Han 2009, Bai et al. 2011

Salticidae

Siler cupreus Simon, 1889

Dai and Han 2009

Tetragnathidae

Leucauge blanda (L. Koch, 1878)

Xing and Zhu 2015, Xing et al. 2016

Tetragnathidae

Pachygnatha quadrimaculata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Li et al. 2012

Tetragnathidae

Tetragnatha maxillosa Thorell, 1895

Liu et al. 1994, Dai and Han 2009, Liu et al. 2015

Tetragnathidae

Tetragnatha praedonia L. Koch, 1878

Chen 1992, Dai and Han 2009, Chen 2016

Tetragnathidae

Tetragnatha squamata Karsch, 1879

Xu et al. 1995, Xiong et al. 2010

Theridiidae

Chrosiothes sudabides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Li et al. 2012

Theridiidae

Chrysso argyrodiformis (Yaginuma, 1952)

Liu et al. 1994

Theridiidae

Coleosoma blandum O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1882

Xing and Zhu 2015, Chen 2016, Xing et al. 2016

Theridiidae

Coleosoma octomaculatum (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Hou and Zhao 1982, Zhang 1983, Liu et al. 1994, Xie 1995, Xu et al. 1995, Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Han et al. 2006, Zeng et al. 2008, Dai and Han 2009, Li et al. 2010, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012, Feng et al. 2013, Liu et al. 2015, Chen 2016

Theridiidae

Enoplognatha caricis (Fickert, 1876)

Liu et al. 2015

Theridiidae

Episinus variacorneus Chen, Peng & Zhao, 1992

Liu et al. 1994

Theridiidae

Meotipa pulcherrima (Mello-Leitão, 1917)

Cui et al. 2012

Theridiidae

Nihonhimea japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Dai and Han 2009

Theridiidae

Paidiscura subpallens (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)

Liu et al. 1994

Theridiidae

Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841)

Dai and Han 2009

Thomisidae

Ebrechtella tricuspidata (Fabricius, 1775)

Zhang 1983, Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Han et al. 2006, Zeng et al. 2008, Dai and Han 2009, Feng et al. 2010, Li et al. 2010, Zhu et al. 2011, Liu et al. 2015

Thomisidae

Runcinia insect (L. Koch, 1875)

Li et al. 2012

Thomisidae

Xysticus croceus Fox, 1937

Cui et al. 2012

Thomisidae

Xysticus ephippiatus Simon, 1880

Zhang et al. 1996, Chen 2003, Han et al. 2006, Dai and Han 2009, Feng et al. 2010, Li 2012, Li et al. 2012, Liu et al. 2015

Trachelidae

Trachelas japonicus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906

Liu et al. 1994

Acknowledgements

We are especially grateful to Professor Jian Chen (Hubei University) for his suggestions on this manuscript. We also thank all the authors of the references for their important information. This work was supported by Doctoral Scientific Research Funds of China West Normal University (18Q050), National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (NSFC-32000303) and Natural Sciences Foundation of Hubei Province (2019CFB248).

References