Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
The family Conopidae (Diptera) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia
expand article infoMagdi El-Hawagry, Ahmed Mostafa Soliman§,|, Hathal Mohammed Al Dhafer§
‡ Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
§ Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, PO BOX 2460, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
| Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Science, Cairo, Egypt
Open Access

Abstract

Background

The present study is one in a series of planned studies aiming to catalogue the whole order Diptera in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

New information

All known Egyptian and Saudi Arabian conopid taxa are systematically catalogued in the present study. Three species are recorded herein for the first time from Saudi Arabia: Conops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen, 1804 and Thecophora atra (Fabricius, 1775) (Al-Baha region, south-western of Saudi Arabia), and Conops (Conops) quadrifasciatus De Geer, 1776 (Tabuk region, north-western of Saudi Arabia). Physocephala variegata (Meigen, 1924) is also recorded for the first time from Gebel Elba, the south-eastern triangle of Egypt. Considering that Gebel Elba in Egypt and Al-Baha in Saudi Arabia are affiliated to the Afrotropical Region, this is the first time Physocephala variegata and Thecophora atra have been recorded from the Afrotropical Region. An updated taxonomy, world and local distributions, dates of collection and some coloured photographs are provided.

Keywords

thick-headed flies, local distribution, dates of collection, new records

Introduction

The Conopidae, commonly known as thick-headed flies, are an interesting brachycerous family of usually large-sized wasp-like flies. Many conopids are most frequently found at flowers feeding on nectar using their long proboscis and considered as important pollinators. The majority of conopid larvae are obligatory endoparasitoids of adult Hymenoptera, such as bees and wasps. Adult conopid females aggressively intercept their hymenopterous hosts in the field to deposit their eggs (Freeman (1966), Gibson and Skevington (2013), Pape et al. (2011), Stuke (2017), Azmy et al. (2016)). The family Conopidae is represented by 808 valid species assigned to 57 genera worldwide (Stuke 2017). Conopids are found in all parts of the world, except Antarctica and the Pacific Islands (Gibson et al. 2013).

Egypt and Saudi Arabia are two neighbouring Middle Eastern countries, separated by the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea (Fig. 1). Both countries are located at the junction of the Palaearctic and the Afrotropical Regions and the faunal affiliation of them is mainly Palaearctic, except Gebel Elba, the south-eastern triangle of Egypt and the south-western part of Saudi Arabia, south to the Tropic of Cancer, which are considered as Afrotropical (Hölzel 1998, Wallace 1876, El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2014, El-Hawagry et al. 2020).

Figure 1.  

A satellite map of Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Some previous studies have been carried out in Egypt on the taxonomy and faunistics of the family Conopidae, including Kröber (1924), Kröber (1925), Kröber (1927), Kröber (1929), Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), Mohammed and Negm (1991), Azmy (2016) and Azmy et al. (2016), in addition to some miscellaneous studies which described some new species from Egypt as Kröber (1915a), Wiedemann (1830), Macquart (1835) and Rondani (1850). On the other hand, no previous faunistic or taxonomic studies on the family Conopidae have been carried out before in Saudi Arabia and only a few species have been described or recorded there amid some miscellaneous studies, such as Macquart (1851), Kröber (1915a), Zimina (1963), Walker and Pittaway (1987), Abu-Zoherah et al. (1993), Stuke and Clements (2008), El-Hawagry et al. (2016) and El-Hawagry et al. (2017).

The abundance and diversity of conopid species in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia seem to be low (17 species in Egypt and 12 species in Saudi Arabia) comparable with the total number of species known from the Palaearctic Region (173 species) and from the Afrotropical Region (187 species) (Stuke 2017). However, this should be taken with caution, since the family Conopidae seems to lack sampling efforts, especially in Saudi Arabia. This is most likely due to the fact that documentation of biological diversity in Saudi Arabia began in the second half of the 1960s and no systematic studies on the Conopidae have been previously conducted in this country. We think that the faunistic data of these flies in Egypt and Saudi Arabia is still scanty and more efforts would be highly required.

The taxonomy of Conopidae in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia is updated in the present study. Twenty species assigned to five genera and three subfamilies (Conopinae, Myopinae and Zodioninae) are treated (Table 1). Three species, Conops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen, 1804, Conops (Conops) quadrifasciatus De Geer, 1776 and Thecophora atra (Fabricius, 1775), are recorded for the first time from Saudi Arabia.

Table 1.

Conopid species treated in the present study as recorded from Egypt and Saudi Arabia (* = recorded, - = not recorded).

Species Egypt Saudi Arabia
Subfamily CONOPINAE
Tribe CONOPINI
Conops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen, 1804 * * (new record)
Conops (Asiconops) flavifrons Meigen, 1804 * -
Conops (Asiconops) nubeculipennis Bezzi, 1901 * *
Conops (Conops) flavicauda (Bigot, 1880) * -
Conops (Conops) quadrifasciatus De Geer, 1776 - * (new record)
Conops (Conops) rufiventris Macquart, 1849 * -
Conops (Conops) tomentosus Kröber, 1916 - *
Tribe PHYSOCEPHALINI
Physocephala antiqua (Wiedemann, 1830) * *
Physocephala chrysorrhoea (Meigen, 1824) * *
Physocephala pusilla (Meigen, 1804) * *
Physocephala variegata (Meigen, 1824) * *
Physocephala vittata (Fabricius, 1794) * -
Subfamily MYOPINAE
Tribe MYOPINI
Myopa dorsalis Fabricius, 1794 * -
Myopa picta Panzer, 1798 * -
Myopa stigma Meigen, 1824 - *
Myopa testacea (Linnaeus, 1767) * -
Tribe THECOPHORINI
Thecophora atra (Fabricius, 1775) * * (new record)
Thecophora fulvipes (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) * *
Subfamily ZODIONINAE
Zodion cinereum (Fabricius, 1794) * *
Zodion erythrurum Rondani, 1865 * -

Physocephala variegata (Meigen) is recorded for the first time from Gebel Elba, the south-eastern triangle of Egypt and Thecophora atra (Fabricius) is recorded for the first time from the south-western part of Saudi Arabia. Considering that Gebel Elba in Egypt and the south-western part in Saudi Arabia including Al-Baha Region are affiliated to the Afrotropical Region, this is the first time that these two species from the Afrotropical Region have been recorded.

Walker (1871) described Conops auratus from “Hor Tamanib” which belonged to Egypt at the time of description; however, it lies now in Sudan. Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967) inaccurately listed this species as an Egyptian species, based mainly on the misleading type locality. Thus, this species is excluded from the Egyptian list in the present study.

This study is one in a series of taxonomic studies on different Egyptian and Saudi Arabian dipteran taxa aiming to catalogue the whole order Diptera in the two countries.

Materials and methods

Data sources. Data of the present study are obtained from three main sources: 1. Specimens preserved in the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian insect collections and museums, namely: Efflatoun Bey’s collection, Cairo University, Egypt (EFC); Collection of Entomological Society of Egypt (ESEC); King Saud University Museum of Arthropods, Saudi Arabia (KSMA) and Personal collection M. El-Hawagry (MSHC). 2. Material collected by the authors and their co-workers. 3. Previous studies on the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Conopidae. The majority of specimens preserved in EFC and ESEC were determined by Dr. Otto Kröber. However, all identifications have been rechecked by the first author using Kröber (1927), Stuke and Clements (2008), Azmy (2016) and Azmy et al. (2016). Photos of Thecophora atra have been checked by Dr. Jens-Hermann Stuke (personal communication).

Study area. Ecologists divide Egypt into eight ecological zones: the Coastal Strip (= Mediterranean Coastal Strip), Lower Nile Valley and Delta, Upper Nile Valley, Fayoum, Eastern Desert, Western Desert, Sinai and Gebel Elba (El-Hawagry and Gilbert 2014). These ecological zones are used in the present study in the sections of local distribution. However, Saudi Arabia is not divided into ecological zones by ecologists, so the administrative divisions (also called regions, provinces or emirates) are used instead, namely: Makkah, Riyadh, Eastern Province, Asir, Jazan, Al-Madinah, Al-Qaseem, Tabuk, Hail, Najran, Al-Jawf, Al-Baha and Northern Frontier (Fig. 1) (El-Hawagry et al. 2020).

Classification. The classification and nomenclature in the present study basically follows that used in Stuke (2017), in addition to the tribal arrangement suggested by Gibson and Skevington (2013). Full lists of synonyms for genera and species are not given in the present study as they are already listed in world and regional catalogues; however, we listed only the synonyms of species that have been mentioned in previous Egyptian and Saudi Arabian literature.

World distribution. Stuke (2017) has collected all sources of world distribution of species and it is used here as our basic source. The additional sources, if any, are given between parentheses after each record.

Local distribution and dates of collection. Localities within each Egyptian ecological zone or each Saudi Arabian administrative region are arranged alphabetically and written after a colon following each zone or region, followed by the dates of collection between parentheses. Sources for the local distribution of each species in each country are given between square brackets at the end of the section. Coordinates of Egyptian and Saudi Arabian localities of the family Conopidae are listed (Table 2). Local distribution maps of species based on all available records are given, using SimpleMappr (Shorthouse 2010).

Table 2.

A gazetteer of some Egyptian and Saudi Arabian localities of the family Conopidae.

Country Locality Governorate Ecological zone or Region Latitude (N) / Longitude (E)
Egypt Abu-Kir Alexandria Coastal Strip 31.22429, 29.94664
Abu-Rawash Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0438, 31.0929
Abu-Sueir Ismailia Eastern Desert 30.5766, 32.1076
Amria Alexandria Coastal Strip 31.0037, 29.7983
Ashmoun Menofiya Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.29414, 30.96941
Aswan, south Aswan Upper Nile Valley 22.6651, 31.7943
Balteem Kafr Al-Sheikh Coastal Strip 31.53811, 31.19606
Barrage Qalyoubia Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.1835, 31.1107
Behig Alexandria Coastal Strip 30.931, 29.5988
Burg Alexandria Coastal Strip 30.9081, 29.5464
Burgash Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.1636, 31.0379
Cairo Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0861, 31.2856
Cairo-Suez Road Cairo Eastern Desert 30.0849, 32.0542
Dahshour Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.7539, 31.2431
Dakhla New Valley Western Desert 25.5, 29.1667
Dekhela Alexandria Coastal Strip 31.12098, 29.81563
Edfina Al-Behaira Lower Nile Valley and Delta 31.2922, 30.51599
Ein Gedeirat North Sinai Sinai 30.65, 34.4333
Ein Moussa South Sinai Sinai 29.8667, 32.65
El-Arish North Sinai Sinai 31.1442, 33.8056
El-Gebel El-Asfar Qalyoubia Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.201416, 31.356162
El-Katta Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.2191, 30.9678
El-Magadlah Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.03986, 31.1046
El-Mallah East Cairo Eastern Desert 30.8167, 32.1
El-Wasfia Ismailia Eastern Desert 30.58076, 32.17235
Esna Qena Upper Nile Valley 25.2919, 32.5532
Ezbet Nakhl Qalyoubia Lower Nile Valley and Delta 31.1111, 32.1625
Fayed Ismailia Eastern Desert 30.32382, 32.30079
Fayoum Fayoum Fayoum 29.32061, 30.818
Gebel Elba Red Sea Gebel Elba 22.2008, 36.3331
Geneifa Suez Eastern Desert 30.1516, 32.429
Gezira Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.04596, 31.22435
Girza Fayoum Fayoum 29.49968, 31.0738
Giza Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0135, 31.21127
Halaib Red Sea Eastern Desert 22.2203, 36.6427
Hawamdia Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.9092, 31.2615
Helwan Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.85, 31.3333
Ismailia Ismailia Eastern Desert 30.59428, 32.26026
Kafr Ghatati Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.00415, 31.12157
Kafr Hakim Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0808, 31.1164
Kerdassa Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0297, 31.1061
Kom Ombo Aswan Upper Nile Valley 24.4761, 32.9483
Kom Osheem Fayoum Fayoum 29.5564, 30.8869
Kubba Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.0876, 31.2854
Maadi Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.95772, 31.25054
Madinet El-Sadat Menofiya Western Desert 30.35108, 30.51109
Madinet Badr Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.153, 31.7103
Mansouriah Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.1236, 31.0725
Mariout Alexandria Coastal Strip 31.0172, 29.76
Mazghouna Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.7457, 31.2633
Mersa Matrouh Matrouh Coastal Strip 29.5696, 26.4194
Orman Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.02912, 31.21271
Pyramids Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.9816, 31.1337
Rafah North Sinai Sinai 31.2667, 34.2333
Salloum Matrouh Coastal Strip 31.5888, 25.1026
Saqqara Giza Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.84955, 31.21641
Sennouris Fayoum Fayoum 29.40662, 30.86602
Sentris Menofiya Lower Nile Valley and Delta 30.31122, 31.0577
Siwa Oasis Matrouh Western Desert 29.20427, 25.51928
Suez Suez Eastern Desert 29.95278, 32.56582
Tamiya Fayoum Fayoum 29.475479, 30.95228
Turah Cairo Lower Nile Valley and Delta 29.9467, 31.2728
W. Asal Red Sea Eastern Desert 25.9497, 34.383
W. Dar El-Maskhara Cairo Eastern Desert 29.7833, 31.4167
W. Digla Cairo Eastern Desert 29.9578, 31.3348
W. El-Arbaein South Sinai Sinai 28.5469, 33.953
W. El-Daiqa North Sinai Sinai 30.8278, 34.1401
W. El-Lega South Sinai Sinai 28.5469, 33.953
W. El-Natroun Al-Behaira Western Desert 30.3814, 30.3441
W. El-Rahba South Sinai Sinai 28.82, 33.6419
W. Firan South Sinai Sinai 28.7092, 33.3222
W. Garawi Cairo Eastern Desert 29.7833, 31.3167
W. Gedeirat North Sinai Sinai 30.6511, 34.4321
W. Gharagid Cairo Eastern Desert 28.955, 31.4822
W. Hoff Cairo Eastern Desert 29.8821, 31.311
W. Ibib Red Sea Gebel Elba 22.83333, 35.76667
W. Isla South Sinai Sinai 28.201, 34.244
W. Morrah Cairo Eastern Desert 22.35, 33.75
W. Rishrash Giza Eastern Desert 29.4642, 31.3672
W. Um Elek Cairo Eastern Desert 29.8833, 31.5167
W. Zohleiga Cairo Eastern Desert 26.1333, 33.75
Saudi Arabia Abu-Arish Jazan Jazan 16.9821, 42.8389
Al-Aqiq Al-Aqiq Al-Baha 20.2866, 41.6312
Al-Mekhwa Al-Mekhwa Al-Baha 19.8429, 41.3115
Ghabet Shahba Al-Baha Al-Baha 20.02723, 41.28565
Jabal Shada al-A’la Nature Reserve Al-Mekhwa Al-Baha 19.8388, 41.3101
Jazan Jazan Jazan 16.90245, 42.5705
Jeddah Jeddah Makka Al-Mukarramah 21.5922, 39.2631
Marabah Marabah Asir 18.0426, 42.3739
Najran Najran Najran 17.4833, 44.1166
Raydah Nature Reserve Abha Asir 18.20525, 42.41011
Tabouk Tabouk Tabouk 28.36661, 36.629747
Unayzah Unayzah Al-Qassim 26.08548, 43.9768

Abbreviations used:

  • AF, Afrotropical.
  • EFC, Efflatoun Bey’s collection, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt.
  • ESEC, Collection of Entomological Society of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt.
  • KSMA, King Saud University Museum of Arthropods, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • MSHC, Personal collection M. El-Hawagry.
  • OR, Oriental.
  • PA, Palearctic.

The catalogue

Family CONOPIDAE

Subfamily CONOPINAE

Tribe CONOPINI

Genus Conops Linnaeus

Nomenclature: 

Conops Linnaeus, 1758: 604. Type species: Conops flavipes Linnaeus, by subsequent designation of Curtis (1831).

Subgenus Asiconops Chen

Nomenclature: 

Asiconops Chen, 1939: 171. Type species: Conops aureomaculatus Kröber, by original designation.

Conops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen, 1804

Nomenclature: 

Conops elegans Meigen, 1804: 275. Type locality: France (Marseille).

Conops elegans var. fuscipennis Macquart 1849: 472. Type locality: Algeria.

Conops algirus Macquart 1849: 473. Type locality: Algeria (environs du Cercle de Lacalle).

Conopaejus aegyptiacus Rondani, 1850: 167. Type locality: Egypt.

Conops fuscanipennis Bigot, 1887: 32. Type locality: Italy (Sicily).

Conops elegans var. minutus Kröber, 1916: 48. Type locality: Not given (Cyprus, Limassol in Kröber 1939).

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
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    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
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    ; locality:
    Fayid
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.323823
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.30079
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-16-1959
    ; sex:
    2 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aly
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
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    ; class:
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    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
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    ; country:
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    29.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
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    ; samplingProtocol:
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    ; sex:
    1 female
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    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M.El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
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    ; class:
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    ; family:
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    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.07380
    ; samplingProtocol:
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    ; eventDate:
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    ; sex:
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    May 2020
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  4. scientificName:
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  6. scientificName:
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    ; locality:
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    M. El-Hawagry
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    Conops elegans
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    ; decimalLatitude:
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    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
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    Farag
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    M. El-Hawagry
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    May 2020
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  13. scientificName:
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    ; locality:
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    ; decimalLatitude:
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    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
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    adult
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    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  14. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Helwan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-26-1934
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  15. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kafr Hakim
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0808
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1164
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    10-17-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  16. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kafr Hakim
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0808
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1164
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-08-1927
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  17. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Maadi
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.957721
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.25054
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-20-12
    ; sex:
    2 males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    L.H.G
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  18. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kerdassa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0297
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1061
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-10-1925
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  19. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kerdassa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0297
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1061
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    10-09-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  20. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kerdassa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0297
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1061
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    10-30-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  21. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kerdassa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0297
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1061
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-07-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  22. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mansouriah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.1236
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.0725
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08-22-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  23. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mansouriah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.1236
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.0725
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-12-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  24. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mansouriah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.1236
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.0725
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-12-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  25. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mansouriah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.1236
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.0725
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-26-1930
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  26. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Rafah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    31.2667
    ; decimalLongitude:
    34.2333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-17-1951
    ; sex:
    2 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Shafik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  27. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Sakkara
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.849552
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.2164
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-08-1917
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  28. scientificName:
    Conops elegans
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; locality:
    Al-Mekhwa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    19.8429
    ; decimalLongitude:
    41.3115
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-17-1912
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    El-Hawagry
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    MSHC
Distribution: 

AF: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”] (first record), South Africa, Tanzania, Yemen. PA: Algeria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Israel, Italy, Morocco, Romania, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 2): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Balteem, Burg (March to August); Eastern Desert: Abu-Sueir, El-Mallah (= Mallah East), Fayed, Suez, Wadi Garawi, Wadi Hoff, Wadi Morrah, Wadi Rishrash, Wadi Um-Elek, Wadi Zohleiga (March to August); Fayoum: Fayoum City, Kom Osheem, Tamiya (May to November); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu-Rawash, Barrage, Edfina, El-Gebel El-Asfar, El-Magadlah, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Gezira, Giza, Helwan, Kafr Ghatati, Kafr Hakim, Kerdassa, Maadi, Mansouriah, Orman, Pyramids, Sentris (throughout the year); Sinai: Rafah (August); Western Desert: Saqqara, Madinet El-Sadat, Wadi El-Natroun (June and October) [Sources: Kröber (1927), Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: Al-Baha: Al-Mekhwa (March) [Sources: collected material].

Figure 2.  

Local distribution map of Conops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen and Conops (Asiconops) nubeculipennis Bezzi in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 3.  

Local distribution map of Conops (Conops) flavicauda (Bigot) and Conops (Conops) quadrifasciatus De Geer in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 4.  

Local distribution map of Conops (Conops) rufiventris Macquart and Conops (Conops) tomentosus Kröber in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 5.  

Local distribution map of Physocephala antiqua (Wiedemann) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 6.  

Local distribution map of Physocephala chrysorrhoea (Meigen) and Physocephala pusilla (Meigen) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 7.  

Local distribution map of Physocephala variegata (Meigen) and Physocephala vittata (Fabricius) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 8.  

Local distribution map of Myopa dorsalis Fabricius and Myopa picta Panzer in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 9.  

Local distribution map of Myopa stigma Meigen and Myopa testacea (Linnaeus) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 10.  

Local distribution map of Thecophora atra (Fabricius) and Thecophora fulvipes (Robineau-Desvoidy) in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Figure 11.  

Local distribution map of Zodion cinereum (Fabricius) and Zodion erythrurum Rondani in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Notes: 

This species (Fig. 12a) is recorded herein for the first time from Saudi Arabia.

Figure 12.

Habitus.

aConops (Asiconops) elegans Meigen male, lateral  
bThecophora atra (Fabricius) female, lateral  

Conops (Asiconops) flavifrons Meigen, 1804

Nomenclature: 

Conops flavifrons Meigen, 1804: 281. Type locality: France (Lyon).

Physocephala pugioniformis Becker, 1913: 611. Type locality: Iran.

Conops minor Becker, 1922: 201. Type locality: Russia, Italy, Hungary & Greece.

Conops kroeberi var. immaculata Paramonov, 1927: 4. Type locality: Armenia.

Conops kroeberi Paramonov, 1927: 4. Type locality: Armenia.

Distribution: 
AF: Yemen. PA: Albania, Armenia, Austria, ?Belgium, Bulgaria, ?China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, ?Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.
Notes: 

This species was listed by Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), Chvála and Smith (1988), Azmy (2016) as recorded from Egypt, but these records could not be verified and require confirmation as no specimens have been collected or preserved in Egyptian museums.

Conops (Asiconops) nubeculipennis Bezzi, 1901

Nomenclature: 

Conops nubeculipennis Bezzi, 1901: 21. Type locality: Eritrea.

Conops atrogonius Séguy 1930: 134. Type locality: Morocco.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Conops nubeculipennis
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Al-Qassim
    ; locality:
    Unayzah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    26.085478
    ; decimalLongitude:
    43.9768123
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    05-01-2018
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aldhafer H.M. et al.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    KSMA
  2. scientificName:
    Conops nubeculipennis
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Asir
    ; locality:
    Garf Raydah Nature Reserve
    ; decimalLatitude:
    18.194917
    ; decimalLongitude:
    42.396967
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    05-08-2015
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aldhafer H.M. et al.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    KSMA
Distribution: 

AF: Cameroon, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”] (El-Hawagry et al. 2017), Yemen, Zambia. PA: Egypt, Israel, Morocco.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 2): EGYPT: Upper Nile Valley: South Aswan (as “Nubien”) [Source: Kröber (1915b)]. SAUDI ARABIA: Al-Qassim: Unayzah (May); Asir: Raydah Nature Reserve (May and June); South-western part of Saudi Arabia including Jazan and Najran (September and October) [Sources: Walker and Pittaway (1987), El-Hawagry et al. (2017)) and collected material].

Notes: 

This species was listed by Kröber (1915b), Steyskal and El-Bialy (1967), Azmy (2016), Stuke (2017) as recorded from Egypt, but no specimens have been collected or preserved in Egyptian museums.

Subgenus Conops Linnaeus

Conops (Conops) flavicauda (Bigot, 1880)

Nomenclature: 

Sphixosoma flavicauda Bigot, 1880: 149. Type locality: Iran (Northern Iran and Caucasus).

Conops euzonatus Bigot, 1887: 33. Type locality: Caucasus Mountains.

Conops superbus Röder, 1889: 6. Type locality: Lebanon (Beirut) [as “Beyrut, Syria (Asia minor)”].

Conops cypris Janssens, 1955: 2. Type locality: Cyprus (Akrotiri Bay, Yermdoyia & Erimi).

Distribution: 

AF: Uganda. PA: Afghanistan, Armenia, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 3): EGYPT: Sinai: Wadi Isla (August) [Sources: Zalat et al. 2008].

Conops (Conops) quadrifasciatus De Geer, 1776

Nomenclature: 

Conops 4-fasciata De Geer, 1776: 261. Type locality: Presumably Sweden.

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Conops quadrifasciatus
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Tabouk
    ; locality:
    Tabouk
    ; decimalLatitude:
    28.36661
    ; decimalLongitude:
    36.629747
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    10-27-2014
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    El-Hawagry
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    MSHC
Distribution: 

PA: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia (first record), Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 3): SAUDI ARABIA: Tabouk (October) [Source: collected material].

Notes: 

This species is recorded herein for the first time from Saudi Arabia.

Conops (Conops) rufiventris Macquart, 1849

Nomenclature: 

Conops rufiventris Macquart, 1849: 474. Type locality: Algeria (Constantine).

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Conops rufiventris
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Salloum
    ; decimalLatitude:
    31.588751
    ; decimalLongitude:
    25.102649
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-14-1917
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Willson
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 4): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Salloum (April and May) [Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC].

Conops (Conops) tomentosus Kröber, 1916

Nomenclature: 

Conops tomentosus Kröber, 1916: 45. Type locality: Turkmenistan.

Distribution: 

AF: Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”]. PA: Iraq, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 4): SAUDI ARABIA: Jazan: Abu-Arish (March) [Source: Stuke et al. (2008)].

Tribe PHYSOCEPHALINI

Genus Physocephala Schiner

Nomenclature: 

Physocephala Schiner, 1861: 138. Type species: Conops rufipes Fabricius, by original designation.

Physocephala antiqua (Wiedemann, 1830)

Nomenclature: 

Conops antiqua Wiedemann, 1830: 239. Type locality: Egypt.

Conops arabica Macquart, 1851: 134. Type locality: Saudi Arabia (Jeddah).

Physocephala furax Becker, 1913: 612. Type locality: Iran.

Physocephala syriaca Kröber, 1915: 72. Type locality: Egypt (Cairo) & Palestinian West Bank (Jericho).

Physocephala obscurifacies Kröber, 1924: 67. Type locality: Egypt (Wadi Hoff).

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Sueir
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.5766
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.107622
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-17-1925
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Dar El-Maskhara
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.4167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-11-1927
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; collectionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    El-Mallah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.8167
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.1000
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-29-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. Garawi
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-15-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  5. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Digla
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.9578
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3348
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09-03-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  6. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Rishrash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.4642
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3672
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-17-1932
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  7. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08-15-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  8. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07-18-1925
    ; sex:
    2 males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  9. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-06-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  10. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Helwan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-23-1935
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  11. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kerdassa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0297
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1061
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-17-1926
    ; sex:
    2 males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  12. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mansouriah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.1236
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.07246
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09-02-1925
    ; sex:
    2 males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  13. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Al-Baha
    ; locality:
    Al-Mekhwa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    19.8429
    ; decimalLongitude:
    41.3115
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-17-2012
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    El-Hawagry
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    MSHC
  14. scientificName:
    Physocephala antiqua
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Jazan
    ; locality:
    Jazan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    16.902448
    ; decimalLongitude:
    42.570516
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    05-12-2019
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aldhafer H.M. et al.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    May 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    KSMA
Distribution: 

AF: Egypt [as “Gebel Elba”], Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”], United Arab Emirates, Yemen. PA: Afghanistan, Algeria, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Palestinian Territories, Russia, Saudi Arabia (Jeddah), Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 5): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Abu-Kir, Dekhela, Mariout (April to August); Eastern Desert: Abu Sueir, Cairo-Suez Road, El-Mallah, Geneifa, Ismailia, Wadi Asal (30 km S. Kosseir), Wadi Digla, Wadi El-Maskhara, Wadi Garawi, Wadi Gharagid, Wadi Hoff, Wadi Ibtadi, Wadi Rishrash (February to September); Fayoum: Kom Osheem (May, August and November); Gebel Elba: locality unknown (January); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu-Rawash, Barrage, Burgash, Cairo, El-Katta, El-Magadlah, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Helwan, Kafr Hakim, Kerdassa, Maadi, Mansouriah, Pyramids, Turah (April to October); Sinai: Wadi Gedeirat (June and July); Upper Nile Valley: Kom Ombo (January); Western Desert: Dahshour, Dakhla Oasis (Balat, Ewina & Rashda), Saqqara, Siwa Oasis (March to December) [Sources: Kröber (1915a), Kröber (1924), Kröber (1927), Stuke and Clements (2008), Stuke (2014), Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: Al-Baha: Al-Mekhwa (March); Asir: Marabah (April); Jazan: Abu-Arish Road (Al-Mahdag and Arada), Jazan City (March to May); Makka Al-Mukarramah: Jeddah (date unknown) [Sources: Kröber (1915a), Stuke and Clements (2008) and collected material].

Physocephala chrysorrhoea (Meigen, 1824)

Nomenclature: 

Conops chrysorrhoea Meigen, 1824: 128. Type locality: Austria.

Conops pallasi Meigen, 1824: 128. Type locality: Russia.

Conops serpylleti Zeller, 1842: 837. Type locality: Germany.

Physocephala zarudnyi Becker, 1913: 614. Type locality: Iran.

Physocephala truncata var. pseudomaculigera Kröber, 1915: 72. Type locality: Egypt & Tunisia.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9081
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5464
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-25-1927
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9081
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5464
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-10-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Ein Moussa
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8667
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.6500
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-07-1928
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Selim
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    ESEC
  4. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. Dar El-Maskhara
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.4167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-21-1927
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  5. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. Garawi
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-25-1932
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  6. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. Morrah
    ; decimalLatitude:
    22.3500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    33.7500
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-01-1925
    ; sex:
    2 males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  7. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Hoff
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8820558
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3109855
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-04-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  8. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Um-Elek
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.5167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-12-1924
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  9. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Um-Elek
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.5167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-13-1930
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  10. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Girza
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.499684
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.073799
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-05-1950
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Shafik & Str.EFC
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  11. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-05-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  12. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-03-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  13. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Helwan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-13-1935
    ; sex:
    3 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  14. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Helwan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-28-1934
    ; sex:
    1 male, 2 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  15. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Ein Gedeirat
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.6500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    34.4333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    5/24-29/1938
    ; sex:
    3 males, 3 females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Shafik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  16. scientificName:
    Physocephala chrysorrhoea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. El-Arbaein (Sinai)
    ; decimalLatitude:
    28.5469
    ; decimalLongitude:
    33.9530
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    4/19-27/1939
    ; sex:
    2 males, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

AF: Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”]. PA: Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 6): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Burg El-Arab, Mariout (February to May); Eastern Desert: Bir El-Fahm, Ogret El-Sheikh, Wadi El-Mallah, Wadi El-Maskhara, Wadi Garawi, Wadi Hoff, Wadi Morrah, Wadi Um-Elek, Wadi Zohleiga (March and April); Fayoum: Girza, Sennouris (January to March); Gebel Elba: locality unknown (January); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu-Rawash, Barrage, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Hawamdiya, Helwan, Kafr Hakim, Kubba, Maadi, Mansouriah, Mazghouna (February to August); Sinai: Ein Gedeirat, Ein Moussa, Wadi El-Arbaein, Wadi El-Rabba (February to May); Western Desert: Dahshour (April) [Sources: Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: locality and date unknown [Sources: Stuke (2017)].

Physocephala pusilla (Meigen, 1804)

Nomenclature: 

Conops pusilla Meigen, 1824: 280. Type locality: Germany (Frankreich).

Conops lacera Meigen, 1824: 130. Type locality: Austria.

Conops pumila Macquart, 1835: 26. Type locality: France.

Conops persica Becker, 1913: 609. Type locality: Iran.

Conops punctithorax Becker, 1913: 611. Type locality: Iran.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Physocephala pusilla
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-26-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Physocephala pusilla
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Abu-Rawash
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.043845
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.092932
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07-18-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Physocephala pusilla
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Ezbet-Naghl
    ; decimalLatitude:
    32.1111
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.1625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-06-1916
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Bdair
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Physocephala pusilla
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kafr Hakim
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0808
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.1164
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-20-1930
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

PA: Afghanistan, China, Egypt, Europe (widespread), Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 6): EGYPT: Eastern Desert: Cairo-Suez Road, El-Wasfia, Geneifa, Wadi Digla, Wadi Gharagid (April to September); Fayoum: Fayoum City, Kom Osheem (March to October); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu-Rawash, Ashmoun, Ezbet El-Nakhl, Kafr Hakim, Maadi, Mansouriah, Pyramids (April to October); Sinai: Wadi El-Lega, Wadi El-Rabba, Wadi Firan, Wadi Isla, Wadi Khoshbi (April to August); Western Desert: Madinet El-Sadat, Siwa Oasis (July to October) [Sources: Zalat et al. (2008), Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: locality and date unknown [Source: Abu-Zoherah et al. (1993) as Conops lacera].

Physocephala variegata (Meigen, 1824)

Nomenclature: 

Conops variegata Meigen, 1824: 132. Type locality: Austria & France.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Dar El-Maskhara
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.7833
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.4167
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-29-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Digla
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.9578
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3348
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07-25-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Gharagid
    ; decimalLatitude:
    28.9550
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.4822
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08-24-1925
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Kassem
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Hoff
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8820558
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3109855
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-17-1928
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  5. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Wadi Hoff
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8820558
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3109855
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-06-1927
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  6. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Halaib
    ; decimalLatitude:
    22.2203
    ; decimalLongitude:
    36.6427
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    01-12-1929
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  7. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    W. Ibib
    ; decimalLatitude:
    22.83333
    ; decimalLongitude:
    35.76667
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-11-1928
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  8. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kafr Katati
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.004146
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.121566
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-25-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  9. scientificName:
    Physocephala variegata
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Ein Gedeirat
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.6500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    34.4333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-25-1934
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Sh.M.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

AF: Egypt [as “Gebel Elba”]. PA: Austria, Bulgaria, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 7): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Mariout, Salloum (May to August); Eastern Desert: Abu Sueir, Geneifa, Wadi Digla, Wadi Dir El-Maskhara, Wadi Garrariyat, Wadi Gharagid, Wadi Hoff, Wadi Ibtadi, Wadi Rishrash, Wadi Um-Elek (April to August); Gebel Elba: Mersa Halaib, Wadi Edeib, Wadi Ibib (January to March); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Abu-Rawash, Kafr Ghatati (May to July); Sinai: El-Arish, Wadi El-Daiqa, Wadi El-Rabba, Wadi Firan, Wadi Gedeirat (April to August) [Sources: Kröber (1927), Kröber (1929), Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: locality and date unknown [Source: Zimina (1963), Stuke (2017)].

Physocephala vittata (Fabricius, 1794)

Nomenclature: 

Conops vittata Fabricius, 1794: 392. Type locality: Germany (Kiel).

Conops dorsalis Wiedemann in Meigen, 1824: 133. Type locality: Austria.

Conops solaeformis Gimmerthal, 1842: 672. Type locality: Latvia.

Conops semiatrata Costa, 1844: 89. Type locality: Italy.

Conops fraternus Loew, 1847: 18. Type locality: Turkey, Greece, Croatia & Italy.

Conops truncata Loew, 1847: 21. Type locality: Italy (Sicily).

Physocephala detecta Becker, 1913: 615. Type locality: Iran.

Physocephala vittata var. abdominalis Kröber, 1915: 57. Type locality: Turkey, Syria & Cyprus.

Physocephala vittata var. semirufa Kröber, 1915: 58. Type locality: Israel.

Physocephala truncata var. maculigera Kröber, 1915: 71. Type locality: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria & Syria.

Physocephala vittata var. immaculata Kröber, 1939: 365. Type locality: Cyprus.

Distribution: 

AF: Ethiopia, Kenya, Yemen. PA: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Palestinian Territories, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 7): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: El-Burg, Mariout (May); Sinai: locality and date unknown; Upper Nile Valley: locality and date unknown [Sources: Kröber (1915a), Kröber (1927), Azmy (2016)].

Subfamily MYOPINAE

Tribe MYOPINI

Genus Myopa Fabricius

Nomenclature: 

Myopa Fabricius, 1775: 798. Type species: Conops buccata Linnaeus, by subsequent designation of Curtis (1831).

Myopa dorsalis Fabricius, 1794

Nomenclature: 

Myopa dorsalis Fabricius, 1794: 397. Type locality: Germany.

Myopa ferruginea Panzer, 1794: 24. Type locality: Germany.

Myopa grandis Meigen, 1804: 284. Type locality: Germany.

Myopa dorsalis var. nigrifacies Becker, 1922: 289. Type locality: Not given.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Myopa dorsalis
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Behig
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9310
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5988
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-28-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Myopa dorsalis
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg El-Arab
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-10-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

OR: India. PA: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Luxembourg, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 8): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Behig, Burg El-Arab, Mariout (February and March); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Madinet Badr (January); Sinai: Wadi El-Rabba (April) [Sources: Azmy et al. (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC].

Myopa picta Panzer, 1798

Nomenclature: 

Myopa picta Panzer, 1798: 22. Type locality: Austria.

Myopa varia Wiedemann, 1830: 242. Type locality: Egypt.

Myopa meridionalis Macquart, 1835: 34. Type locality: Egypt.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Myopa picta
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Behig
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9310
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5988
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-28-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Myopa picta
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-25-1932
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Myopa picta
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg El-Arab
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-10-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Myopa picta
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mersa Matrouh
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.5696
    ; decimalLongitude:
    26.4194
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    March.1920
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Willson
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
Distribution: 

AF: Ethiopia. OR: India, Pakistan. PA: Afghanistan, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 8): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Amria, Behig, Burg El-Arab, Mariout, Mersa Matrouh (February to May); Sinai: Ein Gedeirat (June) [Sources: Kröber (1925), Azmy et al. (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC].

Myopa stigma Meigen, 1824

Nomenclature: 

Myopa stigma Meigen, 1824: 148. Type locality: Austria.

Myopa arabica Macquart 1851: 138. Type locality: Saudi Arabia (Jeddah).

Distribution: 

AF: Ethiopia. PA: Afghanistan, Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia (Jeddah), Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 9): SAUDI ARABIA: Makka Al-Mukarramah: Jeddah (date unknown) [Source: original description of M. arabica Macquart and Stuke and Clements 2008].

Myopa testacea (Linnaeus, 1767)

Nomenclature: 

Conops testacea Linnaeus, 1767: 1006. Type locality: "Europa australis Ascanius".

Myopa longirostris Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 243. Type locality: Not given.

Myopa pictipennis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 243. Type locality: Not given.

Myopa umbripennis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 243. Type locality: Not given.

Myopa testacea var. japonica Kröber, 1916: 89. Type locality: Japan.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Myopa testacea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9310
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5988
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-25-1926
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Myopa testacea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg El-Arab
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-10-1926
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Myopa testacea
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Kubba
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.0876
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.2854
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-20-1921
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    ESEC
Distribution: 

OR: India. PA: Afghanistan, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 9): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Amria, Burg El-Arab, Mariout (February to June); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Kubba (February) [Sources: Azmy et al. (2016) and museum material in EFC and ESEC].

Tribe THECOPHORINI

Genus Thecophora Rondani

Nomenclature: 

Thecophora Rondani, 1845: 15. Type species: Myopa atra Fabricius, by monotypy.

Thecophora atra (Fabricius, 1775)

Nomenclature: 

Myopa atra Fabricius, 1775: 799. Type locality: Denmark (Copenhagen).

Myopa annulata Fabricius, 1794: 399. Type locality: Italy.

Myopa maculata Meigen, 1804: 287. Type locality: France.

Myopa micans Meigen, 1804: 288. Type locality: France.

Myopa femorata Fabricius, 1805: 181. Type locality: Germany.

Occemya fulvifrons Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 134. Type locality: France.

Occemya meigeni Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 135. Type locality: France.

Occemya grisea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 137. Type locality: France.

Occemya lamarckii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 140. Type locality: France.

Occemya guerini Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 141. Type locality: France.

Occemya bigoti Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 142. Type locality: France.

Occemya brunipes Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 143. Type locality: France.

Occemya lucasi Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 144. Type locality: France.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Thecophora atra
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Ezbet El-Nakhl
    ; decimalLatitude:
    32.1111
    ; decimalLongitude:
    32.1625
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04-25-1924
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Thecophora atra
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Hawamdia
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.9092
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.2615
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    August.1925
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Thecophora atra
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Helwan
    ; decimalLatitude:
    29.8500
    ; decimalLongitude:
    31.3333
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    12-11-1934
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Farag
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Thecophora atra
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; locality:
    Al-Aqiq
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    4-20-2011
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    El-Hawagry
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    MSHC
Distribution: 

AF: Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”] (first record). OR: India, Sri Lanka. PA: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 10): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Mariout (April and May); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Ezbet El-Nakhl, Hawamdia, Helwan, Kafr Hakim, Mazghouna (March to December) [Sources: Azmy et al. 2016 and museum material in EFC and ESEC]. SAUDI ARABIA: Al-Baha: Al-Aqiq (April) [Source: collected material].

Notes: 

This species (Fig. 12b) is recorded herein for the first time from Saudi Arabia and this is the first record in the Afrotropical Region considering the south-western part of Saudi Arabia to be affiliated with the Afrotropical Region.

Thecophora fulvipes (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830)

Nomenclature: 

Myopa fulvipes Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 246. Type locality: France (Paris).

Myopa sundewalli Zetterstedt, 1844: 942. Type locality: Sweden.

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Thecophora fulvipes
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Asir
    ; locality:
    Garf Raydah Nature Reserve
    ; decimalLatitude:
    18.194917
    ; decimalLongitude:
    42.4072
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    06-07-2014
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aldhafer H.M. et al.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    KSMA
Distribution: 

AF: Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”] (El-Hawagry et al. 2017El-Hawagry et al. 2017). PA: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 10): EGYPT: Fayoum: Kom Osheem (June); Lower Nile Valley and Delta: Helwan (December) [Sources: Azmy 2016]. SAUDI ARABIA: Asir: Raydah Nature Reserve (June) [Source: El-Hawagry et al. 2017 and collected material].

Subfamily ZODIONINAE

Genus Zodion Latreille

Nomenclature: 

Zodion Latreille, 1797: 162. Type species: Myopa cinerea Fabricius, by Subsequent monotypy of Latreille (1802).

Zodion cinereum (Fabricius, 1794)

Nomenclature: 

Myopa cinerea Fabricius, 1794: 399. Type locality: Italy.

Myopa notata Meigen, 1804: 288. Type locality: France.

Myopa tibialis Fabricius, 1805: 182. Type locality: Europe.

Zodion conopsoides Latreille, 1809: 337. Type locality: France.

Zodion pedicillatum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 252. Type locality: Not given.

Zodion fuliginosum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 156. Type locality: France.

Zodion fulvipes Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 157. Type locality: France.

Zodion fulvicorne Robineau-Desvoidy, 1853: 158. Type locality: France.

Zodion cinereum var. rubescens Szilády, 1925: 223. Type locality: Hungary.

Zodion cinereum var. kerteszi Szilády, 1926: 589. Type locality: Hungary.

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Behig
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.9310
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.5988
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-28-1927
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Tewfik
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  2. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    03-05-1930
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  3. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-25-1932
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  4. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mariout
    ; decimalLatitude:
    31.017186
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.759966
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    02-15-1923
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Efflatoun
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  5. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Egypt
    ; locality:
    Mariout: El-Burg
    ; decimalLatitude:
    30.908084
    ; decimalLongitude:
    29.546389
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06-16-1929
    ; sex:
    1 male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    H.C.E & M.T.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    EFC
  6. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Al-Baha
    ; locality:
    Ghabet Shahba
    ; decimalLatitude:
    20.02723
    ; decimalLongitude:
    41.28565
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05-06-2012
    ; sex:
    1 male, 1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    El-Hawagry
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    MSHC
  7. scientificName:
    Zodion cinereum
    ; taxonID: ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Diptera
    ; family:
    Conopidae
    ; country:
    Saudi Arabia
    ; stateProvince:
    Al-Baha
    ; locality:
    Jabal Shada al-A’la Nature Reserve
    ; decimalLatitude:
    19.8388
    ; decimalLongitude:
    41.3101
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    05-05-2015
    ; sex:
    1 female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Aldhafer H.M. et al.
    ; identifiedBy:
    M. El-Hawagry
    ; dateIdentified:
    June 2020
    ; institutionCode:
    KSMA
Distribution: 

AF: Central African Republic, Saudi Arabia [as “South-western part”] (El-Hawagry et al. 2016, United Arabian Emirates. OR: India. PA: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 11): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Behig, Burg El-Arab, Mariout (February and March); Sinai: Wadi El-Lega, Wadi El-Rabba (April, August and September) [Sources: Azmy (2016) and museum material in EFC]. SAUDI ARABIA: Al-Baha: Ghabet Shahba (Al-Baha City) (May and June 2012), Jabal Shada al-A’la Nature Reserve (May) [Source: Stuke (2008), El-Hawagry et al. (2016) and collected material].

Zodion erythrurum Rondani, 1865

Nomenclature: 

Zodion erythrurum Rondani, 1865: 146. Type locality: Italy (Etruria).

Zodion pulchrum Loew, 1868: 384. Type locality: Italy.

Zodion vittipes Strobl, 1906: 331. Type locality: Spain.

Distribution: 

PA: Algeria, Bulgaria, Egypt, France, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Local distribution and dates of collection (Fig. 11): EGYPT: Coastal Strip: Burg El-Arab, Mariout (February to April); Eastern Desert: Wadi Digla (July and August); Gebel Elba: locality and unknown (April and May); Upper Nile Valley: Esna (January) [Sources: Kröber (1927), Azmy (2016) and museum material in ESEC].

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this work [Research group No: RG-1437-009].

We are grateful to Dr. Jens-Hermann Stuke, Roter Weg 22, D-26789 Leer, Germany and Dr. David Clements, 7 Vista Rise, Llandaff, Cardiff, CF5 2SD, U.K. for providing critical assistance throughout this study and for supplying us with some relevant papers. We are also grateful to the research team in KSMA for collecting, mounting and photographing specimens.

References