Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
Birds from the Azores: An updated list with some comments on species distribution
expand article infoLuís MD Barcelos, Pedro R Rodrigues§, Joël Bried|, Enésima P Mendonça, Rosalina Gabriel, Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
‡ CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores, Azores, Portugal
§ Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal
| na, Biarritz, France
Open Access

Abstract

Background

An updated checklist of the Birds of the Azores is presented based on information compiled from Rodrigues et al. (2010) and from the websites, Azores Bird Club. (2014), Aves dos Açores (2014), Azores Bird Sightings (2014) and Vittery (2014), since 2010.

New information

The checklist has a total of 414 species, including 38 new species.

Almost half of the species and subspecies that occur in the Azores have a Palearctic origin, the remaining ones being essentialy Nearctic and Holarctic species. São Miguel is the island with the highest number of bird species, followed by Terceira, Corvo and Flores islands.

Keywords

Azores, birds checklist, species distribution

Introduction

Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) are some of the most iconic animals. They play important roles in the ecosystem, and since they are abundant and diverse in most urban and rural areas, humans have established a good long-lasting relationship with them (e.g., birdwatching, photography). However, amongst the ca 10.000 bird species which have been living on Earth since the appearance of modern humans, many species were regionally lost or extinct, or are endangered, especially on islands (Sax et al. 2002, Elphick et al. 2010, Rando et al. 2013, Alcover et al. 2015). Updating a list of birds from remote oceanic islands represents an important step towards an improved knowledge of colonization mechanisms and migratory patterns by animals and a contribution towards the conservation and management of insular taxa and their natural habitats.

The Azores Archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, between 36°55’ and 39°43’ N, and 24°46’ and 31°16’ W, about 1500 km from mainland Europe and 1900 km from North America (Fig. 1). The Azores is a volcanic oceanic archipelago consisting of nine islands and several islets of recent volcanic origin (0.25 to 8.12 My old), which are spread over >600 km along a northwest-southeast transect (França et al. 2003). The oceanic distribution of these islands and, as a consequence, their relative positions, has led to the formation of the following groups: (i), a western group, comprising the islands of Flores and Corvo; (ii), a central group, with the islands of Faial, Pico, São Jorge, Terceira and Graciosa and (iii), an eastern group, made up of the islands of São Miguel and Santa Maria.

Figure 1.

Map of Azores islands, Portugal (Modified from Amorim 2005).

Due to its remoteness, the Azores archipelago was discovered and humans settled only at the beginning of the fifteenth century. The settlers described the islands as covered by dense native vegetation, with countless birds, especially seabirds (Frutuoso 2005a, Frutuoso 2005b, Frutuoso 2005c). Until then the archipelago was definitely a bird paradise, not only for seabirds that could use the vast coastal cliffs of the islands and islets to breed, but also for terrestrial birds which were widespread in the lush Azorean forests (Rodrigues and Cunha 2012). After human colonization started in 1439, several bird species suffered a sudden decrease in population size due to their use as food and oil source for human consumption, as well as to the introduction of predators and the destruction of their habitat (Rodrigues et al. 2010). As a consequence of the human impact, six flightless bird species are confirmed to be extinct in the Azores, namely one Otus species (Rando et al. 2013) and five Rallus species (Alcover et al. 2015), but recent findings indicate that many more will be described soon (Josep Alcover and Juan Rando, pers. comm.).

Despite the reduction of several bird populations, the Azores remain of great interest for ornithologists and are considered as one of the most popular destinations for European birdwatchers (Pereira 2010, Rodrigues and Michielsen 2010), all the more since they hold two endemic species: the Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina Godman, 1866) (Fig. 2), and Monteiro’s Storm Petrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi Bolton et al. 2008) (Fig. 3), and 11 endemic subspecies. Besides, the Azores archipelago displays colonies of several seabird species of great importance in the European context, and it is also possible to observe pelagic birds and a large variety of migratory birds, some of which are very rare Nearctic vagrants to the western Palearctic (Rodrigues and Michielsen 2010, Barreiros et al. 2014).

Figure 2.

Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina Godman, 1866). Photo by PAV Borges (2008).

Figure 3.

Monteiro’s Storm Petrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi Bolton et al., 2008). Photo by PH Silva (2014).

Rodrigues and Cunha (2011) resumed the ornithological history of the Azores, from the beginning of human settlement until recently, and the latest checklist of birds from the Azores archipelago was published in 2010 by Rodrigues et al., as part of the complete list of Azorean biota published by Borges et al. (2010). This list was based on an exhaustive review of the published literature (e.g., Le Grand 1993, Monteiro et al. 1996, Monteiro et al. 1999, Elias et al. 2003, Elias et al. 2004, Elias et al. 2005, Elias et al. 2006, Bried et al. 2007, Jara et al. 2007, Jara et al. 2008, Bolton et al. 2008, Imber 2008, Vittery 2014) but also on unpublished data following Rodebrand (2010) and Rodebrand S. & The Birding Azores Team (2010). This checklist totalled 384 species, distributed between three categories: breeding, non-breeding and potentially breeding (species reported as introduced and/or escapes from captivity and for which suitable nesting conditions exist in the Azores, but whose numbers are insufficient to allow the maintenance of self-sustaining populations in this archipelago). During the last years, and due to the growing interest of birdwatchers in the Azores avifauna, several dedicated websites have been developed, such as ABC – Azores Bird Club. (2014) (formerly Birding Azores) (http://www.birdingazores.com/), AdA – Aves dos Açores (2014) (http://azores.avesdeportugal.info/) and ABS – Azores Bird Sightings (2014) (http://azoresbs.weebly.com/ from January 2012 to February 2014 and http://azoresbirdsightings.blogspot.co.uk/ from August 2014 onward). These websites are presently used by birdwatchers as a tool to register new information about species occurrence and distribution in the Azores.

The present paper updates the previous checklist (Rodrigues et al. 2010), with respect to species distribution within the archipelago and also by including new species to the archipelago. The updating is based on the sightings reports available on the websites mentioned above. We also perform a nomenclatural review of the Orders, Families, Species and Subspecies, following the 2014 IOC World Bird list (v 4.3) (Gill and Donsker 2015) published by the International Ornithologists’ Union (available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/). Some additional notes on the distribution of the different species among the islands and their biogeographic origin are presented.

Materials and methods

Based on Rodrigues et al. (2010), we completed a full taxonomic revision using the IOC Bird list (Gill and Donsker 2015) as a reference to identify the changes which occurred in the taxonomic hierarchy and synonymies. Then, we updated the list of the species recorded in the Azores archipelago until the end of 2014, as well as their distribution within the archipelago. The species newly reported for the Azores are signalled as NSR (New Species Record). Most of these NSRs were reported after 2010, but there are also a few missing records prior to this date. The species previously reported by Rodrigues et al. (2010), but whose distribution has changed since then, are signalled with an asterisk (*). All the new information about species occurrence and distribution was compiled based on the birdwatching websites mentioned earlier, and relies on a large number of birdwatcher contributions.

In order to make the data easier to consult, the main checklist (Checklist 1) includes all the breeding and non-breeding species together, including the escapes and/or introduced species which already have feral populations in the Azores. All the other escapes and/or introduced species were excluded from the main list, and can be consulted in Checklist 2.

We considered the species with five our less records, in Azores, as Rare Species. This species are presented in a table (Suppl. material 3) with the number of sightings, number of individual recorded, and some notes.

Besides the taxonomical information and the distribution among the Azorean islands (Fig. 4), we include information on: i) biogeographical origin, based on (Lomolino et al. 2010); ii) breeding status; iii) islands where breeding has been documented and iv) current protection status of the species according to the Azorean Decree DLR n.° 15/2012/A Governo dos Açores (2012) from 2nd April 2012, which transposes the European Directives (Birds), Conventions (Bern and OSPAR), Agreements (AEWA) and specific regional protection statuses (TOP100) to the regional legislation. The protection statuses are represented by a letter or code (corresponding to the directive, convention or law) and by a Roman numeral (corresponding to the annex) as follows: P – Priority species for conservation; A – Birds directive; B – Bern Convention; AEWA – African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement; O – OSPAR Convention; T100 – 100 prioritary threatened species for management purposes in the European biogeographical region of Macaronesia (Martín et al. 2008); (X) – New species disaggregated from Madeiran Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro (Harcourt, 1851) and which is known to breed only on Praia and Baixo islets (Graciosa Island).

Figure 4.

Global species richness on the nine Azorean islands (COR= Corvo; FLO = Flores; FAI = Faial; PIC = Pico; GRA =Graciosa; SJG = São Jorge; TER = Terceira; SMG = São Miguel; SMR = Santa Maria) (Suppl. material 1).

List of the non-breeding and breeding species from Azores

Phylum Chordata

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Subphylum Vertebrata

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Class Aves

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Order Anseriformes

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Family Anatidae

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Aix sponsa (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; GRA; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas americana Gmelin, 1789

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas carolinensis Gmelin, 1789

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas clypeata Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas crecca Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas discors Linnaeus, 1766

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas penelope Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR (Occasional Breeder); FLO (Occasional Breeder); FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG (Occasional Breeder); SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas querquedula Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas rubripes Brewster, 1902

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO (Occasional Breeder); TER; SMG
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anas strepera Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anser albifrons (Scopoli, 1769)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anser anser (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anser brachyrhynchus Baillon, 1834

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Anser fabalis (Latham, 1787)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya affinis (Eyton, 1838)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya collaris (Donovan, 1809)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya ferina (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya fuligula (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya marila (Linnaeus, 1761)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Aythya nyroca (Güldenstädt, 1770)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Branta bernicla hrota (Müller, 1776)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Branta leucopsis (Bechstein, 1803)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; SJG; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Bucephala albeola (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
PIC; GRA; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Bucephala clangula (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chen caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC*; SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Cygnus olor (Gmelin, 1789)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Dendrocygna bicolor (Vieillot, 1816)

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Native status: 
Afro-tropical
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Lophodytes cucullatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Melanitta perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Mergus merganser Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
GRA; TER*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Mergus serrator Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Oxyura jamaicensis (Gmelin, 1789)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Somateria spectabilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas, 1764)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tadorna tadorna (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Galliformes

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Family Phasianidae

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Alectoris rufa hispanica (Seoane, 1894)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA
Distribution: 
PIC (Breeder); GRA*; TER (Breeder); SMG*; SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Introduced. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Coturnix coturnix conturbans Hartert, 1917

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Gaviiformes

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Family Gaviidae

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Gavia arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gavia stellata (Pontoppidan, 1763)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
GRA; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Procellariiformes

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Family Diomedeidae

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Thalassarche melanophris (Temminck, 1828)

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Native status: 
Sub-Antarctic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Procellariidae

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Bulweria bulwerii (Jardine & Selby, 1828)

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Native status: 
Pantropical
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; T100
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA*; SMG*; SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calonectris borealis (Cory, 1881)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; T100
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Fulmarus glacialis (Linnaeus, 1761)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pterodroma arminjoniana (Giglioli & Salvadori, 1868)

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Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pterodroma cahow (Nichols & Mowbray, 1916)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional and Non-Breeding. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pterodroma deserta Mathews, 1934

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
GRA
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Pterodroma sp. (deserta or feae) (Mathews, 1934) (Salvadori, 1899)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pterodroma hasitata (Kuhl, 1820)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FAI*; PIC; GRA
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pterodroma madeira Mathews, 1934

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
GRA
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Pterodroma neglecta (Schlegel, 1863)

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Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
FAI
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Puffinus baroli (Bonaparte, 1857)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; O; T100
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER*; SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Macaronesian Endemic. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Puffinus gravis (O'Reilly, 1818)

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Native status: 
Southern Atlantic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Puffinus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)

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Native status: 
Southern hemisphere
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Puffinus mauretanicus Lowe, 1921

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Puffinus puffinus (Brünnich, 1764)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
P; A; B-II
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI*; PIC*; GRA*; SJG*; TER*; SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Hydrobatidae

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Oceanites oceanicus (Kuhl, 1820)

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Native status: 
Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Oceanodroma castro (Harcourt, 1851)

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Native status: 
Pantropical
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; T100
Distribution: 
COR*; GRA (Breeder); SJG*; SMG*; SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Vieillot, 1818)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Oceanodroma monorhis (Swinhoe, 1867)

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Native status: 
Sub-tropical Pacific
Distribution: 
GRA
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Oceanodroma monteiroi Bolton et al., 2008

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I (x)
Distribution: 
COR*; GRA (Breeder); SJG*
Notes: 
Azores Endemic. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pelagodroma marina (Latham, 1790)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; PIC; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Podicipediformes

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Family Podicipedidae

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Podiceps auritus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Podiceps cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Podiceps grisegena (Boddaert, 1783)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. New Azores Record

Podiceps nigricollis Brehm, 1831

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Podilymbus podiceps (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tachybaptus ruficollis (Pallas, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Phoenicopteriformes

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Family Phoenicopteridae

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Phoenicopterus roseus Pallas, 1811

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Phaethontiformes

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Family Phaethontidae

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Phaethon aethereus mesonauta Peters, 1930

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Pantropical
Conservation status: 
A; AEWA
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA (Occasional Breeder); SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Phaethon lepturus Daudin, 1802

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI*; SJG*; TER*; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Ciconiiformes

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Family Ciconiidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Ciconia ciconia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
PIC*; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ciconia nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Pelecaniformes

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Family Threskiornithidae

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Geronticus eremita (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Platalea leucorodia Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Plegadis falcinellus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO*; FAI*; PIC*; GRA*; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Ardeidae

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Ardea alba alba Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ardea alba egretta Gmelin, 1789

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ardea cinerea Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ardea herodias Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ardea purpurea Linnaeus, 1766

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ardeola ralloides (Scopoli, 1769)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FAI*; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett, 1813)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; PIC*; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Botaurus stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Bubulcus ibis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Butorides virescens (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; SJG; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Egretta caerulea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; GRA*; SJG; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Egretta garzetta (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Egretta gularis (Bosc, 1792)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Egretta thula (Molina, 1782)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Egretta tricolor (Müller, 1776)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
PIC; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ixobrychus exilis (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ixobrychus minutus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Nyctanassa violacea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; PIC; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. New Azores Record

Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Suliformes

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Family Fregatidae

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Fregata magnificens Mathews, 1914

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Sub-tropical and Tropical Atlantic; Tropical-eastern Pacific
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO*; PIC*; TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Sulidae

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Morus bassanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sula dactylatra Lesson, 1831

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
FAI; GRA*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sula leucogaster (Boddaert, 1783)

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Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
GRA*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Phalacrocoracidae

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Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson, 1831)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; PIC*; GRA*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Accipitriformes

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Family Pandiondidae

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Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Accipitridae

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Buteo buteo rothschildi (Swann, 1919)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A; B-II; T100
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Azores Endemic. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Buteo buteo buteo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
GRA; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Buteo lagopus (Pontoppidan, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; PIC*; GRA*; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Circus hudsonius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; TER*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Circus aeruginosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC*; TER; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Circus pygargus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Elanoides forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Milvus migrans (Boddaert, 1783)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
GRA; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Milvus milvus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Gruiformes

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Family Rallidae

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Crex crex (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Fulica americana Gmelin, 1789

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Fulica atra atra Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gallinula chloropus chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO (Breeder); FAI*; PIC*; GRA*; SJG*; TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porphyrio alleni Thomson, 1842

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
GRA*; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porphyrio martinicus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI*; GRA*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porzana carolina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; SJG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porzana parva (Scopoli, 1769)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porzana porzana (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Porzana pusilla (Pallas, 1776)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Gruidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Grus canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Grus grus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Charadriiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Burhinidae

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Burhinus oedicnemus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Haematopodidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Haematopus ostralegus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Recurvirostridae

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Himantopus himantopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Recurvirostra avosetta Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Charadriidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Charadrius alexandrinus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Charadrius asiaticus Pallas, 1773

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Charadrius dubius Scopoli, 1786

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Charadrius hiaticula Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Charadrius morinellus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Charadrius semipalmatus Bonaparte, 1825

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Charadrius vociferus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR* (Occasional Breeder)
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pluvialis apricaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pluvialis dominica (Müller, 1776)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pluvialis fulva (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Pluvialis squatarola (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Scolopacidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Actitis hypoleucos (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Actitis macularius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Arenaria interpres (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Bartramia longicauda (Bechstein, 1812)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris acuminata (Horsfield, 1821)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris alba (Pallas, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris alpina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris bairdii (Coues, 1861)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris canutus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris ferruginea (Pontoppidan, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris fuscicollis (Vieillot, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Migrante; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris himantopus (Bonaparte, 1826)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
PIC; SJG*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris maritima (Brünnich, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris mauri (Cabanis, 1857)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris melanotos (Vieillot, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris minuta (Leisler, 1812)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris minutilla (Vieillot, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris pusilla (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Migrante; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calidris temminckii (Leisler, 1812)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gallinago delicata (Ord, 1825)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gallinago gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA*; SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR*
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gallinago media (Latham, 1787)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Limnodromus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Limnodromus scolopaceus (Say, 1822)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Limosa haemastica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Limosa limosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Lymnocryptes minimus (Brünnich, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Numenius arquata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Latham, 1790

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; PIC*; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Numenius phaeopus phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Numenius tenuirostris Vieillot, 1817

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Phalaropus fulicarius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Phalaropus lobatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
TER*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Phalaropus tricolor (Vieillot, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I;A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA*; SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR*
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa erythropus (Pallas, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa flavipes (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa glareola Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa nebularia (Gunnerus, 1767)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa ochropus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa semipalmata (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa solitaria Wilson, 1813

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; GRA*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa stagnatilis (Bechstein, 1803)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tringa totanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tryngites subruficollis (Vieillot, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Xenus cinereus (Güldenstädt, 1775)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. New Azores Record

Family Laridae

Material    Download as CSV 

Anous stolidus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
FLO
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chlidonias niger niger (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chlidonias niger surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chlidonias hybrida (Pallas, 1811)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chlidonias leucopterus (Temminck, 1815)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Ord, 1815)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chroicocephalus ridibundus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Gelochelidon nilotica (Gmelin, 1789)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Hydrocoloeus minutus (Pallas, 1776)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Hydroprogne caspia (Pallas, 1770)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ichthyaetus audouinii (Payraudeau, 1826)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Ichthyaetus melanocephalus (Temminck, 1820)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus argentatus Pontoppidan, 1763

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus canus brachyrhynchus Richardson, 1831

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus canus canus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus delawarensis Ord, 1815

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Conservation status: 
A
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus glaucoides glaucoides Meyer, 1822

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus glaucoides kumlieni Brewster, 1883

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, 1767

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus michahellis atlantis Dwight, 1922

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-IIB; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Azores Endemic. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus michahellis michahellis Naumann, 1840

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Larus smithsonianus Coues, 1862

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Leucophaeus atricilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Leucophaeus pipixcan (Wagler, 1831)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Onychoprion anaethetus melanopterus (Swainson, 1837)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Pantropical
Distribution: 
PIC; GRA (Occasional Breeder); SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Onychoprion fuscatus fuscatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Tropical Atlantic
Conservation status: 
A; AEWA
Distribution: 
FAI*; GRA (Breeder); SJG*; TER*; SMG*; SMR
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
A; AEWA
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant; Regular Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sterna dougallii dougallii Montagu, 1813

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; AEWA; O; T100
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sterna forsteri Nuttall, 1834

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sterna hirundo hirundo Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I; B-II; AEWA; T100
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Sternula albifrons (Pallas, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Thalasseus maximus (Boddaert, 1783)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO; GRA; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Thalasseus sandvicensis (Latham, 1787)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Xema sabini (Sabine, 1819)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Stercorariidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Stercorarius longicaudus Vieillot, 1819

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI; PIC; GRA*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Stercorarius maccormicki Saunders, 1893

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Antarctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI*; GRA*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Stercorarius parasiticus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Stercorarius pomarinus (Temminck, 1815)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Stercorarius skua (Brünnich, 1764)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Regular Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Alcidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Alle alle (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Uria lomvia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; FAI; PIC*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Columbiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Columbidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Columba livia (domestica) Gmelin, 1789

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A-IIA
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Introduced. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Columba palumbus azorica Hartert, 1905

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
P; A-I
Distribution: 
COR (Breeder); FLO (Breeder); FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR (Breeder)
Notes: 
Azores Endemic. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Streptopelia decaocto (Frivaldszky, 1838)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FAI*; PIC (Breeder); GRA*; TER (Breeder); SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Cuculiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Cuculidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Coccyzus americanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Coccyzus erythropthalmus (Wilson, 1811)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Cuculus canorus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
PIC*; SJG; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Strigiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Tytonidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Strigidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Asio otus otus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Conservation status: 
A; B-II
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO*; FAI (Breeder); PIC (Breeder); GRA (Breeder); SJG (Breeder); TER (Breeder); SMG (Breeder); SMR*
Notes: 
Native. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Bubo scandiacus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC*; SJG*
Notes: 
Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Caprimulgiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Caprimulgidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Caprimulgus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; GRA*; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chordeiles minor (Forster, 1771)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; SJG; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Apodiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Apodidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Apus affinis (Gray, 1830)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Afro-tropical
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Apus pallidus (Shelley, 1870)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO*; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Chaetura pelagica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Tachymarptis melba (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI*; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Coraciiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Caoraciidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Coracias garrulus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Alcedinidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Megaceryle alcyon (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG; TER*; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Meropidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Merops apiaster Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Bucerotiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Upupidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Upupa epops Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
FLO; PIC*; SJG; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Piciformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Picidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FAI
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Sphyrapicus varius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Falconiformes

Material    Download as CSV 

Family Falconidae

Material    Download as CSV 

Falco amurensis Radde, 1863

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
PIC
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Falco columbarius Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco eleonorae Géné, 1839

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Falco naumanni Fleischer, 1818

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco peregrinus Tunstall, 1771

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC*; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758

Material    Download as CSV 
Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
AZO
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Falco sparverius Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco subbuteo Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant; Occasional Wintering. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Falco vespertinus Linnaeus, 1766

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; FAI; PIC; TER*; SMG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Psittaciformes

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Family Psittacidae

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Psittacula krameri (Scopoli, 1769)

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Native status: 
Afro-tropical
Distribution: 
FAI*; TER*; SMG (Breeder)
Notes: 
Introduced. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Order Passeriformes

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Family Laniidae

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Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Lanius senator Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Lanius excubitor borealis Vieillot, 1808

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Family Vireoidae

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Vireo flavifrons Vieillot, 1808

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Vireo griseus (Boddaert, 1783)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Vireo olivaceus (Linnaeus, 1766)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI*; TER*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Vireo philadelphicus (Cassin, 1851)

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Oriolidae

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Oriolus oriolus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FLO; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Corvidae

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Coloeus monedula (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Corvus corone corone Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
PIC; TER; SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Corvus frugilegus Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Bombycillidae

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Bombycilla cedrorum Vieillot, 1808

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. New Azores Record

Bombycilla garrulus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Holarctic
Distribution: 
FAI
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Alaudidae

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Alauda arvensis Linnaeus, 1758

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; TER*; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Calandrella brachydactyla (Leisler, 1814)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SJG; SMR*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Galerida cristata (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
SMG
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Family Hirundinidae

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Cecropis daurica (Laxmann, 1769)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR*; FAI; SJG; SMG*
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Delichon urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Native status: 
Palearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; FAI; PIC; GRA; SJG*; TER; SMG; SMR
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Hirundo rustica erythrogaster Boddaert, 1783

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Native status: 
Nearctic
Distribution: 
COR; FLO; TER
Notes: 
Occasional Migrant. Rodrigues et al. (2010)

Hirundo rustica rustica Linnaeus, 1758

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