Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
A review of the Anomaloninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae) from the Ukrainian Carpathians
expand article infoAnna Nuzhna, Oleksandr Varga
‡ Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine, Kiyv, Ukraine
Open Access

Abstract

Background

The Ukrainian Anomaloninae fauna is relatively poorly known. The presence of large under-collected areas, such as the Carpathians, makes taxonomic and faunistic studies concerning these parasitoids from Ukraine urgently relevant.

New information

Based on our ongoing surveys on the Anomaloninae of the Ukrainian Carpathians, we report here the new distribution records for some species. In total 24 Anomaloninae species, belonging to 8 genera (Anomalon Panzer, 1804, Agrypon Förster, 1868, Aphanistes Förster, 1868, Barylypa Förster, 1868, Heteropelma Wesmael, 1849, Perisphincter Townes, 1961, Therion Curtis, 1829, and Trichomma Wesmael, 1849), were recorded from the studied region for the first time. Nine species, Agrypon batis Ratzeburg, 1955, A. scutellatum Hellén, 1926, Aphanistes gliscens Hartig, 1838, A. klugii Hartig, 1838, Heteropelma amictum Fabricius, 1775, Perisphincter gracilicornis Schnee, 1978, Therion giganteum Gravenhorst, 1829, Trichomma fulvidens Wesmael, 1849 and T. occisor Habermehl, 1909 were recorded for the first time in Ukraine. Seasonal dynamics and high-altitude zone of Anomaloninae species' distribution are discussed.

Keywords

Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae, Ukrainian Carpathians

Introduction

Anomaloninae Viereck,1918 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) is a medium-sized cosmopolitan subfamily represented worldwide (Yu et al. 2012​).

The s ubfamily Anomaloninae is divided into two tribes: Anomalonini with one genus Anomalon Panzer (parasitoids of Coleoptera larvae (Tenebrionidae and Elateridae) and some Lepidoptera larvae (Noctuidae and Tortricidae) and Gravenhorstiini containing the remaining genera (parasitoids of Lepidoptera larvae) (Schnee, 2014). The main morphological features of the subfamily Anomaloninae are: metasoma slender; propodeum usually coarsely reticulate; fore wing with vein 3rs-m absent; hind tarsi of male often swollen.

Unlike many other ichneumonids occuring in wet areas, some Anomaloninae species prefer dry places, such as steppes and forest-steppe regions. The Ukrainian fauna of the subfamily Anomaloninae is still poorly studied and represented just by 30 recorded species (Atanasov 1981, Nuzhna 2013). This paper provides the first list of Anomaloninae species recorded from the Ukrainian Carpathians, which includes some interesting records of quite rare species and new records for the Ukrainian fauna.

Materials and methods

This study is mainly based on specimens collected by sweep netting and Malaise traps. Sampling was conducted by the second author in various locations of the Ukrainian Carpathians and adjacent territories in 2009-2013. Specimens deposited in the collections of the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology (Kiyv) and the Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University (Ivano-Frankivsk) were also studied. Morphological terminology used in the study follows that of Gauld (1991). The photos of the specimens were made using the camera Canon Power Shot A 4050 IS attached to light microscope Olympus SZX10. Some species were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM: JEOL JSM-6480LV with a low vacuum option) in Royal Museum for Central Africa (Tervuren, Belgium). Specimens were identified using the keys compiled by Atanasov (1981), Gauld (1976), Gauld and Mitchell (1977), Nuzhna (2013), and Schnee (1978).

Taxon treatments

Anomalon cruentatum Geoffroy, 1785

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Tyachiv district
    ; locality:
    Solotvyno
    ; verbatimElevation:
    280 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°57'15.82"N, 23°52'13.95"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/23/2013
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Nuzhna 2010) (Fig. 1).

Figure 1.

Anomalon cruentatum (Geoffroy,1785), female.

adorsal view of face
blateral view of mesosoma

Agrypon anomelas (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, 12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Chernihiv, Kyiv, Lugansk, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Zaporizhzhya regions and Crimea (Nuzhna 2013​)​, Transcarpathian region.

Agrypon anxium (Wesmael, 1849)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/10/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 10-12 km SW of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    17-19.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Sheshul, 6-7 km NE of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'25.05"N, 24°20' 59.53"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    6
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Chernihiv, Kharkiv, Kyiv, Rivne regions and Crimea (Nuzhna 2013), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

Agrypon batis (Ratzeburg, 1855)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Chornogora, pol. Pozhezhevska
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/26/1975
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Pidhirya
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°47'27.47"N, 24°30'44.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05/29/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Western Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk region. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 2).

Figure 2.

Agrypon batis (Ratzeburg, 1855), female, dorsal view of face.

Agrypon clandestinum (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, Elmy, coniferous forest, 15 km SW of Yaremche
    ; verbatimElevation:
    800-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°24’39.50”N, 24°24’50.28”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/12/2004
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, subalpine zone, 8 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1600-1650 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°12'39.16"N, 24°14'30.75"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/27/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Holarctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Kyiv, Odesa, Volyn, Zhytomyr regions, and Crimea (Nuzhna 2013), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

Agrypon gracilipes (Curtis, 1839)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/23/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Chornogora, beech forest, 4 km NE of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1000 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'19.08"N, 24°18'09.16"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05/27/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/17/1963
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Khust district
    ; locality:
    Khust
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    M. Boganych
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/17/1963
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  6. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Khust district
    ; locality:
    Khust
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    M. Boganych
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Kharkiv, Kherson, Kyiv, Odesa, Zaporizhzhya regions (Nuzhna 2013​)​, Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

Agrypon flaveolatum (Gravenhorst, 1807)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ternopil region
    ; county:
    Borshchiv district
    ; locality:
    Babintsy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    200 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/01/1969
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Holarctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Nuzhna 2013).

Agrypon flexorium (Thunberg, 1824)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 11-12 km SW of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1250-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33’32.30”N, 24°07’41.34”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    20-22.05.2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Svalyava district
    ; verbatimElevation:
    250 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/09/1986
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Sheshul, 8-9 km NE of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1600-1700 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09’23.13”N, 24°21’27.15”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/17/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Nuzhna 2013​) (Fig. 3).

Figure 3.

Agrypon flexorium (Thunberg, 1822), female, dorsal view of face.

Agrypon flexorioides Schnee, 1989

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Volovets district
    ; locality:
    Pidpolozzya
    ; verbatimElevation:
    400 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/14/1954
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    A. Kotenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, Elmy, coniferous forest, 15 km SW of Yaremche
    ; verbatimElevation:
    800-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°24’39.50”N, 24°24’50.28”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/17/2009
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Weatern Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Donetsk, Lugansk regions, and Crimea (Nuzhna 2013​), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

Agrypon interstitiale Schnee, 1989

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Chornogora, beech forest, 5 km NE of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'02.78"N, 24°19'21.69"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/15/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Western Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Donetsk and Kyiv regions, Crimea (Nuzhna 2013​), Transcarpathian region.

Agrypon scutellatum (Hellén, 1926)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankisk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Chornogora, subalpine zone, slope of m. Goverla
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'10.89"N, 24°29'42.89"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/28/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Europe, known only from Finland (Hellén 1950, Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 4, Fig. 5).

Figure 4.

Agrypon scutellatum (Hellén, 1926), male.

adorsal view of face
bdorsal view of mesosoma
Figure 5.

Agrypon scutellatum (Hellén, 1926), female, ventral view of fore coxae.

Agrypon varitarsum (Wesmael, 1849)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankisk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/23/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankisk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/23/2010
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankisk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/23/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, ​12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, beech forest, 2-3 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    850-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'08.89"N, 24°15'58.35"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    14.07-24.08.2013
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Holarctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Kheson and Kyiv regions, Crimea (Nuzhna 2013​)​, Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions.

Aphanistes gliscens (Hartig, 1838)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Rogatyn district
    ; locality:
    Vyshniv
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/01/2006
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    A. Sirenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, 12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Dnipropetrovsk, Kherson, Kyiv, Rivne Regions (Nuzhna, unpubl.), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions. New record for Ukraine.

Aphanistes klugii (Hartig, 1838)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Vynogradiv district
    ; locality:
    Chorna Gora
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'19.70"N, 23°04'22.47"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, 12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Kharkiv and Kyiv regions (Nuzhna, unpubl.) Transcarpathian region. New record for Ukraine.

Aphanistes ruficornis (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, 12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/11/2009
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Marmarosy, 12 km SE of Dilove
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1400-1500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    47°54'56.55"N, 24°17'43.41"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    6-9.08.2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Donetsk, Kyiv, Vinnytsya regions and Crimea (Nuzhna 2010), Transcarpathian region.

Barylypa delictor (Thunberg, 1824)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ternopil region
    ; locality:
    Zalishchyky
    ; verbatimElevation:
    200 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05/12/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ternopil region
    ; county:
    Borshchiv district
    ; locality:
    Babintsy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    200 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/01/1969
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, beech forest, 2-3 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    850-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'08.89"N, 24°15'58.35"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    14.07-24.08.2013
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Atanasov 1981) (Fig. 6).

Figure 6.

Barylypa delictor (Thunberg, 1822), female, lateral view of propodeum.

Heteropelma amictum (Fabricius, 1775)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE to Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/15/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 10-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2011-08-17/19
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Yaremche district
    ; locality:
    Yablunytsya, coniferous forest
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/11/2006
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Lviv region
    ; locality:
    Skole
    ; verbatimElevation:
    450-500 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/13/1976
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V Ermolenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Lviv region
    ; locality:
    Skole
    ; verbatimElevation:
    450-500 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/13/1976
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Ermolenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  6. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Rakhiv, beech forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    450-500 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/12/1961
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Ermolenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  7. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, beech forest, 4 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1000 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'19.08"N, 24°18'09.16"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/16/2009
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  8. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Tyachiv district
    ; locality:
    Mala Ugolka, beech forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    600-700 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/27/1975
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    A. Kotenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Australasian, Palaearctic, and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, and Transcarpathian regions. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 7).

Figure 7.

Heteropelma amictum (Fabricius, 1775), male.

adorsal view of face
blateral view of first tarsomere of hind tarsus

Heteropelma megarthrum (Ratzeburg, 1848)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/15/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 10-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2011-08-17/19
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 5 km SW of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°36'42.77"N, 24°09'10.69"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/20/2013
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Chornogora, coniferous forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    800-1000 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/05/1994
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    A. Kotenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Svalyava district
    ; locality:
    Polyana
    ; verbatimElevation:
    250 m
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/26/1986
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    females
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Nuzhna 2010).

Perisphincter gracilicornis Schnee, 1978

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/04/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, beech forest, 2-3 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    850-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'08.89"N, 24°15'58.35"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise trap
    ; eventDate:
    07/14/2013
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Europe, known only from Germany and Poland (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Kiyv region (Nuzhna, unpubl.), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions. New record for Ukraine.

Therion circumflexum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 8-10 km E of Vorokhta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    900-1000 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°14’02.91”N, 24°39’14.68”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/01/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Zhbyr, mixed forest, 7-8 km SW of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    400 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°47'4.92"N, 24°28'46.45"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/20/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Zhbyr, mixed forest, 7-8 km SW of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    400 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°47'4.92"N, 24°28'46.45"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/20/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/03/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, pol. Playek, coniferous forest, 5 km SW of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°36'42.77"N, 24°09'10.69"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/01/2012
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  6. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 11-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2011-08-17/19
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  7. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 11-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/04/2010
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  8. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 11-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    06/04/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  9. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, Elmy, coniferous forest, 15 km SW to Yaremche
    ; verbatimElevation:
    800-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°24’39.50”N, 24°24’50.28”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2012-07-20/23
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  10. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Svydovets, subalpine zone, 4 km NW of Kvasy
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°12'39.16"N, 24°14'30.75"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    05/15/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  11. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Tyachiv district
    ; locality:
    Mala Ugolka, beech forest
    ; verbatimElevation:
    500-600 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'02.27"N, 23°40'20.65"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    on light
    ; eventDate:
    05/16/2004
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    R. Bidychak
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic and Oriental regions (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Atanasov 1981).

Therion giganteum (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, coniferous forest, 10-12 km of Stara Guta
    ; verbatimElevation:
    1200-1300 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°33'7.45"N, 24°11'55.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2011-08-17/19
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Nadvirna district
    ; locality:
    Gorgany, Elmy, coniferous forest, 15 km SW to Yaremche
    ; verbatimElevation:
    800-900 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°24’39.50”N, 24°24’50.28”E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/14/2011
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Donetsk, Kyiv, and Lugansk regions (Nuzhna, upubl.), Transcarpathian region. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 8).

Figure 8.

Therion giganteum (Gravenhorst, 1829), male.

adorsal view of face
bventral view of hind tarsus

Trichomma enecator (Rossi, 1790)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/31/2009
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/07/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    09/03/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  4. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04/20/2012
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  5. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Hust district
    ; locality:
    Narcissus Valley
    ; verbatimElevation:
    200-250 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°10'25.98"N, 23°22'17.19"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    08/01/1995
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    A. Kotenko
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  6. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Rakhiv district
    ; locality:
    Bogdan
    ; verbatimElevation:
    700-800 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°02'02.65"N, 24°21'48.33"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/28/1972
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    V. Tolkanitz
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: all regions (Atanasov 1981) (Fig. 9).

Figure 9.

Trichomma enecator (Rossi, 1790), male, lateral view of mesopleuron.

Trichomma fulvidens Wesmael, 1849

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04/20/2012
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    males
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  2. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    2012-05-18/19
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013
  3. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Transcarpathian region
    ; county:
    Vynohradiv district
    ; locality:
    Chorna Gora
    ; verbatimElevation:
    500 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°09'19.70"N, 23°04'22.47"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    04/06/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Chernihiv, Donetsk, Kyiv, Lugansk, Odesa, and Poltava regions (Nuzhna, unpubl.), Ivano-Frankivsk and Transcarpathian regions. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 10).

Figure 10.

Trichomma fulvidens Wesmael, 1849, male, dorsal view of face.

Trichomma occisor Habermehl, 1909

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. country:
    Ukraine
    ; stateProvince:
    Ivano-Frankivsk region
    ; county:
    Bogorodchany district
    ; locality:
    Mochary, mixed forest, 5 km NE of Bogorodchany
    ; verbatimElevation:
    300-350 m
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    48°50'51.17"N, 24°35'26.91"E
    ; samplingProtocol:
    sweeping
    ; eventDate:
    07/07/2011
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    O. Varga
    ; identifiedBy:
    A. Nuzhna
    ; dateIdentified:
    2013

Distribution

Palaearctic region (Yu et al. 2012). Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk region. New record for Ukraine (Fig. 11).

Figure 11.

Trichomma occisor Habermehl, 1909, female.

alateral view of habitus
blateral view of mesopleuron

Discussion

During investigations carried out in various locations of the Ukrainian Carpathians in 2009–2014 twenty four Anomaloninae species belonging to eight genera were recorded. Nine species, Agrypon batis Ratzeburg, 1955, A. scutellatum Hellén, 1926, Aphnistes gliscens Hartig, 1838, A. klugii Hartig, 1838, Heteropelma amictum Fabricius, 1775, Perisphincter gracilicornis Schnee, 1978, Therion giganteum Gravenhorst, 1829, Trichomma fulvidens Wesmael, 1849, T. occisor Habermehl, 1909 were recorded for the first time in Ukraine.

Anomaloninae species have been recorded in various high-altitude zones of the Ukrainian Carpathians (Table 1​). Anomaloninae species were the most abundant in the foothill oak forest zone, reaching up to 150–400 m a. s. l. in Precarpathia and Transcarpathian lowland with mixed forests, where the main tree species are Quercus robur, Q. rubra, Caprinus sp., Fraxinus sp., Picea abies, Abies alba, and Pinus sylvestris, where sixteen species were collected. Ten species were found in the beech forest zone (400–1300 m a. s. l.) in Transcarpathia. Eight species were found in the coniferous boreal forest zone, situated at 900–1600 m a. s. l. in the mountainous part of the Carpathians, where the Piceeta-abietis community predominates. Fourteen species, mainly Agrypon and Aphanistes species, and one Therion species (Th. circumflexum) were also collected in the subalpine zone, at 1400–2061 m a. s. l., known as polonynys, which are high altitude open grasslands, partly taken over by bush. Only the widespread and common Th. circumflexum was found in all high-altitude zones, six species were collected in three zones, nine species were found in two zones, and eight species – in one zone. It is notable that most the interesting rare species and new Ukrainian records were collected mainly from the lowest and highest altitudes: in the foothill oak forest zone and subalpine zone.

High-altitude zone distribution of Anomaloninae species in the Ukrainian Carpathians.

Species

foothill oak forest zone

(150–400 m a. s. l.)

beech forest zone

(400–1300 m a. s. l.)

coniferous borealforest zone

(900–1000 m a. s. l.)

subalpine zone

(1400–2061 m a. s. l.)

Anomalon cruentatum

+

Agrypon anomelas

+

A. anxium

+

+

+

A. batis

+

+

A. clandestinum

+

+

A. gracilipes

+

+

+

A. flaveolatum

+

+

A. flexorium

+

+

+

A. flexorioides

+

A. interstitiale

+

+

A. scutellatum

+

A. varitarsum

+

+

+

Aphanistes gliscens

+

+

A. klugii

+

+

A. ruficornis

+

Barylypa delictor

+

+

Heteropelma amictum

+

+

+

H. megarthrum

+

+

+

Perisphincter gracilicornis

+

+

Therion circumflexum

+

+

+

+

Th giganteum

+

Trichomma enecator

+

+

T. fulvidens

+

T. occisor

+

The flight season of Anomaloninae adults is prolonged, lasting six months, from the beginning of April to the end of September (Table 2​). The typical ‘steppe’ species, Anomalon cruentatum, was collected just at the end of June. This species in Central Ukraine (Kyiv region) has two emergences of adults: from the end of May to the middle of June and from the end of August to September, while in South Ukraine (Kherson region) it was collected from the end of June to the end of August. Two Agrypon species, A. anomelas and A. flexorioides, were collected at the beginning of August and in the middle of July, respectively. The remaining species of the genus have more prolonged flight periods lasting from one to almost three months usually late May – August. Only three species:, A. clandestinum, A. gracilipes and A. varitarsum, can be found in the Carpathians to the end of September. All three recorded Aphanistes species were collected during August, and in addition, A. klugii was found also at the beginning of April. Barylypa delictor was collected from May to August and Heteropelma species were found in the Carpathians from June to August. The flight period of Perisphincter gracilicornis in the Carpathians lasts from the beginning of June to the middle of July, while in Central Ukraine this species was collected from the middle of May untill the end of June. Probably the most common species, Therion circumflexum, was collected from May to September, another recorded species of the genus, Th giganteum, was found only in the middle of July and at the beginning of August. Among all Anomaloninae species Trichomma enecator has the longest flight period lasting from May to September, confirming the data from the other regions of Ukraine. The other two species, T. fulvidens and T. occisor were collected just during April and in the middle of June, respectively.

Appearance of Anomaloninae species adults in ten-day periods of the 1954-2014 seasons

Species

April

May

June

July

Aug

Sep

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

Anomalon cruentatum

Agrypon anomelas

A. anxium

A. batis

A. clandestinum

A. gracilipes

A. flaveolatum

A. flexorium

A. flexorioides

A. interstitiale

A. scutellatum

A. varitarsum

Aphanistes gliscens

A. klugii

A. ruficornis

Barylypa delictor

Heteropelma amictum

H. megarthrum

Perisphincter gracilicornis

Therion circumflexum

Th giganteum

Trichomma enecator

T. fulvidens

T. occisor

Acknowledgements

We wish to acknowledge collectors Artur Sirenko, Roman Bidychak, Anatoly Kotenko, and Valentyna Tolkanitz for providing the additional material, Dmitriy Kasparyan for access to the comparative collection deposited in Zoologial Institute, St. Petersburg, Alex Gumovsky for making some photos of specimens. Michael Kuhlmann and Gavin Broad for review of the manuscript and helpful suggestions, and Chris Raper for the correction of the English text.

References