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Data Paper (Biosciences)
ReefMedMol: Mollusca from the infralittoral rocky shores - the biocoenosis of photophilic algae - in the Mediterranean Sea
expand article infoDimitris Poursanidis,§, Drosos Koutsoubas, Christos Arvanitidis|, Giorgos Chatzigeorgiou|
‡ University of the Aegean, Dept. of Marine Science, Mytiline, Lesvos, Greece
§ Foundation of Research and Technology - Hellas, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
| Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Open Access

Abstract

Background

This paper describes two datasets on the molluscan fauna from the Mediterranean infralittoral reef ecosystem - the biocoenosis of photophilic algae. The first dataset is taken from the East Mediterranean node of the NAGISA project. The second one is a compilation based on the available published material in peer - reviewed journals as well as from the accessible grey literature. These datasets cover a time period of 43 years from 1969 to 2012 from several locations spanning the Mediterranean Sea.

New information

This dataset is the only one available from this important Mediterranean Habitat, coded as 1170 in the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and can provide valuable information on the needs of ecosystems functions and services assessment, habitat and species conservation as well as marine spatial planning.

Keywords

Infralittoral zone, Mollusca, Reefs, 1170, Photophilic algae, Mediterranean Sea, Biodiversity, 1969–2014

Introduction

The Mediterranean Sea is the largest enclosed marine environment globally (Coll et al. 2010). A large proportion of its coastline is rocky and mainly made by limestone, a defining characteristic of this marine basin (Gerovasileiou and Voultsiadou 2012). There, marine hard substrates exists which is of great ecological and economic value due to the high structural complexity on which rich marine communities are based. Yet, several goods and services are provided by (Salomidi et al. 2012). Due to the importance of this marine ecosystem, Habitat Directive 92/43/EEC includes it under the code 1170 (Reefs). In the infralittoral zone of the hard substrate, several biocoenoses exist (Pérès and Picard 1964). Among them, the biocoenosis of the photophilic algae is the one that dominates the hard substrates in depths up to 30 meters, depending on the water turbidity, light penetration and availability of nutrients (Coppejans 1980). Macroalgae, the main component of this biocoenosis, provides an excellent host for food and shelter to the taxonomic group of molluscs. This is one of the most important animal groups found in the Mediterranean Sea, and its molluscan fauna is the best known in the world (Sabelli and Taviani 2013) while from the 17,000 marine species that have been found in the Mediterranean, 13% are molluscs (Coll et al. 2010). The biocoenosis of photophilic algae is, however, poorly studied in terms of molluscan biodiversity; few studies examine the species communities in the infralittoral zone. All of them are paper-based, while the detection of them as well as the compilation of the included published information about the species and other associated data (sampling method, depths, location, time period) cannot be retrieved automatically by machine-learning methods and tools.

This study attempts to expand the current knowledge on the rocky infralittoral zone of the Mediterranean Sea by providing occurrence data of molluscan species from two different sources. The first one comes from the sampling campaign of the NAGISA project in the East Mediterranean Sea while the second one comes from the compilation of the available and accessible published material in peer-reviewed journals and grey literature. The present datasets include georeferenced and fully documented information from 22 regions/sampling sites across the Mediterranean Sea, from 1969 to 2012 (Table 1) on 599 species of molluscs (Table 2). Additional information based on the dataset of the NAGISA project about the recorded individuals per species is alsoincluded (127 species, 10326 individuals).

Coordinates, depth and sampling dates of the sampling localities

Country Sampling site Minimum depth (in meters) Maximum depth (in meters) Latitude Longitude Sampling period
Albania Vlora bay 1 15 40.36343 19.473392 2004-2006
France Marseille area 5 25 43.18859 5.546588 1969
France Calvi 3 30 42.57192 8.747125 1980-1983
Greece Chalkidiki peninsula 15 30 40.11722 23.984323 1997-1998
Greece Chalkidiki peninsula 15 40 39.98843 23.858191 1997-1998
Greece Chalkidiki peninsula 15 40 39.98843 23.858191 1998-1999
Greece Pelagos - Piperi - Gioura 2 8 39.32063 24.054025 1995
Italy Isola Bella 1 30 37.84993 15.300747 1990
Italy Lampedusa 0 10 35.52305 12.59324 1990
Italy Ionian coast of Salento 40.2732 17.791895 1992-2002
Italy Capo Madonna, Lampedusa Island 1 6 35.4982 12.589623 1994
Italy Gulf of Castellammare 16 22 38.03581 12.874333 1995
Italy Ustica island 1 15 38.6938 13.178993 1996
Italy Otranto 5 25 40.14283 18.507785 2000
Italy South-western coast of Apulia 3 4 40.18485 17.92297 2002
Italy Torre del Serpe 1 20 40.145 18.505 2004-2009
Slovenia Gulf or Trieste 1 4 45.54799 13.662176 2008-2012
Spain Medes island 1 30 42.04534 3.224491 1984
Spain Bay of Algeciras 3 5 36.13232 -5.418617 1992-1993
Tunisia Tunis town 1 2 36.82333 10.31931 2009-2010
Tunisia Tunis town 3 15 36.82333 10.31931 2009-2010
Turkey Izmir bay 1 20 38.41861 27.139167 1978

The assembled species list in phylogenetic order.

Class Family Species Authority
Polyplacophora Chitonidae Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797
Polyplacophora Chitonidae Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826)
Polyplacophora Chitonidae Chiton phaseolinus Monterosato, 1879
Polyplacophora Leptochitonidae Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791)
Polyplacophora Leptochitonidae Lepidopleurus sp. Risso, 1826
Polyplacophora Leptochitonidae Leptochiton scabridus (Jeffreys, 1880)
Polyplacophora Ischnochitonidae Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826)
Polyplacophora Ischnochitonidae Ischnochiton sp.
Polyplacophora Callistoplacidae Callistochiton pachylasmae (Monterosato, 1879)
Polyplacophora Callochitonidae Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803)
Polyplacophora Lepidochitonidae Lepidochitona sp. Gray, 1821
Polyplacophora Lepidochitonidae Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836)
Polyplacophora Lepidochitonidae Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767)
Polyplacophora Lepidochitonidae Lepidochitona furtiva (Monterosato, 1879)
Polyplacophora Lepidochitonidae Lepidochitona monterosatoi Kaas & Van Belle, 1981
Polyplacophora Acanthochitonidae Acanthochitona discrepans (Brown, 1827)
Polyplacophora Acanthochitonidae Acanthochitona fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Gastropoda Patellidae Patella caerulea Linnaeus, 1758
Gastropoda Patellidae Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758
Gastropoda Patellidae Patella ulyssiponensis Gmelin, 1791
Gastropoda Lottiidae Tectura virginea (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Diodora dorsata (Monterosato, 1878)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Diodora gibberula (Lamarck, 1822)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Diodora graeca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Diodora italica (Defrance, 1820)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Emarginula sp.
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Emarginula adriatica O. G. Costa, 1830
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Emarginula huzardii Payraudeau, 1826
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Emarginula octaviana Coen, 1939
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Emarginula tenera Locard, 1892
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Fissurella nubecula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Fissurellidae Puncturella noachina (Linnaeus, 1771)
Gastropoda Scissurellidae Scissurella costata d'Orbigny, 1824
Gastropoda Scissurellidae Sinezona cingulata (O. G. Costa, 1861)
Gastropoda Anatomidae Anatoma crispata (Fleming, 1828)
Gastropoda Haliotidae Haliotis tuberculata Linnaeus, 1758
Gastropoda Haliotidae Haliotis tuberculata lamellosa Lamarck, 1822
Gastropoda Trochidae Clanculus sp.
Gastropoda Trochidae Clanculus corallinus (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Trochidae Clanculus cruciatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Clanculus jussieui (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula adansonii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula adriatica (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula albida (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula ardens (Salis Marschlins, 1793)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula divaricata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula drepanensis (Brugnone, 1873)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula fanulum (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula guttadauri (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula leucophaea (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula magus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula philberti (Récluz, 1843)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula racketti (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula rarilineata (Michaud, 1829)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula tingitana Pallary, 1901
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula turbinoides (Deshayes, 1835)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula umbilicaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Gibbula varia (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Jujubinus exasperatus (Pennant, 1777)
Gastropoda Trochidae Jujubinus gravinae (Dautzenberg, 1881)
Gastropoda Trochidae Jujubinus ruscurianus (Weinkauff, 1868)
Gastropoda Trochidae Jujubinus striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Trochidae Phorcus articulatus (Lamarck, 1822)
Gastropoda Trochidae Phorcus turbinatus (Born, 1778)
Gastropoda Calliostomatidae Calliostoma conulus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Calliostomatidae Calliostoma gualterianum (Philippi, 1848)
Gastropoda Calliostomatidae Calliostoma laugieri (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Calliostomatidae Calliostoma zizyphinum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Turbinidae Bolma rugosa (Linnaeus, 1767)
Gastropoda Skeneidae Skenea serpuloides (Montagu, 1808)
Gastropoda Chilodontidae Danilia otaviana (Cantraine, 1835)
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia sp.
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia entomocheila Gofas, 1993
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia miniata (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia pullus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia speciosa (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824)
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia tenuis (Michaud, 1829)
Gastropoda Phasianellidae Tricolia tingitana Gofas, 1982
Gastropoda Colloniidae Homalopoma sanguineum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Neritidae Smaragdia viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Neritidae Theodoxus fluviatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium sp.
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium lacteum (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium latreillii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium nanum (Mayer, 1864)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium reticulatum (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Bittium submamillatum (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854)
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium sp.
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium lividulum Risso, 1826
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium renovatum Monterosato, 1884
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium vulgatum Bruguière, 1792
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium scabridum Philippi, 1848
Gastropoda Cerithiidae Cerithium vulgatum Bruguière, 1792
Gastropoda Planaxidae Fossarus ambiguus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Potamididae Pirenella conica (Blainville, 1829)
Gastropoda Turritellidae Turritella communis Risso, 1826
Gastropoda Turritellidae Turritella triplicata (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Cheirodonta pallescens (Jeffreys, 1867)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Cosmotriphora melanura (C. B. Adams, 1850)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Marshallora adversa (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Metaxia metaxa (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Monophorus sp.
Gastropoda Triphoridae Monophorus erythrosoma (Bouchet & Guillemot, 1978)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Monophorus perversus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Triphoridae Monophorus thiriotae Bouchet, 1985
Gastropoda Triphoridae Similiphora similior (Bouchet & Guillemot, 1978)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis sp.
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis atalaya Watson, 1885
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis barleei Jeffreys, 1867
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis fayalensis Watson, 1880
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis minima (Brusina, 1865)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis scalaris Locard, 1892
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Cerithiopsis tubercularis (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Dizoniopsis bilineata (Hoernes, 1848)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Dizoniopsis coppolae (Aradas, 1870)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Krachia tiara (Monterosato, 1874)
Gastropoda Cerithiopsidae Seila trilineata (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Epitoniidae Epitonium clathrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Epitoniidae Epitonium tenuicostatum (G. B. Sowerby, 1844)
Gastropoda Epitoniidae Epitonium turtonis (Turton, 1819)
Gastropoda Epitoniidae Gyroscala lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Eulima glabra (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Melanella lubrica (Monterosato, 1890)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Melanella petitiana (Brusina, 1869)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Melanella polita (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Melanella praecurta (Pallary, 1904)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Vitreolina incurva (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883)
Gastropoda Eulimidae Vitreolina philippi (de Rayneval & Ponzi, 1854)
Gastropoda Littorinidae Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Littorinidae Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Skeneopsidae Skeneopsis planorbis (O. Fabricius, 1780)
Gastropoda Cingulopsidae Eatonina cossurae (Calcara, 1841)
Gastropoda Cingulopsidae Eatonina fulgida (Adams J., 1797)
Gastropoda Cingulopsidae Tubbreva micrometrica (Aradas & Benoit, 1876)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania sp.
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania aspera (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania beanii (Hanley in Thorpe, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Crisilla beniamina (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania cancellata (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania cimex (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania colossophilus Oberling, 1970
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania discors (Allan, 1818)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania dorbignyi (Audouin, 1826)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania geryonia (Nardo, 1847)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania hallgassi Amati & Oliverio, 1985
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania lactea (Michaud, 1830)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania lanciae (Calcara, 1845)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania lineata Risso, 1826
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania mamillata Risso, 1826
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania pagodula (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania parvula (Jeffreys, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania rudis (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania scabra (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania simulans Locard, 1886
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania spinosa (Monterosato, 1890)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania subcrenulata (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania tenera (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Alvania tessellata Schwartz in Weinkauff, 1868
Gastropoda Rissoidae Benthonella tenella (Jeffreys, 1869)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Crisilla beniamina (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Crisilla semistriata (Montagu, 1808)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Manzonia crassa (Kanmacher, 1798)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Peringiella elegans (Locard, 1892)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina sp.
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina benzi (Aradas & Maggiore, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina inconspicua (Alder, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina lineolata (Michaud, 1830)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina marginata (Michaud, 1830)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina philippi (Aradas & Maggiore, 1844)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Pusillina radiata (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa sp.
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa auriscalpium (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa decorata Philippi, 1846
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa guerinii Récluz, 1843
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa lia (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa lilacina Récluz, 1843
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa membranacea (J. Adams, 1800)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa monodonta Philippi, 1836
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa parva (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa scurra (Monterosato, 1917)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa similis Scacchi, 1836
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa splendida Eichwald, 1830
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa variabilis (Von Mühlfeldt, 1824)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa ventricosa Desmarest, 1814
Gastropoda Rissoidae Rissoa violacea Desmarest, 1814
Gastropoda Rissoidae Setia amabilis (Locard, 1886)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Setia ambigua (Brugnone, 1873)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Setia antipolitana (van der Linden & W. M. Wagner, 1987)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Setia maculata (Monterosato, 1869)
Gastropoda Rissoidae Setia turriculata Monterosato, 1884
Gastropoda Anabathridae Nodulus contortus (Jeffreys, 1856)
Gastropoda Anabathridae Pisinna glabrata (Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1824)
Gastropoda Barleeiidae Barleeia unifasciata (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Caecidae Caecum antillarum Carpenter, 1858
Gastropoda Caecidae Caecum clarkii Carpenter, 1859
Gastropoda Caecidae Caecum subannulatum de Folin, 1870
Gastropoda Caecidae Caecum trachea (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Caecidae Parastrophia asturiana de Folin, 1870
Gastropoda Iravadiidae Hyala vitrea (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Tornidae Circulus striatus (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Truncatellidae Truncatella subcylindrica (Linnaeus, 1767)
Gastropoda Vermetidae Dendropoma cristatum (Biondi, 1859)
Gastropoda Vermetidae Thylacodes arenarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Vermetidae Thylaeodus rugulosus (Monterosato, 1878)
Gastropoda Vermetidae Vermetus granulatus (Gravenhorst, 1831)
Gastropoda Vermetidae Vermetus triquetrus Bivona-Bernardi, 1832
Gastropoda Volvatellidae Ascobulla fragilis (Jeffreys, 1856)
Gastropoda Strombidae Conomurex persicus (Swainson, 1821)
Gastropoda Vanikoridae Megalomphalus azoneus (Brusina, 1865)
Gastropoda Calyptraeidae Calyptraea chinensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Calyptraeidae Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Calyptraeidae Crepidula moulinsii Michaud, 1829
Gastropoda Calyptraeidae Crepidula unguiformis Lamarck, 1822
Gastropoda Capulidae Capulus ungaricus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Triviidae Erato voluta (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Triviidae Trivia mediterranea (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Triviidae Trivia monacha (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Cypraeidae Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Cypraeidae Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Cypraeidae Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Ovulidae Pseudosimnia carnea (Poiret, 1789)
Gastropoda Naticidae Euspira intricata (Donovan, 1804)
Gastropoda Naticidae Euspira macilenta (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Naticidae Naticarius stercusmuscarum (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Naticidae Neverita josephinia Risso, 1826
Gastropoda Naticidae Notocochlis dillwynii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Ranellidae Cabestana cutacea (Linnaeus, 1767)
Gastropoda Ranellidae Charonia variegata (Lamarck, 1816)
Gastropoda Bursidae Bursa scrobilator (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Muricidae Bolinus brandaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Muricidae Coralliophila brevis (Blainville, 1832)
Gastropoda Muricidae Coralliophila meyendorffii (Calcara, 1845)
Gastropoda Muricidae Hadriania craticulata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882
Gastropoda Muricidae Hexaplex trunculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Muricidae Hirtomurex squamosus (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838)
Gastropoda Muricidae Murexsul cevikeri (Houart, 2000)
Gastropoda Muricidae Muricopsis cristata (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Muricidae Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Muricidae Ocinebrina sp.
Gastropoda Muricidae Ocinebrina aciculata (Lamarck, 1822)
Gastropoda Muricidae Ocinebrina edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Muricidae Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
Gastropoda Muricidae Trophonopsis alboranensis (Smriglio, Mariottini & Bonfitto, 1997)
Gastropoda Muricidae Trophonopsis muricata (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Marginellidae Granulina boucheti Gofas, 1992
Gastropoda Marginellidae Granulina clandestina (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Marginellidae Granulina marginata (Bivona, 1832)
Gastropoda Marginellidae Volvarina mitrella (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Cystiscidae Gibberula caelata (Monterosato, 1877)
Gastropoda Cystiscidae Gibberula jansseni van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984
Gastropoda Cystiscidae Gibberula miliaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Cystiscidae Gibberula philippii (Monterosato, 1878)
Gastropoda Cystiscidae Gibberula recondita Monterosato, 1884
Gastropoda Mitridae Mitra cornicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Costellariidae Vexillum ebenus (Lamarck, 1811)
Gastropoda Costellariidae Vexillum granum (Forbes, 1844)
Gastropoda Costellariidae Vexillum savignyi (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Costellariidae Vexillum tricolor (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Euthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia affinis (Monterosato, 1889)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia brunnea (Donovan, 1804)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia lefebvrii (Maravigna, 1840)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia mamillata (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia recondita (Brugnone, 1873)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia mamillata (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Chauvetia turritellata (Deshayes, 1835)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Enginella leucozona (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Euthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Pisania striata (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Pollia sp.
Gastropoda Buccinidae Pollia dorbignyi (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Buccinidae Pollia scabra Locard, 1892
Gastropoda Buccinidae Pollia scacchiana (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Colubrariidae Cumia reticulata (Blainville, 1829)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius sp.
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius corniculum (Olivi, 1792)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius crenulatus (Bruguière, 1792)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius cuvierii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius incrassatus (Strøm, 1768)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius lima (Dillwyn, 1817)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius mutabilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius pygmaeus (Lamarck, 1822)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Nassariidae Nassarius unifasciatus (Kiener, 1834)
Gastropoda Columbellidae Columbella rustica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Columbellidae Mitrella bruggeni van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984
Gastropoda Columbellidae Mitrella gervillii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Columbellidae Mitrella psilla (Duclos, 1846)
Gastropoda Columbellidae Mitrella scripta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Columbellidae Mitrella spelta (Kobelt, 1889)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Aptyxis syracusanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Tarantinaea lignaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Fusinus sp.
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Fusinus pulchellus (Philippi, 1840)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Fusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Fusinus rudis (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Aptyxis syracusanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Fasciolariidae Tarantinaea lignaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Conidae Conus ventricosus Gmelin, 1791
Gastropoda Drilliidae Crassopleura maravignae (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838)
Gastropoda Horaiclavidae Haedropleura septangularis (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Clavatulidae Fusiturris undatiruga (Bivona Ant. in Bivona And., 1838)
Gastropoda Clathurellidae Clathromangelia granum (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Clathurellidae Clathromangelia quadrillum (Dujardin, 1837)
Gastropoda Clathurellidae Comarmondia gracilis (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Mitromorphidae Mitromorpha sp.
Gastropoda Mitromorphidae Mitromorpha columbellaria (Scacchi, 1836)
Gastropoda Mitromorphidae Mitromorpha crenipicta (Dautzenberg, 1889)
Gastropoda Mitromorphidae Mitromorpha olivoidea (Cantraine, 1835)
Gastropoda Mitromorphidae Mitromorpha wilhelminae (van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Bela zenetouae (van Aartsen, 1988)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Bela zonata (Locard, 1892)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia sp.
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia attenuata (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia multilineolata (Deshayes, 1835)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia paciniana (Calcara, 1839)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia stosiciana Brusina, 1869
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia taeniata (Deshayes, 1835)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia unifasciata (Deshayes, 1835)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Mangelia vauquelini (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Mangeliidae Sorgenfreispira brachystoma (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma mirabilis (Pallary, 1904)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma sp.
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma bicolor (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma concinna (Scacchi, 1836)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma densa (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma echinata (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma horrida (Monterosato, 1884)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma laviae (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma leufroyi (Michaud, 1828)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma linearis (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma lineolata (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma philberti (Michaud, 1829)
Gastropoda Raphitomidae Raphitoma purpurea (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Architectonicidae Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
Gastropoda Rissoellidae Rissoella diaphana (Alder, 1848)
Gastropoda Rissoellidae Rissoella inflata (Monterosato, 1880)
Gastropoda Rissoellidae Rissoella opalina (Jeffreys, 1848)
Gastropoda Rissoinidae Rissoina bruguieri (Payraudeau, 1826)
Gastropoda Omalogyridae Ammonicera fischeriana (Monterosato, 1869)
Gastropoda Omalogyridae Ammonicera rota (Forbes & Hanley, 1850)
Gastropoda Omalogyridae Omalogyra atomus (Philippi, 1841)
Gastropoda Omalogyridae Omalogyra simplex (Costa O. G., 1861)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Auristomia erjaveciana (Brusina, 1869)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Brachystomia eulimoides (Hanley, 1844)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Eulimella acicula (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Euparthenia humboldti (Risso, 1826)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Folinella excavata (Phillippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Jordaniella nivosa (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Megastomia conoidea (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Noemiamea dolioliformis (Jeffreys, 1848)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomella doliolum (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia sp.
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia acuta Jeffreys, 1848
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Megastomia conoidea (Brocchi, 1814)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia kromi van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia lukisii Jeffreys, 1859
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia plicata (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Brachystomia scalaris (MacGillivray, 1843)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Odostomia striolata Forbes & Hanley, 1850
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Ondina vitrea (Brusina, 1866)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Ondina warreni (Thompson, 1845)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina emaciata (Brusina, 1866)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina indistincta (Montagu, 1808)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina interstincta (J. Adams, 1797)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina juliae (de Folin, 1872)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina monozona (Brusina, 1869)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Parthenina terebellum (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Pyrgiscus crenatus (Brown, 1827)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Pyrgiscus jeffreysii (Jeffreys, 1848)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Pyrgiscus rufus (Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Spiralinella incerta (Milaschewich, 1916)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Strioturbonilla sigmoidea (Monterosato, 1880)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Tragula fenestrata (Jeffreys, 1848)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla acuta (Donovan, 1804)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla gradata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla lactea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla pulchella (d'Orbigny, 1841)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla pumila Seguenza G., 1876
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla pusilla (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Pyramidellidae Turbonilla sinuosa (Jeffreys, 1884)
Gastropoda Amathinidae Clathrella clathrata (Philippi, 1844)
Gastropoda Murchisonellidae Ebala pointeli (de Folin, 1868)
Gastropoda Tofanellidae Graphis albida (Kanmacher, 1798)
Gastropoda Acteonidae Acteon tornatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Ringiculidae Ringicula auriculata (Ménard de la Groye, 1811)
Gastropoda Ringiculidae Ringicula conformis Monterosato, 1877
Gastropoda Bullidae Bulla striata Bruguière, 1792
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Atys jeffreysi (Weinkauff, 1866)
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Haminoea exigua Schaefer, 1992
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Haminoea hydatis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Haminoea navicula (da Costa, 1778)
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Haminoea orbignyana (Férussac, 1822)
Gastropoda Haminoeidae Weinkauffia turgidula (Forbes, 1844)
Gastropoda Philinidae Philine catena (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Philinidae Philine quadripartita Ascanius, 1772
Gastropoda Aglajidae Aglaja tricolorata Renier, 1807
Gastropoda Aglajidae Chelidonura africana Pruvot-Fol, 1953
Gastropoda Cylichnidae Cylichna cylindracea (Pennant, 1777)
Gastropoda Retusidae Pyrunculus hoernesii (Weinkauff, 1866)
Gastropoda Retusidae Retusa candidula (Locard, 1892)
Gastropoda Retusidae Retusa laevisculpta (Granata-Grillo, 1877)
Gastropoda Retusidae Retusa minutissima (Monterosato, 1878)
Gastropoda Retusidae Retusa truncatula (Bruguière, 1792)
Gastropoda Retusidae Retusa umbilicata (Montagu, 1803)
Gastropoda Rhizoridae Volvulella acuminata (Bruguière, 1792)
Gastropoda Runcinidae Runcina sp.
Gastropoda Runcinidae Runcina coronata (Quatrefages, 1844)
Gastropoda Runcinidae Runcina ferruginea Kress, 1977
Gastropoda Oxynoidae Lobiger serradifalci (Calcara, 1840)
Gastropoda Oxynoidae Oxynoe olivacea Rafinesque, 1814
Gastropoda Plakobranchidae Elysia timida (Risso, 1818)
Gastropoda Plakobranchidae Elysia viridis (Montagu, 1804)
Gastropoda Plakobranchidae Thuridilla hopei (Vérany, 1853)
Gastropoda Limapontiidae Limapontia capitata (O. F. Müller, 1774)
Gastropoda Limapontiidae Placida verticilata Ortea, 1982
Gastropoda Umbraculidae Umbraculum umbraculum (Lightfoot, 1786)
Gastropoda Tylodinidae Tylodina perversa (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Aplysia sp.
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Aplysia depilans Gmelin, 1791
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Aplysia fasciata Poiret, 1789
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Aplysia parvula Mörch, 1863
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Aplysia punctata (Cuvier, 1803)
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Petalifera petalifera (Rang, 1828)
Gastropoda Aplysiidae Phyllaplysia lafonti P. Fischer, 1872
Gastropoda Pleurobranchidae Berthella aurantiaca (Risso, 1818)
Gastropoda Pleurobranchidae Pleurobranchus membranaceus (Montagu, 1816)
Gastropoda Discodorididae Paradoris indecora (Bergh, 1881)
Gastropoda Discodorididae Peltodoris atromaculata Bergh, 1880
Gastropoda Discodorididae Tayuva lilacina (Gould, 1852)
Gastropoda Chromodorididae Felimare orsinii (Vérany, 1846)
Gastropoda Chromodorididae Felimare picta (Schultz in Philippi, 1836)
Gastropoda Chromodorididae Felimare tricolor (Cantraine, 1835)
Gastropoda Chromodorididae Felimare villafranca (Risso, 1818)
Gastropoda Chromodorididae Felimida krohni (Vérany, 1846)
Gastropoda Phyllidiidae Phyllidia flava Aradas, 1847
Gastropoda Dendrodorididae Dendrodoris limbata (Cuvier, 1804)
Gastropoda Dendrodorididae Dendrodoris grandiflora (Rapp, 1827)
Gastropoda Dendrodorididae Doriopsilla areolata Bergh, 1880
Gastropoda Onchidorididae Onchidoris neapolitana (Delle Chiaje, 1841)
Bivalvia Tellinidae Gastrana fragilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Tellinidae Macoma cumana (O. G. Costa, 1830)
Bivalvia Tellinidae Atlantella distorta (Poli, 1791)
Bivalvia Tellinidae Tellina albicans Gmelin, 1791
Bivalvia Tellinidae Tellina fabula Gmelin, 1791
Bivalvia Tellinidae Tellina planata Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Tellinidae Tellina pulchella Lamarck, 1818
Bivalvia Tellinidae Tellina tenuis da Costa, 1778
Gastropoda Goniodorididae Goniodoris castanea Alder & Hancock, 1845
Gastropoda Goniodorididae Trapania maculata Haefelfinger, 1960
Gastropoda Polyceridae Limacia clavigera (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Gastropoda Polyceridae Palio dubia (M. Sars, 1829)
Gastropoda Polyceridae Polycera quadrilineata (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Gastropoda Polyceridae Polycerella emertoni A. E. Verrill, 1880
Gastropoda Aegiridae Aegires leuckartii Vérany, 1853
Gastropoda Tritoniidae Tritonia lineata Alder & Hancock, 1848
Gastropoda Tritoniidae Tritonia manicata Deshayes, 1853
Gastropoda Proctonotidae Janolus cristatus (Delle Chiaje, 1841)
Gastropoda Facelinidae Caloria elegans (Alder & Hancock, 1845)
Gastropoda Facelinidae Cratena peregrina (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Facelinidae Favorinus branchialis (Rathke, 1806)
Gastropoda Flabellinidae Calmella cavolini (Vérany, 1846)
Gastropoda Flabellinidae Flabellina affinis (Gmelin, 1791)
Gastropoda Flabellinidae Flabellina lineata (Lovén, 1846)
Gastropoda Flabellinidae Flabellina pedata (Montagu, 1816)
Gastropoda Calmidae Calma glaucoides (Alder & Hancock, 1854)
Gastropoda Tergipedidae Cuthona caerulea (Montagu, 1804)
Gastropoda Tergipedidae Cuthona genovae (O'Donoghue, 1929)
Gastropoda Tergipedidae Tergipes tergipes (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775)
Gastropoda Siphonariidae Williamia gussoni (Costa O. G., 1829)
Gastropoda Ellobiidae Trimusculus mammillaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Nuculidae Nucula nitidosa Winckworth, 1930
Bivalvia Nuculanidae Lembulus pella (Linnaeus, 1767)
Bivalvia Arcidae Acar clathrata (Defrance, 1816)
Bivalvia Arcidae Anadara corbuloides (Monterosato, 1878)
Bivalvia Arcidae Arca noae Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Arcidae Arca tetragona Poli, 1795
Bivalvia Arcidae Asperarca nodulosa (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Bivalvia Arcidae Barbatia barbata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Noetiidae Striarca lactea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Glycymerididae Glycymeris nummaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Musculus subpictus (Cantraine, 1835)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Amygdalum politum (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1880)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Arcuatula senhousia (Benson in Cantor, 1842)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fischer, 1870)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Crenella pellucida (Jeffreys, 1859)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Gibbomodiola adriatica (Lamarck, 1819)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Gregariella petagnae (Scacchi, 1832)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Jolya martorelli (Hidalgo, 1878)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Lithophaga lithophaga (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Modiolula phaseolina (Philippi, 1844)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Modiolus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Musculus costulatus (Risso, 1826)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Musculus discors (Linnaeus, 1767)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Musculus niger (J.E. Gray, 1824)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Mytilaster lineatus (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Mytilaster minimus (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Mytilus sp.
Bivalvia Mytilidae Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819
Bivalvia Mytilidae Rhomboidella prideauxi (Leach, 1815)
Bivalvia Mytilidae Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Pinnidae Pinna nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Pteriidae Pinctada imbricata radiata (Leach, 1814)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Aequipecten opercularis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Flexopecten glaber (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Flexopecten hyalinus (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Manupecten pesfelis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Mimachlamys varia (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Pectinidae Pecten sp.
Bivalvia Pectinidae Talochlamys multistriata (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Spondylidae Spondylus gaederopus Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Anomiidae Anomia ephippium Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Limidae Lima lima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Limidae Limaria hians (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Limidae Limaria loscombi (G. B. Sowerby I, 1823)
Bivalvia Limidae Limaria tuberculata (Olivi, 1792)
Bivalvia Limidae Limatula subovata (Monterosato, 1875)
Bivalvia Limidae Limaria hians (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Ostreidae Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)
Bivalvia Ostreidae Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Ostreidae Ostrea stentina Payraudeau, 1826
Bivalvia Gryphaeidae Neopycnodonte cochlear (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Carditidae Cardita calyculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Carditidae Cardites antiquatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Carditidae Centrocardita aculeata (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Carditidae Glans trapezia (Linnaeus, 1767)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Acanthocardia aculeata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Acanthocardia paucicostata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Fulvia fragilis (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium sp.
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium scriptum (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892)
Bivalvia Cardiidae Parvicardium vroomi van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984
Bivalvia Lucinidae Ctena decussata (O. G. Costa, 1829)
Bivalvia Lucinidae Loripes lucinalis (Lamarck, 1818)
Bivalvia Lucinidae Loripinus fragilis (Philippi, 1836)
Bivalvia Lucinidae Lucinella divaricata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Lucinidae Myrtea spinifera (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Thyasiridae Thyasira flexuosa (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Chamidae Chama asperella Lamarck, 1819
Bivalvia Chamidae Chama gryphoides Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Chamidae Pseudochama gryphina (Lamarck, 1819)
Bivalvia Galeommatidae Galeomma turtoni Turton, 1825
Bivalvia Kelliidae Kellia suborbicularis (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Lasaeidae Hemilepton nitidum (Turton, 1822)
Bivalvia Lasaeidae Lasaea adansoni (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Lasaeidae Scacchia oblonga (Philippi, 1836)
Bivalvia Lasaeidae Lasaea adansoni (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Montacutidae Kurtiella bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Mactridae Eastonia rugosa (Helbling, 1779)
Bivalvia Mactridae Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Mactridae Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)
Bivalvia Donacidae Donax semistriatus Poli, 1795
Bivalvia Donacidae Donax venustus Poli, 1795
Bivalvia Psammobiidae Gari depressa (Pennant, 1777)
Bivalvia Semelidae Abra sp.
Bivalvia Semelidae Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)
Bivalvia Semelidae Abra nitida (O. F. Müller, 1776)
Bivalvia Semelidae Scrobicularia cottardii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Bivalvia Solecurtidae Azorinus chamasolen (da Costa, 1778)
Bivalvia Trapezidae Coralliophaga lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819)
Bivalvia Veneridae Chamelea gallina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Veneridae Clausinella fasciata (da Costa, 1778)
Bivalvia Veneridae Dosinia exoleta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Veneridae Dosinia lupinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Veneridae Gouldia minima (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Veneridae Irus irus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Veneridae Lajonkairia lajonkairii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Bivalvia Veneridae Petricola lithophaga (Retzius, 1788)
Bivalvia Veneridae Petricola substriata Montagu, 1808
Bivalvia Veneridae Pitar rudis (Poli, 1795)
Bivalvia Veneridae Polititapes aureus (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Veneridae Polititapes rhomboides (Pennant, 1777)
Bivalvia Veneridae Ruditapes decussatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Veneridae Venerupis corrugata (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Veneridae Venerupis geographica (Gmelin, 1791)
Bivalvia Veneridae Venus verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758
Bivalvia Neoleptonidae Neolepton sulcatulum (Jeffreys, 1859)
Bivalvia Myidae Sphenia binghami Turton, 1822
Bivalvia Corbulidae Corbula gibba (Olivi, 1792)
Bivalvia Corbulidae Lentidium mediterraneum (O. G. Costa, 1830)
Bivalvia Gastrochaenidae Rocellaria dubia (Pennant, 1777)
Bivalvia Solenidae Solen marginatus Pulteney, 1799
Bivalvia Pharidae Pharus legumen (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bivalvia Pharidae Phaxas pellucidus (Pennant, 1777)
Bivalvia Hiatellidae Hiatella arctica (Linnaeus, 1767)
Bivalvia Hiatellidae Hiatella rugosa (Linnaeus, 1767)
Bivalvia Thraciidae Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)
Bivalvia Clavagellidae Bryopa aperta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1823)
Bivalvia Pandoridae Pandora inaequivalvis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Scaphopoda Dentaliidae Antalis novemcostata (Lamarck, 1818)
Scaphopoda Dentaliidae Antalis vulgaris (da Costa, 1778)
Scaphopoda Fustiariidae Fustiaria rubescens (Deshayes, 1825)
Cephalopoda Sepiidae Sepia officinalis Linnaeus, 1758
Cephalopoda Octopodidae Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797

Project description

Title: 

This dataset combines the data of two sources: (a) the monitoring of infralittoral rocky shores in Crete in the framework of the NaGISA project (Natural Geography in Shore Areas, http://www.coml.org/projects/natural-geography-shore-areas-nagisa); (b) the collection and indexing of available and accessible paper published material in peer-review journals as well as grey literature sources.

Personnel: 

Christos Arvanitidis, HCMR (NaGISA project coordinator, sample collection), Dimitris Poursanidis, FORTH & UniAegean (sample collection, species identification, data management, literature collection, information indexing), Georgios Chatzigeorgiou, HCMR (sample collection), Dimitra Mavraki (data management), Drosos Koutsoubas, UniAegean (species identification).

Study area description: 

This dataset includes records from 19 sampling sites at 18 different locations (Table 1,Fig. 1).

Figure 1.

Мap of the locations.

East Mediterranean NAGISA project data - Alykes and Elounda: Both sampling sites are located on the North coast of Crete (Eastern Mediterranean) and are characterised by a continuous hard bottom habitat with dense algal coverage (Cystoseira spp., Sargassum sp., Corallinales spp.) and a moderate wave exposure. The area of Alykes has on average a denser algal coverage than the area of Elounda. The substrate is dominated by limestone rocks. Neither of the two sites is impacted by detectable anthropogenic activity, though a sandy beach in ca 500 m distance of the sampling area in Elounda is subjected to moderate beach tourism and increased leisure boat traffic in the summer months.

Mediterranean literature data: The majority of the information come from the analysis of the collected literature (Antit and Azzouna. 2012, Antit M. et al. 2013, Antoniadou and Chintiroglou 2007, Antoniadou et al. 2006, Antoniadou et al. 2005, Badalamenti et al. 2002, Bellan-Santini 1969, Huelin and J. 1984, Kasemi et al. 2008, Kocataş 1978, Milazzo et al. 2000, Miloslavich et al. 2013, Pitacco et al. 2014, Poulicek 1985, Sanchez-Moyano et al. 2000, Simboura et al. 1995, Terlizzi et al. 2005, Terlizzi et al. 2003, Trono 2006, Villari 1993, Russo 1998, Chemello and Milazzo 2002). The extracted information (species list per site/paper) has been indexed in a descriptive database system (Microsoft Access 2010) in order to handle and manage the collected information (meta-analysis, quering). When authors provide species identification in .sp level, this has been kept as is but without authority, as for .sp is not valid.

Sampling methods

Study extent: 

The data covers 2 sampling events under the NaGISA initiative and several independent sampling events over a time period of 45 years (1969–2012). The dataset originates from 18 sampling sites in several countries of the Mediterranean Sea. Samples were collected from the infralittoral zone from a maximum depth of 40 m (in few studies), having a maximum sampling depth of 20m. Concerning the distribution of molluscs, this habitat is understudied in the Mediterranean Sea — in fact, the Ocean Biogeographic Information System contains only 2 datasets regarding the mollusca fauna over hard bottoms for the entire Mediterranean Sea, and neither of these two are from the infralittoral zone. The present dataset thus provides an important addition to the exiting data for this habitat in the region.

Sampling description: 

Samples from Crete were collected from two sites, Alykes and Elounda. Both sites were sampled in September 2007 and June 2008. Samples were collected according to the NaGISA protocol (Iken and Konar 2003). At each site, 5 sampling depths have been defined (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 m.) and five random replicate units per ddepth were collected (Chatzigeorgiou et al. 2012). In the laboratory, all samples were identified in the most precise taxonomic level possible, using the most recent literature for the taxon. Animals with half of the size of known adult size are considered as juveniles.

Samples form the other sites have been collected in different periods over the year or over several years under different frameworks. The published available information contains the sampling methods and only the species list that have consequently found in the studied area.

Quality control: 

All scientific names were standardized against the World Register of Marine species using the Taxon Match tool (http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=match). If recent taxonomic reviews were available that had not been incorporated into WoRMS at the time of standardization, nomenclature follows those reviews.

Geographic coverage

Description: 

Samples were collected at 22 regions/sampling sites across the Mediterranean Sea LME (http://www.marineregions.org/gazetteer.php?p=details&id=1905), from a maximum depth of 40 m (Table 1,Fig. 1).All data are collected from the infralittoral zone - the biocoenosis of photophilic algae.

The present dataset contains the first electronically available quantitative data on the infralittoral molluscs from the Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, it provides the first qualitative information (species list) about the molluscs from the hard substrates – the biocoenosis of photophilic algae - from that region. As for the coralligenous formations of the infralittoral zone, available dataset can be found at http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.847623 (Poursanidis and Koutsoubas 2015).

Coordinates: 

36.2173 and -6.0327 Latitude; 30.2639 and 45.7833 Longitude.

Taxonomic coverage

Description: 

The present dataset, after updating the taxonomy, contains distribution records for 599 species (Table 2).

In total, 155 families have been found over the studied biocoenosis. The distribution of species over them is quite unequal; 71 families are represented by only 1 species (singletones or rare) while only 14 families are represented by more than 10 species. Families Pyramidellidae and Rissoidae have the largest number of species, 38 and 56 respectively. Detailed information on the structure of species/families can be found in Suppl. material 1

Species richness at the different sites is also unequal. Marseille area has the lowest number of species (38 species) while Tunis town shows the largest number of species (281 species). In terms of families, Marseille, Capo Madonna and Vlora bay have the lowest number (25 families) while Tunis town and Chalkidiki peninsula have the largest number (73 & 76 families respectively (Fig. 2)

Figure 2.

Number of species and families per sampling location. Diagram based on the data from Suppl. material 2

A comparison with the Mediterranean malacofauna (excluding cephalopods) (Coll et al. 2010), which has estimated around 2000 species, shows that more than one quarter of the malacofauna (599 species) is present in the studied habitat - the photophilic algae biocoensis . Similar is the state of the malacofauna from the coralligenous formations (Poursanidis and Koutsoubas 2015) where the same percentage of molluscs have been found.

During the last decade, research in several areas in the Mediterranean has shed light on the ecology of these habitats and revealed a vast amount of information on the biodiversity of the biocoenosis of the photophilic algae (Antit and Azzouna. 2012, Antit M. et al. 2013, Antoniadou and Chintiroglou 2007, Antoniadou et al. 2006, Antoniadou et al. 2005, Badalamenti et al. 2002, Chemello and Milazzo 2002, Kasemi et al. 2008, Milazzo et al. 2000, Miloslavich et al. 2013, Pitacco et al. 2014, Sanchez-Moyano et al. 2000, Terlizzi et al. 2005, Terlizzi et al. 2003). The increased research effort on these habitats along with the initiative of the NAGISA project, addresses the need for a better understanding of the role of this important in the coastal marine environment which is under continuus pressures and threats (EEA 2015). Moreover, species list per habitat for the European waters are a request from RAC/SPA as well as from the forthcoming Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programme (IMAP) and the Ecosystem Approach (EcAp) of UNEP/MAP and RAC/SPA (http://www.rac-spa.org/ecap).

Taxa included:
Rank Scientific Name
kingdom Animalia
phylum Mollusca
class Bivalvia
class Gastropoda
class Cephalopoda
class Polyplacophora
class Scaphopoda

Temporal coverage

Data range: 
1969 1 01 - 2012 12 31.

Usage rights

Use license: 
Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL)
IP rights notes: 

The dataset can be freely used provided it is cited.

Data resources

Data package title: 
Mollusca from the infralittoral rocky shores - the biocoenosis of photophilic algae - in the Mediterranean Sea
Number of data sets: 
2
Data set name: 
Molluscs from two rocky shores of the North coast of Crete
Character set: 
UTF-8
Data format: 
Darwin Core Archive
Data format version: 
ver 1.0
Description: 

The dataset is available via the Lifewatch node of Greece of the Hellenic Center of Marine Research. The data will also be harvested by and made available through the International OBIS database, as well as through the data portal of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). The dataset is available as a DarwinCoreArchive, all fields are mapped to DarwinCore terms (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/).

This publication refers to the most recent version of the dataset available through the IPT server. Future changes to the dataset due to quality control activities might change its content or structure.

Column label Column description
id A unique identifier for the record within the data set or collection.
type The type of the source
language The used language
dataset The number of the dataset
institutionCode The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
collectionCode The code of the Collection, in which belongs to
basisOfRecord The specific nature of the data record, as described in http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm.
occurrenceID The replicate in which the record belongs to
catalogNumber The catalog number of the dataset
individualCount The abundance of the specimen in the replicate
samplingProtocol The description of the method or protocol used for sample collection.
samplingEffort The description of the sampling effort for the specimens collection
eventDate The exact date of the sampling event
fieldNumber The combination of the location and the sampling year
locationID The code of the location
higherGeographyID The code of the higher geography
higherGeography The marine basin that the sampling area belongs to
waterBody The name of the water body in which the sampling location occurs.
island The name of the island on or near which the sampling location occurs.
country The name of the country on which the sampling location occurs.
municipality The full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the sampling location occurs.
locality The exact locality where the sampling procedure took place
minimumDepthInMeters The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
maximumDepthInMeters The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
locationRemarks The method that the location has been located by using Google Earth app.
verbatimLatitude The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
verbatimLongitude The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
geodeticDatum The geodetic datum of the pair of coordinates
coordinateUncertaintyInMeters The horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the sampling location.
scientificNameID The Life Science Identifiers code of the scientific name
scientificName The scientific name of the taxon
scientificNameAuthorship The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
Kingdom The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
Phylum The full scientific name of the phylum in which the taxon is classified.
Class The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
Order The full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
Family The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
Genus The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
specificEpithet The full scientific name of the specie in which the taxon is classified.
Data set name: 
Mollusca fauna from the Mediterranean reef ecosystem (1170) – the zone of the photophilic algae.
Character set: 
UTF-8
Data format: 
Darwin Core Archive
Data format version: 
ver 1.0
Description: 

The dataset is available via the Lifewatch node of Greece of the Hellenic Center of Marine Research. The data will also be harvested by and made available through the International OBIS database, as well as through the data portal of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). The dataset is available as a DarwinCoreArchive, all fields are mapped to DarwinCore terms (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/).

This publication refers to the most recent version of the dataset available through the IPT server. Future changes to the dataset due to quality control activities might change its content or structure.

Column label Column description
Source The literature source used for
basisOfRecord The specific nature of the data record, as described in http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm.
type The type of the record
eventDate The period of the observation
higherGeographyID The code of the geographic area as is given by the http://www.marineregions.org/index.php
higherGeography The name of the geographic area
waterBody The name of the water body in which the sampling location occurs.
country The name of the country in which the sampling location occurs.
locality The specific location where the sample was taken.
minimumDepthInMeters The lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
maximumDepthInMeters The greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.
locationRemarks Details on the exact location
verbatimLatitude The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
verbatimLongitude The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
geodeticDatum The geodetic datum of the used coordinate system.
coordinateUncertaintyInMeters The horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the sampling location.
scientificNameID The Life Science Identifiers code of the scientific name
scientificName The scientific name of the taxon
kingdom The full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
phylum The full scientific name of the phylum in which the taxon is classified.
class The full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
order The full scientific name of the orde in which the taxon is classified.
family The full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
genus The full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
specificEpithet The species epithet of the scientificName.
scientificNameAuthorship The authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.
taxonRemarks Comments or notes about the taxon or name.

Additional information

Resource citation

Poursanidis D, Chatzigeorgiou G, Arvanitidis C. Mavraki D. and D. Koutsoubas (2015). Molluscs from two rocky shores (infralittoral zone) of the North coast of Crete, collected for the NaGISA project 2007-2008

Dimitris Poursanidis, Dimitra Mavraki & Drosos Koutsoubas (2015). Mollusca fauna from the Mediterranean reef ecosystem (1170) – the zone of the photophilic algae.

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Professor Melih Ertan Çinar, Dr. Vasilis Gerovasileiou and Dr. Fabio Crocetta for the provision of literature sources. The manuscript was greatly improved by suggestions provided by Dr. Cristian R. Altaba and Dr. Paolo Albano; we thank them gratefully. The manuscript is part of the first author's PhD thesis.

References

Supplementary materials

Suppl. material 1: Number of Species per Family
Authors:  Dimitris Poursanidis
Data type:  Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
Brief description: 

Summary of the number of species per family.

Suppl. material 2: Species and Families per studied site
Authors:  Dimitris Poursanidis
Data type:  Microsoft Excel spreadsheet
Brief description: 

Overview of the number of taxa per sampling station