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Taxonomic Paper
The Genus Criodion (Audinet-Serville, 1833) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae): First Record for Panama
expand article infoAlfredo Lanuza-Garay,§, David Ezequiel Herrera|,§, Margarita Marin|, Alonso Santos Murgas
‡ Universidad de Panamá, Centro Regional Universitario de Colón, Departamento de Zoología, Colon, Panama
§ Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Punta Galeta Marine Laboratory 0843-03092, Panama, Panama
| Universidad de Panamá, Centro Regional Universitario de Colón, Escuela de Biología, Colon, Panama
¶ Universidad de Panamá; Facultad de Ciencias Naturales Exactas y Tecnología, Museo de Invertebrados G. B. Fairchild, Departamento de Zoología, Panama, Panama
Open Access

Abstract

Background

The Cerambycidae are one of the largest beetle families. Cerambycid beetles are found on all continents, but the tropics are extremely rich in this species. The genus Criodion (Audinet-Serville, 1833) includes 13 species in the Neotropical Region, two of which occur in Central America. Panama has a high biodiversity, yet a small number of sites have been extensively studied. In this contribution, new distributional data are given for C. cinereum (Olivier, 1795) and C. tuberculatum Gahan, 1892.

New information

Two species of the genus Criodion (Audinet-Serville, 1833) are recorded for first time in Panama, Criodion cinereum (Olivier, 1795) and Criodion tuberculatum Gahan, 1892. Relevant details are presented for each species.

Keywords

Sphallotrichina, Criodion, cinereum, tuberculatum

Introduction

The Cerambycidae, commonly known as Longhorn beetles, comprise one of the largest and most varied families of the Coleoptera, and though they have been studied for a century, descriptions of new species and new distributional records have accelerated in recent decades (Bezark 2014, Monné 2015). The genus Criodion (Audinet-Serville, 1833) currently includes 13 described neotropical species that range from Guatemala to Argentina, eleven of which are distributed in South America, where some are endemics and others are widespread (Martins 2004). We report two new records for the Panamanian fauna: Criodion cinereum (Olivier, 1795) and Criodion tuberculatum Gahan, 1892.

Materials and methods

Photographs were taken with a Nikon D7000 camera, Nikon-DX- 18-55mm macro lens. Specimens were studied using a Leica MZ6 stereomicroscope, and their identification was carried out with the aid of the reference collection at the MIUP, and the identification keys of Martins 2004.

Acronyms for the collections consulted during this study are as follows:

CRUC Colección de insectos, Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Panamá Centro Regional de Colon;

MIUP Museo de Invertebrados Graham Bell Fairchild, Universidad de Panamá.

Taxon treatments

Criodion cinereum (Olivier, 1795)

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Criodion cinereum (Olivier, 1795)
    ; originalNameUsage:
    Prionus cinereus Olivier 1795
    ; namePublishedIn:
    Monne, M.A. 1993. Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of the Western Hemisphere. Part III: Subfamilia Cerambycinae: Tribes Cerambycini, Diorini and Piezocerini. Sao Paulo, Sociedade Brasileira de Entomologia. 52pp.
    ; nameAccordingTo:
    Gahan, C.J. 1892. Notes on Longicorn Coleoptera of the group Cerambycinae, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. London 6(9): 24.
    ; acceptedNameUsage:
    Criodion cinereum
    ; taxonomicStatus:
    accepted
    ; parentNameUsage:
    Cerambycidae
    ; higherClassification:
    "Animalia"; "Arthropoda"; "Hexapoda"; "Insecta"; "Coleoptera"; "Cerambycidae"; "Cerambycinae"; "Spallotrichina"; "Criodon"; "Criodon cinereum"
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Coleoptera
    ; family:
    Cerambycidae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; vernacularName:
    Longhorn beetle
    ; nomenclaturalCode:
    ICZN
    ; genus:
    Criodion
    ; specificEpithet:
    cinereum
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    (Olivier, 1795)
    ; higherGeographyID:
    TGN: 1001208
    ; higherGeography:
    Central America, Panama, Colon, Colon, Quebrada Ancha, Curva el Cebo
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Panama
    ; countryCode:
    Pa
    ; stateProvince:
    Colon
    ; county:
    Colon
    ; municipality:
    Quebrada Ancha
    ; locality:
    Curva el Cebo
    ; verbatimElevation:
    154 m
    ; minimumElevationInMeters:
    0
    ; maximumElevationInMeters:
    154
    ; minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters:
    0
    ; maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters:
    0
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    09°17'08.99"N, 79°44'15.08"W
    ; samplingProtocol:
    manual
    ; eventDate:
    2015-10-18
    ; year:
    2015
    ; month:
    10
    ; day:
    18
    ; habitat:
    Secondary forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    female
    ; lifeStage:
    Adult
    ; occurrenceRemarks:
    collected in a secondary forest
    ; recordedBy:
    David Herrera
    ; identificationID:
    Criodion cinereum
    ; identifiedBy:
    Alfredo Lanuza-Garay
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015-12-10
    ; identificationReferences:
    "Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes Olivier 1795", "Cerambycidae Sul Americanos. Martins 2004"
    ; identificationRemarks:
    Distinguished between Criodion cinereum and C. torticolle based on the basal antenommere not reaching the anterior margin of the pronotum, pronotal gibbosity scarecely apparent; the prosternal process not exceeding the procoxae and middle femoral apical spines not markedly projected
    ; type:
    Physicalobject
    ; language:
    es
    ; rightsHolder:
    Universidad de Panama
    ; bibliographicCitation:
    Olivier, A.G. 1795. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes, avec leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur description, leur synonymie, et leur figure enluminée. Coléoptères.Desray, Paris 4:1‑519
    ; institutionID:
    Escuela de Biologia, Centro Regional Universitario de Colon, Universidad de Panama
    ; institutionCode:
    CRUC
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; ownerInstitutionCode:
    CRUC-UP
    ; basisOfRecord:
    preserved specimen

Distribution

This species has been recorded from Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Peru, Surinam, and Venezuela (Monné 2015). The reported occurrences of C. cinereum in Puerto Rico and Paraguay are doubtful.

Notes

Adults of C. cinereum differ from the similar South American C. torticolle Bates, 1870 by the basal antenommere not reaching the anterior margin of the pronotum, pronotal gibbosity scarecely apparent; prosternal process not exceeding the procoxae; and middle femoral apical spines not markedly projected (Olivier 1795, Gahan 1892). According to Martins (2004), the distinctions between C. cinereum and C. torticolle have always been problematic. (Fig. 1)

Figure 1.

Criodion cinereum (Olivier, 1795) habitus of adult: dorsal view

Criodion tuberculatum Gahan, 1892

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. scientificName:
    Criodion tuberculatum Gahan 1892.
    ; originalNameUsage:
    Criodion tuberculatum
    ; namePublishedIn:
    Gahan, C.J. 1892. Notes on Longicorn Coleoptera of the group Cerambycinae, with descrption of new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. London, 6(9):19-32
    ; nameAccordingTo:
    Gahan, C.J. 1892. Notes on Longicorn Coleoptera of the group Cerambycinae, with descrption of new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. London, 6(9):25
    ; acceptedNameUsage:
    Criodion tuberculatum
    ; taxonomicStatus:
    Accepted
    ; parentNameUsage:
    Cerambycidae
    ; higherClassification:
    "Animalia";"Arthropoda"; "Hexapoda"; "Insecta"; "Coleoptera"; "Cerambycidae";"Cerambycinae";"Spallotrichina"; "Criodion"; "Criodion tuberculatum"
    ; kingdom:
    Animalia
    ; phylum:
    Arthropoda
    ; class:
    Insecta
    ; order:
    Coleoptera
    ; family:
    Cerambycidae
    ; taxonRank:
    species
    ; vernacularName:
    Longhorn beetle
    ; nomenclaturalCode:
    ICZN
    ; genus:
    Criodion
    ; specificEpithet:
    tuberculatum
    ; scientificNameAuthorship:
    Gahan, 1892
    ; higherGeographyID:
    TGN: 7005572
    ; higherGeography:
    Central America, Panama, Darien, Parque Nacional Darien, Estacion Rancho Frio
    ; continent:
    Central America
    ; country:
    Panama
    ; countryCode:
    PA
    ; stateProvince:
    Darien
    ; county:
    Parque Nacional Darién
    ; municipality:
    Estación Rancho Frio
    ; verbatimElevation:
    545 m
    ; minimumElevationInMeters:
    0
    ; maximumElevationInMeters:
    545
    ; verbatimCoordinates:
    7°58'58.06"N, 77°44'19.72"W
    ; samplingProtocol:
    Malaise traps
    ; eventDate:
    2000-11-16
    ; year:
    2000
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    16
    ; habitat:
    Semi-desciduous tropical forest
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    male
    ; lifeStage:
    adult
    ; recordedBy:
    Roberto Cambra, Alonso Santos Murgas
    ; identificationID:
    Criodion tuberculatum
    ; identifiedBy:
    Alfredo Lanuza-Garay
    ; dateIdentified:
    2015-12-10
    ; identificationReferences:
    "Notes on longicorn Coleoptera of the group Cerambycinae, with descriptions of new genera and species. Gahan 1892", "Cerambycidae Sul Americanos. Martins 2004"
    ; identificationRemarks:
    Distinguished between C. tuberculatum and C. rhinoceros based on the comparative of the mandibles and the color of the body pilosity
    ; type:
    Physicalobject
    ; language:
    es
    ; rightsHolder:
    Universidad de Panama
    ; bibliographicCitation:
    Gahan, C.J. (1892).Notes on longicorn Coleoptera of the group Cerambycinae, with descriptions of new genera and species. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 6 (9): 19‑32
    ; institutionID:
    Museo de Invertebrados, Universidad de Panama
    ; institutionCode:
    MIUP
    ; collectionCode:
    Insects
    ; ownerInstitutionCode:
    UP
    ; basisOfRecord:
    Preservedspecimen

Distribution

Previously, C. tuberculatum had been recorded only in French Guiana, Brazil, and Peru (Gahan 1892, Monné 2015)

Notes

This species resembles C. rhinoceros Bates 1870 by the presence of two apical spines on each elytron, a character that separates these species from other species of Criodion. Characteristics such as C. rhinoceros having strong but unarmed mandibles, and the color of the body pilosity are very helpful in distinguishing the two species, being yellowish in C. tuberculatum and grayish in C. rhinoceros. (Fig. 2)

Figure 2.

Criodion tuberculatum Gahan, 1892 habitus of adult: dorsal view

Discussion

The biology and ecology of Criodion species are little known. According to Bondar (1921), Lorenzi (1992) and Martins (2004)Criodion larvae feed on plants belonging to the family Fabaceae. They eat live tissues of these plants and make two kinds of galleries; 1) twisted, with openings at several places along the trunk or at the base of the trunk and 2) straight, with exits at the basal end of the galleries. Some of their host plant genera are present in Panama, e.g., Inga (Guaba), Acacia (Cachito), and Bauhinia (Pezuña de Vaca) (Correa et al. 2004, Condit et al. 2013), but the host plants of C. cinereum and C. tuberculatum in Panama are unknown. Fiorentino and Bellomo (1997) report that some species of Criodion are parasitized by chalcid wasps (Eumegalocus sp., Parastypiura sp.), encyrtid wasps (Dioencyrtus fiorentinoi, Amauroencyrtus micans), and tachinid flies, however, the parasitoids of C. cinereum and C. tuberculatum in Panama are unknown.

Acknowledgements

We thank the Darien fund for their financial support for our field trips to Parque Nacional Darien; Museo de Invertebrados G.B. Fairchild staff for their support, and Eugenio Nearns, Purdue Entomological Research Collection, Purdue University, for his useful comments, and Maricarmen Lanuza-Garay and Annette Aiello (STRI) for their help in reviewing this manuscript.

References