Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
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Taxonomic Paper
New records of Gerromorpha and Nepomorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera) from South America
expand article infoFelipe Ferraz Figueiredo Moreira, Higor D. D. Rodrigues§, Julianna Freires Barbosa|, Barbora Reduciendo Klementová, Marek Svitok,#
‡ Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Biodiversidade Entomológica/IOC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
§ Universidade de São Paulo, Museu de Zoologia, São Paulo, Brazil
| Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Laboratório de Entomologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
¶ Department of Biology and General Ecology, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen, Slovakia
# Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Aquatic Ecology, Centre of Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, Kastanienbaum, Switzerland
Open Access

Abstract

Background

Aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera occur on all continents except Antarctica and occupy a wide variety of habitats, including lentic and lotic water bodies, perennial or temporary. In the Neotropical Region, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the geographical distribution of most represented species, which can only be solved by the collection of specimens in under-studied areas and publication of new records and lists of species.

New information

New records are presented for eleven species of Gerromorpha and ten Nepomorpha, including first records from Venezuela (Brachymetra lata, Limnogonus hyalinus, Rhagovelia evidis, Tenagobia peruana, Limnocoris burmeisteri, L. fittkaui fittkaui, Placomerus micans, and Martarega gonostyla), the Venezuelan State of Bolívar (Cylindrostethus palmaris, R. elegans, R. tenuipes, and Ambrysus stali), the Brazilian State of Bahia (Martarega bentoi), Peru (Euvelia lata), and the Peruvian Region of Arequipa (Microvelia pulchella).

Keywords

Aquatic insects, geographic distribution, Neotropical Region, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru.

Introduction

Heteroptera is an interesting group of insects distributed worldwide, being more diverse in tropical zones (Mazzucconi et al. 2009). Most species are terrestrial, but many others are aquatic or semiaquatic, occurring on all continents except Antarctica (Polhemus and Polhemus 2008). Out of the seven infraorders of the suborder, the truly aquatic bugs (most of which live inside the water) are representatives of Nepomorpha, and primarily semiaquatic species constitute Gerromorpha and Leptopodomorpha (Nieser and Melo 1997, Polhemus and Polhemus 2008). The Neotropical fauna of aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera is relatively well-known (Polhemus and Polhemus 2007) and there has been increasing interest by research groups from Colombia, Brazil, and Argentina (Moreira 2015). Despite this, several undescribed species occur in the region and there are significant areas which have never been sampled (Polhemus and Polhemus 2007, Polhemus and Polhemus 2008, Moreira 2015). We present new records for 21 species based on material recently collected from understudied areas in Venezuela, Brazil, and Peru.

Materials and methods

Most of the material cited below was collected as part of the project "Biodiversity of river corridors of tropical forests: current status, impact of anthropogenic activity and the prospect of recovery" in Canaima National Park, Bolívar State, Venezuela. The park is part of the Venezuelan Guyana Region, has more than 30000 km2, and was considered a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994 (World Heritage Committee 1995), but the local fauna of water bugs has never been efficiently explored. Material examined is deposited in the Department of Biology and General Ecology, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen, Slovakia (TUZVO). Main information about collecting localities is presented in Table 1. The known geographical distribution of each species is provided mainly according to ​Moreira (2016)​. New records are followed by an exclamation mark. Photographs showing some of the collecting localities are provided on Figs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.

Collecting localities of Gerromorpha and Nepomorpha in South America.

Country

State / Province

Municipality / County

Locality

Latitude

Longitude

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 01

5.67315

-61.40467

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 02

5.65003

-61.39197

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 03

4.91728

-61.09222

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 04

4.89658

-61.09136

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 06

4.86188

-61.10061

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 08

4.94219

-61.08764

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 10

5.03508

-60.97569

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 11

5.03656

-61.07594

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

near Canaima National Park, Biocor 12

4.70389

-61.29169

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 13

4.70000

-61.33269

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 14

4.63033

-61.32733

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 15

5.15958

-61.10431

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 16

5.28636

-61.11033

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 17

5.21005

-61.09400

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, Biocor 18

5.57708

-61.31242

Venezuela

Bolívar

Gran Sabana

Canaima National Park, left side tributary below Salto del Danto

5.96433

-61.38264

Brazil

Bahia

Lençóis

Rio Lençóis, BR 8/2011

-12.56014

-41.40442

Brazil

Bahia

Lençóis

Rio Lençóis, BR 11/2011

-12.55894

-41.40489

Brazil

Minas Gerais

Alto Caparaó

Vale Verde, BR 7/2011

-20.42000

-41.84486

Brazil

Minas Gerais

Alto Caparaó

Rio Caparaó

-20.43300

-41.86672

Peru

Loreto

Iquitos (Maynas)

Río Momón, Lores

-3.51123

-73.40319

Peru

Arequipa

La Unión

Cotahuasi Canyon, Laguna Chaquicocha

-15.20453

-72.89195

Figure 1.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 01 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 2.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 02 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 3.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 03 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 4.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 04 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 5.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 06 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 6.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 08 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 7.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 10 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 8.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 11 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 9.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 12 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 10.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 13 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 11.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 14 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 12.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 15 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 13.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 16 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 14.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 17 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 15.

Photograph of collecting locality Biocor 18 in Bolívar State, Venezuela.

Figure 16.

Photograph of collecting locality BR 7/2011 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil.

Figure 17.

Photograph of collecting locality BR 8/2011 in Bahia State, Brazil.

Figure 18.

Photograph of collecting locality BR 11/2011 in Bahia State, Brazil.

Taxon treatments

Brachymetra lata Shaw, 1933

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Brachymetra
    ; specificEpithet:
    lata
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.91728
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09222
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 03 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    1 apterous male, 3 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Brachymetra
    ; specificEpithet:
    lata
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03656
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.07594
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 11 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    5 apterous males, 9 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. genus:
    Brachymetra
    ; specificEpithet:
    lata
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03656
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.07594
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 11 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    macropterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. genus:
    Brachymetra
    ; specificEpithet:
    lata
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70389
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.29169
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 12 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    3 apterous males, 6 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Colombia, Venezuela!, Suriname, Brazil, Ecuador.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Cylindrostethus palmaris Drake & Harris, 1934

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Cylindrostethus
    ; specificEpithet:
    palmaris
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70389
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.29169
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 12 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    apterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Cylindrostethus
    ; specificEpithet:
    palmaris
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70000
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.33269
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 13 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    apterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina.

Distribution in Venezuela: Aragua, Bolívar!.

Halobatopsis platensis (Berg, 1879)

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Halobatopsis
    ; specificEpithet:
    platensis
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Bahia
    ; municipality:
    Lençóis
    ; locality:
    Rio Lençóis
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -12.56014
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.40442
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    12
    ; fieldNumber:
    BR 8/2011
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    2 apterous males, 7 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Halobatopsis
    ; specificEpithet:
    platensis
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Bahia
    ; municipality:
    Lençóis
    ; locality:
    Rio Lençóis
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -12.55894
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.40489
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    14
    ; fieldNumber:
    BR 11/2011
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    1 macropterous male, 1 macropterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay.

Distribution in Brazil: Piauí, Mato Grosso, Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul.

Limnogonus hyalinus (Fabricius, 1803)

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Limnogonus
    ; specificEpithet:
    hyalinus
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03508
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -60.97569
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 10 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    macropterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Colombia, Venezuela!, Costa Rica, Trinidad & Tobago, Panama, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Euvelia lata Polhemus & Polhemus, 1984

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Euvelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    lata
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Peru
    ; stateProvince:
    Loreto
    ; county:
    Maynas
    ; municipality:
    Iquitos
    ; locality:
    Río Momón, Lores, 137 m a.s.l.
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -3.51123
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -73.40319
    ; year:
    2013
    ; month:
    7
    ; day:
    19
    ; eventRemarks:
    B. Reduciendo Klementová col.
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    3 apterous males, 6 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil, Peru!.

Distribution in Peru: Loreto!.

Microvelia pulchella Westwood, 1834

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Microvelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    pulchella
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Peru
    ; stateProvince:
    Arequipa
    ; county:
    La Unión
    ; locality:
    Cotahuasi Canyon, Laguna Chaquicocha, 2595 m a.s.l.
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -15.20453
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -72.89195
    ; year:
    2013
    ; month:
    5
    ; day:
    2
    ; eventRemarks:
    B. Reduciendo Klementová col.
    ; individualCount:
    11
    ; sex:
    2 apterous males, 3 macropterous males, 6 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Canada, USA, Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guatemala, Cayman Islands, Jamaica, Anguilla, St. Martin, Saba, St. Kitts & Nevis, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Aruba, Colombia, St. Vincent & Grenadines, Barbados, Curaçao, Klein Curaçao, Bonaire, Klein Bonaire, Grenada, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Trinidad & Tobago, Panama, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina.

Distribution in Peru: Arequipa! [previously recorded from the country without details by Drake and Plaumann (1955)​].

Rhagovelia elegans Uhler, 1894

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    elegans
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03656
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.07594
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 11 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    25
    ; sex:
    25 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Hispaniola Island, St. Kitts & Nevis, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadines, Colombia, Grenada, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Trinidad & Tobago, Panama, Brazil, Ecuador.

Distribution in Venezuela: Carabobo, Monagas, Bolívar!.

Rhagovelia evidis Bacon, 1948

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    evidis
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70389
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.29169
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 12 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    5 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela!, Brazil, Peru.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Rhagovelia tenuipes Champion, 1898

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.67315
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.40467
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    28
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 01 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    3 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.91728
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09222
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 03 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    1 apterous male, 1 apterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.89658
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09136
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 04 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    19
    ; sex:
    10 apterous males, 9 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.89658
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09136
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 04 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 apterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.15958
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.10431
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 15 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 apterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.28636
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.11033
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 16 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 apterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    tenuipes
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    left side tributary below Salto del Danto, 1100 m a.s.l.
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.96433
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.38264
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    19
    ; fieldNumber:
    VEN 4/2011
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 apterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Mexico, Cayman Islands, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Trinidad & Tobago, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Distribution in Venezuela: Vargas, Carabobo, Monagas, Bolívar!.

Rhagovelia triangula Drake, 1953

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    triangula
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Minas Gerais
    ; municipality:
    Alto Caparaó
    ; locality:
    Rio Caparaó
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -20.43300
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.86672
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    7
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; sex:
    7 apterous males, 1 apterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil.

Distribution in Brazil: Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro.

Rhagovelia yanomamo Polhemus, 1997

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Rhagovelia
    ; specificEpithet:
    yanomamo
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.86188
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.10061
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    30
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 06 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    5 apterous males, 1 macropterous male, 8 apterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Felipe F. F. Moreira
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar, Amazonas.

Tenagobia (Romanogobia) peruana Egbert, 1949

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Tenagobia
    ; subgenus:
    Romanogobia
    ; specificEpithet:
    peruana
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.57708
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.31242
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    5
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 18 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; identifiedBy:
    Julianna F. Barbosa
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela!, Peru.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Ambrysus montandoni La Rivers, 1963

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Ambrysus
    ; specificEpithet:
    montandoni
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.21005
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09400
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 17 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela, Brazil.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar, Amazonas.

Ambrysus stali La Rivers, 1962

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Ambrysus
    ; specificEpithet:
    stali
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.94219
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.08764
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    1
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 08 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    macropterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil. According to Sites and Reynoso-Velasco (2015), specimens from Argentina (López-Ruf 1987, López-Ruf 2007, Mazzuconi et al. 2009​) are probably not conspecific with A. stali.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!, Amazonas.

Limnocoris brasiliensis De Carlo, 1941

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    brasiliensis
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Minas Gerais
    ; municipality:
    Alto Caparaó
    ; locality:
    Vale Verde
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -20.42000
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.84486
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    9
    ; fieldNumber:
    BR 7/2011
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    1 macropterous male, 2 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    brasiliensis
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Minas Gerais
    ; municipality:
    Alto Caparaó
    ; locality:
    Rio Caparaó
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -20.43300
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.86672
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    7
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male, 1 macropterous male, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil.

Distribution in Brazil: Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro.

Limnocoris burmeisteri De Carlo, 1967

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.67315
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.40467
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    28
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 01 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    2 brachypterous males, 2 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.65003
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.39197
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    28
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 02 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    2 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.91728
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09222
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 03 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  4. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.89658
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09136
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 04 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  5. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.89658
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09136
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    29
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 04 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  6. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.86188
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.10061
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    30
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 06 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  7. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03656
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.07594
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 11 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    10
    ; sex:
    9 brachypterous males, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  8. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.03656
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.07594
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    2
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 11 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  9. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70389
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.29169
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 12 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    4
    ; sex:
    3 brachypterous males, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  10. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70000
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.33269
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 13 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    4 brachypterous males, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  11. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.70000
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.33269
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 13 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    14
    ; sex:
    5 brachypterous males, 9 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  12. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.63033
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.32733
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 14 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; sex:
    4 brachypterous males, 4 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  13. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.63033
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.32733
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 14 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  14. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.15958
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.10431
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 15 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    5
    ; sex:
    3 brachypterous males, 1 macropterous male, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  15. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.28636
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.11033
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 16 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    3
    ; sex:
    3 brachypterous males
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  16. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.21005
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09400
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 17 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    7
    ; sex:
    2 brachypterous males, 2 macropterous males, 3 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  17. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.21005
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.09400
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 17 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  18. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.57708
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.31242
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    5
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 18 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    8
    ; sex:
    5 brachypterous males, 1 macropterous male, 2 brachypterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  19. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    burmeisteri
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.57708
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.31242
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    5
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 18 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    2
    ; sex:
    1 brachypterous male, 1 brachypterous female
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela!, Suriname, Brazil.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Limnocoris fittkaui fittkaui De Carlo, 1967

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; infraspecificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.63033
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.32733
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 14 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    23
    ; sex:
    9 macropterous males, 14 macropterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; infraspecificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.63033
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.32733
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    3
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 14 kvantita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    9
    ; sex:
    7 macropterous males, 2 macropterous females
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  3. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; infraspecificEpithet:
    fittkaui
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.21005
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.094
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 17 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 macropterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Colombia, Venezuela!, Brazil.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Limnocoris volxemi (Lethierry, 1877)

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Limnocoris
    ; specificEpithet:
    volxemi
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Minas Gerais
    ; municipality:
    Alto Caparaó
    ; locality:
    Rio Caparaó
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -20.43300
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.86672
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    7
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    macropterous male
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil.

Distribution in Brazil: Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Santa Catarina.

Placomerus micans La Rivers, 1956

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Placomerus
    ; specificEpithet:
    micans
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.67315
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.40467
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    28
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 01 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok
    ; individualCount:
    1
    ; sex:
    1 macropterous male, hindwing brachypterous
    ; identifiedBy:
    Higor D. D. Rodrigues
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela!, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Martarega bentoi Truxal, 1949

Material    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Martarega
    ; specificEpithet:
    bentoi
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Brazil
    ; stateProvince:
    Bahia
    ; municipality:
    Lençóis
    ; locality:
    Rio Lençóis
    ; decimalLatitude:
    -12.55894
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -41.40489
    ; year:
    2011
    ; month:
    1
    ; day:
    14
    ; fieldNumber:
    BR 11/2011
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; identifiedBy:
    Juliana F. Barbosa
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Brazil, Argentina.

Distribution in Brazil: Piauí, Pernambuco, Mato Grosso, Bahia!, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro.

Martarega gonostyla Truxal, 1949

Materials    Download as CSV 
  1. genus:
    Martarega
    ; specificEpithet:
    gonostyla
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    4.86188
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.10061
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    11
    ; day:
    30
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 06 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; identifiedBy:
    Juliana F. Barbosa
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen
  2. genus:
    Martarega
    ; specificEpithet:
    gonostyla
    ; continent:
    South America
    ; country:
    Venezuela
    ; stateProvince:
    Bolívar
    ; county:
    Gran Sabana
    ; locality:
    Canaima National Park
    ; decimalLatitude:
    5.28636
    ; decimalLongitude:
    -61.11033
    ; year:
    2012
    ; month:
    12
    ; day:
    4
    ; fieldNumber:
    Biocor 16 kvalita
    ; eventRemarks:
    M. Svitok col.
    ; identifiedBy:
    Juliana F. Barbosa
    ; type:
    PhysicalObject
    ; institutionCode:
    TUZVO
    ; basisOfRecord:
    PreservedSpecimen

Distribution

Venezuela!, Suriname, Brazil, Bolivia.

Distribution in Venezuela: Bolívar!.

Discussion

Currently, the knowledge about Gerromorpha and Nepomorpha from Venezuela is based almost entirely on original descriptions of species or records scattered throughout the literature. A checklist of species from the country does not exist, which can be explained by the lack of local taxonomists and by the difficult access to some areas of the country. Based on material from Canaima National Park and its vicinity, it was possible to fill gaps in the geographic distributions of Brachymetra lata, Cylindrostethus palmaris, Limnogonus hyalinus, Rhagovelia elegans, R. tenuipes, and Ambrysus stali. Expansions to the distribution limits of R. evidis (North), Tenagobia peruana (North and East), Limnocoris burmeisteri (Northwest), L. fittkaui fittkaui (North), Placomerus micans (North and West), and Martarega gonostyla (Northwest) were also detected. In turn, Rhagovelia yanomamo and Ambrysus montandoni had already been recorded from localities situated in close proximity to the park and were represented in our samples.

Peru has a similar state of knowledge about aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera, also due to the lack of specialists and existence of unexplored regions. The few specimens reported here represent North and West expansions to the distribution of Euvelia lata and the confimation of the occurrence of Microvelia pulchella, the latter previously recorded without exact localities by Drake and Plaumann (1955). On the other hand, some regions of Brazil, especially the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, are very well studied (Moreira et al. 2011). The records presented here concern the local distributions of Halobatopsis platensis, Rhagovelia triangula, Limnocoris brasiliensis, L. volxemi, and Martarega bentoi.

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Drs. Dan A. Polhemus, Irina T. Morales-Castaño, Carla F. B. Floriano, and Laurence Livermore for their valuable comments that improved the manuscript. This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-0213-10. JFB benefited from a scholarship provided by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ E-26/202.154/2015). HDDR benefited from scholarships provided by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP 2013/16654-0; 2015/18338-3).

Author contributions

FFFM, HDDR, JFB – identified specimens, wrote the manuscript.

BRK, MS – collected and provided specimens and photographs.

References