Biodiversity Data Journal : Taxonomic Paper
PDF
Taxonomic Paper
A new species of the tarantula genus Haplocosmia (Araneae, Theraphosidae) from Tibet, China
expand article infoYe-Jie Lin, Xunyou Yan, Shuqiang Li§
‡ Hebei Key Laboratory of Animal Diversity, College of Life Science, Langfang Normal University, Langfang 065000, China
§ Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of sciences, Beijing, China
Open Access

Abstract

Background

Haplocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996 is a small genus distributed in the Himalayas that includes two species. This genus has not been found in China (Li et al. 2021, Yao et al. 2021, Zhao et al. 2022).

New information

A new species of the genus Haplocosmia is described from China: Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n. from Tibet. Photos and a morphological description of the new species are given. The type specimen of the new species is deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing (IZCAS).

Keywords

Asia, diagnosis, taxonomy, type

Introduction

The spider family Theraphosidae Thorell, 1869 includes 1031 species in 153 genera, with two species in the genus Haplocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996: H. himalayana (Pocock, 1899) from the Himalayas and H. nepalensis Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996 from Nepal (Li 2020, World Spider Catalog 2021).

Haplocosmia can be distinguished from all Selenocosmiine genera by the undivided spermathecae, thorn-like setae on the chelicerae prolaterally, scopula present on tarsi I–IV, scopula on tarsus IV divided by setae, a procurved fovea, procurved anterior eye row and butterknife-like stridulating setae on the prolateral surface of the maxillae (Schmidt and von Wirth, V. 1996).

Here, one new species of the genus Haplocosmia from China, Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n. from Xigaze, Tibet, is reported.

Materials and methods

The specimen was preserved in 75% ethanol. Genitalia were cleared in trypsin enzyme solution to dissolve non-chitinous tissues. The specimen was examined under a LEICA M205C stereomicroscope. Photomicroscope images were taken with an Olympus C7070 zoom digital camera (7.1 megapixels), stacked with Helicon Focus 6.7.1 and processed in Adobe Photoshop CC 2018.

The terminology used in the text and figures follows Bertani (2000) and Sherwood et al. (2021). All measurements are in millimetres. Eye sizes were measured as the maximum diameter from either the dorsal or frontal view. Leg measurements are given as follows: total length (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus).

Abbreviations: A, apical keel; ALE, anterior lateral eyes; AME, anterior median eyes; BL, Basal lobe of retrolateral embolus keel; MOA, median ocular area; PLE, posterior lateral eyes; PME, posterior median eyes; PS, prolateral superior keel. The type material is deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing (IZCAS).

Taxon treatment

Haplocosmia sherwoodae Lin & Li, sp. n.

Material    Download as CSV 
Holotype:
  1. scientificName:
    Haplocosmia sherwoodae
    ; order:
    Araneae
    ; family:
    Theraphosidae
    ; genus:
    Haplocosmia
    ; country:
    China
    ; stateProvince:
    Tibet
    ; county:
    Xigaze
    ; municipality:
    Nyalam
    ; locality:
    from Zham to Guomen
    ; verbatimElevation:
    2333
    ; verbatimLatitude:
    27.9785°N
    ; verbatimLongitude:
    85.9782°E
    ; year:
    2021
    ; month:
    6
    ; day:
    13
    ; individualID:
    IZCAS-Ar42679
    ; institutionCode:
    IZCAS

Description

Male (holotype, IZCAS-Ar42679) (Fig. 1A–H, Fig. 2A and B, Fig. 3A–C). Carapace 8.09 long, 6.73 wide, brown with long white-purple setae. Opisthosoma brown, with long white and black hair (Fig. 1A). Eye group 1.28 long, 0.93 wide (Fig. 1B). MOA 0.71 long, anterior width 0.72, posterior width 0.96. Eye sizes and interdistances: ALE 0.40, AME 0.33, PLE 0.32, PME 0.37; ALE–AME 0.07, AME–AME 0.11, PLE–PME 0.04, PME–PME 0.56. Fovea slightly procurved. Chelicerae dark brown, with white hair, eighteen intercheliceral pegs, eight of them obvious, with prolateral keeled ridge. promargin with 10 stout teeth, basomesally with 24 denticles (Fig. 1G, H). Labium wider than long, with 286 cuspules. Sternum yellow brown with three pairs of sigilla (Fig. 1D). Legs with long and short setae. Tarsus I–IV with scopula and many setae laterally swollen, scopula on tarsus IV divided by setae, all tarsi 2 claws, without denticle. Leg measurements: I 20.43 (5.61 + 2.44 + 5.07 +3.68 + 3.63), II 22.27 (5.84 + 2.94 + 5.92 + 3.73 + 3.84), III 17.09 (4.51 + 2.07 + 3.63 + 3.82 + 3.06), IV 23.69 (6.30 + 2.67 + 5.56 + 5.83 + 3.33). Leg formula: 4213.

Figure 1.  

Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n., holotype male. A male habitus, dorsal; B ocular tubercle; C right palp maxillae; D sternum; E stridulatory lyra, lateral view; F same, ventral view; G chelicerae, retrolateral view; H same, prolateral view.

Figure 2.  

Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n., holotype, right palp bulb, rotated horizontally. A retrolateral view; B prolateral view.

Figure 3.  

Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n., holotype, left palp. A prolateral view; B ventral view; C retrolateral view.

Male palpal bulb (Fig. 2A and B, male palp with bulb Fig. 3A–C). Bulb oval, embolus bow-shaped, slightly curved 180°, with A, PI and PS. Distal edge of embolus relatively flat. Maxillae with lyra setae ventrally (Fig. 1C). Stridulatory lyra paddle-shaped (Fig. 1E and F).

Female unknown.

Diagnosis

Haplocosmia sherwoodae sp. n. is found at 2356 m elev., in a higher, more montane environment, close to areas of permanent snowfall. (vs. H. nepalensis Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996 which is only known to occur at an elevation of < 1200 m in Kathmandu (Schmidt and von Wirth, V. 1996, West et al. 2012). The male of H. sherwoodae sp. n. is similar to H. nepalensis by the shape of the bulb, but it can be distinguished from H. nepalensis by the PS keel elongate, with distinct BL, originating ventrally at ventro-medial aspect of palpal bulb (vs. PS non-elongate, without BL and not originating ventrally at ventro-medial aspect of palpal bulb in H. nepalensis) and the length of embolus base to the width of the bulb being 3:1 (vs. 2:1 in H. nepalensis) (Figs. 2A and B).

Etymology

The species is named after Miss Danni Sherwood, who confirmed the validity of the new species; noun (name) in genitive case.

Distribution

Known only from the type locality.

Acknowledgements

We thank Danni Sherwood for checking specimens. The manuscript benefitted greatly from comments by Yanfeng Tong, Danni Sherwood, Hirotsugu Ono and Kun Yu. Jincheng Liu (Beijing, China) helped with fieldwork.

References